COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LAND FRAGMENTATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FARM MANAGEMENT IN SOME EU COUNTRIES AND MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Elena TIMOFTI, Daniela POPA, Barbara KIELBASA

The paper presents selected problems of farm management in terms of fragmented agriculture. The problem of land fragmentation was exemplified by the three countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The main purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of selected indicators of agricultural production in the three selected countries. For the analysis, the data on the concentration indexes was selected: Lorenz concentration coefficient, the Gini index, and territorial concentration coefficient (Gini C and Stuck formula). In selected countries, there is a large number of small and very small farms. They represent the majority of farms managed by private owners. To a large extend, they are called semi-subsistence farms or social farms. Some of them provide a part of their products on the market. Small farms are the part of the so-called European Model of Agriculture – a model that consists of small family farms. It is difficult to indicate correct definition of „small farm”, as it may be defined differently depending on the region or country. In the EU, small farms occupy a dominant position, being a constant subject of debates and policy. The authors of the article stressed the need of strengthening of the small farms position, for example by enlarging their acreage or by initiating horizontal or vertical cooperation, however, shall not impair the role of small farms. They are important in biodiversity protection, preserving the rural landscape, as well as by cultivation local tradition, culture and heritage.

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Elena TIMOFTI, Daniela POPA, Barbara KIELBASA 2015, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LAND FRAGMENTATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FARM MANAGEMENT IN SOME EU COUNTRIES AND MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-8000, 345-356.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE QUALITY OF SEVERAL BREADS ASSORTMENTS AVAILABLE ON THE ROMANIAN MARKET AND ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES RELIABILITY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Radiana Maria TAMBA-BEREHOIU, Ciprian Nicolae POPA, Vasilica SIMION, Bogdan Ştefan NEDELCU

Our investigations have focused on the analysis of several bread assortments manufactured by the largest producer in Romania, in terms of key quality parameters. There were analyzed four breads assortments coming from a local producer, namely Vel Pitar, as follows: whole wheat bread (500g), white bread (300 g), intermediate bread (300 g) and dark bread (300 g). Of each assortment were taken 15 samples from different batches. For each sample were analyzed: Weight (W, g), Moisture (M, %), Acidity (A, grade), Porosity (P, %), Elasticity (E %), Water activity (aW), Length (cm), Width (cm), Height (cm). We have identified highly significant statistical differences between varieties of bread (Student test). We find that all the significant correlations formed have particularized bread assortments, because of the fact that the assortments of bread did not show significant correlations between the same quality parameters. It is highlighted in this way, the differences between recipes and technological process. To conclude, we can say that the whole wheat bread and dark bread are most alike, in terms of quality characteristics, given that both had an increased fiber content. It was also noted the similarities of quality parameters in white and intermediate bread. All observed differences, with varying degrees of significance, constituted peculiarities of bread assortments taken for analysis.

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TAMBA-BEREHOIU R.M., POPA C.N., SIMION V., NEDELCU B.S. 2016, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE QUALITY OF SEVERAL BREADS ASSORTMENTS AVAILABLE ON THE ROMANIAN MARKET AND ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES RELIABILITY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 361-368.

COMPARATIVE INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Cristina BURGHELEA, Carmen UZLĂU, Corina Maria ENE

As we all know, tourism means one of the most important socio-economic sectors of the world that is in a constantly expansion, which in the second half of the 20th century, recorded an average rate of 4-5% per year. This article aimed to highlight the existence of complexity of the tourism systems, thanks to which there are an infinite number of indicators that can quantify sustainable tourism development. According to the literature review there are quite many authors who have tried to develop such indicators and create some specific theories and methodologies of sustainable tourism. However, regardless the model or method applied the need for estimation and forecasting of tourism activity will remain an essential advantage in adopting strategic decisions in order to maintain the sustainable development of tourism.

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BURGHELEA C., UZLĂU C., ENE C.M. 2016, COMPARATIVE INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 77-80.

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS OF APPROACH IN THE SPANISH ACCOUNTING SYSTEM COMPARED WITH THE NATIONAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Paula-Angela VIDRAȘCU, Oana Camelia IACOB, Ana-Maria VOLINTIRU, Anca CRISTEA

In the new economy based on knowledge, harmonization of the related accounting intangible assets is far from being completed. Conducted research identifies a number of controversies related to the recognition of separate initial measurement, subsequent measurement, measurement, depreciation and amortization of these categories of assets, as well as the requirements and applicability of accounting standards specific intangibles studied and the financial reporting related. The practical activity reflects the fact that unlike tangible assets or financial, the undertaking may hold a full control of the intangible assets, and this is the reason for which the activity of management and reporting of them in the current systems of financial reporting is quite complex. Poor control of these assets generates side effects on the ability of the undertaking concerned to obtain the benefits of the investment.

