ORGANIC FARMING IN SIBIU COUNTY, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Maria TĂNASE, Mirela CĂRĂTUȘ-STANCIU

Romania has a relatively new history of the organic market, but increase the number of operators registered in the system is a spectacular one. Currently Romanian agriculture is going through a long and difficult transition from centralized economy to the European economy. In these conditions, organic agriculture is an opportunity for the rural population to increase their standard of living, which is far behind the European economy while respecting "sustainable development" by: environmental protection, natural resource conservation, preservation and promotion of cultural values in these areas, keeping the population in rural areas by removing the population exodus, diversification and promotion of occupational opportunities, in order to reduce unemployment in rural areas. This paper aimed to analyze the application of the concept of sustainability in agriculture by organic farming in Sibiu County, a central region of Romania, where it is the largest producer organic in the country, where organic agriculture is applied in the half of village number in the county and where most organic operators are grouped in a core (Vurpar). Methods used followed the knowing awareness among organic operators about benefits of organic farming about human health and environment. The main conclusion of this study is that the operators are aware of benefits and they must look for corresponding methods for products development recovery by getting value added.

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TĂNASE M., CĂRĂTUȘ-STANCIU M. 2016, ORGANIC FARMING IN SIBIU COUNTY, ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 375-378.

OVERVIEW OF THE RICE MARKET IN ROMANIA DURING 2007-2015

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Irina-Adriana CHIURCIU, Elena SOARE, Denisa-Florentina BURCEA, Aurelia-Ioana CHEREJI

In the present paper was carried out radiography of the rice market in Romania, during 2007-2015. Romanian culinary tradition has a strong impact on the evolution of the rice market in our country. Rice is an important food for about 50% of the planet's population and its consumption has beneficial effects on the health of the population. In order to highlight the evolution of the rice market in Romania and the changes that have taken place on this market, a series of relevant indicators have been used, such as: rice areas cultivated at national and macro-regional level; Total rice production at national and macro-regional level; Average rice production at national and macroregional level; Rice prices; Consumption of rice at national level; Imports and exports of rice. During the analyzed period there was a positive evolution of this market because, on the one hand, we are witnessing an increase of rice surfaces and production, and on the other hand, we have identified changes in the consumption behavior of rice. Consumers in our country are aware of the rice-specific nutritional properties and have begun to use a range of varieties of this product. Rice consumption in Romania is about 4 kg rice / year /per capita. The statistical data used in the paper was provided by the National Institute of Statistics.

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CHIURCIU I.A., SOARE E, BURCEA D.F., CHEREJI A.I. 2017, OVERVIEW OF THE RICE MARKET IN ROMANIA DURING 2007-2015. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 35-42.

PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDINAL BEHAVIOR OF LECTURERS’ IN THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TOOLS IN TEACHING/LEARNING IN MICHAEL OKPARA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE UMUDIKE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Joy C. OLOJEDE

The study investigated perception and attitudinal behavior of lecturers in the use of ICT in classroom teaching and learning in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. A structured questionnaire was administered on a 5 point Likert-type questions to 120 of the 550 lecturers following simple random technique. The collected data were analyzed by finding means of respondents’ feelings and hypothesis with correlation coefficient. The means showed that ICT facilities are not frequently used in classroom teaching/learning by the lecturers (x̅ = 2.20). However, multimedia projector (x̅ = 3.49) and computer (x̅ = 3.36) were mostly used. The lecturers perception (x̅ = 3.05) was positive and their attitudinal behavior (x̅ = 2.89) was negative in the use of ICT in classroom. The correlation coefficient (r) was 0.373 and significant at 5% critical alpha level. It implies that there was a positive significant relationship between perception of ICT and attitude of the lecturers in the use of ICT. We advised that lecturers should put in more effort in the use of ICTs order than the multimedia and computer in classroom teaching/learning.

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OLOJEDE J.C. 2016, PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDINAL BEHAVIOR OF LECTURERS’ IN THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TOOLS IN TEACHING/LEARNING IN MICHAEL OKPARA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE UMUDIKE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 207-210.

PERCEPTION OF YOUTHS ON GOVERNMENT AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by J. O. AYINDE, B.E. OLAREWAJU, D.L. ARIBIFO

The study assessed the perception of youths about Osun State Rural Enterprise and Agricultural Programmes (OREAP) in Osun State, Nigeria with a view to examine the socio-economic characteristics of the participating youths and their perceptions towards OREAP. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select 113 respondents. Interview schedule was used to collect data which were subjected to descriptive and inferential analysis to test the hypothesis. The results show that the mean age of the participants was 28.5 years with standard deviation of 4.3, about 62.8 percent were males with an average annual income of N166, 477.0K. Also, about 67.3 percent of the respondents indicated that the reason for participating in the programme was to be a well-trained farmer. Findings revealed that sources of information (χ2 =4.937, p≤0.05), occupation (χ2 = 7.224, p≤0.01) were significantly associated to the perception of youths towards OREAP. Farm size (r=-0.367, P≤0.01), capital expenses (r= -0.655, P≤0.01) and income per annum (r= -0.310, P≤0.05) were significantly but negative related to the perception of youth towards OREAP. It was concluded that the main factors that limit youth involvement in the programme are inadequate materials services and finance among others. The major factors influencing youth participation in OREAP are youth unemployment, youth interest in agriculture and information availability.

