SEED SUPPLY AND SEED PREFERENCES OF POTATO FARMERS: NIGDE CENTRAL AND IZMIR ODEMİS PROVINCES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by M. Çağla ÖRMECİ KART, Canan F. ABAY, Selina GÜNGÖR, Zeynep ÖZER

The paper aimed to present the evolution of Milk Production during the period 1990 -2011 in the North West Region of Potato is one of the most important staple food crops with a significant role for food security and a potential commercial crop in Turkey. As of 2015, Turkey’s potato production amounted to 4.76 million tonnes, and approximately 14.18% of the production occurred in Nigde and 8.57% in Izmir provinces. High-quality seed is the main input for potato production. Import of seed potatoes (rootstock) has increased by 145% and certified seed potato production has increased by 156% in the last 10 years in Turkey. The aim of this study is to determining seed preferences for potato producers in major potato production area, Niğde and İzmir, in Turkey. The study is based on the sample of 141 farmers (69 from the Central district in Nigde and 72 from Odemis district in Izmir) calculated according to the proportional sample size method for 10% error margin and 90% confidential intervals. Conjoint analysis was employed to examine farmers' seed preferences, using seed price, yield, resistance to diseases, production type, maturation time and storage time as the seed attributes. According to the conjoint analysis results, production type has found the first important factor in both research regions such as the cooking type in Nigde, industrial type in Odemis are preferred by farmers. This shows that marketing options affect farmers’ potato seed choices. Disease resistance has found the second important factor in Nigde and third in Odemis after the yield performance when buying seeds.

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ÖRMECİ KART M.C., ABAY C.F., GÜNGÖR S., ÖZER Z. 2017, SEED SUPPLY AND SEED PREFERENCES OF POTATO FARMERS: NIGDE CENTRAL AND IZMIR ODEMİS PROVINCES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 239-250.

SELECTED LEGAL ASPECTS OF STATE AID SCHEMES FOR AGRICULTURE IN POLAND IN YEARS 2015 -2020

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Jakub GOŁAŚ

The main aim of the study was to analyse legal basis of state aid schemes for polish agriculture sector in years 2015 - 2020. The paper focuses mainly on the characteristics of five different state aid schemes which are regulated in four different national legal acts. Presented analysis is focused on presenting different legal instruments, which can be used to both fulfil fundamental goals of the 2015-2020 Common Agricultural Policy (the CAP) in UE and stimulate competiveness and modernity of national agricultural sector. Polish legislator intends to assure that the state-provided financial aid schemes for national agriculture producers have clear, transparent and explicit legal frameworks. It should be also mentioned that all legal basis related to fulfilling directives of the Common Agricultural Policy have to be compatible with directly biding acts of Community law.

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Jakub GOŁAŚ 2015, SELECTED LEGAL ASPECTS OF STATE AID SCHEMES FOR AGRICULTURE IN POLAND IN YEARS 2015 -2020. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 85-94.

SMALL FARMERS, THEIR POSITION AND SUPPORT WITHIN THE CAP – CASE OF SLOVAKIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Ľubica RUMANOVSKÁ, Jarmila LAZÍKOVÁ, Ivan TAKÁČ

The small farmers are an important element of sustainable agricultural production, multifunctional agriculture and rural development. It is the predominant mode of agricultural production in the world. Despite its predominance in the agricultural structure, small farming encounters several difficulties. Therefore, it is hard to imagine functioning of small farms without subsidies for production, especially direct area payments. The aim of the paper is to identify the development trend of small farmers in Slovakia and to point out their needs in the Slovak agricultural business environment. Based on the results we can expect a further increasing trend of number of small farmers in Slovakia. Therefore, we need to take into consideration their support and elimination of barriers in the Slovak environment, e.g. to improvement the access to the land, support of the business of the beginning farmers, improvement the possibilities to use the project support, improvement the access to the credits and improvement the access to the non-project measures. The adopted measures should be prepared carefully with the aim to eliminate the misuse the financial effect providing to support of agricultural business.

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RUMANOVSKÁ L., LAZÍKOVÁ J., TAKÁČ I. 2018, SMALL FARMERS, THEIR POSITION AND SUPPORT WITHIN THE CAP – CASE OF SLOVAKIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 423-434.

