AGRICULTURAL LAND AVAILABILITY AND RURAL FARMERS’ OUTPUT IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Chigozirim Ndubuisi ONWUSIRIBE, Daniel Chinedu NWAOGU

This study examined the effect of agricultural land availability on the performance of rural farmers in Abia State. The study showed that 55% of the respondents practiced inheritance as the prevalent land tenure system implying that majority of the farmers cultivated on lands owned by them or acquired from their fathers or kinsmen. The regression result shows an R2 of 0.585 implying that 58.5% of changes in the availability of land were accounted for by changes in the variables included in the model while the remaining 41.5% was accounted for by error. Price of land and urbanization were negatively related to land availability at 5% significant level while age of farmers and distance to farm lands were also negatively related to land availability but at 10% significant level. The correlation result reveals a negative significant relationship between farm size and land market price. The correlation result also reveals a positive significant relationship between farm size and farm performance (proxied by net profit from farm produce sales). This implies that as farm size increases, performance also increases and vice versa. It was recommended that government intervene in the existent land hoarding challenge by rural dwellers and therefore make land available for willing farmers. Appropriate land planning programmes be promoted in a bid to reducing the fast run of urbanization with a consequent effect on land availability for agriculture.

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ONWUSIRIBE C.N., NWAOGU D.C. 2017, AGRICULTURAL LAND AVAILABILITY AND RURAL FARMERS’ OUTPUT IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 317-322.

ANALYSIS OF ADHERENCE TO DOSAGE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE OF PESTICIDES BY ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN NJABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE, Nnenna Eberechi CHIKEZIE, Alozie ANYIM, Darlington UGBOAJA

Modern practices in crop farming in areas prone to attacks of pests is recently attracting increasing use of chemicals in checking incidences of weeds, insects, birds and rodents not only in farms, gardens but in food and product stores. Many factors have influenced these practices including socio-economic variables which either encourage or discourage the pesticides use. This investigation involved a survey of eighty (80) arable crop farmers’ selected using multi-stage random sampling technique in Njaba local Government Area of Imo State of Nigeria. Result reveals that farm size, farming experience, number of times in contact with extension agents in a month, level of educational attainment, and cost of pesticides were factors that influenced use and adherence to recommended dosage of pesticides by farmers. Pesticides when properly applied in the right dosage, under dry weather condition gave good results especially in the short run. Extension outfit should encourage the farmers to process and store their products even for a short period of time. This will enable them be much aware of storage pesticides and help them fetch better prices for their products. Farmers were reminded to recognize and heed the three principles of threshold, interdependence, and complexity in their practice of using most pesticides.

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EMEROLE C.O., CHIKEZIE N.E., ANYIM A., UGBOAJA D. 2017, ANALYSIS OF ADHERENCE TO DOSAGE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE OF PESTICIDES BY ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN NJABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 185-190.

ANALYSIS OF LOCAL LEVEL INSTITUTIONS' MICROCREDIT DELIVERY EFFECT ON THE LEVEL OF OUTPUT OF THE RURAL FARM HOUSEHOLDS IN GIREI AND YOLA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNENTS AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Udegbunam Edwin CHINONSO, Onu Inyanda JUSTICE

The study analysed local level institutions’ (LLIs) microcredit delivery effect on the level of output of the rural farm households in Girei and Yola South Local Government Areas of Adamawa state, Nigeria. Multistage random sampling was used in selecting one hundred and twenty (120) rural farm households’ member of the local level institution and data were collected through questionnaire administration. The result of multiple regression showed that microcredit significantly added to the level of output of the rural farm households with R square = 0.75, F statistic = 41.76 and it corresponding P-value= 0.0000. Therefore, LLIs microcredit delivery has significant effect on the rural farm households’ poverty status and the study recommended that LLIs should be integrated into the current poverty alleviation programme and food security programme of the government. Also, make channels for loan delivery so as to empower its members financially as well as achieving the sustainable development goals of eradicating extreme poverty and food security.

