Agricultural subsidizing policy and its efficiency: the case of Moldova

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Liliana CIMPOIEŞ

The paper is aimed at analyzing the subsidizing directions, the allocation of subsidies to farmers and its efficiency on farm development in Moldova. For the given study were used data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry of Moldova, Agency of Interventions and Payments in Agriculture, National Bureau of Statistics, as well as collected data from corporate farms. The data have been analyzed during the years 2006-2011 concerning the main subsidized directions and geographical distribution of subsidies across the country, the access of farmers to the allocated subsidies. In order to establish the efficiency of the allocated subsidies was used the average data for the year 2008-2010 to calculate its impact on the main indicators per hectare as: the gross agricultural output, profit and level of profitability. As a conclusion, is still missing a clear and consistent policy that could be implemented through the allocation of subsidies. The allocated subsidies follow some objectives aimed at the development of the agricultural sector and do not have a stable character, by changing each year, fact that does not allow farmers to forecast their production activity.

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Cimpoieş L., 2012, Agricultural subsidizing policy and its efficiency: the case of Moldova. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 74-77.

 

Agriculture in the Republic of Moldova: present and future

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Simion CERTAN, Ion CERTAN

Agriculture was and still is the most important source for human being and, thus, constitutes the strongest factor for economic development harmonization in any country. Agriculture is the key branch of economy in Moldova. Weather conditions together with the available land resources could assure the growth of any kind of plant, excepting tropical and subtropical ones. The development of this branch could be also influenced by number of persons employed in agriculture. Another important factor is the number and quality of tractors or other agricultural equipment that, according to the latest specialized research, is completely deteriorated – 20% and partially 60-70% out of total number. These underline the outdated technologies and necessity of massive investments in fixed assets that automatically will increase the final price of local production above the imported ones. Meanwhile each country, including Moldova, dreams to be self-sufficient in terms of assuring of internal market with agri-food products and export the surplus. Small size of internal market of our country creates good premises for export but the share of agri-food products registered the continue decrease from 63% in 2001 to 44% in 2010. Thus current situation in agriculture of Republic of Moldova impose the necessity of major changes in respective policies that will be consider in this article.

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Certan S., Certan I., 2012, Agriculture in the Republic of Moldova: present and future. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 65-73.

 

Causes of insufficient financial resources in the enterprises

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Svetlana GHERJAVCA, Mariana DOGA-MÎRZAC

The paper aimed to present causes of insufficient financial resources in the enterprises. To reach the set goals it wasn used statistics on activity of enterprises in Moldova as well as data on bank interest rate. To carry on its normal activity, the enterprise needs human, financial and material resources. As for the first two categories of resources (especially human resources), they are sufficient, or even records a surplus, and financial resources are almost always insufficient to business. In terms of the market economy, economic agents by their selves determine the amount and sources of funding, and the ways of increasing them, that’s why they are responsible for effective use of financial resources. The importance of effective management of financial resources lies in the fact that it ensures the strategic and tactical objectives, and its participate in increasing activity for foreign investors.

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Gherjavca S., Doga-Mîrzac M., 2012, Causes of insufficient financial resources in the enterprises. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 19-22.

 

Distribution aspects of the direct payments between eu member states

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Gina FINTINERU, Elena COFAS

EC proposals concerning CAP reform for 2014-2020 try to cope both with the wide variety of agricultural systems and economic structures of the 27 EU MS but also with current global challenges that agriculture has to face: food security and poverty reduction, climate changes or biodiversity loss. This article aims to analyse the proposed measures consistency with the current situation of Romanian agriculture. Distribution aspects of the direct payments between Member States are concerned. The data are originated in FADN and Eurostat statistics, and a non parametric approach is used in order to better understand the correlation between the direct payments proposed for 2014 -2020 and some socio economic criteria.The paper provides a brief analysis of the existing research concerning the distributional aspects (studies and statistics) and contributes to the debate by examining if the proposed redistribution is a consistent and coherent answer to the future challenges the agriculture has to meet in the future and to the targeted equity criteria.

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Fintineru G., Cofas E., 2012, Distribution aspects of the direct payments between eu member states. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 78-81.

 

Economic effects of agricultural integration of Romania into the European Union. Case study: The contribution of agriculture to economic growth of the North-West region

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Ion DONA, Anamaria-Aurelia (MORNA) SIMUT

Regional development, by its magnitude, includes several fields, making many institutions are involved in the development and implementation. Structural Funds are the main financial instruments used by the European Union to reduce disparities and promote economic and social cohesion in Europe. For Romania, the regional development policy is a relatively new concept. Using multi-criteria method was attempted an analysis of the level of agricultural development and North-West agricultural sector contribution to economic growth in the region.

