ARNICA MONTANA L. AS A MEDICINAL CROP SPECIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Camelia SAVA SAND

The increased demands on the market for pharmaceutical plants from the wild put a high pressure for their future conservation and therefore they need protection. Thus, species such as Arnica montana L well known for their medicinal effects in a range of human diseases became for long time a target for being collected from the wild. Still, since 1977 the species is declared as nature monument and later on it is protected under the current legislative framework for nature protection. However the transfer of the plant into the crop filed my further support the access to this genetic resource without any harm on the wild species. The scope of this article is to analyse if Arnica montana may change the profile of volatile oil if it is transferred from the wild into the crop field. Based on morphometry and biochemical analysis it can be considered that arnica may become a medicinal crop plant as no changes in their volatile oil composition was observed.

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Camelia SAVA SAND 2015, ARNICA MONTANA L. AS A MEDICINAL CROP SPECIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 303-308.

ASPECTS AND TRENDS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ROMANIA'S EGG MARKET

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The purpose of the paper was to analyze the main aspects and trends in the EU an Romania's egg market based on the Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics data. The dynamics of laying hens, egg production, consumption, price and trade have been the main indicators analyzed in this study pointing out the problems in the Romanian egg market and the differences compared to the EU market mainly regarding egg price. The EU egg market is facing with a relatively stable egg production, 90 % intra-EU export, 20 % extra-EU imports, a slight decline of the egg price, but large variations from a country to another. The egg sector is subsidized in almost all the EU countries, except Romania. This helps the breeders from the subsidized countries to have a smaller production cost and a high economic efficiency selling at a higher price. The EU egg trade balance is a positive one, the EU being one of the most important egg producer and exporter in the world. In Romania, the laying hen number and egg production declined because of high price for farm inputs, the movement from the cage system to the barn and free range systems. to reduce production cost. Egg price has increased, but it is not at the average EU level, being influenced by seasonality of production and offer/demand ratio. Egg price declines in the warm season when production is higher, and increases in the fall-winter season when production is lower but the demand is higher. The inflow of imports determine Romanian producers to reduce the selling price. Romania's egg trade balance is still a positive one, but the imports have an increasing trend. This situation imposes a new strategy at the EU level to assure a loyal competition among all the producers, and to export more eggs to the extra-EU countries and assure a better consumer protection. In Romania, the Government must allot subsidies to support the egg sector, and the breeders must pay attention to egg quality, production cost and intensify export.

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POPESCU A. 2018, ASPECTS AND TRENDS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ROMANIA'S EGG MARKET. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 357-370.

ASPECTS OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN BRAȘOV COUNTY WITH A SPECIAL LOOK AT THE PERIOD 2015-2016

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Daniela-Mirela PLEȘOIANU, Cristiana SANDU, Agatha POPESCU

As a branch of touris, cultural tourism has seen a tremendous development and diversification, both at European and international level, as a result of political and economic opening in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe on the one hand and, on the other, due to the competition between the countries with old traditions in this form of tourism. The purpose of the paper was to point out that cultural tourism remains one of the most important forms of tourism practiced in Brasov city and county, which contributes both to the economic development of the area and to a better knowledge of the Romanian values in general both within the country and at international level. The data were provided by Brașov County Council, the Brașov County Development Strategy 2007 - 2013, and National Institute of Statistics, Brașov branch. They were processed and converted into tables, graphs and then interpreted and analyzed. Of the total tourist accommodation units in operation, the hotels occupied 42.7%, agrotourism pensions 20.9%, tourist pensions 18.1%, tourist villas 5.9%, tourist cottages 4.0%, hostels 4%, motels 2.5%, campings 1.4%, and other types of reception structures 1.1%. As a result of 771 tourist activities, it is noticed that the number of tourists arrived in September 2016 was 108,308 persons, of which 83,299 Romanian tourists (76.9%), and 25,009 nonresident tourists (23.1%). In January-September 827,574 tourists (82.4% Romanians and 17.6% foreigners) recorded a 10.3% increase compared to January-September 2015. Regarding the origin of the tourists, the most numerous are from Germany, 1,006, registered in March 2016, followed by Spain, with 816 and Israel, 793. The least numerous come from Russia, arriving especially during the winter holidays.

