AGRICULTURAL GROWTH POTENTIAL OF RURAL COMMUNITIES FROM THE PLAIN AREAS – ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Lorena CHIŢEA

The present paper has as main objective to design a development index to capture the agricultural potential of a rural community. The main working hypothesis is that there are rural communities where the development/diversification of farming activities can be supported both by the existence of certain endogenous natural and human resources and by the productive behaviour of household heads. The paper presents an aggregation model of certain agricultural indicators impacting both the farming sector and the development of rural communities. The focus is laid only on the agricultural indicators that describe the potential (resources) of a given area or only on the result indicators (average yields per hectare, LLU, etc.); it also develops an assessment model of the agricultural activities that takes into consideration the indicators from these two categories.

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CHIŢEA L. 2016, AGRICULTURAL GROWTH POTENTIAL OF RURAL COMMUNITIES FROM THE PLAIN AREAS – ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 93-100.

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE ADOPTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATING MEASURES BY SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Onwuchekwa Raphael IHEKE, Winner Chiagoziem AGODIKE

Due to its significant reliance on weather patterns, as well as other environmental factors, agricultural production is particularly vulnerable to changes in climate. Adoption of climate change mitigating strategies are key to coping and building resilience against the vagaries of climate change and hence, increasing agricultural poverty, and lifting rural smallholder farmers out of poverty and food insecurity. This study analyzed the factors influencing the adoption of climate change mitigating measures by smallholder farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used is selecting 60 respondents were used for the study. Primary data, collected using structured questionnaire, were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tools such as frequency counts and percentages, mean, likert scale type analysis and probit regression. Results showed that unusual early rains followed by weeks of dryness, high temperature, incidence of diseases, heavy rainfall, decrease in soil fertility, increase in pest problems, erratic rainfall pattern, loss of forest resources, reduced harmattan, flooding, soil erosion, heavy winds, thunderstorms, heavy and long period of rainfall, weed infestation, overflowing of rivers and streams, and extinction of some crop species were some of the major effects or manifestations of climate change and they have severe effect on crop production. Also, climate change mitigation measures mostly adopted by the farmers were drainage/flood barrier construction, multiple cropping, mulching, use of improved varieties of crops, change of planting date, irrigation of crops, planting of cover crops, and tree planting. The probit regression showed that the significant variables influencing adoption of climate change mitigation measures were age of the farmer, farming experience, tenancy status, years of education, extension contact, income, access to credit and membership of farmers’ association. Education and training of farmers especially as it pertains adoption of good agricultural practices was recommended, as well as the provision of credit to enable them adopt mitigation measures to climate change.

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IHEKE O.R., AGODIKE W.C. 2016, ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE ADOPTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATING MEASURES BY SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 213-220.

ANALYSIS OF POPULATION TRENDS IN ROMANIA. CASE STUDY - ANALYSIS OF THE RURAL POPULATION IN THE SUBURBAN AREAS OF TIMIȘOARA MUNICIPALITY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Camelia MĂNESCU, Ada-Flavia CRISTINA, Saida DAVID, Teodor MATEOC, Attila TOTH, Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB

In this paper, the authors analyzed the demographic evolution, given that, currently, our country's population, especially the rural is in an constant decline and in an aging process. The decrease is due to the declining birth rates and to the young people external migration. Another big part comes from the massive reduction in birth rates, although any aspect of migration is not negligible either, because those who have gone probably will not return back, accelerating the effects of the decline in births. The research methodology used was based on study of resources and documents and also on analysis and synthesis of the information on population evolution in our country. At the end of the paper, the authors founded that the persistence of an aging population, due to the decrease of it, has dramatic consequences over the fewer active people, which will have to maintain more inactive ones, and is a threat for any social protection system.

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Camelia MĂNESCU, Ada-Flavia CRISTINA, Saida DAVID, Teodor MATEOC, Attila TOTH, Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB 2016, ANALYSIS OF POPULATION TRENDS IN ROMANIA. CASE STUDY - ANALYSIS OF THE RURAL POPULATION IN THE SUBURBAN AREAS OF TIMIȘOARA MUNICIPALITY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 279-284.

