AGROTOURISM – CHANCE FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Dragos-Ion SMEDESCU, Iulian DRĂGHICI

Agrotourism represents the most important way for developing the rural area, generating income and creating jobs. The aim of the paper is to analyze the economic importance of tourism and agro-tourism, between the periods 2001 – 2011, for the top 10 leading countries by tourism receipts, according to Data World Bank: USA, China, Germany, France, England, Italy, Spain, Australia, Turkey and Austria, plus the main countries witch Romania is in competition, Hungary and Bulgaria, by the contribution of tourism and agro-tourism sector in accomplishment of GDP, by average made on the analyzed period and by annual growth rate, analyze that place Romania on the position 150 of 176 countries surveyed with an annual growth rate of 1.52% from GDP.

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Smedescu D. I., Drăghici I. 2013, AGROTOURISM – CHANCE FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 263-266.

ANALYSIS OF AGROTOURISTIC INFRASTRUCTURE – CASE OF SOUTH-WEST OLTENIA REGION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Manea DRĂGHICI, Dragos-Ion SMEDESCU

For Romania, the country that has rich and diverse natural and human resources, tourism is one of the priority sectors. This paper proposes to analyze Romania's tourism infrastructure at the end of 2011, Romania's tourism structures was represented by 8438 units. By region, South East concentrates the largest number of pensions, and the opposite being the Bucharest-Ilfov where pensions segment is in an early stage, in position 7 topping the South West region with 547 accommodation units representing only 6.5% of the national total, with a total of 286 hostels tourists of which only seven agro touristic pensions.

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Drăghici M., Smedescu D. I. 2013, ANALYSIS OF AGROTOURISTIC INFRASTRUCTURE – CASE OF SOUTH-WEST OLTENIA REGION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 117-120.

ANALYSIS OF CABBAGE CROP TECHNOLOGY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Alina Bianca PĂTRASCU, Manea DRĂGHICI, Valentina TUDOR

The paper aimed to analyze the EU-27 population by means of the following indicators: population structure by origin, age, gender, training level, income in member states, emphasizing Romania’s position among other countries. In the EU-27 there large differences regarding rural and agricultural population.The main trend is the reduction of agricultural population, but there are countries where it is increasing and states where it is declining. Despite at EU level 5 % of its 504 million inhabitants are working in agriculture, there are states with a higher percentage of agricultural workforce and also with a lower labor percentage. Rural population aging and decreasing number, migration to cities, relatively low training level, gender discrepances from a country to another, low income per annual working income mainly in the 12 countries which joined the EU in 2004 and 2007 below the EU average income are the major features of the EU-27 agricultural labor. Romania has the highest agricultural population working in small sized farms and the lowest income per farmer below Euro 2,000. The gap beween the EU and Romania could be diminished by training, high technologies, implementation of associative forms in agriculture destined to grow up productivity and competitiveness.

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Pătrascu A. B., Drăghici M., Tudor V. 2013, ANALYSIS OF CABBAGE CROP TECHNOLOGY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 209-212.

ANTHONOMUS RUBI (HERBST, 1795) (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) A NEW DANGEROUS PEST IN THE ECOLOGICAL CROPS OF STRAWBERRY IN THE SOUTHERN REGIONS OF ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Traian MANOLE, Irina IONESCU-MĂLĂNCUŞ, Petru NICULIŢĂ, Eugenia PETRESCU

In Romania mostly of 70% of strawberry ecological plantations were cultivated with specific commercial cultivars like Premial, Red Gauntlet, Dana and Elsanta. In the last years became to be cropped cultivars with increased resistance to various pest insects, specially in the first stages of vegetation period like Honeoye, Elsanta, Camorosa, Marmolada, Chandler, Darselect, Clery and Sonata. On the little individual farms with small surfaces the cultivars Senga Sengana, Marmolada, Elsinore should be the primary source of infestation with Anthonomus rubi.A study of distribution, density and the degree attack of Anthonomus rubi was carried out in the period 2006-2007 in the Vidra and Comana localities, Giurgiu district in the southern part of Romania. The study and observations that was made showed that this species is increased in density in the new ecological plantations of strawberry from some individual farms. The strawberry blossom weevil is not a common pest of strawberry plantations in Romania but some cultivars cropped in ecological system became more sensitive to the weevil attack by increasing in density. Observations and researches were carried out on 4 cultivars and showed that the degree of damage caused by A. rubi depends of cultivar morphological characteristics (small fruits) or phenophases (time of ripening and duration of budding and blossoming).

