COMPARISON OF COST AND PROFITABILITY OF ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL STRAWBERRY SEEDLING GROWING MEDIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Vecdi DEMIRCAN, Nurgul F. TUREMIS, Hulya SAYGI, Aysegul BURGUT, Kamil EKINCI

In this study, it was aimed to compare organic and conventional strawberry seedling cultivation media in terms of cost and profitability. This study was carried out in the Apricot Research Institute in Malatya province, Turkey. Albion and Sweet Charlie varieties were used in the experiment. The production costs of Albion and Sweet Charlie strawberry varieties were calculated in different growing media. Calculation of the production costs of the fresh plug strawberry seedlings was done in two steps. First, the production costs of strawberry runner plants were calculated, then the production costs of fresh plug strawberry seedlings were found. According to the results of the research, the cost of a runner plant was found to be the highest for the Albian Biodecal application, while the lowest was detected for Sweet Charlie Control application. According to different applications, the cost of strawberry branch plant was determined as 0.376, 0.341, 0.273, and 0.235 TL/unit for Albian Biodecal, Albian Control, Sweet Charlie Biodecal and Sweet Charlie Control applications, respectively(1 USD=3.02 TL in 2016, average). When the production costs of Albion and Sweet Charlie strawberry seedling obtained from Biodecal application were compared with the sale price, it can be said that production cost was lower than sale price for all the organic growing media (except for IT (Imported Turf) growing medium for Albion strawberry seedling obtained from Biodecal application), but in the conventional growing media, production costs was found to be higher than the sale price. Similar results have been found for the strawberry seedlings obtained from the control application. When organic applications were compared with each other, it was determined that KP (1:1 ratio local turf: perlite) was the growing medium which had the lowest production cost for Albion strawberry seedling obtained from Biodecal application, OE (1:1 ratio local turf: perlite + ecoflora providing 50 mg kg-1 potassium) for Sweet Charlie strawberry seedling obtained from Biodecal application, KP for Albion strawberry seedling obtained from control application and OE for Sweet Charlie strawberry seedling obtained from control application.

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DEMIRCAN V., TUREMIS N.F., SAYGI H., BURGUT A., EKINCI K. 2017, COMPARISON OF COST AND PROFITABILITY OF ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL STRAWBERRY SEEDLING GROWING MEDIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 95-102.

COMPETITIVENESS AND QUALITY OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS - KEY FACTORS FOR THE SUCCESS OF EXPORT PROMOTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER

Article reflects the competitiveness and quality management from the perspective of enunciated historical and methodological approaches. They are listed by management functions and show interrelation between quality and profit, thus addressing the economic entity as the core of acting for promotion of exports. Also, we set the calculation of indicators of competitiveness of agri-food exports from the Republic of Moldova and establish the priorities and the necessary conclusions.

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Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER 2014, COMPETITIVENESS AND QUALITY OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS - KEY FACTORS FOR THE SUCCESS OF EXPORT PROMOTION . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 147-154.

COMPETITIVENESS OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA THROUGH ITS EXPORT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER

Latest developments demonstrate that the constantly imposed barriers to Moldova’s agrifood export by the Russian Federation highlighted the most vulnerable points of the foreign economic activity, especially the relatively low share of exports of processed products, low diversification of the markets, the large number of traditional products in traditional markets. Refocusing on the European Union market has a slower pace than the loss of East markets and the prospect of alternative destinations (Middle East, for example) is very difficult. Based on price and nonprice competitiveness, the agri-food exports of the country are much less advanced than those of competitors, which further complicates the dynamics of foreign trade.

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Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER 2015, COMPETITIVENESS OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA THROUGH ITS EXPORT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 139-144.

CONCENTRATION OF APPLE PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA IN THE PERIOD 2007-2016

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper aimed to analyze the concentration degree of apple production in Romania based on the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics for the period 2007-2016, and Herfindhal-Hirschman (HHI) and Gini-Struck ( GS) indices. The surface of apple tree orchards was 57.5 thousand ha in 2014, by 6.2 % less than in 2007, and in 2016, the number of apple trees accounted for 24.7 million, representing 79 % of the number if trees existing in the first year of the analysis. Also, the apple production declined by 1.8 % from 475.4 thousand tons in 2007 to 467.3 thousand tons in 2016. The only positive aspect is that apple yield increased by 20 % from 7.75 tons/ha in 2007 to 9.3 tones/ha in 2016. The HHI ranged between 0.1926 in 2007 and 0.1910 in 2015 and the GSI varied between 0.2779 in 2007 and 0.2747 in 2016, reflecting a moderate concentration degree of apple production in Romania, meaning that between the eight micro-regions of development there are a few differences of performance. Despite that Romania comes on the 3rd position regarding the apple orchards surface, it is placed on the 8th position among the most important apple producers in the EU. In order to increase apple production and yield, it is needed as the Romanian apple producers to create new intensive plantations based on investments in modern technologies and technical endowment which assure the economic efficiency in apple tree growing.

