DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN SELF HELP GROUP LED MICRO-FINANCING OF FARMS IN ISUIKWUATO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Chidozie Onyedikachi ANYIRO, Paschal Nnaemeka AJUKA,Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE, Ijeoma Esther ORJI

This research analyzed determinants of women’s participation in self help group-led micro-financing of farms in Isuikwuato Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to; determine the level of women’s participation in self help group led micro financing of farms; determine the factors that influence women’s participation in self help group micro financing of farms; identify constraints of women participation in self help group micro financing of farms in the study area. Multistage random sampling technique was employed in collecting data from one hundred and twenty (120) members of women self help group using structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, likert scale type and probit regression analysis. The research revealed that the women (respondents) actively participated in self help group meetings ( = 3.07), financial and material contributions (= 3.33), self help group project (= 3.36) and recruitment of fresh members (= 3.16), because their calculated means were greater than the critical midpoint mean score (3.0). The study also showed that the women did not participate in committee membership ( = 2.54) and holding of official executive position (= 2.53) in self help group since the midpoint score (3.0) was greater than their calculated mean values. The result of probit regression analysis showed that women’s participation in self help group led micro financing of farms was influenced by household size, years of membership experience, access to credit, primary occupation, mode of entry and annual contribution. The model predicted 94.69 per cent of the sample correctly and posted a log likelihood value of -33.54958, a pseudo R2value of 0.3013 and a goodness of fit chi-square value of 32.10 which is statistically significant at 1.0% level. Meanwhile irregular monthly contribution and loan default were the major constraints of women’s participation in self help group led micro financing of farms. It was recommended that leadership positions within self help groups should be made to rotate among the broad spectrum of longer serving members. This will ensure greater commitment to group success and sustenance by a greater number of members.

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Chidozie Onyedikachi ANYIRO, Paschal Nnaemeka AJUKA,Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE, Ijeoma Esther ORJI 2014, DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN SELF HELP GROUP LED MICRO-FINANCING OF FARMS IN ISUIKWUATO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 21-30.

DETERMINING THE NUMBER OF OCCUPIED PERSONS, NEEDED BY DAIRY CATTLE FARMS IN BULGARIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Tsvetana HARIZANOVA – METODIEVA, Nikola METODIEV

The aim of the study is to determine the number of occupied persons, needed by dairy cattle farms in Bulgaria. The information was collected through interview and the number of cows in the main herd, decares of arable land (own and rented) and the number of occupied persons, directly involved in the production process, were analyzed. A regression model was constructed with a confidence level of 95% using the Ordinary Least Squares Method. The regression model is as follows: L = C1.A + C2.D + C + a, where: L is natural logarithm of the the number of occupied persons, needed by dairy cattle farms; А is natural logarithm of the decares of arable land; D is natural logarithm of the number of dairy cows; C1 and C2 are the coefficients of the independent variables; С is a constant; a is an error of the regression. By replacing the constant and the coefficients with their theoretical values, it is obtained the following model: L = 0.067.A + 0.596.D - 1.386. The number of occupied persons could vary depending on the type of crops, the technology and the intensification of the production process. With the increase in the number of cows in the main herd and the amount of arable land, the number of occupied persons needed also increase. The constant in the regression model is a negative number (-1.386), which could be explained by better utilization of the working time: a major part of the occupied persons can perform activities related to dairy farming, and can also be included in forage production. It could be concluded that for a farm with 20 cows and 20 decares of arable land, the theoretical number of occupied persons is 1.8. A farm with 100 cows and 100 decares of arable land needs an average of 5.3 workers, but the number can vary between 3.8 and 6.8 workers. In a farm with 150 dairy cows and 3,000 decares of arable land needs an average of 8.5 workers. The combination of forage production and dairy cattle production leads to optimization of the number of occupied persons needed.

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HARIZANOVA-METODIEVA T., METODIEV N. 2016, DETERMINING THE NUMBER OF OCCUPIED PERSONS, NEEDED BY DAIRY CATTLE FARMS IN BULGARIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 149-152.

DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN TELEORMAN COUNTY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Sabina VITALIA

This article presents the synthesis of a research project which aims the diagnostic analysis of sustainable development in Teleorman county. The work methods used in this study consist of: analysis of resources, definition of rural territory, the global analysis of the indicators and SWOT analysis. Also, based on the documentation, it was intended: to analyse the existing county development and planning,to highlight the main issues and priorities, to suggest territorial development ideas on the short and medium term of the main objectives, to correlate the suitable territorial landscaping projects with the county development and sectorial policies. Following the global analysis of the key socio - economic indicators in Teleorman county, compared to the Southern - Muntenia part of the county that it belongs to, it is found that they are below the regional average . Given the geographic positioning of Teleorman county near the capital and especially its location next to the Danube River and the powerful enterprises in the area, there are chances for Teleorman county to get out of Romania’s poorest counties list by investing both in the development of these old dating enterprises and also in Teleorman’s major asset, the agro-tourism.

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VITALIA S. 2016, DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN TELEORMAN COUNTY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 367-376.

Differences in the attachment to agricultural land properties between former collectivized and non-collectivized communities in Romania

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 12 ISSUE 4
Written by Maria ARDELEANU, Birgit ELANDS, Rosalie VAN DAM

Physical, structural and social transformations during the period of collectivisation in Romania call for the need of understanding how these transformations have affected people’s attachment to their agricultural land properties (ALP). By studying the functional and emotional attachments of a former collectivized and a non-collectivized community, this paper addresses how people in the two communities nowadays are attached to the ALP’s and, if there are differences, to what extend these differences are related to the former collectivisation process It has been found that people in both communities are attached to the land both functionally, through social and economic benefits, and emotionally through various feelings such as feelings of identity, passion and indifference, but to a different extent. As a final conclusion, in the former collectivized rural areas, people are less attached to the agricultural land properties compared with the people in the non-collectivized rural areas and these differences can be linked to the transformations triggered by the former collectivisation process.

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Ardelean M., Elands B., Van Dam R., 2012, Differences in the attachment to agricultural land properties between former collectivized and non-collectivized communities in Romania. Scientific Papers Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development”, Vol. 12 ISSUE 4, ISSN-L 2247-3572, 3-8.

 

DIVERSITY AND THE MAIN ECOLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE EPIGEIC SPECIES OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS IN THE SIBIU COUNTY, IN THE YEARS 2013-2014

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Cristina STANCA-MOISE

Epigeous insects in the “Dumbrava Sibiului” oak forest were captured between 2013-2014. From April to September in each year. 12 traps were installed in a circle 147 individuals collected belonged to 28 species and 6 families: Carabidae – 14 species (50.0%), 187 individuals (77.37 %), Staphylinidae – 7 species (25.0 %), 15 individuals (6.17 %), Silphidae – 3 species (10.72 %), 29 individuals (11.93 %), Elateridae – 1 species (3.51 %), 1 individual (0.41 % ), Scarabaeidae – 2 species (7.14 %), 8 individuals (3.29 %), Forficulidae – 1 species (3.51 %), 2 individuals (0.82 %)). Also, we presented in tables the ecological requirements of the species of Carabidae collected, the variation of their relative abundance and the structure of dominance Composition of species corresponded to communities from drier forms of irregularly flooded the floodplain forests with decreased level of ground water, known from Central Europe.

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Cristina STANCA-MOISE 2014, DIVERSITY AND THE MAIN ECOLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE EPIGEIC SPECIES OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS IN THE SIBIU COUNTY, IN THE YEARS 2013-2014 . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 323-326.

DURABLE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITIES UNDER ANALYSIS OF THE POTENTIAL OF WORKFORCE FROM AGRICULTURE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Corina CRUCERU

This work represents a studio for 5 years in the analyze of the potential of workforce from agriculture in the context of the durable development of communities. The aim of this survey is presenting the importance , of the agricultural-food sector, by the agency of indicators economic efficient. In the context of the rural development there are many resources which help this mechanism to function. One of the most important resources is the workforce, which influences the existent human capital, the quantity and the quality of this. There are many problems in this domain, which are: the efficient usage of workforce, of productivity and the growth of income, actual facts.

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Corina CRUCERU 2015, DURABLE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITIES UNDER ANALYSIS OF THE POTENTIAL OF WORKFORCE FROM AGRICULTURE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 49-52.

