CROSS BORDER COOPERATION: ROMANIA - BULGARIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Cristiana SIRBU

The paper aimed to present the European territorial cooperation with an important role in removing obstacles and stimulating cross-border cooperation. More than a third of EU citizens live and work in border regions of Europe. Borders have an impact both directly and indirectly on their lives. Euro-regions consist of sub-regional cooperation which contributes to the development of economic and social cohesion of the geographical border areas including administrative units in neighbouring states and non-EU states. Cooperation in this framework is to create permanent direct links between regions and communities on either side of the border state under the powers of local authorities and in accordance with national legislation.

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SIRBU C. 2017, CROSS BORDER COOPERATION: ROMANIA - BULGARIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 337-340.

CULTURAL TOURISM AND THE TRANSBOUNDARY COOPERATION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Rozalin YANEV

The article provides a brief overview of the opportunities provided by the joint development of cultural tourism in the Balkan Peninsula region. It is proposed to develop some routes as a product of cross-border cooperation. Attention is directed to the Thracian-Illyrian cultural heritage. The Thracian-Illyrian tribes have participated in the genesis of all Balkan nations. Their heritage provides an opportunity to create a single regional Balkan emitting and receiving market for cultural tourism. Specific routes will be mentioned on the residences of the Odrysians and Satrae, Dacians and Getae, Paeonians and Dardani, who through cross-border cooperation projects could become attractive tourist products.

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YANEV R. 2017, CULTURAL TOURISM AND THE TRANSBOUNDARY COOPERATION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 373-379.

CURRENT STATE, DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND PROMOTION OF RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL TOURISM IN BULGARIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Ivan KILIMPEROV

The niche market of rural and agricultural tourism in Bulgaria is underdeveloped, although our country has excellent natural and anthropogenic resources for their development. The rich cultural and historical heritage, the wellpreserved nature, the centuries-old traditions and culinary development create prerequisites for a unique rural tourism product. There are also opportunities to create an integrated tourist service based on rural tourism to contribute to some competitive advantages of destination Bulgaria. A key problem in this direction is the low level of popularity of rural and agricultural tourism in Bulgaria. This is complemented by the relatively low level of professional (theoretical) qualification of those who offer rural tourist services. Reserves to overcome this problem can be found in the creation of training demonstration centers. The goal of the paper is to determine the status and opportunities for development and promotion of rural and agricultural tourism in Bulgaria. For the purpose of screening have been used methods such as analysis, synthesis, monitoring and some statistical methods. To sum up, the following conclusions can be made: 1) Bulgaria has the necessary resources and opportunities for development of rural and agricultural tourism; 2) The development of rural tourism in Bulgaria is at a relatively good level; 3) There is a diversity with regard to the accommodation facilities, but this diversity is missing in terms of the services offered; 4) reserves can be sought in improving the quality of the services offered as well as of the accommodation facilities typical for rural tourism] 5) The promotion of the rural tourism product in the country can be achieved by means of developing demonstration centers

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KILIMPEROV I. 2017, CURRENT STATE, DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND PROMOTION OF RURAL AND AGRICULTURAL TOURISM IN BULGARIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 173-178.

DAIRY BUSINESS: THE CASE OF BULGARIAN DAIRY CATTLE FARMERS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Tsvetana HARIZANOVA-METODIEVA

The purpose of the study was to explore differences between dairy cattle farmers in Bulgaria, according to certain factors. Information about the social characteristics of the farmers (educational level, gender, and age), and about the farm characteristics (number of cows in the main herd, average milk yield, and the rate of return on investment) was collected. Sixty percent of the farmers were up to 50 years of age. Fifty percent of the farmers had had a secondary education and the rest had gained a university degree. The study found that only one of the 20 farmers was a woman. It was found that the group of farmers with a university degree had lower average age than the group of farmers with secondary school. There was no significant difference in the rate of return between the two groups of farms in terms of the effectiveness of the farm. The difference in the number of cows in the main herd was not significant too. The research identified a need for additional training for farmers in order to reduce their dependence on hired workers. It was found that farmers attend basic courses in the field of agriculture and livestock breeding in order to fill the gap between the existing levels of knowledge of farmers and the necessary skills for the effective management of dairy farms.

