THE ECOTOURISM IN DOBRUDGEA'S RURAL AREA - REALITIES AND PERSPECTIVES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Elena SIMA

The paper aimed to present some aspects of the development stage of ecotourism activities within and around the natural protected areas in Dobrudgea – a historical province from Romania's South-East extremity, as well as a set of proposals to orient the efforts of putting into value these destinations through ecotourism activities, in agreement with the requirements of the national legislation and the international conventions to which Romania adhered. The whole volume of information presented in this paper was obtained by bibliographic documentation and field visits. The analysis of data suggested that the development of ecotourism areas should be based on empowering local communities by education, social entrepreneurship and cultural preservation programs.

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SIMA E. 2017, THE ECOTOURISM IN DOBRUDGEA'S RURAL AREA - REALITIES AND PERSPECTIVES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 311-320.

THE EFFECT OF MICROCREDIT ON RURAL HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD: EVIDENCES FROM WOMEN MICRO ENTREPRENEURS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Clementina Oluwafunke AJAYI

Microcredit has been found to be an intervention to improve the livelihood of women micro entrepreneurs in developing countries. It is often used as an attractive strategy to enhance the livelihoods of women as it provides micro entrepreneurs with the avenue to generate more income. The study focused on the effect of micro credit on rural households’ livelihood: evidences from women micro entrepreneurs in Oyo State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was adopted and 180 beneficiaries of microcredit were used. The result of the study revealed that microcredit had a positive effect on household income and welfare which led to improvement in the standard of living and opportunity to save money. The women micro entrepreneurs were able to contribute significantly to their children’s education improve the quality of meals intake and employment and housing conditions of their households. The microcredit scheme also contributed to beneficiaries’ development, sustainability and local governance participation. Above all, the respondents felt empowered. It is therefore concluded that those concerned with availing funds in form of microcredit and microfinance in general should take into consideration the results of these indicator variables for better livelihood of rural households.

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AJAYI C.O. 2016, THE EFFECT OF MICROCREDIT ON RURAL HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD: EVIDENCES FROM WOMEN MICRO ENTREPRENEURS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 29-36.

THE EFFECTS OF SUBSIDIES ALLOCATION ON COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES FROM THE HORTICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Artur GOLBAN, Alexandru GORGOS

Subsidies allocation represents an important source of financing the agricultural enterprises, being analyzed by the scientists from all over the World. The subsidy policy of the Republic of Moldova is different from the subsidy policy of the European Union, being determined by the following factors: the lack of the consistency of the subsidies policies from the Republic of Moldova and the insufficiency of the necessary financial resources in order to apply the policies like in the European Union. Strategically, at the state level, it doesn’t exist a clear subsidy policy for a longer period of time, namely the subsidies measures are not very clear defined and are changing from year to year, which creates difficulties for agricultural producers to access subsidies. In this context this scientific research has the objective to analyze the subsidies effects on competitiveness of the agricultural enterprises, to analyze the subsidies allocated in Moldova compared to neighbor countries, to reveal the measures of subsidizing the agricultural enterprises and to find out if the enterprises can achieve higher competitiveness by subsidies allocation.

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GOLBAN A., GORGOS A. 2016, THE EFFECTS OF SUBSIDIES ALLOCATION ON COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES FROM THE HORTICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 121-128.

THE EFFICIENCY FORECAST OF RURAL HUMAN RESOURCES USE BY THE DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS APPROACH

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Dorel MIHAI, Ion DONA

The structure of rural human resources (from agriculture, industry, constructions) represents the most important production factor in order to achieve economic growth (high GDP). In terms of efficiency, it is more important to assess the way in which the combination of human resources between these three branches contributes to GDP formation. To do this assessment for the period 2013-20120, we applied the nonparametric method of DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). This method enables ranking regions based on a series of inputs (rural population occupied in agriculture, industry and constructions) and outputs (rural gross domestic product). The data regarding the rural human resources are retrieved from the Amigo data base, the rural GDP Eurostat and the analysis was performed by MAXDATA 6.3 Beta program. The results revealed that, by 2020, if maintaining the 2006-2013 trends, the average technical efficiency will decrease by 5.4%, only the Central and the South-West regions will be performing well and the North-East and North-West regions will become more inefficient. Our results reveal that, in the majority of regions, there is a clear need to reduce the population from agriculture, to increase the population from industry and constructions, and to increase de productivity, to ensure real economic growth.

