Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Daniel Stefan DRĂGULIN, Andrei Radu IOVA
The irrigation development in Romania, and also at Calarasi county level was in a phase when sufficiency was emphasized, allowing the consistent allocation of the subsidies for the expenses of the non viable systems use. Lange land stretches were developed and they did not have competitive characteristics in an open market economy. The Revolution and the measures taken subsequently for the re-distribution of lands to the former owners, as well the low perceived land taxes, led to a severe fragmentation of the lands, to the tendency of practicing the subsistence agriculture and to the complications in the water management and of the demand for irrigation water supply. One of the measures that should be taken for the rehabilitation of the irrigation system is to inform EU that it is needed a continuous support of the irrigation system in order to increase the viability of the rural areas, to stop the continuous depopulation in the rural areas and to prevent the fragmentation of the arable land, this support consisting of subsidies given for the irrigation water until the irrigation systems will be rehabilitated. At the level of year 2011 the surface of the land reclamation arrangement, in the public and private sector, existing in Calarasi county was of 181,523 ha of the net surface with irrigation works, 91,604 ha arrangement with drained works and 459 ha works for the fights against soil erosion. The present research analyses and proposes measures for the development of the infrastructure that contribute to the decrease of damage that appear following these extreme natural phenomena.