ADAPTATION ECONOMICS TO CLIMATE CHANGE: KEY VULNERABILITIES OF SMALL-HOLDER FARMS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Serkan GURLUK

The paper aims to present the key vulnerabilities of small-holder farms while adapting prospective climate change conditions. Natural resources’ productivity has declined under climate stress. The natural resources that lose their prolificacy negatively affect small-holder farms. Consequently, the agricultural sector will suffer from climate change impacts. The countries which have small-holder farms should be more careful while designing their rural policies. Indeed, small-holder farms lack capacity in management of agricultural risks. This phenomenon has the potential to trigger rural poverty in the medium-term. Many studies carried out on the African Continent indicates that adaptation costs of climate change account for 250-500 billion USD in the years between 2010 and 2050. Climate change adaptation policies are most effective when they are fully integrated within countries’ national development strategies. Furthermore, adequate funding and technology transfer to small-holder farms are important in ensuring success of any climate action and initiative. The current paper will give information related with adaptation costs to climate change in various countries of the world. In addition, the paper discusses the possibility of agricultural adaptation policies coming from developed zones of the world.

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GURLUK S. 2017, ADAPTATION ECONOMICS TO CLIMATE CHANGE: KEY VULNERABILITIES OF SMALL-HOLDER FARMS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 165-172.

ADOPTION OF IMPROVED FARM PRACTICES AMONG MAIZE (Zea mays L) FARMERS IN YOLA, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Augustine Anthony NDAGHU, Maimuna MUKTHAR, Amurtiya MICHAEL

Maize (Zea mays L) is among the most widely consumed staples and is also used in the production of livestock feeds. This study analysed the adoption of improved farm practices among maize farmers in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to; describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, identify the improved farm practices adopted by the respondents, and identify respondents’ sources of information on improved farm practices. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select 117 respondents from whom primary data was collected using structured questionnaire. The data collected was analysed using means, frequency and percentages. The result showed that, majority (67.5%) of the respondents were male, married (76%), educated (70%), and 54.6% were within the economically active age of less than 51 years. Majority (81%) of the respondents were small scale farmers with land holdings of 1-4 ha, 77% of the respondents practiced maize farming for more than 10 years, 56.4% and 43.6% practiced sole cropping and mixed cropping respectively. Radio, friends, and extension agents were most preferred information sources. Use of herbicides, fertilizers, seed dressing, and mechanized farming were respondents’ most adopted improved technologies. The study recommends that radio should be used to disseminate information on improved farm practices; farmers should also, be encouraged to form groups that would assist them share information and pool resources together to overcome transitional cost of certain technologies.

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NDAGHU A.A., MUKTHAR M., MICHAEL A. 2018, ADOPTION OF IMPROVED FARM PRACTICES AMONG MAIZE (Zea mays L) FARMERS IN YOLA, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 261-266.

AGRICULTURAL LAND UNDER STRESS FACTORS INFLUENCE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Mariana BRAN, Iuliana DOBRE, Elena SOARE

The aim of this paper is to emphasis the main trends on the Romanian vegetal products. Vegetal production has a particular importance because of its contribution to feed people and livestock, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, ensure the income for the farmers from export. The field crops placed under natural environment are constantly under the natural risk factors (weather, producing floods, droughts and so on), with unpredictable repercussions, especially under the current climate and climate conditions. The fertility ensures soil favorability for different uses, such as agricultural crops. Using quantitative statistical methods, the paper proposes an economic analysis in the period 2015-2017. These analysis shows that Romania cultivates large areas with vegetal products, ranking on the highest place to cereals. The role of management and technical methods remains a key element in Romanian agriculture in respect with good practices and sustainability.

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BRAN M., DOBRE I., SOARE E. 2018, AGRICULTURAL LAND UNDER STRESS FACTORS INFLUENCE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 103-108.