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AYINDE J.O., OLAREWAJU B.E., ARIBIFO D.L. 2016, PERCEPTION OF YOUTHS ON GOVERNMENT AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 67-76.

PIG CARCASS CLASSIFICATION IN ROMANIA: A DISSECTION TRIAL FOR THE APPROVAL OF THE “FAT-O-MEAT’ER” AND OF THE “OPTIGRADE-PRO”EQUIPMENT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Monica Esperance GĂUREANU, Mirela Aurora STANCIU, Marian LABĂ

The objective of this study was to obtain new regression formulas for optical equipment Fat-O-Meat’er and OptiGrade-PRO in pig carcass classification in Romania. The estimation of lean mean content in pig carcasses by means of SEUROP system and following fair payment based on the weight and composition of the carcass pigs in the main objective of classification. Dissection of four main cuts (shoulder, loin, ham, belly) of pig carcasses (n = 145) were performed. The measurement of backfat and muscle depths using probes were taken from the carcasses within 45 min. after slaughter of pigs. Lean meat content estimated using different methods and determined from dissections was equal (56,3 % ). There were calculated new regression formulas using the multiplied regression analysis. Correct regression formulas for classification equipments have a big importance. The requirements on accuracy of regression formulas are laid out in the Commission Regulation No 3127 / 94 and means of dissection according to the method by Walstra and Merkus (1996)

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Monica Esperance GĂUREANU, Mirela Aurora STANCIU, Marian LABĂ 2014, PIG CARCASS CLASSIFICATION IN ROMANIA: A DISSECTION TRIAL FOR THE APPROVAL OF THE “FAT-O-MEAT’ER” AND OF THE “OPTIGRADE-PRO”EQUIPMENT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 99-106.

PLANTAIN (MUSA ACUMINATA) VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Similoluwa ADEWOLE

This paper analyzed the plantain value chain in Ondo State, Nigeria. It identified the various actors in the plantain value chain and their functions, mapped out the various segments, their linkages and the overall plantain value chain and identified the value added at each segment of the value chain. One hundred and seventy seven respondents were selected using multi-staged sampling technique and interviewed using structured questionnaire, informal interview and observation techniques to obtain the primary used. This was analyzed using functional and analysis. Result from the functional analysis, amongst other characteristics, showed that there were eight major actors or segments in the plantain value chain in Ondo State, Nigeria. They are the input suppliers, farmers, processors, marketers, consumers, transporters, cooperative societies and farmers association. This paper concluded that plantain farming is still lowly mechanised and processing has not been fully developed to explore the various value addition options available in this sector. More value can still be added to the product and more upgrading could still be done in the chain. More actors can also take advantage of the prevalence of plantain in the state. In addition, the government and private research institutions should pay attention to the training needs of the farmers so as to properly harness the comparative advantage that the state has above others states in the production of plantain.

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ADEWOLE S. 2017, PLANTAIN (MUSA ACUMINATA) VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 25-36.

PLUTELLA XYLOSTELLA PARASITOID PARASITATION TYPE AND PERCENTAGE ON CABBAGE VEGETABLE FARM, IN RURUKAN AREA, TOMOHON, INDONESIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Eva Lienneke BAIDENG

Parasitoid organism was act as biological pest control, in pest attacked on a farm, and Plutella xylostella is one of the pest in cabbage at Rurukan vegetable farm, Tomohon, Indonesia. The observation on the type and percentage on parasitation of Plutella xylostella on cabbage was done at IPM (integrated pest management) area and Non-IPM area. Results indicated that there This parasitoid is solitary and endoparasit, because there is only one parasitoid for one pupa host. The parasitoid rate of D. semiclausum on P. xylostella pupa at IPM area is 83.15% and at Non-IPM area is 70.82%. This results means that D. semiclausum parasitoid was settled at vegetable farm at Rururkan, Tomohon, Indonesia, so there is no need special treatment on P.xylostella pest control.

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BAIDENG E.L. 2017, PLUTELLA XYLOSTELLA PARASITOID PARASITATION TYPE AND PERCENTAGE ON CABBAGE VEGETABLE FARM, IN RURUKAN AREA, TOMOHON, INDONESIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 75-78.