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VIDRAȘCU P.A., IACOB O.C., VOLINTIRU A.M., CRISTEA A. 2016, COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS OF APPROACH IN THE SPANISH ACCOUNTING SYSTEM COMPARED WITH THE NATIONAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 385-391.

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE CHOICE OF BUILDING MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTING A HOUSE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Adelaida Cristina HONŢUŞ

For some, building one’s own home can be a unique opportunity in a lifetime. That is why the choice of project, materials and finishings is paramount. Any homeowner wants a comfortable house, which is durable, insulated, easy to maintain, and, why not, built with least costs, but using quality materials. Brick and Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) are the most common materials on the Romanian market when it comes to building a house. Although these two materials have been on the market for years, most manufacturers still use them because of the advantages presented in time by houses constructed out of them. Brick or AAC homes have a longer life compared to the ones erected with other construction materials and feature increased safety in terms of structural strength. Also, brick or AAC houses have the advantage of much better sound insulation than wood, for example. In our country there are sufficient resources for masonry, depending on the cost invested by the owner, at the same time displaying the characteristic properties that can provide the required safety of the building. Ceramic bricks and blocks produced here have diverse sizes and shapes, being able to meet the demands of any architect and customer

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Adelaida Cristina HONŢUŞ 2014, COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE CHOICE OF BUILDING MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTING A HOUSE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 117-126.

COMPARISON OF COST AND PROFITABILITY OF ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL STRAWBERRY SEEDLING GROWING MEDIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Vecdi DEMIRCAN, Nurgul F. TUREMIS, Hulya SAYGI, Aysegul BURGUT, Kamil EKINCI

In this study, it was aimed to compare organic and conventional strawberry seedling cultivation media in terms of cost and profitability. This study was carried out in the Apricot Research Institute in Malatya province, Turkey. Albion and Sweet Charlie varieties were used in the experiment. The production costs of Albion and Sweet Charlie strawberry varieties were calculated in different growing media. Calculation of the production costs of the fresh plug strawberry seedlings was done in two steps. First, the production costs of strawberry runner plants were calculated, then the production costs of fresh plug strawberry seedlings were found. According to the results of the research, the cost of a runner plant was found to be the highest for the Albian Biodecal application, while the lowest was detected for Sweet Charlie Control application. According to different applications, the cost of strawberry branch plant was determined as 0.376, 0.341, 0.273, and 0.235 TL/unit for Albian Biodecal, Albian Control, Sweet Charlie Biodecal and Sweet Charlie Control applications, respectively(1 USD=3.02 TL in 2016, average). When the production costs of Albion and Sweet Charlie strawberry seedling obtained from Biodecal application were compared with the sale price, it can be said that production cost was lower than sale price for all the organic growing media (except for IT (Imported Turf) growing medium for Albion strawberry seedling obtained from Biodecal application), but in the conventional growing media, production costs was found to be higher than the sale price. Similar results have been found for the strawberry seedlings obtained from the control application. When organic applications were compared with each other, it was determined that KP (1:1 ratio local turf: perlite) was the growing medium which had the lowest production cost for Albion strawberry seedling obtained from Biodecal application, OE (1:1 ratio local turf: perlite + ecoflora providing 50 mg kg-1 potassium) for Sweet Charlie strawberry seedling obtained from Biodecal application, KP for Albion strawberry seedling obtained from control application and OE for Sweet Charlie strawberry seedling obtained from control application.

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DEMIRCAN V., TUREMIS N.F., SAYGI H., BURGUT A., EKINCI K. 2017, COMPARISON OF COST AND PROFITABILITY OF ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL STRAWBERRY SEEDLING GROWING MEDIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 95-102.

COMPETITIVENESS AND QUALITY OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS - KEY FACTORS FOR THE SUCCESS OF EXPORT PROMOTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER

Article reflects the competitiveness and quality management from the perspective of enunciated historical and methodological approaches. They are listed by management functions and show interrelation between quality and profit, thus addressing the economic entity as the core of acting for promotion of exports. Also, we set the calculation of indicators of competitiveness of agri-food exports from the Republic of Moldova and establish the priorities and the necessary conclusions.