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Tsvetana HARIZANOVA-METODIEVA 2014, DAIRY BUSINESS: THE CASE OF BULGARIAN DAIRY CATTLE FARMERS . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 95-102.

DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS APPROACH ON THE EFFICIENT USE OF RURAL HUMAN RESOURCES IN AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY AND CONSTRUCTIONS DURING 2006-2013

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Dorel MIHAI, Ion DONA

The paper studied the rural human resources efficiency at regional level by using the DEA nonparametric method (Data Envelopment Analysis). The application of this cutting edge method enables the calculation of efficiency scores based on a series of inputs (occupied population in agriculture, industry and construction) and outputs (gross value added in agriculture, industry and construction). The data regarding the rural human resources are retrieved from the Amigo data base, the regional GVA from Tempo online data base and the analysis is performed by MAXDATA 6.3 Beta program. The results revealed that the majority of the regions reach performance with the current input structure, with the exception of the North-East and North-West regions which need to reduce the number of workers in agriculture and increase the GVA from industry and constructions to support real economic growth.

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Dorel MIHAI, Ion DONA 2014, DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS APPROACH ON THE EFFICIENT USE OF RURAL HUMAN RESOURCES IN AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY AND CONSTRUCTIONS DURING 2006-2013. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 161-164.

DEFOLIATING INSECTS IMPACTS ON FOREST ECOSYSTEMS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Cristina STANCĂ-MOISE

The impact on forest ecosystems caused by insect has two components, one ecological and one socio-economical. Ecological component relates to the effects of environmental parameters overview of the stands, with direct results in time on individual trees, as on the other components of ecosystems. The socio-economical component of the impact shows how these effects influence the forest resources including the productive ones and the aesthetic recreational ones. While the socio-economic value is expressed in units of currency/unit area (euro/ha), the environmental impact can be expressed in terms like: modifying the composition stands, reducing density, reducing annual growth rate or period etc. Each of these two components of the impact can be treated after the effect of time on the ecosystem, namely: long or short. At the level of forest ecosystems, with a complexity and objectives of management different, the concept of short or long term, is quite relative, so that below will not be explicit reference to the mode of action in time of the defoliators effects but only on each component of the forest ecosystem.

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STANCĂ-MOISE C. 2016, DEFOLIATING INSECTS IMPACTS ON FOREST ECOSYSTEMS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 339-344.

DETERMINANTS OF CHANGES IN WORK PROFITABILITY IN POLISH AGRICULTURE IN 2004-2013

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Zbigniew GOLAS

The main purpose of this work is to analyse the changes in work profitability in Polish agriculture. The analysis is based on the Economic Accounts for Agriculture, i.e. the applicable in the EU harmonised financial statement, which enables the analysis of the economic situation in agriculture according to uniform rules. The basis for the research have been the proposed systems of work profitability indicators and factor analysis (the logarithm method). The research has proven that in the post-accession period work profitability in agriculture increased in real terms on annual average by about 4,47%, and in 2013 in comparison to 2004, work profitability was higher in real terms by almost 60%. In the light of the factor analysis the main determinant of changes in work profitability in the domestic agriculture was the increase in work productivity and production subsidies.

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Zbigniew GOLAS 2014, DETERMINANTS OF CHANGES IN WORK PROFITABILITY IN POLISH AGRICULTURE IN 2004-2013 . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 86-94.

