ARNICA MONTANA L. AS A MEDICINAL CROP SPECIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Camelia SAVA SAND

The increased demands on the market for pharmaceutical plants from the wild put a high pressure for their future conservation and therefore they need protection. Thus, species such as Arnica montana L well known for their medicinal effects in a range of human diseases became for long time a target for being collected from the wild. Still, since 1977 the species is declared as nature monument and later on it is protected under the current legislative framework for nature protection. However the transfer of the plant into the crop filed my further support the access to this genetic resource without any harm on the wild species. The scope of this article is to analyse if Arnica montana may change the profile of volatile oil if it is transferred from the wild into the crop field. Based on morphometry and biochemical analysis it can be considered that arnica may become a medicinal crop plant as no changes in their volatile oil composition was observed.

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Camelia SAVA SAND 2015, ARNICA MONTANA L. AS A MEDICINAL CROP SPECIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 303-308.

ASPECTS AND TRENDS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ROMANIA'S EGG MARKET

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The purpose of the paper was to analyze the main aspects and trends in the EU an Romania's egg market based on the Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics data. The dynamics of laying hens, egg production, consumption, price and trade have been the main indicators analyzed in this study pointing out the problems in the Romanian egg market and the differences compared to the EU market mainly regarding egg price. The EU egg market is facing with a relatively stable egg production, 90 % intra-EU export, 20 % extra-EU imports, a slight decline of the egg price, but large variations from a country to another. The egg sector is subsidized in almost all the EU countries, except Romania. This helps the breeders from the subsidized countries to have a smaller production cost and a high economic efficiency selling at a higher price. The EU egg trade balance is a positive one, the EU being one of the most important egg producer and exporter in the world. In Romania, the laying hen number and egg production declined because of high price for farm inputs, the movement from the cage system to the barn and free range systems. to reduce production cost. Egg price has increased, but it is not at the average EU level, being influenced by seasonality of production and offer/demand ratio. Egg price declines in the warm season when production is higher, and increases in the fall-winter season when production is lower but the demand is higher. The inflow of imports determine Romanian producers to reduce the selling price. Romania's egg trade balance is still a positive one, but the imports have an increasing trend. This situation imposes a new strategy at the EU level to assure a loyal competition among all the producers, and to export more eggs to the extra-EU countries and assure a better consumer protection. In Romania, the Government must allot subsidies to support the egg sector, and the breeders must pay attention to egg quality, production cost and intensify export.

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POPESCU A. 2018, ASPECTS AND TRENDS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ROMANIA'S EGG MARKET. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 357-370.

ASPECTS IN THE TRADE OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Ion CERTAN, Simion CERTAN

Wishing to achieve economic integration in the European Union's internal market in 2013, the Republic of Moldova authorities signed and launched the Association Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States. This objective is explicitly stated in the "g" paragraph of Article 1, paragraph 2, which aims to "create favourable conditions for improving economic and trade relations, the ultimate goal of which is the gradual integration of the Republic of Moldova into the EU internal market ... including through the establishment of a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade areas ... in accordance with the rights and obligations arising from the WTO Membership of the Parties and the transparent application of these rights and obligations ... ". Of course, the export of agri-food products from the Republic of Moldova to the markets of the 28-member states of the European Union differs. Undoubtedly, this situation encouraged us to initiate this modest study on the impact of Moldovan partners on foreign trade in agri-food products, hoping to suggest some proposals for selecting those that would contribute to increasing efficiency and improving the competitiveness of the agricultural sector in the national economy.

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CERTAN I., CERTAN S. 2018, ASPECTS IN THE TRADE OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 85-92.

ASPECTS OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN BRAȘOV COUNTY WITH A SPECIAL LOOK AT THE PERIOD 2015-2016

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Daniela-Mirela PLEȘOIANU, Cristiana SANDU, Agatha POPESCU