ANALYSIS OF SUBSIDIES ALLOCATED BY THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND CROPPING SPECIALIZATION IN ROMANIAN FARMS USING FADN DATASET

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Nicola GALLUZZO

Romania is one of the European countries such as Italy characterized by the highest percentage incidence of small family farms with a rural population scattered predominately in less favoured areas. The objective of this paper was to assess throughout a quantitative method, impacts of funds allocated by the second pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy on cropping specialization in order to solve out migration from Romanian countryside. We used the data published by the European Union in the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) dataset from 2007 to 2012. Romanian farms have pointed out a not significant impact of financial aids paid to less favoured areas in order to reduce the rural marginalization and depopulation and, by contrast, a direct correlation between Single Area Payment Scheme and farm net income.

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GALLUZZO N. 2016, ANALYSIS OF SUBSIDIES ALLOCATED BY THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND CROPPING SPECIALIZATION IN ROMANIAN FARMS USING FADN DATASET. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 157-164.

ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN ROMANIAN ECONOMY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Camelia MĂNESCU, Ada-Flavia CRISTINA, Oana SICOE-MURG, Adrian GĂVRUȚA, Teodor MATEOC, Attila TOTH, Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB

Agriculture has been and remains the support of the human existence, which is an important pillar of the Romanian rural economy. This paper proposes an analysis of the main factors involved in the development of the agriculture in Romania: the share of agriculture in GDP, the land use, labor force in agriculture, farming and the production of agriculture in Romania. The used research methodology was based on analysis and synthesis of the information on the economic and social aspects of the development of the agriculture. In conclusion, the authors of this paper wanted to emphasize the necessity of the agriculture in ensuring the food security of the population, highlighting the need of strengthening the exploitation farms, of upgrading the technology and the overall improvement of the farmers work.

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MĂNESCU C., CRISTINA A.F., SICOE-MURG O., GĂVRUȚA A., MATEOC T., TOTH A., MATEOC-SÎRB N. 2016, ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN ROMANIAN ECONOMY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 271-278.

ANALYSIS OF THE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF SNAIL FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Onwuchekwa Raphael IHEKE, Nkechi Favour NWANKWO

Assessing the relative performance of the processes used in transforming given inputs into output is key to increasing agricultural productivity and enhancing food security and income. This study therefore examined the technical efficiency of snail farmers in Abia State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents used for the study. Primary data, collected using structured questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools and maximum likelihood estimation procedure using the computer software frontier version 4.1. Results showed that the significant factors influencing output of the snail farmers were stock size, labour, feed and capital. The significant determinants of technical efficiency of the snail farmers were age of the farmer (P = 0.05), educational attainment (P = 0.05), farming experience (P = 0.01), extension contact (P = 0.05), and cooperative membership (p = 0.01). The result also showed that majority (52%) of the snail farmers have an efficiency of between 61 – 80%, with the least efficient and most efficient farmers having efficiencies of 41.6% and 99.9% respectively. The mean level of efficiency was 75.6%. It was recommended that in order to enhance the efficiency and thus productivity of snail farms, policies that would encourage the youths to go into farming should be put in place. In addition, educational and training programmes should be organized regularly for the farmers as well as strengthening the extension services delivery system to provide the farmers the needed information on improved farming practices and innovations.

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IHEKE O.R., NWANKWO N.F. 2016, ANALYSIS OF THE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF SNAIL FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 205-212.

APPLICATION OF MOBILE PHONES IN THE MARKETING OF BANANA IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Joseph Omotoso AJAYI, Amaka Precious NNAJI, Jimoh Atanda AFOLABI, Esan Agbabiaka ADERINOLA, Taiwo Timothy AMOS

This paper studied the application of mobile phones in the marketing of banana in Ondo State, Nigeria. Banana is a major tropical fruit, consumed widely for its taste, texture, energy, digestibility and cost-effectiveness across major towns and rural communities in Ondo State, Nigeria. Given the high perishability of the crop, mostly when ripe, banana marketers who are mostly women employ mobile phones in banana marketing. The data collected from one hundred and eighty (180) banana marketers across three (3) Local Government Areas (LGAs) were analysed using descriptive statistics, marketing margin and multiple regression model. The study revealed high use of mobile phones among banana marketers with majority using more than one GSM service providers. Retailer and wholesaler marketing margins were high with retailer margin (64%) greater than wholesaler margin (36%). The regression results indicated that only education and amount of banana sales positively influenced the marketers’ use of mobile phones.

