THE IMPACT OF THE EUROPEAN FUNDS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RURAL AREA. CASE STUDY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Andrei Radu IOVA, Daniela CREȚU

The paper presents a study of accessing the European funds by the companies in the private sector, aiming to the impact of their implementation on their own economic activity and on the studied locality. The content of this study was elaborated starting from and considering exclusively the information provided on the basis of a questionnaire which included 12 questions, on a sample formed of 18 private beneficiaries of the SAPARD funds and/or EARDF. The research objectives were: to identify the main sources of information on the European funds; the main sources of co-financing of the private beneficiaries; the appreciation by the beneficiaries of the manner of submitting projects and identifying the satisfaction degree regarding their mechanism of implementation; analyzing the impact that these projects had on the direct and indirect beneficiaries. The impact of using grants on the labor market is particularly favorable. This is demonstrated by the results of the survey: more than half (53.6%) of those questioned said that following the investment, more than 3 jobs were created.

[Read full article] [Citation]

IOVA A.R., CREȚU D. 2017, THE IMPACT OF THE EUROPEAN FUNDS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RURAL AREA. CASE STUDY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 187-192.

THE IMPACT OF THE EXCHANGE RATE ON TRADE IN AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS AS A COMPONENT PART OF THE BALANCE OF FOREIGN PAYMENTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Elena NIREAN

The purpose of this paper is to determine and analyze the impact of the exchange rate on trade in agri food products and finally, on the payments balance of the Republic of Moldova. In order to achieve the intended purpose there will be performed a correlation between the evolution of the balance of payments and the exchange rate, which is explained by the fact that when the volume of exports is higher than that of imports and, therefore the trade balance is positive or excesses the domestic one, there will be a larger supply of foreign currency on the market and the national currency will register a trend of its appreciation. Instead, the competitiveness of domestic products will reduce because they will become more expensive. In the research process there was used the method of induction, initially by general information about the exchange rate and balance of foreign payments, about its structure, and subsequently there was used the analysis of concrete data on trade in agri food products and the balance of payments as well as the dynamics of the national currency depreciation. Having applied the method of deduction it was concluded that under a deficient trade balance, when imports exceed exports, there will be an increase in the demand for foreign currency, the national currency will depreciate and domestic goods will be cheaper, which means more competitive. Statistical data and the calculations show a depreciation of the national currency in recent years, due to the superposition of three major events: the depreciation of national currencies from the region; the reduction of the currency supply as a result of a reduction of exports, remittances and foreign direct investments; the increase in demand for foreign currency as a result of the withdrawal of the capital from the country.

[Read full article] [Citation]

NIREAN E. 2016, THE IMPACT OF THE EXCHANGE RATE ON TRADE IN AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS AS A COMPONENT PART OF THE BALANCE OF FOREIGN PAYMENTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 167-176.

THE IMPLICATIONS OF TERRORIST ATTACKS OVER TOURISM IN ROMANIA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Liviu MĂRCUȚĂ, Maria STOIAN, Cristina TINDECHE, Alina MĂRCUȚĂ

We live in a world where globalization is increasingly spoken about and its role in the development of humanity, where local economies and social groups have become the exponents of a dynamic system, being interconnected through communications, transport and commerce. All these elements have made humanity a very complex system, but vulnerable due to the economic, technological, socio-cultural, political and biological factors that contributed to the emergence of asymmetric threats to global security. One of these threats is terrorism. This paper proposes an analysis of the effects that terrorist attacks have had on the European Union tourism, given the large and increasing number of these attacks. Tourism offers the opportunity to visit, discover, know, observe how other civilizations live, is an important engine of the economy, but at the same time it is very sensitive to events that can affect personal safety. Thus, after taking over the statistical data on tourist traffic, data provided by Eurostat and the National Institute of Statistics in Bucharest, we analyzed and interpreted this information, which gave us some conclusions regarding the way in which the terrorist attacks affected the personal safety of tourists and how they influenced their choices.

[Read full article] [Citation]

MĂRCUȚĂ L., STOIAN M., TINDECHE C., MĂRCUȚĂ A. 2018, THE IMPLICATIONS OF TERRORIST ATTACKS OVER TOURISM IN ROMANIA AND THE EUROPEAN UNION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 231-238.

THE IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE’S EXTENSION IN THE ARAB REPUBLIC OF IRAQ

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Abdulmuttaleb Abbas SALIH, Hussein Ali Hussein AL-QAESI, Mohammed Dhary YOUSIF

The study is situated in the field of agriculture and the main subject is extension of agriculture in Iraq, within the context of creating a clear vision of the current status of agriculture in Iraq, by comparison regarding crop and agricultural areas with neighbouring countries such as Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Syria. Given the fact that extension is a multidisciplinary function, an educational, political and organizational instrument, several factors will be taken into account, such as the population of Iraq, since it is important to evaluate the efficiency of the agricultural production regarding meeting local needs and not being depended on imported food. The Iraqi educational system will also be considered a factor of extension, which is why a section will be dedicated to it, also the practical activities of society are considered important since they lead to the drafting and implementation of policies that are able to help the development of agriculture and at the same time respect the environment, health and quality of food.