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Dorel MIHAI, Ion DONA 2014, THE EFFICIENCY FORECAST OF RURAL HUMAN RESOURCES USE BY THE DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS APPROACH. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 165-168.

THE ENERGY MINIMIZATION AND THE COST REQUIREMENTS FOR THE POTATO RESIDUES REPROCESSING

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Tarek FOUDA, F. A. AHMED, M. A. ALI

Field crop residues have become an urgent problem for the Egyptian farmer. Total cultivated area with this crop in Egypt, 189,000 hectare and the estimated quantity of haulm potatoes is about 1,575 Tg with an average of 8.3 Mg/hectare of haulm potato. Varied techniques were used for cutting waste of field crop, and the mechanical shredder residue for handling and use of these wastes were analyzed in order to reduce the size of the waste molecules to fit the various aspects of its uses. To optimize the operating parameters of the performance of farm residues it was used the cutting machine and it was established the minimum cost, power and energy requirements for produce animal feed raw materials from potato haulme. The performance of the machine units was measured under the following parameters four levels of drum speed of 25.13, 30.14, 35.17 and 40.19 m/s (1,000, 1,200, 1,400, and 1,600 rpm), three feed rates of 600, 800, 1000 kg/h, two number of knives on the cutting cylinder from (68 to 48). The performance of the cutting machine unite was taking into consideration machinery productivity, percentages of softness degree, cutting efficiency, fuel consumption, power, energy, and cost analysis. The optimum results and parameters for cutting machine untie when using drum speed 1,600 rpm, 1,000 kg /h feeding rates, and 68 number of knives.0.985 Mg/h productivity, 19,123 kW power, 19,414 kW.h/Mg energy, 6,046 l/h fuel consumption, 99 % cutting efficiency, 85% percentages of softness degree, and 9,850 l.E/h cost analysis.

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FOUDA T., AHMED F.A., ALI M.A. 2016, THE ENERGY MINIMIZATION AND THE COST REQUIREMENTS FOR THE POTATO RESIDUES REPROCESSING. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 123-128.

THE ESTIMATION OF TRENDS IN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Olga SÂRBU

For the advancement and prosperity of an economy a highly developed and innovated business environment is required. In this respect the State must issue some regulations in order to establish certain standards that would allow the opening of new opportunities for business environment, encouraging entrepreneurs. The current study highlights modern trends in business development of the Republic of Moldova and exposes some recommendations for its improvement. During the research there have been used traditional research methods of quantitative and qualitative analysis, comparative analysis and logic. Preference was given to monographic study method applying the elements of observation, selection, induction and deduction. The investigations allow us to conclude that the basic pillar for development and advancement of a State under different aspects is business environment. There are many problems and constraints that hinder business development in the Republic of Moldova, but in spite of them the positive dynamics is observed in this sector. In order to increase business efficiency there must be a joint collaboration between the government, the civil society and business owners.

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Olga SÂRBU 2015, THE ESTIMATION OF TRENDS IN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 287-296.

THE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY - AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Svetlana PETRASCU

The Foreign economic activity plays an important role in the economic development of each country. Organizing and carrying out foreign economic activity is an area of major importance in the creation of a new economic mechanism by which the country is classified is performed in the global economy. World experience confirms that many countries have achieved a significant increase of socio-economic development, because of their open “economy”, which involves relatively free movement of goods, capital, technology, labor and knowledge. Integration evolution contributes to the increase of the import-export potential of any country. Global competition and domestic market protection prevent, however, the expansion of export flows. Thus, the external links of a country are conditioned and regulated by the interaction of the factors listed above. This paper aims to present some considerations on foreign economic activity as an important factor in the sustainable development of the Republic of Moldova.

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Aurelia LITVIN, Svetlana PETRASCU 2014, THE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY - AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 155-162.

THE FORESTRY ECOSYSTEMS MANAGEMENT IN THE FOREST DISTRICT SIBIU, AGAINST THE DEFOLIATOR SPECIES LYMANTRIA MONACHA L., 1758 (LEPIDOPTERA: LYMANTRIIDAE) DURING THE PERIOD 2013-2017

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Cristina STANCĂ-MOISE, Robert BLAJ, Silviu SBÎRCEA

In the present paper the investigations had as a purpose to knowledge of the Lymantria monacha L., 1758 populations dynamic during the period 2013-2017 in the Forest Direction Sibiu, in order to use the results for a monitoring plan and control for the year 2018. The investigations made within the frame work of the Forest Districts: Arpaș, Avrig, Miercurea Sibiului, Sibiu and VI Cibin in the last five years studied the presence of this defoliator in a large number within Forest District Miercurea Sibiului (260 specimen), followed by the Forest District Arpaș (147 specimen), Sibiu (83 specimen), Forest District Cibin VI (55 specimen) and Forest District Avrig (52 specimen).

