IMPORTANCE OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AS A BRANCH OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Cristiana TINDECHE, Alina MĂRCUŢĂ, Liviu MĂRCUŢĂ

Agriculture is an important branch of the national economy, with various functions such as: main source of business activity that uses the workforce, ecological factor for the protection of the environment, technical and cultural tradition, representing a civilization in itself. This paper shows that, in Romania, agriculture has an extremely special position, being one of the primary branches of material production, taking into account that the economic and social growth of the contemporary world is in close connection with the level of accomplishments in agriculture and it cannot exist outside a strong development of this production branch. Because the agricultural sector is currently growing, now, in 2014, we can see a considerably large migration from the urban area to the rural area. Young people choose villages and not cities being influenced also by the agricultural schemes offered by the European Union, schemes that support the needs of the agricultural field.

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Cristiana TINDECHE, Alina MĂRCUŢĂ, Liviu MĂRCUŢĂ 2014, IMPORTANCE OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AS A BRANCH OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 299-305.

IMPROVEMENT OF THE INVESTMENT CLIMATE AS A MAIN CONDITION FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN RURAL AREAS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Svetlana PETRASCU

This work reflects results of the study on the improvement of the investment climate and the analysis of foreign direct investments in the economy of the Republic of Moldova. At present the basic priorities of the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Moldova are the improvement of the investment climate in order to enhance the quality of life, the improvement of tools designed to attract foreign and local investors, as well as the promotion of local products in order to increase the competitiveness of economy. This is explained by the fact that investments increase the competitiveness of businesses, facilitate technology transfer, create new jobs and stimulate foreign trade, which are the basic elements in the process of development and implementation of policies aimed to attract investments and promote export.

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LITVIN A., PETRASCU S. 2016, IMPROVEMENT OF THE INVESTMENT CLIMATE AS A MAIN CONDITION FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE IN RURAL AREAS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 205-212.

IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF FORCED - AIR HEATING SYSTEM IN BROILER HOUSE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Mohamed GHONAME, Tarek FOUDA

The main objectives of this study were to provide thermal comfort environment, reduce heating for energy requirements and specific heating for power and maximize meat production. The air heating system performance was evaluated under with and without duct during the life cycle of 1 to 5 weeks of age. The results showed that, at first brooding stage using forced- air heating system without perforated poly -ethylene tube the air temperature at height of 0.25m above floor the air temperature close to the floor was lower than the recommended by 4.11°C and 4.64°C at 2 and 8 day of age, respectively. While, using it with perforated poly ethylene tube the air temperature close to the floor was higher than the recommended temperature by 0.12°C and lower than the recommended by 3.36°C at 3 and 8day of age, respectively. Average indoor air relative humidity through the birds' life when using heater with perforated poly- ethylene tube reduced by 12.92% comparing with using heater without perforated polyethylene tube. Using perforated poly - ethylene tube reduce total energy requirements and specific heating power by 17.84 and 20.82% at the end of life and increased average body weight from 1.9 to 2.1 kg at fifth week of age. Hence, it is recommended to operate forced - air heating system using perforated poly - ethylene tube to obtain thermal comfort environment, reduce heating energy requirements, and specific heating power and maximize meat production

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Mohamed GHONAME, Tarek FOUDA 2015, IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF FORCED - AIR HEATING SYSTEM IN BROILER HOUSE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 77-84.

IMPROVING ROMANIA’S GREEN COVER BY PLANTING FOREST PROTECTION CURTAINS, IN THE CONTEXT OF CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Camelia MĂNESCU , Ada-Flavia CRISTINA , Teodor MATEOC, Gheorghe Sebastian SÎRB, David SAIDA, Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB

In Romania, the area covered by forest has decreased in the last period of time (28%), is currently below the average of developed countries in the European Union (40%). Meanwhile, a series of extreme weather phenomena have increased, representing the greatest threat facing humanity and the environment. In the current paper the authors analyse the distribution of Romania green cover on geographical areas, trying to find solutions to minimize the existing imbalances. Expanding forest areas should be a priority for ecological restoration because Romania has low forest coverage areas. Research shows that there is an unbalanced distribution of green coverage of Romania in the current climate change, which requires the plantation of protective forest curtains.