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Dona I., (Dona Morna) Simut A. A., 2012, Economic effects of agricultural integration of Romania into the European Union. Case study: The contribution of agriculture-economic growth of the North-West region. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 125-129.

 

Economic impact of biodiversity conservation in agriculture exploatation in south of Romania

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Anişoara CHIHAIA, Georgiana Melania COSTAICHE, Octavian CHIHAIA

Biodiversity, as variation of life form on Earth is the base of agriculture, in each of its fields, from the food to the services provided by ecosystems, the main streams and links of production. Standards or requirements that farmers must meet to be eligible for subsidies contribute to maintain biodiversity. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the costs needed to implement environmental standards and their implications for farm rentability. This study was made in farms with different size in the south part of Romania. Even if it can be seen a increase of production expenses which lead to a light decrease of farms profitability, the long-term benefit of biodiversity conservation is considerably.

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Chihaia A., Costaiche G. M., Chihaia O., 2012, Economic impact of biodiversity conservation in agriculture exploatation in south of Romania. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 41-44.

 

Effect of subsidizing export of agro-food products after the accession of Poland to the European Union

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Daniela POPA

Together with the accession of Poland to the European Union, the conditions of commodity exchange with the abroad have been considerably changed. Trade of Poland with the European Member State has been covered with the regulations of the Common European Market. Pursuant to the Accession Treaty, Poland has adopted acquis communautaire of the Community concerning trade policy, including all instruments and rules of common commercial policy, including external customs tariff and out-tariff measures as well as system of agreements with the commercial partners outside the European Union. Accession to the European Union meant the extension of greater protective barriers over Poland in the field of import of agricultural products from third countries and the possibility of taking an advantage of export subsidies to agro-food products exported to third countries on equal rights as other European Union entrepreneurs.

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Popa D., 2012, Effect of subsidizing export of agro-food products after the accession of Poland-the European Union. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 82-85.

 

Effects generated by the accession to the European Union in the field of trading cereal products

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Ion DONA, Ramona MĂTUSA (DUMITRU)

The European consumer exigencies, the mechanisms of the Common Agricultural Policy, the European norms and standards, the ecological productions are as many challenges to which the producers, processors, traders and decision makers in the agro food field, and specifically for our research, in the cereals field, must face in order for the Romanian products to be present on an external market, as well as on an internal market that are increasingly competitive.In this paper we have concluded a brief analysis of the cereals market nationally and on a European level, and of the common support policies in this sector, of the common market organizations, as well as of the implications of the accession over the trade of cereal products. Also, we have made several recommendations within this paper targeting the specific sectorial aspects of the cereals sector: in order to fully profit from the possibilities offered by the Common Agricultural Policy instruments and from the demand and prices growth its necessary that Romanian producers organize and make, together, major investments in cereals conditioning and storage systems; the majority of Romanian producers sell the cereals immediately after harvest, when prices are at their lowest level; storage in good conditions of the harvest could allow a substantial increase of profit.

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I., Mătusa (Dumitru) R., 2012, Effects generated by the accession-the European Union in the field of trading cereal products. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 130-135.

 

Factors affecting the vegetable farming efficiency in Bulgaria

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Teodora STOEVA

The efficiency is the major economic category, which measures the final result and the expenses related to the production and provides value expression. The article aims to analyze the prospects and conditions for the development of field vegetable production in Bulgaria. Field vegetable farming is a traditional and fast developing sector of the Bulgarian agriculture. Its condition and development is determined by the various natural and geographic conditions in the country and the experience in cultivating and farming vegetable crops, which are traditional for the Bulgarian population. The vegetable farming is organized in individual private agricultural farms and agricultural farming cooperatives and is performed in small areas. The crisis in the vegetable farming raised a lot of questions that need to be answered. It is necessary to overcome the decrease in vegetable production. This can happen by establishing efficiently operating organizational companies. The most important reasons for the reported decrease are the result of the improperly conducted reforms in the agriculture industry as a result of which the economic condition of the sector is declining. A serious flaw is that the farmers are selecting certain crop production without conducting any preliminary marketing and without any signed contracts for produce realization.

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Stoeva T., 2012, Factors affecting the vegetable farming efficiency in Bulgaria. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 30-32.

 

Intensive and efficient agriculture and the need for its sustainable development

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Elena TIMOFTI

The intensification of agriculture is subject to special concerns of agricultural economists. The degree of intensity of development region or national economy depends on its micro and macroeconomic levels. Economic efficiency of agricultural production depends largely on the intensity. Sustainable development requires a balance between economic growth and environmental protection, and on this basis, satisfying not only present but also future development of human society.

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Timofti E., 2012, Intensive and efficient agriculture and the need for its sustainable development. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 113-118.

 


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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