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STANCĂ-MOISE C., BLAJ R., SBÎRCEA S. 2018, THE FORESTRY ECOSYSTEMS MANAGEMENT IN THE FOREST DISTRICT SIBIU, AGAINST THE DEFOLIATOR SPECIES LYMANTRIA MONACHA L., 1758 (LEPIDOPTERA: LYMANTRIIDAE) DURING THE PERIOD 2013-2017. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 473-476.

THE HERITAGE OF TRADITIONS AND TOURISM FACILITIES IN TRANSILVANIA, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Daniela-Mirela PLEȘOIANU, Edith GRECU, Agatha POPESCU

This paper is an analysis of the Transylvanian region in terms of customs and traditions in this area. Such characterization of an area involves studying the history of this area, which in this case has deepened its mark.Thus, the fact that Transylvania was occupied both by the Ottoman Empire and by the Austro-Hungarian Empire can be seen both in the traditions and customs, in the folk port, the only thing and the most obvious inheritance being the language, that is, the Hungarian language inherited by from one generation to another, studying even at school.The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the traditions and customs of the Transylvanian region by highlighting the folk port and habits that take place every season on different occasions, habits preserved from the estates, ancestors. In this paper we used methods such as cartographic description, analytical method and graphics. These methods helped to translate data into graphs, tables, and charts using EXCEL. The work has gone through three important stages in its development, namely: documentation, analysis of statistical and territorial data research, integration and complex interpretation of information.In the first stage, the documentary we consulted an extensive scientific bibliography which later served as a basis for the present study, providing in particular information regarding the physical-geographic characterization of the study area. The integration of all geographic information allowed, through complex interpretation and their transposition into representative maps, the knowledge and understanding of traditions and customs in Transylvania.As far as the traditions of the most important moments of life are concerned, each of them distinguishes itself from the rest of the regions at different times.As far as the accommodation base is concerned, Transylvania adds approximately 7,000 units with an accommodation capacity of approximately 25,442,084 seats. Although the base of accommodation is quite large, the index of utilization of the capacities in operation is only 23.6%, the region occupying the 4th place in the country.As in the case of the accommodation base, public catering amounts to about 4,000 authorized establishments where tourists can enjoy traditional cuisine specific to the area (Szekler spelled, curtoş kalacs, gulaş, papricaş s.a.). Touristic routes and means of transport are varied, highlighting special transports, namely cable cars, chairlifts, tele-skis.As far as tursim forms are concerned, mountain tourism, cultural-historical, religious, sports, rural, ecotourism, business tourism and conferences, recreation, treatment and weekend tourism are practiced.

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PLEȘOIANU D.M., GRECU E., POPESCU A. 2018, THE HERITAGE OF TRADITIONS AND TOURISM FACILITIES IN TRANSILVANIA, ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 325-336.

THE HIERARCHIZATION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSULTANCY CONCERNING THE MAIN TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES AT THE LEVEL OF THE AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATIONS IN OLT COUNTY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Emil Vergilius MARINESCU, Ștefan STĂNESCU, Dumitrel-Victor TIȚA

Although the information sources became more diverse, the agricultural consultancy activities remain an important resource for modern agriculture. This one has its role, within which the technological changes became so frequent. To these ones, the climatic changes are added, that assume a vast experience in the field of plant culture. The study aims to highlight the interest of agriculturists by the consultancy that has been offered to them, according to the activities they deploy: development of investment projects, plant protection, procurement of fertilizer, procurement of agriculture machineries, livestock, marketing of agricultural production, and association in various forms. For comparison, they were analyzed according to the farm size, to the geographical (mountain, plain, meadow) and administrative (village area) location. The study revealed the influence of the locality surface, which had a very significant power over the consultancy offered to the activities under analysis.

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MARINESCU E.V., STĂNESCU S., TIȚA D.V. 2016, THE HIERARCHIZATION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSULTANCY CONCERNING THE MAIN TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES AT THE LEVEL OF THE AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATIONS IN OLT COUNTY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 213-222.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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