ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952
 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 2
Written by Ivan Sergeevich NOVIKOV

In this paper, we study classical and modern approaches to the formation of a scientifically based methodology for managing industrial processing of organic agricultural raw materials for the production of organic food. In the current crisis conditions in the Russian Federation of national budgets of all levels, the development of the organic food industry without a justified methodological approach is impractical. In most cases, the economy of organic production is not allocated to an independent field of study and is identified with the traditional economy of production, “organic food production” - there is industrial processing of organic raw materials in accordance with the requirements of organic production standards, isolated in space and subject to mandatory certification by specialized bodies quality control. We study the conditions for the development of organic production within an existing enterprise, as well as the mechanism for creating a separate unit for the production of organic food products. We show that industrial processing of organic products should be carried out on the basis of and strict observance of fundamental organizational and economic principles. In particular, while in traditional production deliveries can be seasonal or one-time, in organic food production a prerequisite must be guaranteed availability of suppliers or a hub of organic raw materials for at least a month of uninterrupted production. Moreover, the classical cluster approach in terms of organic production can be unrealizable and the author’s concept of cooperative development of organic food production (industrial processing of organic products) is preferable.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Borislav ATANASOV

Traditionally, foodstuffs are included in the consumer basket of households. Statistics for recent years reveals an upward trend in the marketof fast-moving consumer goods in Bulgaria. The growth in the number of retail outlets and in the number of fast-moving consumer goods in articular poses challenges to retail chains. The entry of foreign chains for consumer goods on the Bulgarian market as well as the variety oftheir product and brand supply result in intensified competition between them. The desire for increased market share is a prerequisite to roviding higher value to end consumers through the elements of a commercial product which ensure competitive advantages. In order to stablish the key (motivational) factors in the purchase process related to foodstuffs, a questionnaire was developed and a quantitative urvey was conducted based on the method of the structured personal interview. The survey also shows the frequency of purchasing various roups of foodstuffs, the degree of purchase planning, the impact of reference groups on the purchasing process through one-dimensional requency distributions.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 21 ISSUE 1
Written by Tarek FOUDA, Osama BAHNAS, Mohamed SOLTAN, Mohamend GHONAME

The auxiliary roll of the rice combine harvester were developed and manufactured from local material to reduce wearing rate for threshing device also minimize fuel consumption and energy requirements. Replacing auxiliary roll knives arranged in a spiral instead by forks separating on length were 90 cm with seven rows and each row has four blades to increase the efficiency of separating the seed. The measurement indices of the auxiliary roll before and after development were threshing efficiency, threshing capacity, fuel consumption, power required, energy requirements, device mass losses percent, wearing rate, wearing resistance, critical wearing value, specific wear and expected life. during the harvesting operation of rice crop the rustles showed It is recommended to use the knife as a threshing device because auxiliary roll threshing efficiency increased by 0.2% threshing capacity increased by 16.83 %, fuel consumption decreased by 0.16 %, power required decreased by 0.15 %, energy requirements decreased by 0.33 % device mass losses percent decreased by 1.4 %, wearing rate decreased by 0.11 % wearing resistance decreased by 0.12%. critical wearing value increased by 34 %, specific wear decreased by 25 % and expected life increased by 78.60% all this result tested after 500h operating time.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 21 ISSUE 2
Written by Miroslav RAICOV, Adrian BĂNEȘ, Ioan BRAD, Andrea FEHER

This article presents an analytical survey on the perspectives and impacts of the absorption of rural development funds in Romania. The study makes an x-ray of the level of support and absorption rate in two financial years 2013-2017 and 2014-2020. The aim is to highlight the impact of these capital infusions in the Romanian rural area. The learning mechanism policy of the two programming periods analysed should be "a lesson learned" for the next period. This is particularly important in view of the future funds allocated through the new multiannual financial framework 2021-2027, as well as recovery and resilience assistance through the post-pandemic instrument NextGeneration EU. The main conclusion that emerges is that the absorption rate of the rural development fund in Romania is an appropriate one, being above the NMS-13 average. However, Romania's needs, objectives and priorities in terms of rural development, which are well identified in the National Rural Development Programs, are not addressed in the financial allocations materialized through selected measures and sub-measures. Greater coherence and clarity is needed between what is strategically stated as objectives and priorities and the content of the funding program. The ideas, solutions and suggestions formulated by the authors may have practical applications in developing future programs and the rural strategy on the horizon 2050.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 21 ISSUE 1
Written by Anton BLAGOEV

Agro-environmental practices lead to protection, maintenance and improvement the ecological quality of environment and limitation the negative impact on natural resources. Their implementation may be voluntary because of the participation in commitments with European and national funding programs or because of the implementation of national standards for good agricultural practices. The aim of the article is to analyze the role of agro-environmental practices for achieving environmental protection and make conclusions for the possibility of agricultural holdings to implement agro-environmental practices. The results in this paper are based on structured interview. Two surveys were conducted as follows: the first one is expert survey and the second one is survey among agricultural producers. The main results are related to the most important practices for environmental protection. The allocation of funds for support and diversification of activities, maximum use of resources obtained in each farm and the introduction of new technologies would lead to the implementation of agro-environmental practices and environmental protection.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 21 ISSUE 2
Written by Liliana VELEA, Silvia PUIU, Anișoara IRIMESCU, Roxana BOJARIU, Vasile CRĂCIUNESCU