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Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER 2014, COMPETITIVENESS AND QUALITY OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS - KEY FACTORS FOR THE SUCCESS OF EXPORT PROMOTION . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 147-154.

COMPETITIVENESS OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA THROUGH ITS EXPORT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER

Latest developments demonstrate that the constantly imposed barriers to Moldova’s agrifood export by the Russian Federation highlighted the most vulnerable points of the foreign economic activity, especially the relatively low share of exports of processed products, low diversification of the markets, the large number of traditional products in traditional markets. Refocusing on the European Union market has a slower pace than the loss of East markets and the prospect of alternative destinations (Middle East, for example) is very difficult. Based on price and nonprice competitiveness, the agri-food exports of the country are much less advanced than those of competitors, which further complicates the dynamics of foreign trade.

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Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER 2015, COMPETITIVENESS OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA THROUGH ITS EXPORT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 139-144.

CONSCIENTIOUS MANAGEMENT OF SOIL HUMUS AND WATER: A MAJOR CONDITION FOR PURPOSEFUL MECHANISATION OF FIELD CROP HUSBANDRY IN TROPICAL RAIN FOREST OF NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Paul O. SIMEON, Hemen E. JIJINGI, Shianya A. NGABEA

Machinery and implements used in agricultural product/on work in media of lives - the soil, livestock and crops. Certain features of these media determine the possibility and extent of mechanization of works relating to them. In the tropical rain forest areas, mechanization remains the greatest obstacle to the expansion of production and therefore constitute great problem to food and primary raw materials supply. This paper highlights the problems, discusses the problems as well as the correlating factors and the possibilities of improving on the level of mechanization in view of the present technological and socio- economic development of the peoples of tropical rain forest areas of Nigeria. The work is an original scholarly research based on review of relevant publications and visit to several locations within the Tropical Rain forest belt. The results reveal inadequacies managerial skills and in appropriate deployment of technical staff as well as poor education as major factors for the insufficient understanding of the soil-machine-crop-climate relationship which is the bedrock for conscientious planning and execution of mechanization. The paper is aimed at drawing the attentions of the relevant authorities charged with ensuring adequate availability and supply of food and raw materials for the populace and the industries to the need to purposeful mechanization. The paper ends by making some practicable recommendations and warning of the dangers of not mechanizing farm production as well as the implications of failure of mechanized farm projects in the tropical rain forest zones.

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SIMEON P.O., JIJINGI H.E., NGABEA S.A. 2016, CONSCIENTIOUS MANAGEMENT OF SOIL HUMUS AND WATER: A MAJOR CONDITION FOR PURPOSEFUL MECHANISATION OF FIELD CROP HUSBANDRY IN TROPICAL RAIN FOREST OF NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 317-326.

CONSIDERATIONS ON BEEF PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND TRADE BALANCE IN ROMANIA (2007-2015)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper analyzed the dynamics of bovine meat live stock, production, live weight at slaughter, carcass weight, beef and veal consumption, beef supply, export and import and trade balance of Romania in the period 2007-2015 using the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics. The analysis led to important conclusions. Beef comes on the 3rd position after poultry meat an pork in Romania. Beef production declined and so that imports were needed to cover the gap between production and consumption. The decline of the bovine live stock is the main cause as farmers are facing with high farm inputs prices and receive a low farm gate price per kg live weight. In the structure of the slaughtered bovines cows represent over 50 %, fattened steers 25 % and other categories ( bulls, heifers, calves etc). The average live weight and quality at slaughter is lower compared to other EU countries. The slaughter rate is less than 50 %. Only 26 % of bovines are slaughtered in industrial specialized units, where the fattened steers of high quality and over 400-430 kg live weight per head are usually slaughtered. Beef consumption is low as pork and poultry meat are preferred by consumers and beef price is too high. Romania is a net exporter of bovine meat, but the highest share in the export structure belongs to bovine live weight (84.4%). In 2020, it is expected as bovine live weight at slaughter to reach 235 thousand tons for an annual growth of 7 thousand tons. To develop meat production it is needed to create farmers associations, to raise meat breeds and apply modern fattening technologies.

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POPESCU A. 2016, CONSIDERATIONS ON BEEF PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND TRADE BALANCE IN ROMANIA (2007-2015). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 267-278.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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