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CHINONSO U.E., JUSTICE O.I. 2017, ANALYSIS OF LOCAL LEVEL INSTITUTIONS’ MICROCREDIT DELIVERY EFFECT ON THE LEVEL OF OUTPUT OF THE RURAL FARM HOUSEHOLDS IN GIREI AND YOLA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNENTS AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 59-64.

ANALYSIS OF SOME ECONOMIC VARIABLES IN SLOVENIAN FARMS USING FADN DATASET

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Nicola GALLUZZO

Slovenian farms scattered in small rural villages are characterised by poor utilizable agricultural areas (UAA) which are lower than the average value assessed in the European Union countries. The assessment of the economic consequences of financial subsidies allocated by the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) towards farmers is made by an annual survey in a sample of farms belonging to the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN). The purpose of this paper was to investigate by a quantitative approach, over the time 2004-2013, in the FADN dataset main correlations among different economic variables, such as financial subsidies allocated by the CAP on Slovenian farms stratified in function of the main typology of farming which is a dummy variable of the productive specialization. Summing up, funds allocated by the first and second pillar of the CAP have acted on the farm level of income hence, the European Union by specific funds should implement the level of investments stimulating also the level of land capital pivotal in getting better the technical and economic efficiency in Slovenian farms.

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GALLUZZO N. 2017, ANALYSIS OF SOME ECONOMIC VARIABLES IN SLOVENIAN FARMS USING FADN DATASET. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 215-222.

ANALYSIS OF THE ELEMENTS OF THE PRODUCTION COSTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Daniela SIMTION

Classical methods for calculating costs underlay the organization activity of measuring costs and have maintained due to the existence of basically the same technical, technological and organizational production structures. Of course, technical progress has brought a number of changes in the productive structure, this is the reason due to which the classical methods of calculation have evolved while preserving their essence and becoming basic methods of cost management. This paper present a study case regarding analysis of the items of production costs in order to set the strategy of the company for reducing production cost.

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SIMTION D. 2017, ANALYSIS OF THE ELEMENTS OF THE PRODUCTION COSTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 409-412.

ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE RURAL AREA. CASE STUDY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Andrei Radu IOVA, Daniela CREŢU, Elena LASCĂR

In order to analyze the inhabitants’ perception in the rural area on aspects of sustainable development, starting from the realities of the socio-economical and technical-urban analysis of the rural area in Călăraşi county, 3 specific research methods were used: the dynami, deductive and quantitative economic analysis; SWOT analysis; the economic survey or participatory research involves collecting information from the territory using as research techniques “the questionnaire” and “the interview”. The research recorded the population opinions and attitudes in 10 communes of Călăraşi county, regarding: the respondents awareness on the concept of sustainable development; cleanliness and care of the communes; prioritization of urgent investments in the studied area; the perception of changes and development potential of the area; assessing the social position of the respondents family; assessments on the quality of life in the rural area. The questionnaire, containing 13 questions, was applied on a total of 595 respondents from the 10 communes included in the study. The starting point in elaborating the questionnaire was the analysis of the social, economic and institutional situations which led to the identification of the key issues facing the localities and the potential for development. All 10 communes have common points on the population interest for the development of the local business sector; the local business sector accesed funds from various sources; there is a large available workforce, and potential for the socio economic development of the communes.

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IOVA A.R., CREŢU D., LASCĂR E. 2017, ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE RURAL AREA. CASE STUDY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 253-258.

ASPECTS OF TRADE WITH APPLES (2011 - 2013)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE, Daniela POPA GRIGORE

The apple tree is one of the species representative for Romania through the surfaces in operation and yields obtained (469,437 t for 2015, which represented 39.27% of total national production of fruit). Based on this, I considered interesting to track the Romanian apple trade in terms of quantity (55,099.7 t imports and 26,443.67 t exports - averaged over the period 2011-2013), especially in value. The paper places Romania in context of global, continental and regional situation – by specific indicators operating at global, continental and regional that reporting can be done, according to available statistics. It can be seen that the trade balance of Romania, related to apples, is strictly weak during the period analyzed.