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PLEȘOIANU D.M., SANDU C., POPESCU A. 2017, ASPECTS OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN BRAȘOV COUNTY WITH A SPECIAL LOOK AT THE PERIOD 2015-2016. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 287-294.

ASPECTS OF GENDER EQUALITY WITHIN DOMESTIC LIFE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Adina Magdalena IORGA

Gender equality within private life defines a family and social model of development in which the rights and responsibilities of individuals are not influenced by their birth as male or female but by egalitarian interaction in terms of making the maximum out of their own potential. In the social construction of genders (be it male or female), the family background and social environment in which character develops has a significant role. The research aims to identify students' perceptions of USAMV Bucuresti on the attributes of a happy marriage and alternative forms of family structures, the perception that respondents have related to domestic work and the responsibilities of each member regarding its implementation. The research results reveal the option of switching the marital kind of rational criteria (money, property) to the psycho-affective and relational type. In the distribution of domestic activities a primal role is manifested through the distribution of work on gender criteria.

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Adina Magdalena IORGA 2015, ASPECTS OF GENDER EQUALITY WITHIN DOMESTIC LIFE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 125-130.

ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL TOURISM - FARMERS’ MARKETS AND FARM VISITS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Mirela CĂRĂTUȘ STANCIU

Agriculture is an essential component of sustainable food tourism and there are numerous benefits to a broad range of stakeholders that can be derived from enhancing and sustaining agriculture-tourism linkages in this context. The potential to contribute to rural development and sustainable livelihoods, support for the agricultural and artisan food sectors and reduced economic leakage in the tourism sector are just a few of the potential positive outcomes. Tourists also benefit through the opportunity to experience authentic local culture and heritage, and engage in a meaningful way with local producers and suppliers. Agrotourism differs from food tourism in that agrotourism is inherently rural, while food tourism is predominantly urban, but can be rural as well. The paper shows the role of farmers’ markets and farm visits like parts of sustainable tourism.

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Mirela CĂRĂTUȘ STANCIU 2015, ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL TOURISM - FARMERS’ MARKETS AND FARM VISITS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 15-20.

ASPECTS REGARDING THE PHYTOSANITARY SITUATION OF AN UNTENDED APPLE ORCHARD

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Maria TĂNASE

Romania, an European country in which pomiculture is of a main significance, especially from an economic point of view, is well represented by a diversity of species, amongst which the apple (Malus domestica) plays a significant role when it comes to quality production and thus economic profit. This paper aims to look at the main harming agents of the apple at the Rusciori Farm, a plantation where the apple cannot turn its genetic production material to advantage, given the interference of multiple restrictive factors, especially vegetal and animal pests that cause significant damage, thus leading to a qualitative and quantitive decrease in production due to the deterioration of the commercial aspect of the fruit. The main pathogens for apples are those that produce mycoses; and amongst mycoses the most wide-spread ones are mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha Ell. and Ev. Salm), scab disease (Venturia inequalis Cooke Wint.), brown fruit rots (Monilinia fructigena Honey) and twig cankers (Nectria galligena Bres.); all of them causing significant damage under favorable environmental conditions. Although the orchard in the present study is in decline, not all trees show obvious aging signs, therefore a total land clearing does not come into question. This paper attempts to suggest efficient solutions for prelonging the age of those trees that still promise economic productivity.

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TĂNASE M. 2016, ASPECTS REGARDING THE PHYTOSANITARY SITUATION OF AN UNTENDED APPLE ORCHARD. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 369-374.

ASPECTS REGARDING TOURISM POTENTIAL OF MUREȘ COUNTY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Daniela-Mirela PLEȘOIANU, Andreea MOISE, Agatha POPESCU