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS IN VEGETABLE SECTOR OF ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Elena SOARE, Iuliana DOBRE, Livia DAVID

This paper emphasizes the main tendency in the vegetables field of Romania by examining economic indicators. The aim is to find the ability of the Romanian market to provide the necessary with vegetables. In order to answer to the question was analyzed total area, total production, average production, average prices, average consumption, import and export. The analysis was made for the period 2011-2015. The obtained results show a diminishing of indicators.

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SOARE E., DOBRE I., DAVID L. 2016, ECONOMIC ANALYSIS IN VEGETABLE SECTOR OF ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 333-338.

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SELECTED OPTIONS OF STRAW USE DEPENDING ON HARVESTING TECHNOLOGY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Lukasz KUTA, Izabela GOLAB

Post-harvest straw deserves particular attention among agricultural raw materials. It can be intended for sale, applied as litter material in animal husbandry or used in field fertilization. To a lesser extent it can be used for fodder production, covering mounds of roots and tubers and the production of insulation materials in horticulture and building construction. Using surplus straw directly for energy generation, including production of pellets and briquettes, should also be considered rational. Several applications were analyzed. The main purpose of the research is to determine the profitability level of winter wheat cultivation and of energy use of the straw obtained. Among others, they included situations in which obtained straw was used in the production of pellets, in fertilization after prior grinding and mixing with manure or used for direct sale. For our calculations, the costs/ha of wheat cultivation and then straw collection were estimated. The comparative analysis of various options of wheat straw utilization shows the highest profitability in the option of selling the straw and mineral fertilization.

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Lukasz KUTA, Izabela GOLAB 2014, ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SELECTED OPTIONS OF STRAW USE DEPENDING ON HARVESTING TECHNOLOGY . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 117-122.

ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ASPECTS OF ACTIVITY IN S. C. "AL THEO & DEA" S. R. L. - SALCIA COMMON, TELEORMAN COUNTY (2011 – 2013)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragos Mihai MEDELETE

The unit was established in 2006, with the object of "Growing of cereals (except rice), leguminous crops and oil seeds plant" - CAEN code 0111 from 02.08.2006. Formation of the company was based on the association of two persons, Romanian citizens, which constituted a legal entity as a limited liability company. The declared company's office is located in the village of Salcia, County Teleorman, which may establish subsidiaries, as required by law. Life of the society is one unlimited share capital was 200 lei (by 50% for each partner), increase or reduce the capital and its transmission can be achieved in concrete terms stipulated in the articles of established. The company has various equipment (tractors, combines, various machinery, storage, etc.) that have experienced an upward trend - both in numbers and in terms of value - during the analyzed period (2011-2013).

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Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragos Mihai MEDELETE 2014, ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ASPECTS OF ACTIVITY IN S. C. "AL THEO & DEA" S. R. L. - SALCIA COMMON, TELEORMAN COUNTY (2011 – 2013) . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 231-238.

ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ASPECTS OF ACTIVITY IN SC "AGRO ANCA" SRL, RO.IORII DE VEDE, COUNTY TELEORMAN (2011-2012)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragos Mihai MEDELETE

The unit was established in 2008, with the object of activity "permanent cultivation of plants" - NACE Code 011 principal activity "Growing of cereals (except rice), leguminous crops and oil seeds plant". Besides main activity - growing of cereals and other crops, the company may carry on business as a secondary objective: wholesale of grain, seeds feed; Growing of vegetables, horticultural specialties and greenhouse products; cultivation of fruits, nuts, beverage and spice plants; cattle; sheep, goats, horses, asses, mules and donkeys; pig breeding; poultry; Raising of other animals; activities (mixed farming of crops combined with farming of animals); service activities related to agriculture, gardening landscaping (landscape architecture); animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities; fisheries; fish; mill products; manufacture of starch and starch products; manufacture of bread, fresh pastry production; road transport of goods; Agricultural machinery and equipment rental; import-export, etc. . The company is part of the Cooperative "VEDEA ROSIORI" - agricultural cooperative whose operating rules are set out in the Statute.

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Radu Lucian PÂNZARU, Dragos Mihai MEDELETE 2014, ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ASPECTS OF ACTIVITY IN SC "AGRO ANCA" SRL, RO.IORII DE VEDE, COUNTY TELEORMAN (2011-2012) . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 239-246.


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