DETERMINANTS OF MARKETING EFFICIENCY FOR PACKAGED WATER IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA: MAXIMIZING FIRMS ASSETS TO IMPROVE CONSUMER WELFARE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH, Etomchi Maria-stella, NJOKU

Competition is necessary for enhanced customer welfare and efficiency. This study focused on marketing efficiency of packaged water in Imo state Nigeria. It specifically examined the socio-economic profile of the respondents; levels of marketing efficiency of packaged water and its determinants. The study employed purposive and multistage sampling technique in the selection of location and respondents respectively from whom information were elicited. Analytically, descriptive statistics, schematic diagram and OLS multiple regression models were used. Results showed that the respondents were predominantly married male adults, with average household size of 7 persons. They were fairly educated and experienced in the business. The study further revealed that age, education, household size and income were the major determinants of marketing efficiency of packaged water marketing in the area. The result also showed that net income, marketing cost, and marketing margin were higher in urban area, which implies that marketer in semi-urban areas were operating below optimum efficiency levels. This study therefore suggested the need to incorporate integrated logistics management and marketing strategies as a measure to reduce unnecessary marketing costs; capacity enhancement programmes for marketers and improvement in infrastructural development as a means of addressing marketing efficiency and customer welfare.

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Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH, Etomchi Maria-stella, NJOKU 2014, DETERMINANTS OF MARKETING EFFICIENCY FOR PACKAGED WATER IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA: MAXIMIZING FIRMS ASSETS TO IMPROVE CONSUMER WELFARE . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 221-230.

DETERMINANTS OF PALM OIL OUTPUT SUPPLY IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Chigozirim Ndubuisi ONWUSIRIBE, Chibuzo Ikechukwu OKPOKIRI

This study analyzed the determinants of palm oil output supply in Nigeria. A time series data, from the period of 1970-2014 were collected from the Food and Agricultural Organization data base and other sources. Trend analysis, ADF unit root test, co-integration test and error correction model were used to analyze the data. The trend in the output supply of palm oil shows significant growth rate based on the coefficient of the time trend (b1). The unit root test using Augmented Dickey Fuller test (ADF) shows that all the variables have constant mean except for palm oil yield which led to the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) co-integration test which reveals the presence of long run relationship existing between the variables and short run relationships with error correction term. Imports of palm oil has negative significant short run and long run impacts on the output supply of palm oil while in the short run palm oil exports has a significant negative impact on the palm oil output supply and a significant positive impact in the long run. The error correction model (ECM) suggests a high speed of adjustment of the dependent variable to changes in the independent variables. The import of palm products affects the output supply of palm oil negatively as this impedes the local production of palm oil. Export of palm oil was positively signed indicating that export of palm oil encourages the farmers to increase their output supply. This study therefore, recommends the promotion of export and formulation of export promotion policies to stimulate international market for our palm oil and encourage our farmers to boost their output.

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Chigozirim Ndubuisi ONWUSIRIBE, Chibuzo Ikechukwu OKPOKIRI 2015, DETERMINANTS OF PALM OIL OUTPUT SUPPLY IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 191-198.

DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN FOOD CROP MARKETING IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Nnanna Mba AGWU, Cynthia Ijeoma ANYANWU, Okezie ORIUWA

This study has it objectives as to describe the types of crops marketed by the women; to determine the factors that influence women participation in marketing of food crops in the study area and make recommendations based on the findings. A multi-stage sampling procedure was employed in the study. First, two Local Government Areas were selected from each of the three agricultural zones, this was followed by the random selection of twenty respondents from the selected Local Government Areas, bringing the total number of respondents to a hundred and twenty. Descriptive statistics and the probit model were used in analyzing the data collected from a set of questionnaire administered on the respondents selected. The results of the analysis showed that cassava, maize, water yam, sweet potatoes and cocoyam were the major food crops marketed by the women. The probit results indicate that age, experience, output, source of capital and source of labour were significant at different probability levels and with different signs. The study recommended that sources of income whether formal or informal sources should be made more accessible to women, amongst other things.

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Nnanna Mba AGWU, Cynthia Ijeoma ANYANWU, Okezie ORIUWA 2014, DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN FOOD CROP MARKETING IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 7-12.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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