SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THE PROBLEM OF A NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Condrea DRAGANESCU

The paper aimed to approach the topic of a new strategy for the sustainable and competitive development of Romanian agriculture and especially for animal husbandry. In this purpose, a large variety of studies was investigated and the opinions of well-known personalities were used to present in a critical manner the history of sustainable development concept, principles, causes, reasons, moments, events, institutions involved at international, European and national level, achievements. The study is focused on Romania, starting from the actual situation of animal husbandry and learning from the country own and others experience. During the last centuries, the scientific studies noticed that the growth trends of the world population and resources utilization which could determine complications for survival of human society. The first Report of The Club of Rome (1972) concluded mathematically that " if the present growth trends in world population, industrialization, pollution, food production, and resources depletion continue to remain unchanged, the limits to growth on this planet will be reached sometime in the next hundred years",..that is in the 21 century. As a reply, the international and national bodies adopted recommendations for a sustainable development. This study analyzed the problems of sustainable development of animal production in Romania, taking into consideration that the conversion rate of energy provided by plants to animal products is about 20%, and this decrease of the number of population is supported by agricultural food production. Two production systems are proposed: (1). Intensive production systems, with high forage conversion, in favorable agricultural country area; (2). extensive (free-ranging, transhumance, pendulation, sustainable, biological production) in not or less favorable agricultural area (mountain area, etc).

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Draganescu C. 2013, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND THE PROBLEM OF A NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ANIMAL PRODUCTION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 97-108.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH ECO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Vergina CHIRITESCU, Manuela Rodica GOGONEA, Ruxandra Daniela ANDREI, Mihaela KRUZSLICIKA, Viorica GAVRILA

The issue of the relationship between humankind and the environment became scientific and economic concerns of the international community since the first UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972) and resulted in the work of the World Commission on Environment and Development, established in 1985. Report of the Commission presented in 1987 by GH Brundtland, entitled "Our Common Future" provided the first universally accepted definition of sustainable development as "development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the opportunities of future generations to meet their own needs". Brundtland Report, 1987, was reaffirmed by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development / Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro - Brazil, 1992 which established the principles of Agenda 21, which was intended to be a guide implementation of sustainable development for the 21st century, a development that was required to be applied at national, regional and local level. [1] In the context of developing new eco-economic system adopted a number of international conventions that establish detailed obligations of the States and strict implementation deadlines climate change, biodiversity conservation, protection of forests and wetlands, limiting the use of certain chemicals, access information on the state of the environment and other international legal space outlining the practical application of the principles of sustainable economic development in ecological conditions.

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Chiritescu V., Gogonea M. R., Andrei R. D., Kruzslicika M., Gavrila V. 2013, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH ECO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 73-76.

THE ANALYSIS OF COUNTERFEITING FOOD PRODUCTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Paula - Angela VIDRASCU

The issue addressed in this paper makes a significant contribution to research on the effects that food tampering has at the expense of consumer health. Nowadays quality and food safety that consumers are entitled directly reflects the quality of life. In other words the present subject is of particular importance to the work of the bodies created for the purpose of protecting the health and quality of life of consumers. This study has an important role both in the short and long term through proper understanding of the terms of quality, adulteration and food safety. The essential aim of this article is played understanding and easy identification of counterfeit food. Thus the awareness of counterfeit food products consumers are becoming more aware and responsible on quality of life. Quality will always be one of the most important competitive factors of ensuring health and environmental protection.

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Vidrascu P. A. 2013, THE ANALYSIS OF COUNTERFEITING FOOD PRODUCTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 303-306.

