WHY THE ECONOMICS OF GROUNDNUT PROCESSING IN AKWANGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Abdulahmeed A. GIREI, Saleh I. AUDU, Enai G. ONUK, Zainab M. ISMAIL

Despite Nigeria's plentiful agricultural resources and oil wealth, poverty is widespread in the Country and has increase since the late 1990's, neglect of rural infrastructure affects the profitability of agricultural production. The lack of roads impedes the marketing of agricultural communities prevents farmers from selling their produce at reasonable price and leads to spoilage. The study was designed to analyze the economics of groundnut processing in Akwanga Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. A purposive sampling technique was adopted in collecting the data used for the study from a sample of 60 groundnut processors. Descriptive statistics and gross margin analysis was used to analyzed the data collected. The study revealed that 98.3% of the respondents are females who used groundnut seed, firewood, water, labour and grinding machine in processing groundnut. The study estimated the average variable cost per 100 kg of groundnut seed per cycle at N27,487.12 while the average total revenue was estimated at N36,340.00 thus, a gross margin of N8,852.88 per 100 kg of groundnut seed per cycle. The return per naira invested (ROI) was estimated at N0.322. This indicates that groundnut processing is a profitable business in the study area. The study further revealed that majority of the respondents were constrained by inadequate capital, inadequate processing machine, risk of buying low quality raw materials, inadequate capital, unstable prices of inputs and unsteady market for products. Based on the findings the study recommended that groundnut processors should be encouraged to form cooperative societies so that they can speak with common voice in their attempt to acquire input and sell their output, affordable and accessible credit facilities should be made available to processors among others. Farmers should be persuaded to dry their groundnut seed properly before barging them to prevent the seed from spoilage.

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GIREI A.A., AUDU S.I., ONUK E.G., ISMAIL Z.M. 2016, WHY THE ECONOMICS OF GROUNDNUT PROCESSING IN AKWANGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 103-110.

WORK DEMAND PATTERN ANALYSIS FOR MGNREGA: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO 18 INDIAN STATES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Shriram KADIYA, Sapna PARASHAR, Sanket VATAVWALA

MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) is Indian government’s flagship social safety net program. World Bank in year 2015 announced MGNREGA as world’s largest public employment guarantee program. According to an India Today (February, 2016) report, around 200 million people were provided with work under MGNREGA. The present study focuses upon 18 select Indian states’ work demand pattern under MGNREGA. Each state chosen under study has a specific geographic location, weather pattern, economy and population. Month wise data (secondary in nature) of work demand (in terms of number of persons) for years 2012-13, 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2015-16 for all the selected 18 states have been considered for the analysis. The research hypothesis states that there were no differences between four years’ work demand pattern for each state. The result varied significantly: twelve states had no significant differences between four years’ work demand pattern, while six states had significant differences between four years’ work demand pattern. The research outcome explains that every state has a unique work demand pattern and the work demand pattern varies depending upon factors such as weather system of the state, other available employment opportunities, poor implementation at Panchayat (village governing body) level and low awareness amongst rural people. The research outcome could help government to understand the varying nature of work demand in each state in each month. The research revelations could also assist government to improve its promotion and implementation policies to promote MGNREGA differently in those states facing work demand inconsistencies.

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KADIYA S., PARASHAR S., VATAVWALA S. 2016, WORK DEMAND PATTERN ANALYSIS FOR MGNREGA: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO 18 INDIAN STATES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 307-316.

YIELDS IN IRRIGATED AND NON-IRRIGATED SYSTEMS. CASE STUDY BRAILA COUNTY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Elisabeta ROŞU, Ion DONA

The climate changes represent constraining factors for crops growth and development. The progressive warming of the atmosphere, resulting from the synergic action of several natural and anthropic factors, has contributed to the diminution of rainfall at soil level. The irrigation of crops, a technique by which the soil is directly supplied with a supplementary water input, besides the water received naturally, is absolutely necessary in the conditions of arid weather. The present study refers to the influence of the climate changes and the need for irrigations in Braila county, a county with a high agricultural potential, but also to the yields obtained on the main crops in irrigated and non-irrigated systems. In the period 2006-2015, the effective utilization of agricultural areas equipped with irrigation systems was maximum 33%, while in the years 2006 and 2010 respectively, the utilization degree was under 15%. In all the investigated crops, the average yields per hectare obtained under irrigated system were higher than those obtained under non-irrigated system.

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ROŞU E., DONA I. 2017, YIELDS IN IRRIGATED AND NON-IRRIGATED SYSTEMS. CASE STUDY BRAILA COUNTY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 357-362.

ZEA MAIS EVERTA FUNDULEA 625 – HEALTH - INCOME

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Olimpia PANDIA, Ion SĂRĂCIN, Ștefania Eliza TĂNASIE

After the wheat culture, the corn is on the second place as the most important cereal plant, having the benefits resulted from grains consumption and being a medicinal remedy for certain diseases or for the completion of the necessary essential amino-acids for our organism. The paper presents the crop technology of the pop corn crop on the sandy soil from the western part of Oltenia, its importance as a food crop, determination on expansion degree at different moistures and temperatures for the wide consumption capitalization.

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Olimpia PANDIA, Ion SĂRĂCIN, Ștefania Eliza TĂNASIE 2015, ZEA MAIS EVERTA FUNDULEA 625 – HEALTH - INCOME. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 205-208.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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