SOCIAL FUNCTION OF AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3
Written by Maroš VALACH

The article pointed out the relevance of the agricultural sector and its social function in the regions of Slovakia. Agriculture currently does not belong to high attractive, high productive and profitable sectors. Its importance for the country and the economy is indisputable. Agriculture performs several vital roles, e.g. food security of the population. From the perspective of environmental protection its functions of landscaping, soil and water protection is important. Equal, these two functions is the social function. Social function together with the production function is critical for the elimination of regional disparities. The article explores the relevance of the agricultural sector and its social function in terms of employment in regions of Slovakia.

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VALACH M. 2018, SOCIAL FUNCTION OF AGRICULTURE SECTOR IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 475-482.

SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROJECTS IN DAM CATCHMENT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3
Written by Soleiman RASOULIAZAR, Saied Fealy NAHAVAND

The purpose of this descriptive-correlation study was to investigate socio-economic and environmental impacts of the watershed management projects in Mahabad’s dam catchment. The research instrument was structural questionnaire with close-ended questions which its validity and reliability was confirmed. The target population of this study consisted of all householders who lived in Mahabad’s dam catchment (N=2,458) out of which, according to Cochran’s formula, a number of 175 people were selected using cluster sampling in a simple randomization method (n=175). The descriptive results indicated the status of environmental, economic, and social impacts of watershed management in Mahabad’s dam catchment were at nearly high, nearly appropriate, nearly and low levels, respectively. These results also showed the main economic, environmental, and social impacts of watershed management were changing dry farming into irrigated farming, controlling flood, and attracting rural people’s participation, respectively. The results of Friedman test indicated environmental and social impacts were the most and the least amount of impacts of watershed management in Mahabad’s dam catchment, respectively. The results of correlation coefficient showed that there was the significantly positive relationship between land under cultivation and number of respondents’ household individual who participated in agricultural activities with impacts of watershed management in Mahabad’s dam catchment.

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RASOULIAZAR S., NAHAVAND S.F. 2018, SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROJECTS IN DAM CATCHMENT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 353-358.

SOCIO-ECONOMIC VARIABLES AND RURAL WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN YAM PRODUCTION IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY (FCT), ABUJA, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Abdulhameed A. GIREI, Nafisat H. SULEIMAN, Susana B. OHEN

The study was carried out to investigate the relationship between socio-economic variables and rural women participation in yam production in Gwagwalada Area Council, FCT Abuja, Nigeria. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select a sample of one hundred and fifty (150). Data was collected through the use of interview schedule and analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression. Result showed that 43.3% of respondents were between the ages of 21 and 30 years. Most of the respondents were married (74.5%) with 70% of respondents having farm size of two (2) hectares. About 45% of respondents have no formal education. The result of logit analysis showed that farm size positively affected the participation of women in yam production. The Negalkerke R square was found to be 0.081. This indicates that 8.11% of the variation in the women participation in yam production in the study area is accounted for by the explanatory variables included in the model. Also, the chi- square analysis gave a value of 6.464 which is significant at 10% level of probability. The study recommended that Stakeholders should help in the provision of simple labour saving technologies that could reduce manual labour and energy sapping of the farmers. Government and relevant stakeholders should establish schemes that will enable women have easy access to land and other essential inputs. Credit facilities should also be made available and at affordable rates. Also, processing equipment and storage facilities should be developed and provided to the farmers to minimize waste and losses.

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GIREI A.A., SULEIMAN N.H., OHEN S.B. 2016, SOCIO-ECONOMIC VARIABLES AND RURAL WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN YAM PRODUCTION IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY (FCT), ABUJA, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 111-120.

SOME ASPECTS RELATED TO BARLEY COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS WORLDWIDE (2011 - 2013)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE

Barley is one of the cereals grown in Romania, along with corn, wheat, rye. Barley is grown in a small area (701.5 thousand ha - average for the period 2009-2011), and it is characterized by a total production of 43,128.2 tons and an average production of 6,148 kg/ha. The presentation of food balance is considered interesting in terms of supply and demand components: production, imports, stocks, exports, respectively seed material, food, industrial raw materials, other uses, losses. Based on the volume of total supply and demand, it could determine the balance of that product nationally.

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MEDELETE D.M. 2016, SOME ASPECTS RELATED TO BARLEY COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS WORLDWIDE (2011 - 2013). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 161-166.