Mureş County is renowned for its generous offer to practice some recreational activities. The game has gained a European reputation here, imposing itself through diversity and quality of trophies. The fish offer is not inferior, the hydrographic network of the county is rich and there is a tradition of fish growth, correlated with a specific gastronomic offer. The main purpose of this paper is to know in all aspects and in depth the tourism potential of Mures County. In order to highlight the tourist potential, the exhaustive inventory of all the attractive resources from the analyzed territory was used in terms of the volume, diversity and quality of natural and anthropic tourism resources, tourism infrastructure and tourism services, and it was necessarily and objectively doubled creating a graphic and cartographic basis with rigorous hierarchies of all existing resources, as well as highlighting the interrelations that are established at the level of tourist regions in terms of supply and demand for certain tourist attractions. For this, not only the main development resources have been analyzedbut also the tourism types of the studied area, as well as the tourist infrastructure necessary for the development of tourist activities, and the tourist flows recorded in the territory of Mureş County. The number of hotels has recorded a significant increase from 23 in the year 2005 to 48 hotels in 2013. The number of seats has also increased from 6,093 places in 2010 to 9,840 seats in 2013. The number of overnight stays grew up from 521,610 in 2010 to 771,931 in 2013. Both the number of Roamanian but also of foreign tourists has significantly increased in the lsat years in this area of Transilvania. In 2013 the number of overnight stays of foreign tourists accounted for 138,774, and the number of Romanians reached 633,157. As a conlusion, tourism in Mures County has been continuously developing due to a better promotion of its heritage and higher quality services offered to tourists.

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PLEȘOIANU D.M., MOISE A., POPESCU A. 2017, ASPECTS REGARDING TOURISM POTENTIAL OF MUREȘ COUNTY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 295-300.

ASPECTS REGARDING WINE PRODUCTION AND WINE SECTOR COMPETITIVENESS IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Georgiana-Raluca LADARU, Silviu BECIU, Ionela Misuko VLAD, Maria-Cristina PADURE

The paper aimed to make some assumptions regarding wine sector competitiveness in Romania. Vineyards have an important share in Romanian agriculture, Romania being ranked on 11th position in the world and on 5th position in the European Union in terms of vineyards surface, while the wine industry is an important contributor to the GDP. The research method was based on analyze of wine sector evolution in the last years. The paper presents current global context of wine market at international level and focus on Romanian wine production sector and wine trade, seen in the light of competitiveness. The competitiveness of Romanian wine sector need to be related with measures that are able to increase the attractiveness of Romanian wines, both on domestic and external markets.

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Georgiana-Raluca LADARU, Silviu BECIU, Ionela Misuko VLAD, Maria-Cristina PADURE 2014, ASPECTS REGARDING WINE PRODUCTION AND WINE SECTOR COMPETITIVENESS IN ROMANIA . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 131-134.

ASSESSEMENT OF RESIDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS TOURISM AND HIS IMPACT ON COMMUNITIES IN THE DANUBE DELTA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Anca PAVEL-NEDEA, Ion DONA

The Danube Delta was in 2016 the object of large debates regarding the future development of this area. The proposed strategic measures concentrate on the economic benefits of local communities and on the conservation of biodiversity, but in the same time sustainable tourism was considered (together with small industries and traditional crafts development) a very important source of revenue for the local communities. We consider that understanding residents’ perceptions over the tourism activities from Danube Delta can improve the future decisions of stakeholders. In this context, the paper examines the attitudes of local people from Danube Delta towards the ongoing tourism and the impact of tourism on their communities. Questionnaire surveys were carried out in 2016 in 12 villages and were collected responses from 146 local residents. The main results of our survey revealed a positive attitude of residents towards tourism in general (especially amongst female, non-employees, high-income and directly involved in tourism respondents) and towards tourism in their community (especially amongst male, non-employees, low-income and directly involved in tourism respondents).

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PAVEL-NEDEA A., DONA I. 2017, ASSESSEMENT OF RESIDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS TOURISM AND HIS IMPACT ON COMMUNITIES IN THE DANUBE DELTA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 275-280.

ASSESSEMENT OF THE TOURISTIC DEMAND IN THE DANUBE DELTA BY PROFILE AND MOTIVATION OF TOURISTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Anca PAVEL-NEDEA, Ion DONA

The main purpose of this paper was to evaluate the tourist perceptions regarding the tourism development in Danube Delta and to understand the typology of tourists which travel in this area. In this context, it was carried out a questionnaire survey in 2017 on 169 tourists. The main results of our survey revealed a general positive attitude towards the touristic offers from Danube Delta Region in terms of accessibility, hospitality and touristic accommodation. It was observed a dissatisfaction regarding: promotion and image; the lack of local shops (foods and souvenirs); transport quality; recreational activities.

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PAVEL-NEDEA A., DONA I. 2017, ASSESSEMENT OF THE TOURISTIC DEMAND IN THE DANUBE DELTA BY PROFILE AND MOTIVATION OF TOURISTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 283-286.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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