[Read full article] [Citation]

SALIH A.A., AL-QAESI H.A.H., YOUSIF M.D. 2016, THE IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE’S EXTENSION IN THE ARAB REPUBLIC OF IRAQ. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 9-18.

THE IMPORTANCE OF LOCAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE SUPPORT OF INVESTMENT ACTIVITY OF FARMS (THE CASE OF POLAND)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Dariusz KUSZ

The institutional environment is an essential component of agriculture, an important determinant of performance and the transformation of the sector. Lack of certain institutions, or their weakness is a serious barrier to structural transformation and the modernization of agriculture. A special role in these transformations perform local institutions, which by direct contact with the farmer can effectively interact with the processes taking place in farms. Especially in investing activities associated with significant risk, institutional support is extremely helpful for farmers. The aim of the study is to identify the role of local institutions in the process of investing activities supporting farms in Poland. It was found that the most intense are the relations of farmers with local institutions conducive to the absorption of EU funds. A dominant role in Poland, in this respect, is carried out by public agricultural advisory.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Dariusz KUSZ 2014, THE IMPORTANCE OF LOCAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE SUPPORT OF INVESTMENT ACTIVITY OF FARMS (THE CASE OF POLAND). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 141-152.

THE IMPORTANCE OF THE GUESTHOUSES IN THE TOURISM OF THE BRASOV COUNTY, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Mircea Adrian GRIGORAS, Agatha POPESCU, Brîndușa Antonia GRIGORAȘ

The paper analyzed the tourism indicators in the Brasov County in terms of tourist inflow and accommodation capacity pointing out the importance of agro-tourist and tourist guesthouses in the period 2007-2016, based on the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics and also estimated the forecast for 2017-2021 horizon. The tourism indicators was calculated according their formulas, and their dynamics was assessed using the index method and average growth rate. The tourism offer in the Brasov County registered a high development in terms of accommodation capacity. In 2017, there were 955 tourist accommodation units, of which 69.73 % guesthouse and 29,811 places, of which 65.02 % in guesthouses. The number of places in agro-tourist guesthouses had a higher dynamics than in the tourist guesthouses. The tourist inflow doubled its figure in 2016, accounting for 1,114,395 visitors in 2016, of which 83.07 % were Romanian tourists. The number of Romanian visitors increased more than 2 times, while the number of foreigners by 71.4 %. Of the total number of visitors, 26.51 % were accommodated in guesthouses. The number of visitors accommodated in agro-tourist guesthouses was 2.58 times higher in agrotourist guesthouses and 2 times higher in tourist guesthouses. The overnight stays recorded an ascending trend, accounting for 2,213,002 in the year 2016, of which 12.89 % in agro-tourist guesthouses and 14.15 % in tourist guesthouses. About 85 % of overnight stays in guesthouses belong to the Romanian tourists. The length of stay has declined to 1.98 days at the county level, but a little highe 2.13 days in agro-tourist guesthouses. The tourism density doubled its figure, accounting for 2.02 tourist/inhabitant. The occupancy rate was in average 21.40 % at the county level, but lower in the guesthouses. Tourism will continue its development in the Brasov County, and in 2021, it was expected to receive 1.43 million tourists, by 27.7 % more than in 2016, and the accommodation capacity to reach 36,683 places. The Brasov county is an example of high quality tourism, an area where guesthouses play an important role in the tourism market.

[Read full article] [Citation]

GRIGORAS M.A., POPESCU A., GRIGORAS B.A. 2018, THE IMPORTANCE OF THE GUESTHOUSES IN THE TOURISM OF THE BRASOV COUNTY, ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 201-212.

THE INFLEUENCE OF THE MINERAL AND ORGANIC FERTILIZERS ON SOIL REACTION IN THE APPLE TREE PLANTATION OF THE TIMISOARA DIDACTICAL STATION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Casiana MIHUȚ, Anișoara DUMA-COPCEA, Aurelia MIHUȚ

The purpose of this paper is to observe and reevaluate the influence mineral and organic fertilizers have on soil reaction. Various dosages of fertilizer have been applied, chemical as well as natural (manure) and comparisons were made regarding their influence, depending on the culture system (intensive and superintensive) without changing the dosage, but taking fruit tree density per hectare into account. Research in this paper was carried out on an experimental field at the Didactic Station of the U.A.S.V. M. B. in Timişoara during 2016-2017 and later in the research laboratories of the Departments of Soil Science and Agro-chemistry of the Faculty of Agriculture in Timişoara. The soil on which the experiment is placed, is a chernozem, moderate gleized cambic, weakly decarbonated, clayey, on medium fine loss layers. The experiment is polyfactorial, type 2 x 6: factor A – the crop system: a1 – the intensive system; a2 – the superintensive system. Factor B – doses of fertilizer. The experiment includes 12 alternatives. Each alternative includes 4 trees, between the alternatives have been left two trees for insolation, between the repetition have been left four trees. In conclusion, a slight soil acidifying was accounted for, with the intensive system as well as with the superintensive one, on applying a combination of mineral + organic fertilizers. Also, the soil pH shows lower values in both culture systems when a higher dosage of mineral fertilizer is applied.