THE ATTITUDE AND MOTIVATION OF BUYERS OF TRADITIONAL/ LOCAL/ BIO PRODUCTS IN THE CONTEXT OF AGROTOURISM, IN SIBIU COUNTY, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Mirela STANCIU

Based on the statistical data concerning the sheep breeding in district Sibiu and on the information obtained by making investigations markets and fairs where they sell traditional/bio products, the extent was appreciated to which this products are known and desired. The survey was conducted between May and November 2012 in four locations: “Transilvania Peasant Market (Piata Taraneasca Transilvania)”, “Traditional agro-food products Fear (Targul de Produse Agroalimentare Traditionale)” from Huet Market, “Traditional Products and Handicrafts Fear (Targul de Produse Traditionale si Mestesugaresti)” inside the Carrefour hypermarket and in “Agricultural Market” Rasinari, Sibiu county. There were also comments mentioned on the topics on the occasion of Peony Festival (Festivalul Bujorului) from Gura Raului (July 2012), “Cheese and Plum Brandy Festival (Festivalul Branzei si al Tuicii” from Rasinari Commune (August 2012), “Countryside Fear (Targul de Tara)” from the Museum of Popular Civilization Astra Sibiu (August and September 2012). The research instrument used was the questionnaire. The items of the questionnaire aimed to identify issues such as motivation of buying traditional/local/bio products, frequency of supply with traditional/bio products, the link established with manufacturers, knowing locations where you can buy traditional/bio products. Research methods were documenting appropriate, design and develop of a questionnaire, 25 buyers of traditional/bio products were asked. The questionnaires were applied by a single interviewer.

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Stanciu M. 2013, THE ATTITUDE AND MOTIVATION OF BUYERS OF TRADITIONAL/ LOCAL/ BIO PRODUCTS IN THE CONTEXT OF AGROTOURISM, IN SIBIU COUNTY, ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 273-278.

THE DESIGN OF AN INFORMATIC MODEL TO ESTIMATE THE EFFICIENCY OF AGRICULTURAL VEGETAL PRODUCTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Cristina Mihaela VLAD

In the present exists a concern over the inability of the small and medium farms managers to accurately estimate and evaluate production systems efficiency in Romanian agriculture. This general concern has become even more pressing as market prices associated with agricultural activities continue to increase. As a result, considerable research attention is now orientated to the development of economical models integrated in software interfaces that can improve the technical and financial management. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to present an estimation and evaluation model designed to increase the farmer’s ability to measure production activities costs by utilizing informatic systems.

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Vlad C. M. 2013, THE DESIGN OF AN INFORMATIC MODEL TO ESTIMATE THE EFFICIENCY OF AGRICULTURAL VEGETAL PRODUCTION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 307-310.

THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF THE EPIGEAL FAUNA IN THE CORN AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEM IN OCNA SIBIU (SIBIU COUNTY) IN 2012

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Iuliana ANTONIE

The arthropods have the role of biologic indicators, of diagnosis instruments regarding the negative effects of the human intervention in the structure and functioning of the agricultural ecosystems. Their presence or absence, the growth or lowering of their populations in the agricultural ecosystems can indicate the state of health of these systems and their good functioning. The aim of our researches is establishing the fauna structure of the community of arthropods at the soil level in the corn agricultural ecosystem in Ocna Sibiu, (Sibiu County); the characterization of the communities of invertebrates under the aspect of numerical abundance and of that of relative one; framing the entomologic fauna into a beneficial or pest one, the identification of the culture technology for the researched area. Regarding the applied researched methods, they were as follows: the using of pitfall traps (Barber traps) that were at the level of the soil as well as the method of direct collecting of the fauna from the plants. As a result of our researches there was established the taxonomic and quantitative structure of the collected fauna through the methods of pitfall traps (Barber traps) in Ocna Sibiu during 2012; there were identified 13 taxonomic groups. From the total of the collected agricultural fauna gathered by the help of pitfall traps in Ocna Sibiu locality there were identified 51 species of insects from which 30 were beneficial ones and 21 pest ones, the dominating order being Coleopteron with 35 species. The establishment of the group of arthropods, especially of the entomologic fauna, beneficial or pest indicates the equilibrium or the disequilibrium state from the researched corn three field systems. The ratio between the two types of fauna permits choosing the optimum method of maintaining the equilibrium between the species of the system and applying those measures of management in order to affect less the system in its assembly and to determine the growth of the production.