AGRICULTURAL POLICY OPTIONS TO BOOST THE PRODUCER SURPLUS: THAILAND’S NATURAL RUBBER MARKET EQUILIBRIUM

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Özlem TURAN, Serkan GURLUK, Abdulhakim MADIYOH

For Thai farmers natural rubber is a significant product and an economic crop. It has also some social benefits of rubber cultivation in this country. Yet, rubber producers of Thailand have not been receiving intended revenues in spite of expanding planted areas and increasing production. Current paper focuses on Thailand’s natural rubber market equilibrium which is influenced by global and local impacts. The paper uses two-stage least squares methodology in order to estimate demand and supply response of Thailand. Input costs, planted area, agricultural credit amount dedicated to agriculture, palm oil prices are explanatory variables of supply. Indonesia production, per capita income of the world, car production of the world, exchange rate and rubber production of Indonesia are explanatory variables of demand. Rubber price is endogenous variable while resuming variables are exogenous. The econometric analysis will present opportunities to understand how to increase the producer surplus by simulating abovementioned variables. Producer’s surplus is calculated 10,719,174,750 USD/Year in the equilibrium conditions. When financial supports are increased, it caused about 9.5 percent decreases in producer’s surplus. The impacts of bilateral agreements was simulated with 10% and the 5% decreases of production amount. There was almost no difference on producer’s surplus in case of a production decrease of 5% or 10%.

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TURAN O., GURLUK S., MADIYOH A. 2018, AGRICULTURAL POLICY OPTIONS TO BOOST THE PRODUCER SURPLUS: THAILAND’S NATURAL RUBBER MARKET EQUILIBRIUM. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 483-488.

AGROCHEMICAL SERVICE OF AGRICULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: PAST AND PRESENT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Tamara LEAH

The paper presents the brief history of the agrochemical service development and its importance for Moldovan agriculture. According to this study, agrochemical service assisted methodical agriculture in the period 1956-1990. In this period were created 33 specialized laboratories were established long- and short-term experiments to test the mineral and organic fertilizers, were performed 4 cycles agrochemical soil mapping. According to the results was determined the balance of nutrients in soils, were developed soil agrochemical research for farms. After 1990 agrochemical cyclic mapping is not performed, the soils are fragmented into many plots, land degradation has accelerated. In this context agricultural policies are targeted at land consolidation, implementing action plans include measures to halt land degradation and land protection.

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Tamara LEAH 2014, AGROCHEMICAL SERVICE OF AGRICULTURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: PAST AND PRESENT . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 139-146.

ALLOCATIVE EFFICIENCY OF GROUNDNUT (Arachis hypogea l.) PRODUCTION IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Salihu Umaru BIYE, Haruna LAWAL, Abubakar Umaru JONGUR

The study examines allocative (cost) efficiency of sole groundnut production in Bauchi State. It focuses on identifying the determinants of groundnut output growth, by measuring how efficient farmers are with respect to the allocation of their inputs. Data from 251 farmers were elicited using structured questionnaires via: cluster, multistage, purposive and simple random sampling techniques were analyzed using: descriptive statistics, and Stochastic Frontier Cost Function (SFCF). The result revealed that 61.32 % were 31-50 years, 70.12% were male, 82.87% were married and 84.06% were literate. Cost of seed used (P2), family labour (P3) and agrochemicals (P5) were highly significant at 1% level, while hired labour (P4) and cost of fertilizer was also significant but at 5% and 10% respectively. (σ2) was significant at 10% level, LR was 36.99, (γ) was 0.80. Mean AE was 58%. Farmers were advised to be more rational in resource allocation; loans should be accessible and affordable to farmers.

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BIYE S.U., LAWAL H., JONGUR A.U. 2018, ALLOCATIVE EFFICIENCY OF GROUNDNUT (Arachis hypogea l.) PRODUCTION IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 51-58.

ALTERNATIVE FOR PROTEIN CONCENTRATIONS OBTAINED FROM EGG WHITE BY COLD DRYING

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by George MOISE

This paper presents an alternative method to dry white eggs. Because on thermal treatment the protein denaturation is relatively high, cold drying of the white eggs maintains intact the protein chain. Eliminating the air heating from classic technology will conduct to energy reducing during the process. Also, all products, made of the white egg powder obtained using cold draying, will have complete proteins in amino acids.

