TRENDS IN THE WINE SECTOR EFFICIENCY IN AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES IN MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Elena TIMOFTI

This paper presents an analysis of the level of development of the wine sector in agricultural enterprises of the Republic of Moldova during 2001-2011. It was analyzed the dynamic of fruit bearing surfaces of the vine, global production and the yield per 1 ha. There were determined the indicators of economic efficiency the grapes and the trend of modifying the wine sector’s efficiency for the years 2013-2016 using analytical leveling process according to linear function.

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Timofti E. 2013, TRENDS IN THE WINE SECTOR EFFICIENCY IN AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES IN MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 421-426.

TRENDS OF THE RURAL LABOUR MARKET AND AGRICULTURAL HUMAN POTENTIAL EVOLUTION UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DEMOGRAPHIC PHENOMENA IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Veronica PRISACARU, Tatiana SEVCIUC

The main objective of this investigation was to study the correlative aspects in the evolution of demographic phenomena, labour market in the rural space and human potential from agriculture in the Republic of Moldova. As methodological tools there were used the economic analysis, synthesis, generalization, concretization and reasoning. As a result of our research there have been highlighted correlative trends of the demographic phenomena and basic indicators of the labour market in the rural areas. Also, it was analyzed the human potential from agriculture, underlying the same trends in its evolution, as in the evolution of the labour market in the rural space. The main conclusion of the investigation consists in the need to develop more effective mechanisms to solve the demographic problems especially in the rural areas of the Republic of Moldova, thus being also created prerequisites to improve the negative phenomena manifested in the evolution of human potential from agriculture.

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Prisacaru V., Sevciuc T. 2013, TRENDS OF THE RURAL LABOUR MARKET AND AGRICULTURAL HUMAN POTENTIAL EVOLUTION UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DEMOGRAPHIC PHENOMENA IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 341-346.

VAT TAXATION ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS – A CONTROVERSIAL ELEMENT OF FISCAL MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Alexandru FRECAUTEANU, Angela CHISLARU

Currently, through VAT, to the national public budget of the Republic of Moldova is collected a part of the taxable supplies made o the teritory of the country, as well as goods or services imported. In 2013 year the share of VAT in the total taxes collected will constitute 79% including also the VAT taken from the domestic supplies - 20%. Simultaneously, it was proceeded to cancel the reduced rate of 8% for agricultural products in their natural state and to implement the standard rate of 20% to recovering the difference of 12% over a period of 30 days. The Executive explains this change by the need to harmonize local regulations with Directive 2006/112 EU from 26 November 2006 of the unification of applied rates, of the creation of equal tax conditions for all sectors of the national economy. In reality is looking for other purposes - to establish tight controls on all parties of local business, to increase budget revenues at all costs, to conceal gaps in fiscal administration and management of agricultural sector, etc. Examining the experience of other countries has shown that the problem can be solved through different ways: by reserving the 12% difference in special bank accounts of households and their strict direction for product development by imposing agricultural product wholesale buyers to transfer the VAT directly to the budget (but not households, as they do now), etc. In our opinion, the first variant is optimal and will lead both to simplifying the fiscal management, as well as the revitalization of the agricultural sector.

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Frecauteanu A., Chislaru A. 2013, VAT TAXATION ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS – A CONTROVERSIAL ELEMENT OF FISCAL MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 159-164.

WHAT DRIVES TECHNOLOGY UTILISATION, LEARNING AND TRANSFER IN AGRICULTURE? LESSONS FROM NIGERIAN WOMEN FARMERS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Olajumoke ADEYEYE, Oluwatosin Gbemisola OLADIPO, Adedamola David ADEYEYE

This study examines the factors that drive technology utilisation, learning and transfer among women farmers in Nigeria. It assesses both modern and indigenous technologies used in farming activities. Three states were purposively selected from the six that comprise the South West geopolitical zone of the country. Structured questionnaire was administered to 180 women smallholder farmers who were randomly selected in equal proportion across the three states. Some 128 copies of questionnaire were retrieved representing a response rate of about 71%. The study reveals that majority of the women (about 67%) use indigenous technologies while only a few (17%) and 16% use modern technologies and a combination of both respectively. Family and friends are the main source of learning indigenous technologies while extension agents are the major source of modern. The study uses spearman correlation to determine the drivers of the dependent variables. Age, level of education, years of experience and learning intensity are significantly correlated with technology utilisation at 1% level of confidence while primary occupation and learning have significant correlation with technology learning at 5% and 1% confidence level respectively. The study also reveals that farmers’ age, experience and availability of learning system are have significant correlation with technology transfer. The study advocates the introduction of need and gender-specific new technologies. There is the need for integration of indigenous technologies into research so that it can be attractive to the older women. Also, farmers should be integrated into the technology development process. This will help in sustaining the rising interest of younger women in adapting modern and indigenous technologies in agriculture. The study also advocates the need for deeper and broader interactions among key actors, such as, R&D institutions, extension agents, NGOs, CBOs and farmers on the effectiveness and variety of channels used in technology learning, utilisation and transfer. Appropriate public policy interventions should also be introduced to develop ‘smallholder-friendly’ technologies, especially among women, to curb market failures in technology adoption.

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Adeyeye O., Oladipo O. G., Adeyeye A. D. 2013, WHAT DRIVES TECHNOLOGY UTILISATION, LEARNING AND TRANSFER IN AGRICULTURE? LESSONS FROM NIGERIAN WOMEN FARMERS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 11-20.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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