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AJAYI J. O., NNAJI A. P., AFOLABI J. A., ADERINOLA E. A., AMOS T. T. 2016, APPLICATION OF MOBILE PHONES IN THE MARKETING OF BANANA IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 11-18.

ASPECTS OF FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AT EUROFIORE LLC, CELARU, DOLJ COUNTY (2011-2013)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Radu Lucian PÂNZARU

Celaru locality is located in Dolj County, located along the road that goes from Dăbuleni to Craiova, on the edge of the sand dunes that reach up here, extending from Jiu. The unit was established in 2010, having as main object of activity "growing cereals (except rice), legumes and oilseeds producing plant" - CAEN code 0111 from 12.07.2010. The study goal was to follow the constitution of the financial indicators (indicators of income, expenditure indicators, profitability indicators) the company analyzed their values and financial results. The working method is based on comparison in time of indicators so that the analysis was carried out based on a dynamic consists of three years, subjected to analysis, and the average of the period. The results show maximum for year 2013 - synthetic for the indicator and minimum one year 2012.

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PÂNZARU R.L. 2016, ASPECTS OF FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AT EUROFIORE LLC, CELARU, DOLJ COUNTY (2011-2013). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-8005, 379-386.

ASSESSMENT OF NATURAL AND ANTHROPIC POTENTIAL OF THE RURAL TOURISM IN DOBRUDGEA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Elena SIMA

The objective of this paper is to highlight the tourism potential in Dobrudgea’s rural area. The study starts from the premise that the specific resources of Dobrudgea’s rural area are not fully and appropriately put into value. The research methods used are the inventory-type analysis of the usable resources in the rural tourism and the cause-effect explanation of the investigated phenomenon. The analysis of the agro-tourism potential of Dobrudgea’s rural area is based on data and information obtained by bibliographic documentation. The investigation of relations that exist between the environmental and social factors, at local level, makes it possible to define the necessary mechanisms for the sustainable development of tourism activities that should contribute to the increase of the number of jobs and of alternative incomes, as well as to the increase of rural space attractiveness.

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SIMA E. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF NATURAL AND ANTHROPIC POTENTIAL OF THE RURAL TOURISM IN DOBRUDGEA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-8004, 481-486.

ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL INCLUSIVENESS OF VULNERABLE AND MARGINALIZED GROUPS IN FADAMA II PROJECT IN YOLA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1
Written by Amurtiya MICHAEL, Augustine Anthony NDAGHU, Stephen Ibrahim MSHELIA

This is a Project Performance Assessment of the Second National Fadama Development Project implemented between 2004 and 2009. The study assessed the level of social inclusion of vulnerable and marginalized groups in the project in Yola North LGA of Adamawa state, Nigeria. Multi stage sampling technique was used to select 88 vulnerable and marginalized persons from 10 participating FUGs in the study area. The study relied on primary data collected using structured questionnaire and secondary data from the local Fadama desk office. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the data. The study revealed that, 49% of the respondents were young, female (68%), married (57%) and educated (77%). Vulnerable and marginalise based FUGs constituted 37% of the FUGs that participated in the project in the area. All the FUGs sampled patronized both the capacity building and the pilot asset components most, compared to other project components. Majority (90%) of the respondents benefited from the project, but they rate their level of participation as average (67%). The main constraints to the respondents’ participation in the project were; low matching grant and internal conflicts. It was recommended that, counterpart fund share of people in this group should be reduced. Furthermore, adequate sensitization on the entire goal of the project is necessary for promoting inclusion and reducing conflict among participants.

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MICHAEL A., NDAGHU A.A., MSHELIA S.I. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL INCLUSIVENESS OF VULNERABLE AND MARGINALIZED GROUPS IN FADAMA II PROJECT IN YOLA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 291-298.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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