POLICY OF WASTE MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS TOXIC (WASTE B3)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Titin RULIANA, Adi SUROSO, Nanang SUPRIYADI

Mining activities have the potential to affect the health of the ecosystem and reduces its ability to provide goods and services needed for human welfare and the environment. The importance of a healthy environment for future generations is a pillar of sustainable development. To be more environmentally friendly, more mining operations carried out in a manner that minimizes its impact on the surrounding environment. A number of management strategies and technologies are being developed and used by the mining industry to reduce the environmental impact of mining. One of the potential considerable environmental pollutions may occur in the mining sector is pollution due to hazardous wastes and toxic (it’s called B3 waste ). Compliance with the Indonesian Government Regulation number 101 of 2014 has been a challenge for the coal mining company given the B3 waste management requirements are very detailed and rigorous. B3 waste management challenges become more complex than other business sectors because of the typical mining company-wide working area and the number of workers involved lots. The mining company must prepare a special strategy in the management of B3 waste to be able to adhere to all requirements. The study was conducted at Mining Company “X” in terms of the effectiveness of the management of B3 waste by using Regulation of the Governor of East Kalimantan, Indonesia number 05 of 2014 concerning Performance Rating Program Activity In Coal Mining Environmental Protection and Management. The purpose of this study are: (1) To determine and analyze the effectiveness of the Waste Management Policy B3 on Mining Company “X” is based on Government Regulation No. 101 of 2014; (2) To determine and analyze the added value of B3 Waste Management Policy in Mining Company “X” (it's called MC "X").

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RULIANA T., SUROSO A., SUPRIYADI N. 2016, POLICY OF WASTE MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS TOXIC (WASTE B3). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 293-302.

POSSIBILITIES OF RURAL TOURISM IN RELATION TO THE NATURAL CONDITIONS OF REGION TEKOV IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Martin PRČÍK, Marián KOTRLA

Landscape potential, reflecting the country's ability to provide some opportunities and prerequisites for the use to meet the needs of human society and long-term use along the lines of sustainable development, is considered as basic purposeful and value characteristic of the country. The aim of this paper is based on the analysis of natural conditions and landscape structure to determine the possibility of applying different forms of rural tourism in the Slovak Republic, namely the example region Tekov, which lies on the border of western and central Slovakia. Region Tekov is among the warmest regions of Slovakia. The results presented in this paper were processed using the method of scientific abstraction, landscape structure analysis methods investigated area based on the methodology of landscape-ecological planning and methods of SWOT analysis. Region Tekov occupies the territory of 48 municipalities with its total area of 776.58 km2 and a population 73637. The dominant presence in the region has agricultural areas (67% of the area of the territory). This is the type of agricultural land, which their natural condition and on the basis of favourable landscape structure offers opportunities and space for application activities related to rural tourism, namely walking, cycling, water sports, agro tourism, viticulture, hunting and winter sports, especially skiing. Strengths of rural tourism in the region are heterogeneous landscape structure with the preserved natural environment and favourable climatic conditions, a strong tradition in viticulture, apiculture, horticulture and the presence of ecologically stable elements with plenty of usable water resources.

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Martin PRČÍK, Marián KOTRLA 2014, POSSIBILITIES OF RURAL TOURISM IN RELATION TO THE NATURAL CONDITIONS OF REGION TEKOV IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 237-242.

POSSIBLE ASSESSMENT OF SALT TOLERANCE IN OCIMUM BASILICUM BY CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Rehana KHALIQ, Ovidiu TITA, Zafar Ullah ZAFAR

The present study was carried out to evaluate the impact of NaCl on chlorophyll florescence in three ecotypes of sweet “basil” (Ocimum basilicum L.) i.e., Multan, Khanewal and Rajanpur. Four weeks old seedlings were treated by different concentrations of NaCl (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 mM). Results showed that the increasing salinity stress had a negative impact on QY (Quantum yield), NPQ (Non photochemical quenching) and OJIP in three ecotypes of Ocimum basilicum L. From the findings, it is obvious that salt stress had a slight inhibitory effect in the first week of salt treatment. Under saline conditions as compared to non saline conditions dark adopted leaves of Rajan pur ecotype have reduced fv/fm ratio in third week of salt stress but decreased with increasing levels of salt stress in other two ecotypes. Therefore, analysis of the results showed that sweet basil might tolerate a level of salt stress up to 150 mM of NaCl and chlorophyll fluorescence can be used as a criterion for assessing salt tolerance in sweet basil as well as helpful to screen which ecotype might tolerate better the salinity stress. Our findings suggested that basil can be cultivated on salt effected soils up to moderate level that can be of potential importance in Ocimum basilicum production.

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KHALIQ R., TITA O., ZAFAR Z.U. 2017, POSSIBLE ASSESSMENT OF SALT TOLERANCE IN OCIMUM BASILICUM BY CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 175-182.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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