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MOISE G. 2017, ALTERNATIVE FOR PROTEIN CONCENTRATIONS OBTAINED FROM EGG WHITE BY COLD DRYING. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 209-212.

AMARA, A SPA WITH AN EXTRAORDINARY NATURAL POTENTIAL

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Daniela PLEȘOIANU, Valentina DIACONESCU

Spa tourism in Romania is a crucial sector of the tourism industry because of its specific features. Economic growth quality of life of modern human being, bring, besides the positive, some negative aspects: stress, power imbalances, negative actions of the environment on the body due to physical and chemical pollution. To mitigate those negative aspects more and more tourists choose spas as a holiday destination. The purpose of the paper was to analyze Amara resort potential for health tourism. Based on a profound documentation and on the collected data on the statistical data provided by National Institute of Statistics, Ialomița National Environmental Protection Agency, the research work was focused to process the data and interpret the results. The main conclusions highlighted the importance of mud, which is the key mean in preventing and treating various diseases. It is successfully used in wraps, baths or massage. Amara spa is one of our country's resorts treating musculoskeletal disorders, gynecological diseases, endocrine disorders, dermatological diseases, hepatobiliary diseases and cures of diuresis. The analysis of the tourists flow over a period of 14 years pointed out that the increased number of tourists is due to the good promotion of the resort and of its high quality services.

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PLEȘOIANU D., DIACONESCU V. 2016, AMARA, A SPA WITH AN EXTRAORDINARY NATURAL POTENTIAL. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 257-260.

AN ANALYSIS OF BIODIVERSITY OF LITHUANIAN FAMILY FARMS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Vida DABKIENĖ

The paper aimed to measure the biodiversity of Lithuanian family farms using readily available FADN data. The research draws on a sample of 1304 family farms. Farms diversity is expressed by diversity in land use and cropping based on Shannon’s equitability and Simpson’s diversity indices. The effects of farms’ management to biodiversity between farms in terms of specialization, economic size, farming intensity and land area are examined. The biodiversity indices ranged from 0 to 1 (scaled into three intervals), assuming that the closer to 1 were the values of the index the higher was biodiversity of the farm. Lithuanian case analysis suggested that certain measures for strengthening farms biodiversity were necessary as the average values of the biodiversity based on Shannon’s equitability (land use and cropping) and Simpson’s diversity (land use and cropping) indices fell within the medium biodiversity interval. Lower diversity values of Simpson’s diversity in comparison to Shannon’s indices values were obtained across analysed farming types and farm classes. This is likely related to Simpson’s index sensitivity to the number of land use and cropping elements of farms. Though, the Shannon’s equitability index has greater importance to rarer land use or cropping elements. Therefore, for policy purposes both indicators provide valuable insights to enhance and maintain the biodiversity on farms.

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DABKIENĖ V. 2016, AN ANALYSIS OF BIODIVERSITY OF LITHUANIAN FAMILY FARMS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 97-102.

AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW OF CROPPING SYSTEM RESEARCH IN INDIA - A CASE STUDY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Suresh Kumar MUDDA, Rajendra Prasad VANA

The future agriculture will be guided by the compulsions of food and nutritional security, by the concerns of environmental protection, and profitability of farm enterprises. Cropping system research could be highly effective in providing balanced food and regular employment, sustaining soil health, and increasing farm productivity and farm income which would ultimately increase the purchasing power of farmers. Andhra Pradesh was one among the typical cases representing South East Asian conditions registering prominent and favourable shifts in the form of relatively diversified cropping patterns. Study of the dynamics, determinants of cropping systems and their implications is of paramount importance for planning the future agricultural policies. Results of the study indicated that paddy continues to be the most beneficial crop due to its agronomic suitability; economic viability as it is the staple food crop of the region. Similarly implications out of Analyses of rain fed cropping systems, Horticulture and vegetables based cropping system, and Energy utilization of major cropping systems etc. were also discussed and conclusions were drawn to develop the suitable strategies for the sustainable agriculture development in this region.

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MUDDA S.K., VANA R.P. 2018, AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW OF CROPPING SYSTEM RESEARCH IN INDIA - A CASE STUDY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 305-314.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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