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POPESCU A. 2017, CONCENTRATION OF APPLE PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA IN THE PERIOD 2007-2016. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 323-332.

CONSCIENTIOUS MANAGEMENT OF SOIL HUMUS AND WATER: A MAJOR CONDITION FOR PURPOSEFUL MECHANISATION OF FIELD CROP HUSBANDRY IN TROPICAL RAIN FOREST OF NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Paul O. SIMEON, Hemen E. JIJINGI, Shianya A. NGABEA

Machinery and implements used in agricultural product/on work in media of lives - the soil, livestock and crops. Certain features of these media determine the possibility and extent of mechanization of works relating to them. In the tropical rain forest areas, mechanization remains the greatest obstacle to the expansion of production and therefore constitute great problem to food and primary raw materials supply. This paper highlights the problems, discusses the problems as well as the correlating factors and the possibilities of improving on the level of mechanization in view of the present technological and socio- economic development of the peoples of tropical rain forest areas of Nigeria. The work is an original scholarly research based on review of relevant publications and visit to several locations within the Tropical Rain forest belt. The results reveal inadequacies managerial skills and in appropriate deployment of technical staff as well as poor education as major factors for the insufficient understanding of the soil-machine-crop-climate relationship which is the bedrock for conscientious planning and execution of mechanization. The paper is aimed at drawing the attentions of the relevant authorities charged with ensuring adequate availability and supply of food and raw materials for the populace and the industries to the need to purposeful mechanization. The paper ends by making some practicable recommendations and warning of the dangers of not mechanizing farm production as well as the implications of failure of mechanized farm projects in the tropical rain forest zones.

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SIMEON P.O., JIJINGI H.E., NGABEA S.A. 2016, CONSCIENTIOUS MANAGEMENT OF SOIL HUMUS AND WATER: A MAJOR CONDITION FOR PURPOSEFUL MECHANISATION OF FIELD CROP HUSBANDRY IN TROPICAL RAIN FOREST OF NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 317-326.

CONSIDERATIONS ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT QUALITY MANAGEMENT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Ion CERTAN

Global economic liberalization, progress in the means of transport, the revolution in the communication system have contributed to the acceleration of the economic value chain, including the agro-alimentary ones, in other words internationalization and globalization of human activity. We subscribe in the opinion of Ion Stanciu who states that "there are two ways to approach quality" A "and" Z ". If the quality in the "A" approach is considered a technical function, then the "Z" approach is conceptualized as a management system. This situation urges us to amplify and intensify the study of the factors influencing the quality management of agro-food products in the hope that we will suggest some proposals regarding the increase of the quality of the agro-food products and ensuring the competitiveness of the agricultural sector in the value chain specific to the conditions of internationalization and globalization of human activity.

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CERTAN I. 2018, CONSIDERATIONS ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT QUALITY MANAGEMENT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 75-84.

CONSIDERATIONS ON BEEF PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND TRADE BALANCE IN ROMANIA (2007-2015)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper analyzed the dynamics of bovine meat live stock, production, live weight at slaughter, carcass weight, beef and veal consumption, beef supply, export and import and trade balance of Romania in the period 2007-2015 using the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics. The analysis led to important conclusions. Beef comes on the 3rd position after poultry meat an pork in Romania. Beef production declined and so that imports were needed to cover the gap between production and consumption. The decline of the bovine live stock is the main cause as farmers are facing with high farm inputs prices and receive a low farm gate price per kg live weight. In the structure of the slaughtered bovines cows represent over 50 %, fattened steers 25 % and other categories ( bulls, heifers, calves etc). The average live weight and quality at slaughter is lower compared to other EU countries. The slaughter rate is less than 50 %. Only 26 % of bovines are slaughtered in industrial specialized units, where the fattened steers of high quality and over 400-430 kg live weight per head are usually slaughtered. Beef consumption is low as pork and poultry meat are preferred by consumers and beef price is too high. Romania is a net exporter of bovine meat, but the highest share in the export structure belongs to bovine live weight (84.4%). In 2020, it is expected as bovine live weight at slaughter to reach 235 thousand tons for an annual growth of 7 thousand tons. To develop meat production it is needed to create farmers associations, to raise meat breeds and apply modern fattening technologies.