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Manole T., Ionescu-Mălăncuș I., Niculiță P., Petrescu E. 2013, ANTHONOMUS RUBI (HERBST, 1795) (COLEOPTERA: CURCULIONIDAE) A NEW DANGEROUS PEST IN THE ECOLOGICAL CROPS OF STRAWBERRY IN THE SOUTHERN REGIONS OF ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 201-204.

ASPECTS OF USING TECHNOLOGICAL MULTIFUNCTIONAL SYSTEM FOR BENEFICIAL INSECT MASS REARING

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Irina IONESCU-MĂLĂNCUŞ, Traian MANOLE, Petru NICULIŢĂ

The paper studied the basic and technical research dealing with the obtaining of beneficial insects by development of suitable and economically feasible system for insect and arthropod mass rearing under controlled conditions and the design, achievement and testing/expert appraisement of one multifunctional technological system for beneficial insect rearing and releasing. Practically, the paper is proposing the introduction into plant protection strategy against pest insects of field crops of the specific biological control and biotechnical methods which are not the result of emphasizing of pest resistance and meanwhile are involved in reducing of impact environmental pollution risk. The research activity in the frame of this study is complex and multidisciplinary. The technical methods used consist in designing/drawing up of the components of multifunctional technological system for beneficial insect mass rearing, achievement, testing and optimizing and validation of the system. The main objective and result of this research program was to optimize the production, quality and effectiveness of mass reared natural pest enemies (especially insects) for the integrated or ecological pest management of field crops.

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Ionescu-Mălăncuș I., Manole T., Niculiță P. 2013, ASPECTS OF USING TECHNOLOGICAL MULTIFUNCTIONAL SYSTEM FOR BENEFICIAL INSECT MASS REARING. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 167-172.

ATTACHMENT TO FORESTS IN ROMANIA; DOES A HISTORY OF COLLECTIVISM MAKE A DIFFERENCE?

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Maria ARDELEANU, Birgit ELANDS, Rosalie VAN DAM

Forests in Romania are facing significant environmental problems. Due to the large transformations the forestry sector has undergone as a result of the communist period, sustainable forest management is highly relevant. Rural communities, who are dependent on the forests for their daily livelihood, need to be included in discussions regarding sustainable forest management. This paper calls for the need of understanding how these transformations have affected rural people’s attachment to the forests that have been for such a long time taken away from them. Two types of rural communities can be distinguished, those affected by collectivisation of agricultural land and those not. This paper addresses the functional and emotional attachment to the local forests of a former collectivized and of a non-collectivized community. We found that people in both communities are functionally attached to the forest, through a range of social benefits, mostly ‘recreation’ and ‘healthiness’, and economic benefits, especially the use of wood. Attachment was negative thru the economic detriments ‘decrease of wood availability’, ‘high costs of forest management’, ‘wood theft’ and ‘ineffective forest regime’. People in both communities are emotionally attached to the forest through feelings triggered mostly by a sense of kinship with family members. As a final conclusion, in the former collectivized rural areas, people are less attached to the forest compared to people in the non-collectivized rural areas and these differences can be linked to the transformations triggered by the former collectivisation process, but also to the weak regulation of the privatized forests, the limited financial possibilities and access restrictions.

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Ardeleanu M., Elands B., Van Dam R. 2013, ATTACHMENT TO FORESTS IN ROMANIA; DOES A HISTORY OF COLLECTIVISM MAKE A DIFFERENCE?. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 31-40.