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Camelia MĂNESCU , Ada-Flavia CRISTINA , Teodor MATEOC, Gheorghe Sebastian SÎRB, David SAIDA, Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB 2015, IMPROVING ROMANIA’S GREEN COVER BY PLANTING FOREST PROTECTION CURTAINS, IN THE CONTEXT OF CURRENT CLIMATE CHANGES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 153-158.

INFLUENCE OF CAPITAL FLIGHT ON BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Kingsley Onyekachi ONYELE, Eberechi Bernadine NWOKOCHA

The subject of budgeting in Nigeria has been a yearly affair which though good in content, but without an appreciable result. Consequently, this study examined the effect of capital flight on budget implementation in Nigeria. To achieve this broad objective, co-integration test and vector error correction were employed for the analysis using time series data spanning from 1986 to 2014. The dependent variable (budget implementation) was proxied by aggregate government expenditure, while the independent variables were capital flight, external debt, government revenue, economic openness, and real exchange rate. The co-integration results revealed that a long run equilibrium relationship existed among the variables. The error correction term indicated a rapid realignment to long run convergence by approximately 87 percent. The results further showed that capital flight was positive and significant in influencing government expenditure in Nigeria. Also, the Wald test showed that there is a significant short run causal relationship between capital flight and government expenditure in Nigeria. Based on these findings, the study recommended inter alia that government should set up a vibrant monitoring team to ensure that funds allocated for various projects are used efficiently.

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ONYELE K.O., NWOKOCHA E.B. 2016, INFLUENCE OF CAPITAL FLIGHT ON BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 247-256.

INFLUENCE OF COMMERCIALIZATION ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF CASSAVA PRODUCING HOUSEHOLDS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Chibuzor NWACHUKWU, Chima EZEH, Ifeanyi NWACHUKWU

The study examined the influence of commercialization on food security status of cassava producing households in Abia State, Nigeria. It specifically assessed the current level of commercialization among the households and estimated the food security status of the households operating at different levels of commercialization. The study employed multistage sampling technique in the selection of location and respondents from whom data and information were elicited using pretested and structured questionnaire. In the course of data analysis, descriptive statistics, household commercialization index and food security index were used. The current level of commercialization revealed that a typical cassava producing household sold on the average 51 percent of its output with total sales ranging from 5.60% to 90.00%, implying that the most commercialized cassava producing household sold 90.00% of the gross value of its total cassava production. More so, the food security status of the households at different levels of commercialization depicted that households operating at a low level of commercialization were few and there was a slight disparity between the proportion of those that were food secure and those that were food insecure while the majority seemed to operate at a medium level with more of the people attaining food security. On the overall, the proportion of households that were food insecure is more than those that were food secure as indicated by the food insecurity incidence. On the basis of the findings, the study recommended that government and other stakeholders should shoulder the responsibility of developing new initiatives that will transform the smallholders from subsistence oriented to market – oriented production system among others.

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Chibuzor NWACHUKWU, Chima EZEH, Ifeanyi NWACHUKWU 2014, INFLUENCE OF COMMERCIALIZATION ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF CASSAVA PRODUCING HOUSEHOLDS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 195-200.

INFLUENCE OF EUROPEAN FUNDS ON THE SECTOR OF BOVINE MILK AND MEAT IN ROMANIA IN THE PERIOD 2007-2013

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Andrei-Marius SANDU

This study aims to analyze the bovine meat and milk sector for the period 2007-2013. In the analyzed period, Romania has benefited from EU funding through the National Rural Development Programme 2007-2013. In this programme there were measures that addressed exclusively to the animal husbandry sector in Romania. This paper presents the results of the analysis on bovine production of meat, milk and livestock in Romania, but also on the price and impact that the European Funds implementation had on them.

