EUROPEAN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY - THE BASIS OF WORLD ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND MODERN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 1
Written by Condrea DRAGANESCU

The world modern animal production, like the whole actual civilization is a product of the Europe of the last five centuries. The European animal production was the effect of an territorial expansion and dispute, cultural development, urbanization and industrialization under the conditions of the market economy, and also of the direct intervention of the states, especially in the 19th century. The extension of the European civilization at world level has brought Europe a danger besides profit. The underdeveloped area of the globe has become competitive and risked the position of leader and even the security. In front of the danger, the European countries joined their forces and in order to assure their food and political security, they established a Common Agricultural Policy ( Treatise of Rome, 1957). This policy offered Europe the opportunity to recover its supremacy and food security, but the strong subsidization, which was the basis of the decisions regarding institutional restructuration, and the increase of production led to non competitive production cost. As a result, it was imposed nowadays a new PAC restructuration in the sense to reduce subsidies. "The enigma and historical miracle", the Romanian nation, has reappeared as a state after a long period of historical anonymity, determined by the new masters and immigrants or natives in the ex Eastern Roman empire. The tradition, the ecological and political conditions made as the actual and ex motherland of the Romanians to become a pastoral area, extended on a large territory, marked by four sheep breeds, their creation and ownership. The Romanians have been, therefore, outside of Europe, the founder and profiteer of the new civilization created by it. The political circumstances in the last 50 years favourized a "terrorist" modernization of agriculture, a remarkable animal production, mainly in poultry and pig farming. This progress collapsed at the same time with the terror and Romania remained an underdeveloped country in the EU, disadvantaged by the new competition and PAC. At present, it is imposed:(a)revitalization and sustainable development of the intensive industrial farms;(b)revitalization of the pastoral production systems;(c)development of the organic agriculture systems and temporary maintenance of the subzistence farms; (d)rural development and the preservation of the old Romanian village civilization; (e)development of the scientific life in animal husbandry and a new antitrust system;(f)the right selection, training, promotion and use of the human values.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Draganescu C. 2014, EUROPEAN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY - THE BASIS OF WORLD ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND MODERN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY IN ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 89-100.


The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.
Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
Powered by INTEL TECH DEVELOPMENT.