[Read full article] [Citation]

MIHUȚ C., DUMA-COPCEA A., MIHUȚ A. 2018, THE INFLEUENCE OF THE MINERAL AND ORGANIC FERTILIZERS ON SOIL REACTION IN THE APPLE TREE PLANTATION OF THE TIMISOARA DIDACTICAL STATION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 253-256.

THE INFLUENCE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES ОN AGRICULTURAL LAND USE IN UKRAINE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Roman KURYLTSIV, Nadiya KRYSHENYK

The article deals with the implementation of the State Target Program on Ukrainian Village Development of Ukraine. The aim of the paper was to present the influence Ukrainian Village Development Programme 2007 – 2015 on agricultural land use taking into account its objectives. This topic is current in the context of the Village Development Programme 2007 – 2015 evaluation and search for effective tools for supporting agricultural land use. The results of research conducted in 2017 based on the data of Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine and Accounting Chamber of Ukraine are presented. During the period of the State Program, about a half part of the projected amount of funds was allocated from the budget on agricultural market development. Consequently, ineffective state management and limited budget funding did not contribute to the efficient use of agricultural land by rural areas and the achievement of the expected results of the Village Development Program.

[Read full article] [Citation]

KURYLTSIV R., KRYSHENYK N. 2018, THE INFLUENCE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES ОN AGRICULTURAL LAND USE IN UKRAINE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 211-218.

THE INFLUENCE OF THE PARAMETERS AND THE WORKING MODE ON THE QUALITY OF THE FINISHED PRODUCT IN THE MANUFACTURE OF SUGAR BISCUITS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by George MOISE

The paper studied the influence of the working parameters, the order of introduction of the ingredients in the dough and the way of working on the quality of the finished product in the production of sugar biscuits. The procedures for manufacturing, handling and packaging of sugar biscuits are described. The paper explains in general terms what the biscuit manufacturing involves from raw material dosing to the storage of the finished product. Sugar cookies have been designed to meet current market needs, consumers, and for this purposethey have specifications for product quality, packaging size, appearance, types and quantities of ingredients. These specifications define the limits and it is the task of the production department to ensure that only the biscuits that meet the specifications are packaged and sold. Any inappropriate product is eliminated in other ways and will represent a financial loss for the producing companies.

[Read full article] [Citation]

MOISE G. 2017, THE INFLUENCE OF THE PARAMETERS AND THE WORKING MODE ON THE QUALITY OF THE FINISHED PRODUCT IN THE MANUFACTURE OF SUGAR BISCUITS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 213-216.

THE LACTIC ACID BACTERIA AND YEAST EFFECT ON TOTAL BACTERIA, ACIDITY DEGREE AND WATER ACTIVITY OF CULLED LAYING HENS SALAMI

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Sofi M. SEMBOR, Roostita L. BALIA, Hendronoto A.W. LENGKEY, Lilis SURYANINGSIH

The research has been done in the Laboratory of Products Processing Technology - Faculty of Animal Husbandry - Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung. The research was conducted using culled Isa Brown laying hens, obtained from Private laying hens farm, Sumedang, West Java- Indonesia. The experiment method using Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replicates i.e. P0 = 2% Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) + 0% yeast, and without spices; P1 = 2% LAB and 1% yeast; P2 = 2% LAB and yeast 2%, P3 = 2% LAB and 3% yeast; P4 = 2 % LAB and 4% yeast, followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test. Results indicated that salami bacteria total, were significant difference decreased when the yeast percentage as starter increased : P0 (5.08 x 104cfu/g); P1 (5.06 x 104cfu/g); P2 (4,97 x 104cfu/g) ; P3 (4.93 x 104cfu/g) and P4 (4.91 x 104cfu/g). The salami average pH, on P0 = 5.39; P1 = 4.54; P2 = 4.37; P3 = 4,3 and P4 = 4.24, also decreased as the yeast increase. At last, the mean of salami water activity, on P0 = 0.986; P1 = 0.966; P2 = 0.959; R3 = 0.946 ; and P4 = 0.953. In general, the P4 treatment give the best culled laying hens salami.

[Read full article] [Citation]

SEMBOR S.M., BALIA R.L., LENGKEY H.A.W., SURYANINGSIH L. 2016, THE LACTIC ACID BACTERIA AND YEAST EFFECT ON TOTAL BACTERIA, ACIDITY DEGREE AND WATER ACTIVITY OF CULLED LAYING HENS SALAMI. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 309-314.


The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.
Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
Powered by INTEL TECH DEVELOPMENT.