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PÂNZARU R.L., MEDELETE D.M., POPA GRIGORE D. 2017, ASPECTS OF TRADE WITH APPLES (2011 - 2013). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 333-338.

ASPECTS REGARDING THE HOUSE, EDUCATION AND HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH-MUNTENIA REGION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Elena LASCĂR

The infrastructure contains a supporting element, with a special importance to support all economic, social and cultural activities in the rural area. The infrastructure covers both structural area giving unity to the system and space area, thus creating a viable territorial configuration, which is reflected by different levels of accessibility. It is actually the circulatory framework of the economic and social system, individualized in a well determined space, as the regional one. South Muntenia region is characterized by a well defined infrastructure as a result of its advantageous geographical position. Its location in a peripheral area of Romania favored the emergence of major road ways, which allowed the development of its relations not only with neighboring national regions, but also with neighboring country Bulgaria. The present paper analyses the educational and medical infrastructure in the region, showing thus the discrepancies in the education and medical system and equipment across the region. It is pertinent analysis allowing the make improvements in this area.

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LASCĂR E. 2017, ASPECTS REGARDING THE HOUSE, EDUCATION AND HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE IN SOUTH-MUNTENIA REGION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 273-276.

BEE HONEY PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA, 2007-2015 AND 2016-2020 FORECAST

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper analyzed the situation of honey production in Romania and by micro-region of development using the empirical data provided by National Institute of Statistics for the period 2007-2015, it determine de trend lines and regression functions and set up the forecast for the period 2016-2020. In 2015, Romania had 1,392.8 thousand bee families, by 41.81 % more than in 2007. They produced 27,893 tons by 66.35 % more than in 2007 according to NIS, but according to the EU Commission Romania came on the top position with 35,000 tons honey. The contribution of the micro-regions of development to honey production is in the decreasing order the following one: South West Oltenia, Center, North East, South Muntenia, West, North West, South East and Bucharest-Ilfov. The general trend in honey production was an increasing one, as reflected by the linear regression functions, both at country level and almost all the micro-regions except Bucharest-Ilfov. In 2020, it is estimated as Romania will produce 34,400 tons based on the average growth rate of 9.06 %. To increase honey production, beekeepers should keep more than 100 bee families per apiary, apply new technologies, use modern hives, selected bee queens, assure a corresponding feeding, maintenance and health to the bee families. Honey market should be extended by a more intensive promotion of the bee products, a higher quality of honey and development of organic honey and Romanian brands. In this way, beekeepers’ income and living standard will increase as well as of the rural communities where they belong to.

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POPESCU A. 2017, BEE HONEY PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA, 2007-2015 AND 2016-2020 FORECAST. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 339-350.

BEEF MEAT IN ROMANIA – REALITIES AND OPPORTUNITIES TO IMPROVE SELF-SUFFICIENCY ON LONG TERM

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1
Written by Mariana GRODEA

From the perspective of reaching food security, for Romania, beef meat (accounting for 10% in the total meat consumption structure, in the year 2015) is important both for dietary diversity and for the complex contribution to the valorization of the country’s agricultural resources, through the export of live animals inclusively. With a 45% decrease of live weight beef production, after the accession to the EU, with a poor quality of carcasses, as 77.9% of carcasses come from slaughtering adult cattle, out of which 49.5% cows, the beef sector in Romania is not currently in the situation to best use the opportunities provided by the European Single Market. The aim of the paper is to identify new opportunities for relaunching the domestic beef meat production, through investments on the long term, having in view the support to the sector under the NRDP 2014-2020 measures, for the long-term improvement of self-sufficiency to about 90%.

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GRODEA M. 2017, BEEF MEAT IN ROMANIA – REALITIES AND OPPORTUNITIES TO IMPROVE SELF-SUFFICIENCY ON LONG TERM. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 235-240.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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