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POPESCU A. 2016, CONSIDERATIONS ON BEEF PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND TRADE BALANCE IN ROMANIA (2007-2015). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 267-278.

CONSIDERATIONS ON THE CLIMATE CHARACTERIZATION OF THE AGRICULTURAL YEAR 2011 – 2012 FOR THE MAIZE CROP IN THE CENTRAL BĂRĂGAN PLAIN

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Dana Maria (OPREA) CONSTANTIN, Elena BOGAN, Elena GRIGORE, Marina Aurelia ANTONESCU

The maize is a culture of strategic importance for a country’s agriculture. The productivity of the maize crop has significant fluctuations from year to year because of the climate variability, but mostly because of the occurrence of extreme weather events. The aim of this paper is to analyze and correlate the agro-climatic resources with the agrocultural production from the agricultural year 2011 – 2012, in the context of the present and predicted climate changes. The study area is the Central Bărăgan Plain. This area is located in a zone where dryness and drought phenomena are produced and are growing in frequency from the West and South-West to the East and North-East, in accordance with the degree of dryness. Taking into account the precipitation amounts, the agricultural year 2011 – 2012 was a year with a dry pluviometric regime. Therefore, the vegetation stage of the maize crop was medium and weak, in general, resulting an average maize production per hectare lower than in the previous years. Knowing the climate conditions and their impact on the main components of an agricultural system, of the level of yields and quality of the crops provides the possibility to reduce losses by respecting the adequate agricultural technologies.

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(OPREA) CONSTANTIN D.M., BOGAN E., GRIGORE E., ANTONESCU M.A. 2017, CONSIDERATIONS ON THE CLIMATE CHARACTERIZATION OF THE AGRICULTURAL YEAR 2011 – 2012 FOR THE MAIZE CROP IN THE CENTRAL BĂRĂGAN PLAIN. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 51-56.

CONSIDERATIONS ON THE TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURISM RECEIPTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

main countries of tourist interest. In the period 1980-2012, the tourism income increased 10.14 times. In 2012, it accounted for USD Billion 1,075, to which Europe contributed by 42.58 %, Asia and the Pacific by 30.13 % and the Americas by 19.77 %. The USA, Spain, France, China, Macau, Italy, Germany, United Kingdom, Hong Kong and Australia are the top 10 countries according to the receipts, earning USD Billion 508.8, which represented 47.55 % of the world tourism income in 2012. The European countries with the highest contribution to tourism revenue are: Spain 12.21 %, France 11.72 %, Italy 8.99 %, Germany 8.32 %, United Kingdom 7.94 %, Turkey 5.60 %, Austria 4.12 %, Switzerland 3.62 %, Sweden 3.36 % and The Netherlands 3.03 %. Their contribution to Europe tourism receipts was 68.97 % in 2012. As a conclusion, international tourism is a very dynamic field of activity with a high contribution to the development of the world economy.

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Agatha POPESCU 2014, CONSIDERATIONS ON THE TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURISM RECEIPTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 201-210.

CONSIDERATIONS ON THE TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURIST FLOWS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper purpose was the purpose to analyze the flow of international tourists in the period 1980-2012 uisng the empirical data provided by UNWTO. In 2012, tourist arrivals reached 1,035 and in 2030 it is expected to exceed 1,800 million. The market share of main geographical regions in 2012 was the following one: Europe 51.61 %, Asia and the Pacific 22.57 %, the Americas 15.75 %, Africa 5.06 % and the Middle East 5.01 %. The top 10 countries receiving tourists and their market share at world level was the following one: France 8.21 %, the USA 6.63 %, China 5.71 %, Spain 5.71 %, Italy 4.59 %, Turkey 3.53 %, Germany 3 %, United Kingdom 2.90 %, Russia 2.54 %, Malayezia 2.47 %. All these 10 countries were visited by 457.9 million tourists in 2012, representing 45.75 % of the world tourist arrivals. Europe is the main source of international tourists, supplying over 50 % of the world tourists, followed by Asia and the Pacific with 23 %, the Americas with 17 %, the Middle East with 3 % and Africa with 3 %. Europe generates the most important tourism flows

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Agatha POPESCU 2014, CONSIDERATIONS ON THE TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURIST FLOWS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 179-192.


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