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Andrei-Marius SANDU 2014, INFLUENCE OF EUROPEAN FUNDS ON THE SECTOR OF BOVINE MILK AND MEAT IN ROMANIA IN THE PERIOD 2007-2013. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 253-258.

INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TRADE WITH POTATOES (2009 - 2011)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Dragos Mihai MEDELETE, Radu Lucian PÂNZARU

The paper refers to the situation related to the potato world trade, 2009-2011. Defining aspects of this issue begin by presenting the sequence of continental entities defined by the FAO (Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania), and then presents the study of global imports and exports, and positioning Romania in performing acts of international exchange - in the context of those mentioned above. During the material, given the composition of the trade balance of international trade presents strict export and import situation - in terms of value, subject to quantitative aspects of other scientific approaches. This (look value) is more relevant to what is happening on the international market.

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Dragos Mihai MEDELETE, Radu Lucian PÂNZARU 2014, INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TRADE WITH POTATOES (2009 - 2011) . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 175-180.

INTERNATIONAL TRADE OF TOMATOES (2009-2011)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE

The study reveals the commercial activities related to international situation for tomatoes, during 2009-2011. It aims to highlight the level of imports and exports value worldwide in general and the situation by continents (Africa, Asia, the two Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania). Based on the indicators mentioned above (determined by multiplying the physical volume of imports and exports respectively with average selling prices), was established international commercial exchanges balance for tomatoes. There are highlighted specific situations of continental units as well as two particular cases - Romania and the European Union - having regard to the realities of our country reporting at regional and continental levels. In terms of world imports and structure stands out: the preponderance of Europe in the quantities imported - 57.61 %, shares quite low for Africa and Oceania - 0.62 % and 0.08 %, the rest of the continental units not exceeding 30.0 % (respectively 26.42 % and 15.27 % America and Asia); imports accounted for about 4 % of total world production of tomatoes (average 2009-2011); The European Union is a leading brands worldwide, surpassing the situation of most continents - 43,76 % (17,06 % of total production); Romania constitutes a "normal" operator, achieving 0.75 % of total worldwide imports. When analyzing the export situation can be observed the following: Europe remains, as in the case of imports, the main player on the market (39.13 %), but the situation is balanced in favor of Asia 28.12 %, while for America - 25.88 % the situation is similar (as a percentage) with the existing imports (same observation applies to Oceania - 0.08 %); Africa manages to significantly increase the share in the exports (6.79%) for imports compared to the situation; the world's total exports is about 4.5 % of the total tomato production; European Union held 37.0% of total world exports of tomatoes amount representing approximately 12 % of their production; Romania achieved 0.02% of world exports of tomatoes and the indicator has an upward trend for analyzed period, something beneficial - especially given that oscillating evolves of imports (approximately 1.81 % of the national total production - negative aspect);

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Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE 2015, INTERNATIONAL TRADE OF TOMATOES (2009-2011). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 219-224.

INTERNATIONAL TRADE WITH GRAPES (2009-2011)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE

Study activities relates to international trade situation for the grapes, 2009-2011. It starts from the presentation of the situation at the continental level (Africa, America, Asia, Europe and Oceania) after which are specifies the indicators for Romania and the European Union. The main importer (in terms of quantity) is represented by Europe (more than half), followed by America and Asia - 56.60, 23.45 and 18.77% respectively. Regarding of exports (in terms of quantity), the main actors are represented by America, Europe and Asia. They dominated the world market, achieving 40.93, 29.68 and 18.58% respectively of world exports quantitatively. Africa and Oceania recording share below 10.0% (9.67 and 1.14% respectively). The trade balance has deficient character (-856.6 million dominant phenomenon. $). Analyzing the situation in each continent stands out strict surplus situations specific to America, Africa and Oceania (773.5, 619.1, respectively 38 mil. $). Unfortunately they could not offset the decisive continuously deficits for Europe and Asia (-368.7 -1918.2 and mil. $).

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Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE 2015, INTERNATIONAL TRADE WITH GRAPES (2009-2011). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 213-218.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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