BIOLOGICAL WAYS OF STRUGGLE AGAINST WATER EROSION ON ARABLE SLOPES OF THE CENTRAL RUSSIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Tatyana ANISIMOVA

In article are proved a choice of ways of struggle against water erosion of arable slopes on the basis of harnessing the potential of bio-based agrocenosis. Efficiency of use long-term lupine in quality green manure and phyto-ameliorant on eroded soddy-podzolic sandy soils of the Vladimir area is shown.

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Anisimova T. 2013, BIOLOGICAL WAYS OF STRUGGLE AGAINST WATER EROSION ON ARABLE SLOPES OF THE CENTRAL RUSSIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 21-24.

BREADFRUIT (Treculia africana) MARKETING ACTIVITIES AND RETURNS IN AHIAZU MBAISE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Ogbonna Christopher EMEROLE, Chidozie Onyedikachi ANYIRO, Charles Kelechi OSONDU, Nwachukwu N. ANDERSON, Chukwu F. NGOZI

This study on marketing of breadfruits (Treculia africana) and returns was done in Ahiazu Mbaise local Government area of Imo State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to describe socio-economic characteristics of respondents (sellers and buyers) of African breadfruit; identify value-chain activities available in processing and its storage in compliance with consumers’ order and preferences; determine factors influencing decision to supply African breadfruit; and constraints with its post-harvest management in the study area. Three-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting locations and respondents through which eighty (80) farm households who gather/harvest, process and sell breadfruits were selected and interviewed with structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and probit regression model. Result revealed that 65.80% of the respondents were females and 81.20% of them were married with mean household size of 9 members. Their literacy level was high as 97.6% of them had at least primary education. Predominant marketing activities were fruit gathering/harvesting, processing, storage and packaging, transportation, and sales. Socio-economic factors of gender, household size, income, level of education, years of farming experience and labour significantly influenced supply of breadfruits to consumers with challenges of seasonal scarcity, and tedious methods of processing deterring the enterprise in the area. We recommended provision of credit support to enable fruit gatherers purchase and use shelling machines and good storage facilities to smooth any fluctuations in supplies during off-seasons and help fight overdependence of households on roots and tubers.

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Emerole O. C., Anyiro C. O., Osondu C. K., Anderson N. N., Ngozi C. F. 2013, BREADFRUIT (Treculia africana) MARKETING ACTIVITIES AND RETURNS IN AHIAZU MBAISE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 121-132.

CHARACTERISTICS AND STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF PORK SECTOR IN MOLDOVA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Grigore BALTAG, Elena BARANOV

The paper is a comparative study of the pig livestock between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union. The paper analyzes the dynamics and the current state of the meat market, especially the market of pig production, calculated indices of attractiveness of the project. The results demonstrate the high competitive sector from the European Union, the reserves increase on the sector from the Republic of Moldova, especially the costs and the price. The conclusions can be considered as recommendations for government institutions responsible for this sector.

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Baltag G., Baranov E. 2013, CHARACTERISTICS AND STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF PORK SECTOR IN MOLDOVA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 45-48.

COMPUTER MODEL USED TO CALCULATE PROFITABILITY AND ECONOMIC RISK ON FARMS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Rozi BEREVOIANU, Elena COFAS, Cristina Mihaela VLAD

Economic information is an essential element of progress, being present in all fields. With the development of market economy must grow and economic information in order to reflect as accurately as patrimonial situation and results of financial and economic activity of enterprises. The main source of economic information is the accounting, which is the main instrument of knowledge, management and control of assets and results of any enterprise. In this paper we present a computer model to analyze economic information on the profitability and economic risk, available both in the vegetable farms and for the livestock sector.

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Berevoianu R., Cofas E., Vlad C. M. 2013, COMPUTER MODEL USED TO CALCULATE PROFITABILITY AND ECONOMIC RISK ON FARMS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 53-58.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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