Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 2
Written by Mostafa A.R. IBRAHIM, Stela ZAMFIRESCU, Andreea ANGHEL, Nicu DOBRIN, Ibrahim ABDELRAZEK, Mohamed E. El-SHARAWY, El Shenawy El SEIFY, Dorina MOCUTA
Artificial insemination (AI) in livestock is used to optimize reproduction efficiency. Compared to other semenpreservation methods, cryopreservation is an established industry used worldwide for performing AI. Adequateprotocols for semen collection and freezing and then for the use in the AI are set up for all the animal species. Insheep, AI with frozen-thawed semen resulted low fertility rate, which limits the practical application of thistechnique. Progressive sperm motility, sperm viability, sperm plasma membrane integrity and NAR weresignificantly (P < 0.05) higher for BIOX, MILK, and TEY extenders. Progressive motility increased significantly (p< 0.01) using licorice extract 10, 50 and 100 g/ml. Diluter type had a significant effect (p < 0.01) on sperm motility.The percentage of progressive motility in all extenders media containing LDL was also higher compared with 20%EY (control) during dilution and equilibration stages. All extenders containing LDL reduced the percentages ofabnormalities after dilution as compared to control 20% egg yolk. The percentages of intact Acrosome in all otherextenders containing LDL were significantly higher than 20% egg yolk extender. The highest percentage of postthawprogressive motility was recorded in extender containing 20mm glutamine. After dilution and equilibration,supplementation of glutamine at concentration of 40 and 60mm caused a significant increase in plasma membraneintact compared with control and all other concentrations tested. No significant difference between the control andthe irradiated samples for viability However, the semen samples irradiated with 6.12 J/cm2 showed a slight increasein sperm progressive motility, viability, osmotic resistance, Acrosome and DNA integrity, respect to the semensamples irradiated at low energy doses and control semen samples. Cysteine effected on the ultra-structure of theram sperm cell within the freezing- thawing dynamics. The positive effect of Cysteine could be a result of itsinterraction with membranes phospholipids during the freezing, giving it a better Cryopreservation.