AGRICULTURAL SUBSIDIZING SYSTEM AND ITS EFFICIENCY: EVIDENCE FROM MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Liliana CIMPOIES

The paper is aimed to present the evolution of the allocated subsidies in the Republic of Moldova towards different subsidizing directions and an analysis of its efficiency. The data used in the analysis were provided by the Agency of Interventions and Payments in Agriculture, National Bureau of Statistics, as well as own carried research concerning the activity of agricultural enterprises. The data have been processed towards the subsidized directions in the last years, and had been analyzed the allocation of subsidies per hectare to different groups of agricultural enterprises by the following indicators: gross agricultural product per ha, profit per ha, level of profitability, as well as by regions. During the analyzed period, the amount of allocated subsidies had increased. The allocated amount of subsidies to the agricultural enterprises demonstrates that in 2008-2010 only 214 of them received a subsidy higher than 650 lei per ha allowing them to obtain a profit of 1845 lei per ha and a level of profitability of 35%. As well, in 2012 have decreased the number of subsidized directions comparing to the previous year, being excluded some of the directions, as the subsidizing the purchasing of fertilizers and plant protection materials which are needed in the adverse weather conditions (as the drought from the fall of 2011 and winter frosts in 2012). As a conclusion, the subsidizing policy is needed for the development of the agricultural sector and therefore it should make incentives for the efficient enterprises activities, and as a result for the whole efficiency of the agricultural sector.

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Cimpoies L. 2012, AGRICULTURAL SUBSIDIZING SYSTEM AND ITS EFFICIENCY: EVIDENCE FROM MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 29-32.

ASSESSMENTS REGARDING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPEMENT ON ECOECONOMIC AND BIOECONOMIC PRINCIPLES, OF THE LOCAL COMMUNITIES IN THE SHEEP BREEDING VILLAGES FROM “DRUMUL REGELUI” (KING'S ROAD)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Mirela STANCIU, Gligor CIORTEA, Camelia SAND, Iulian VLAD, Iuliana ANTONIE, Maria TĂNASE, Robert BLAJ

Purpose of the research is knowing the current status of pastoral villages in the mountain area of our country. Methods and materials: sociological inquiries among the inhabitants of pastoral villages, comparative study of existing monographs. Importance of the work: it presents the current natural and human heritage of the pastoral village, from "the Kings Road" in the context of sustainable development of mountain area, Marginime Sibiu, directly related to the main occupation of residents: sheep breeding. Kings Road was created to improve road links across the Carpathians between Transylvania and the eastern and southern parts of the country. This road passed through villages Sălişte Tilişca, Rod, Poiana and Jina (Sibiu county), Şugag (Alba). Then he made contact with "high road" Sebes River valley upstream to Lotrului originated from there, over mountains Latoritei, Parang and the Capatanii, to Novaci town (Gorj county). The road was opened in 1935 by King Carol II and was considered a great technical achievement, with important economic, strategic and military. Rehabilitation of this road which crosses three counties would lead to exploitation by the rural tourism of natural and anthropogenic pastoral villages he passed by.

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Stanciu M., Ciortea G., Sand C., Vlad I., Antonie I., Tănase M., Blaj R. 2012, ASSESSMENTS REGARDING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPEMENT ON ECOECONOMIC AND BIOECONOMIC PRINCIPLES, OF THE LOCAL COMMUNITIES IN THE SHEEP BREEDING VILLAGES FROM “DRUMUL REGELUI” (KING'S ROAD). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 167-174.

ASSESSMENTS REGARDING THE INITIATION, ONGOING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSULTANCY PROJECT ENTITLED “THE IMPROVEMENT OF FARM MANAGEMENT BY DEVELOPING AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES”

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Bogdan-Gabriel OANCEA

The main objective of this paper is to determine the impact of the Romanian Japanese cooperation project entitled "The improvement of farm management by developing agricultural cooperatives”, that was produced on the activity of farmers in our country. The overall objective was to increase the income of the farmer members of agricultural cooperatives by access to adequate services, the purpose being the rationalization of agricultural activities by establishing model cooperative in the target areas. The launching of the project took place in July 2006 and the project was developed on a period of 30 months up to December 31, 2008. The two institutions responsible with the implementation were Japan International Cooperation Agency - JICA and the National Agricultural Advisory - ANCA (agency under the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Rural Development in Romania). For monitoring purpose, during the project took place assessments (intermediary and final) by teams of mixed composition. The research undertaken has been found unequivocally that the immediate impact of the project was positive, creating both a large number of cooperatives and also their superior structures. In conclusion, it can be said that the consultancy services offered by the project activities have resulted in more efficient activity of the farmers, through their integration into a modern associative structure.