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Antonie I. 2013, THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF THE EPIGEAL FAUNA IN THE CORN AGRICULTURAL ECOSYSTEM IN OCNA SIBIU (SIBIU COUNTY) IN 2012. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 25-30.

THE NECESSITY OF DEVELOPING BLUEBERRY PRODUCTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Florentina BADIU, Raluca NECULA

This article presents the advantages of cultivating blueberries, both economically and from an alimentary and therapeutic point of view. By calculating profit per hectare for the most productive varieties of blueberry, it was shown that this culture is particularly profitable for young farmers. In fact, blueberries have significant therapeutic value, being used in food and pharmaceutical industry.

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Badiu F., Necula R. 2013, THE NECESSITY OF DEVELOPING BLUEBERRY PRODUCTION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 41-44.

THE POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT OF ECONOMIC-AGRICULTURAL ZONES INFLUENCED BY SUBSIDIES AND INVESTMENTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Alion SARGO

During the transition period continued deepening regional disparities in development between different parts of the country, mechanisms and market relations by claiming their advantages and disadvantages. The impact of the existence of these gaps is the deterioration mechanisms of interaction and increased economic disparities between different areas. The existence of socio-economic disproportions territorial is determined by objective and subjective reasons, natural and cyclical factors. But it is indisputable need for disposal.

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Sargo A. 2013, THE POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT OF ECONOMIC-AGRICULTURAL ZONES INFLUENCED BY SUBSIDIES AND INVESTMENTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 243-246.

THE POTENTIAL OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF VÂLCELELE COMMUNE, CĂLĂRAŞI COUNTY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Elena LASCĂR

The concept of development means all forms and methods of socio-economic development, and it is based on ensuring a balance between these socio-economic systems and the elements of natural capital. Călăraşi county is situated in the South-East part of the country and of the Romanian Plain, on the left shore of the Danube. It has a surface of 5088 square km and it occupies 2.1% of Romania surface. The relief is mainly represented by fields. The county depends on agriculture and economy in the rural area. In the rural area of Călăraşi county 49.1% of the total population in the country lives, most involved in agricultural activities or activities related to it. Communes are the most important category of administrative units, both numerically and in terms of population. The present paper presents aspects regarding the potential of sustainable rural development of Vâlcelele commune in Călăraşi county.

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Lascăr E. 2013, THE POTENTIAL OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF VÂLCELELE COMMUNE, CĂLĂRAŞI COUNTY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 179-182.

THE ROMANIAN MILK SECTOR PERFORMANCE COMPARED TO THE EU-27 COUNTRIES IN THE NEW AGRICULTURAL POLICY CONTEXT – NEED TO INCREASE COMPETITIVENESS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4
Written by Mariana GRODEA

Taking into consideration the new Common Agricultural Policy (2014 -2020), for the milk sector, which will have as main component the milk quota removal after 2014, the present paper makes a comparative analysis of the indicators from the milk chain links (agriculture, processing, trade, consumption) from Romania and the EU-27 member states in the period 2009-2012, in order to indicate the performance level and position of Romania position among these European countries, as well as the modalities to narrow the productivity gaps along the Romanian milk chain compared to the European Union, having in view the domestic supply improvement and meeting the consumers’ needs. In this context, an investigation was made by each link in the chain, at the level of milk production, raw milk collection for processing, milk processing, distribution and consumption, in close connection with milk quality and price evolution; certain variants and measures were designed to narrow the productivity and institutional organization gaps of the milk chain in Romania

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Grodea M. 2013, THE ROMANIAN MILK SECTOR PERFORMANCE COMPARED TO THE EU-27 COUNTRIES IN THE NEW AGRICULTURAL POLICY CONTEXT – NEED TO INCREASE COMPETITIVENESS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 139-144.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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