Capitalizing on the natural, cultural and anthropogenic potential for tourism in rural areas represents an important chance for local economy in Romania. Some of the main assets of a rural touristic destination are weather and climate conditions along with overall quality of services provided. Therefore, including climate and other relevant environmental information (e.g. on the greenness of the vegetation, low level of pollution etc.) in the promotion of agrotourism may contribute to a faster uptake of potential consumers/tourists and increase of overall success of the agritourist activity. In this line, we present a selection of such information tailored for tourism and customizable for specific locations which may positively contribute to building the image of the agritourist destination. The information, developed by the National Meteorological Administration, is currently available for 160 touristic locations in Romania, free of charge, through the web-based application WECTOU (Weather and Climate for Tourism) http://wectou.meteoromania.ro/ . Personalized information is available as well as a larger palette of climate and environmental products, such that to answer efficiently the specific requirements of the user.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Eghosa Osas UWAGBOE, Anthony Eghe AGBONGIARHUOYI

Efforts to mitigate the effect of pest had been through the use of chemicals, which often leave residues in cocoa beans. The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in collaboration with Sustainable Tree Crop Programme (STCP) promoted Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Nigeria. There is dearth of information on the challenges confronting cocoa farmers to use IPM hence a need for investigation. The study utilised a three-stage sampling procedure to select respondents from Cross River state. Trained farmers (10%) were selected using a systematic random sampling to obtain a total sample of 271. Field data were collected with Interview schedule on socio-economic, enterprise characteristics, and challenges faced by respondents in IPM adoption. Analysis was done with descriptive and inferential statistics. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used to test hypothesis. The male respondents were 83.4% while the female were 16.6%. Very few (2.6%) of the respondents produced more than 4,000 kg of cocoa beans per annum. Age of farm with a weighed score of 244.5 was rated as the highest severe factor affecting IPM adoption. Negative relationship exists between challenges and adoption behaviour which was significant (r=-0.236, p=0.000). Challenges had high effect on adoption of IPM by cocoa farmers and yield was low. There is need for farm rehabilitation due to old age to boost yield and sustain cocoa production in the study area.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Omowunmi Veronica AYODELE, Oluwatosin Olusegun FASINA, Oluwatoyin Faramade OSUNDAHUNSI

The adoption of agricultural technologies is a vital strategy in addressing food security and improving households’ nutrition. This study xamined the determinants of adoption of biofortified cassava among farmers in South West Nigeria using a binary logistic regression model.Primary data through administration of structured interview were obtained from 396 respondents which were selected using a multistage samplng technique. Descriptive analysis of the socio-economic characteristics analysis showed the mean of 46.9 years, 1.8ha, 20.0 years and 238,693.18 for age, farm size, years of experience and income of the respondents respectively. Most (68.9%) of the respondents were males,77.0% were primarily farmers, 90.2% were literate, 87.1% were married, 86.1% had group membership while 89.4% had access to extension ervices. There were low levels of awareness of the benefits of biofortified cassava and cosmopliteness of the respondents. The Binary ogistic regression model result revealed that adoption of biofortified cassava was influenced by increase in awareness, perception, incomefrom cassava, marital status and a decrease in age. It is therefore recommended that increase in awareness, income, and positive perceptionand younger farmers should be targeted when channeling a course for adoption of a new technology.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Marioara RUSU, Violeta FLORIAN, Elisabeta ROȘU

In Romania, the used agricultural area is operated by approximately 3.4 million farmers whose main feature is the fact that they have the lowest level of professional training among all European Union countries. Many of these farmers lack basic skills that are considered essential for a modern agricultural economy. The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the current conditions and the main trends in the field of adult education in the agricultural sector and to identify its strengths and weaknesses. The analysis is centered to the current European context of lifelong learning and includes: statistical benchmarks, legal and institutional framework, adult training programs, funding sources and education and training providers. The working methodology targeted three stages: identification of documentary sources and collection of data and materials for analysis; statistical processing and analysis of data and information; information synthesis. The main conclusions of this study show that Romania has a well-established legal and institutional framework for adult learning with a diverse range of funding sources for the vocational training courses. In agriculture, the main vocational training providers are the county agricultural directorates/public advisory and extension service, private firms, agricultural faculties and non-governmental organizations. However the assessment of adult vocational training quality is facing the lack of a regulatory and implementation framework has led to the discrediting, to a large extent, of this type of training.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 2
Written by Boryana IVANOVA, Mariyana SHISHKOVA, Rositsa BELUHOVA-UZUNOVA

Fuel dependency and uncertainty about their prices, coupled with increasing concerns about climate change and other environmental issues, are among the major global challenges on the agenda. They are key drivers for the development of biomass production, considered as the core of the bioeconomy and a main alternative for energy production. The aim of the study is to analyse the contribution of Bulgarian agriculture to the bioeconomy development and the potential of the sector for biomass production. The research is based on the definition and classification of the bioeconomy proposed by the European Commission. Тhe results show a tendency of diminishing importance of Bulgarian agriculture in the national economy after accession to the EU. On the other hand, the sector remains a major source of employment in rural areas. In terms of the potential of Bulgarian agriculture for biomass production, crops of wheat, sunflower and maize play an important role. Based on the data, the other crops analysed cannot be considered as a key source of biomass. Among the major challenges facing Bulgaria are the attitudes in society about the benefits of using biomass, including economic, social and environmental. Therefore, the entrepreneurial activity should be stimulated in order to guarantee sustainable production and efficient use of biomass in the conditions of imbalance between North and South Bulgaria.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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