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Oancea B. G. 2012, ASSESSMENTS REGARDING THE INITIATION, ONGOING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSULTANCY PROJECT ENTITLED “THE IMPROVEMENT OF FARM MANAGEMENT BY DEVELOPING AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES”. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 129-134.

COMPARATIVE STUDY REGARDING THE RURAL AREA OF INDEPENDENŢA, ŞTEFAN VODĂ AND VÂLCELELE COMMUNES IN CĂLĂRAŞI COUNTY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Elena LASCĂR

The rural contains all the activities that develop outside the urban and contains three main components: the administrative communities constituted of relatively less numerous members and who have mutual relations; the deep spreading of population and collective services; the remarkable economic role of the agriculture and forestry. Călăraşi county is situated in the South-East part of the country and of the Romanian Plan, on the left shore of the Danube, having a surface of 5088 km2. Călăraşi county has 2.1% of Romania surface. The relief is mainly represented by plains. This comparative study presents the rural area of the three communes in the county: Independenţa, Ştefan Vodă and Vâlcelele. The study highlights the main indicators of the rural area that characterizes the three communes that were studied and at the same time the different character and territorial variety of these communes.

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Lascăr E. 2012, COMPARATIVE STUDY REGARDING THE RURAL AREA OF INDEPENDENŢA, ŞTEFAN VODĂ AND VÂLCELELE COMMUNES IN CĂLĂRAŞI COUNTY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 101-104.

COMPUTERIZATION DEGREE APPRAISAL IN PLATARESTI COMMUNE, CALARASI COUNTY ON THE LEVEL OF RURAL ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Ana-Maria-Loredana PREDA, Gabriel RADU

Computers nowadays – can’t live with them, can’t live without them. In these times information travels very fast and spreads even faster with the help of the Internet. It brings knowledge, fresh news, it helps us work and manage our business, and along with the internet connection it helps us connect with anyone else who is also equipped, no matter where they are – even if we are referring to a small village on top of a mountain, a spread commune or locality in the pains of the country, the continent, or the world. The paper aims to highlight the importance of computerization in the rural areas of Romania – binging forward a study case. We have performed a qualitative, quantitative and comparative as regards to the data collected from Plataresti commune in Calarasi County, Romania.Results showed that people are curious and interested as to the benefits this new technology may bring them. Also it highlights the problems small business in the rural environment encounter regarding computerization, problems that have solutions – few of which we are going to propose.

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Preda A. M. L., Radu G. 2012, COMPUTERIZATION DEGREE APPRAISAL IN PLATARESTI COMMUNE, CALARASI COUNTY ON THE LEVEL OF RURAL ENVIRONMENT BUSINESS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 153-156.

CURRENT CHALLENGES OF EUROPEAN COUNTRIES ON FOOD SAFETY AND SECURITY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Vergina CHIRIŢESCU, Iudith IPATE, Mariana SANDU, Mihaela KRUSZLICIKA, Liana Angela NICULAIE

This paper aims to study the scientific endeavor further two very current concepts - safety and food security - and the challenges facing European countries in this regard. Every day, the world's population grows by about 220,000 people and the world population every year we add 80 million people. All these people must have access to sufficient food and safe food. Globalization of the food chain causes constant new challenges and risks to health and interests of European consumers. The main objective of EU policy on food safety is to achieve the highest possible degree of protection of human health and consumer interests in the food. The basic principle of EU policy on food safety and security is to apply an integrated approach, such as "farm to fork", covering all sectors of the food chain - including feed production, animal and plant health, animal welfare, primary production, food processing, storage, transport, retail and import and export. This comprehensive and integrated approach, in which the responsibility of the food and feed, and the competent authorities are clearly defined, is a food policy more coherent, effective and dynamic. With population growth and overall living standards, food demand is becoming increasingly important and diversified. Consumer demands are changing. For example: one of the most striking changes is now growing demand for organic products, obtained with or without small quantities of chemical substances.