SOME CONSIDERATIONS CONCERNING THE ROMANIAN PRODUCTION OF MAIZE IN EUROPEAN CONTEXT (2012 - 2014)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE

Romania is recognized both in the world and at European level as a major country cultivating cereals. The area occupied by corn indicates the importance of culture for Romania, which is given by the yield per hectare relative to wheat, its food and feed value, as well as the relatively simple technology, suitable for mechanization and easy to substitute for living labor. It is noticed that Europe held 10.15% of the world's surface. The indicator has recorded a non-uniform evolution at continental level. The European total maize production represents 11.73 % of the global output. The evolution of the indicator shows an upward trend for all the analyzed areas, except for Northern Europe with fluctuating evolution. In the global context, it is noticed that Europe has exceeded the average world production by 15.44%. Romania appears as a great cultivator at European level, but this positive aspect is not supported by high performance levels.

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PÂNZARU R.L., MEDELETE D.M. 2017, SOME CONSIDERATIONS CONCERNING THE ROMANIAN PRODUCTION OF MAIZE IN EUROPEAN CONTEXT (2012 - 2014). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 237-242.

SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE ACTUAL STATEMENT OF THE WORLD TRADE IN COMMERCIAL SERVICES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper aimed to present the current statement of the global trade in services and also by geographical regions, emphasizing the top exporting and importing countries. A special attention was given to transport and travel services. The global export in services accounted for USD 4,645 Billion and the world import in services was USD 4,390 Billion in 2013. The share of the export services in the global trade with commodities and services is 20 %. Compared to the previous years, in 2013 it was noticed a decline in various regions regarding the annual change. However, the highest growth rate of the export in services belongs to the Netherlands, France, Germany, China, the USA, India, Japan and United Kingdom. The top exporting countries of services are: USA 14.3 % market share, United Kingdom 6.3 %, Germany 6,2 %, France 5.1 %, and China 4.4 %. The top importing countries of services are: the USA with 9.8 % market share, China 7.5 %, Germany 7.2 %, France 4.3 %, and United Kingdom 4 %. The EU-28 is the top exporter of services with USD 891 Billion export value, representing 25 % of the world export and also the top importer with USD 668 Billion import value of services. It was followed by the USA, China, India and Japan. The travel services and transport services represent about 25 % and, respectively 22 % in the global trade with services.

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Agatha POPESCU 2015, SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE ACTUAL STATEMENT OF THE WORLD TRADE IN COMMERCIAL SERVICES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 257-264.

SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE DYNAMICS OF FRUIT AND APPLE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION IN ROMANIA IN THE PERIOD 2007-2014

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The purpose of the paper was to analyze apple contribution to fruit production and consumption in Romania. The main trends regarding the area with apple plantations, apple production, yield, consumption and price were studied, as well as Romania's position as producer and consumer of apples among the EU-28. Romania has 145.4 thousand ha covered by orchards of which 39.5% are apple tree orchards. Apple is on the top position with a share of 48 % in fruit output, which accounted for 1,115.2 thousand tons in 2014. Average apple consumption is 23.5 kg/capita, with a good self-sufficiency rate, compared to fruit consumption which is not satisfactory yet compared to other EU countries. Romania is an important fruit and mainly apple producer, coming on the 3rd position for the apple tree orchards area, on the 8th position for apple production and for the 9th position for apple consumption in the EU. An average consumption of 73.7 kg fruit/capita, meaning about 202 g of fruit/day, reflects that the Romanian population must eat more fruit according to the WHO recommendations. Due to the classic technologies applied on 64 % of the orchards plantations and only 36 % intensive plantations, apple price at the farm gate accounts for Euro 62/ton, being very high compared to other EU countries. Due to its high potential for fruit production, and especially for apple production, Romania's fruit sector must continue to growth and become more competitive under the condition as the small producers to join their efforts in associative forms allowing them to set up modern plantations, to obtain farm inputs at a lower price, to assure a modern infrastructure, to apply intensive and super-intensive growing technologies, to conclude commercial contracts with the beneficiaries and sell better their fruits, increasing the economic efficiency across the whole fruit chain. In this way, domestic production is encouraged and fruit imports can be diminished, better satisfying consumers' preference for Romanian fruits.

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POPESCU A. 2016, SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE DYNAMICS OF FRUIT AND APPLE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION IN ROMANIA IN THE PERIOD 2007-2014. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 267-276.


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