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Chiriţescu V., Ipate I., Sandu M., Krusylicika M., Niculaie L. A. 2012, CURRENT CHALLENGES OF EUROPEAN COUNTRIES ON FOOD SAFETY AND SECURITY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 17-22.

DEVELOPMENT OF BASE MATERIALS TIMELY TOURISM PRODUCT - CHALET –

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Adelaida Cristina HONTUŞ

Mountain tourism intensity is directly proportional to the value of the morphotouristical fund, the volume and quality of the accommodation, the diversity and degree of modernization of communication to and inside the unit mountain, and near large cities with complex economic activities, generating intense tourist flows. Chalet accommodation is most common in the mountain area falling between one and three stars. In the present paper we focus on studying the Fagaras Mountains chalet Negoiu. Mountain tourism annually attracts an increasing number of tourists. This type of tourism is practiced mainly in winter and warm. Spring and autumn, due to weather, tourists avoid traveling in mountainous areas.

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Hontuş A. C. 2012, DEVELOPMENT OF BASE MATERIALS TIMELY TOURISM PRODUCT - CHALET –. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 69-74.

DEVELOPMENT OF GRAIN SECTOR – A WAY TO OVERCOME POPULATION POVERTY N RURAL AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Veronica MOVILEANU, Liliana CONDRAŢCHI, Svetlana SASU

The purpose of this research consists in study the grain sector development seen as a solution to overcome the poverty of the population in rural areas of Republic of Moldova. At the basis of this research were used a series of working methods and procedures such as analysis and synthesis, deduction, as the statistic method and research the scientific literature, etc. The research revealed that in the long and difficult transition period to Republic of Moldova to a market economy, the grain sector continues to be one of the main sub – agricultural sectors in the country. As a conclusion we highlight the following: the food security represents one of the highest priorities of government, most debates from Moldova concerning food security have focused on aspects of production and ensuring with bread at low prices.

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Movileanu V., Condraţchi L., Sasu S. 2012, DEVELOPMENT OF GRAIN SECTOR – A WAY TO OVERCOME POPULATION POVERTY N RURAL AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 119-122.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE INNOVATIVE ECONOMY OF AGROINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Ludmila TODOROVA

The contemporary development of agriculture takes place against a background of structural changes in social production, and new social phenomena in the society. Between them, the cause-effect relationship: a process of stimulating the development of the other and vice versa. The main thing in this regard is a new social division of labor in food production. For a long time food security was a function of the agricultural labor. Now it's a function, and industrial production. Industry creates crop and livestock sectors all artificial means of labor, it has manufacturing facilities, processes or their products. It is important to consider new trends in agricultural production, which is fully drawn into the general system of reproduction of social capital.

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Todorova L. 2012, DEVELOPMENT OF THE INNOVATIVE ECONOMY OF AGROINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 183-188.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE RURAL REGIONS IN BULGARIA UNDER THE PERIOD OF RELOCATING OF CAP

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3
Written by Hristina HARIZANOVA, Zornitsa STOYANOVA

Increasing challenges in front agriculture and rural areas in Europe lead new approach of restructuring of the CAP after 2013. Thus is resulting in the needs for reform for the next programming period - 2014-2020. The policy changes in agriculture are essential for the successful development of rural NMS. Scientific and practical interests are the main factors which necessitate changes in current agricultural policy for the next programming period. The main aim of this paper is to assess possible future changes in policies aimed at rural development and factors affecting their development. On this basis are made generalized conclusions and proposals for future relocating of the budget of the CAP.

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Harizanova H., Stoyanova Z. 2012, DEVELOPMENT OF THE RURAL REGIONS IN BULGARIA UNDER THE PERIOD OF RELOCATING OF CAP. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12, Issue 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 65-68.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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