As a branch of touris, cultural tourism has seen a tremendous development and diversification, both at European and international level, as a result of political and economic opening in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe on the one hand and, on the other, due to the competition between the countries with old traditions in this form of tourism. The purpose of the paper was to point out that cultural tourism remains one of the most important forms of tourism practiced in Brasov city and county, which contributes both to the economic development of the area and to a better knowledge of the Romanian values in general both within the country and at international level. The data were provided by Brașov County Council, the Brașov County Development Strategy 2007 - 2013, and National Institute of Statistics, Brașov branch. They were processed and converted into tables, graphs and then interpreted and analyzed. Of the total tourist accommodation units in operation, the hotels occupied 42.7%, agrotourism pensions 20.9%, tourist pensions 18.1%, tourist villas 5.9%, tourist cottages 4.0%, hostels 4%, motels 2.5%, campings 1.4%, and other types of reception structures 1.1%. As a result of 771 tourist activities, it is noticed that the number of tourists arrived in September 2016 was 108,308 persons, of which 83,299 Romanian tourists (76.9%), and 25,009 nonresident tourists (23.1%). In January-September 827,574 tourists (82.4% Romanians and 17.6% foreigners) recorded a 10.3% increase compared to January-September 2015. Regarding the origin of the tourists, the most numerous are from Germany, 1,006, registered in March 2016, followed by Spain, with 816 and Israel, 793. The least numerous come from Russia, arriving especially during the winter holidays.

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PLEȘOIANU D.M., SANDU C., POPESCU A. 2017, ASPECTS OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN BRAȘOV COUNTY WITH A SPECIAL LOOK AT THE PERIOD 2015-2016. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 287-294.

ASPECTS OF GENDER EQUALITY IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Adina Magdalena IORGA

The article aims to highlight the discrepancies in the education, employment and income of men and women in Romania during the period between 2008-2016. We analyzed the main indicators of gender equality provided by statistical surveys such as schooling levels, employment rates of the working age population, unemployment rate, wage income by gender, age, residence. The study of the evolution of these indicators showcases the accentuation of structural differences that maintain and perpetuate gender inequality.

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IORGA A.M. 2018, ASPECTS OF GENDER EQUALITY IN ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 259-264.

ASPECTS OF GENDER EQUALITY WITHIN DOMESTIC LIFE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Adina Magdalena IORGA

Gender equality within private life defines a family and social model of development in which the rights and responsibilities of individuals are not influenced by their birth as male or female but by egalitarian interaction in terms of making the maximum out of their own potential. In the social construction of genders (be it male or female), the family background and social environment in which character develops has a significant role. The research aims to identify students' perceptions of USAMV Bucuresti on the attributes of a happy marriage and alternative forms of family structures, the perception that respondents have related to domestic work and the responsibilities of each member regarding its implementation. The research results reveal the option of switching the marital kind of rational criteria (money, property) to the psycho-affective and relational type. In the distribution of domestic activities a primal role is manifested through the distribution of work on gender criteria.

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Adina Magdalena IORGA 2015, ASPECTS OF GENDER EQUALITY WITHIN DOMESTIC LIFE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 125-130.

ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL TOURISM - FARMERS’ MARKETS AND FARM VISITS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Mirela CĂRĂTUȘ STANCIU

Agriculture is an essential component of sustainable food tourism and there are numerous benefits to a broad range of stakeholders that can be derived from enhancing and sustaining agriculture-tourism linkages in this context. The potential to contribute to rural development and sustainable livelihoods, support for the agricultural and artisan food sectors and reduced economic leakage in the tourism sector are just a few of the potential positive outcomes. Tourists also benefit through the opportunity to experience authentic local culture and heritage, and engage in a meaningful way with local producers and suppliers. Agrotourism differs from food tourism in that agrotourism is inherently rural, while food tourism is predominantly urban, but can be rural as well. The paper shows the role of farmers’ markets and farm visits like parts of sustainable tourism.

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Mirela CĂRĂTUȘ STANCIU 2015, ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL TOURISM - FARMERS’ MARKETS AND FARM VISITS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 15-20.

ASPECTS REGARDING REQUIREMENTS OF THE RAPESEED CULTURE TOWARDS THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. CASE STUDY: THE IALOMIȚA COUNTY, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Dana Maria CONSTANTIN (OPREA), Elena GRIGORE, Elena BOGAN, Marina Aurelia ANTONESCU

Being a plant specific to the temperate climate with mild winters, cool and humid summers, the rapeseed is currently one of the world’s most important oil plant species, being cultivated for its oil rich seeds. The main purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between climatic conditions and the rapeseed culture for the time interval 1990 – 2013, in the context of the climate changes. The analysis was based on the climate data collected from the meteorological stations from Urziceni, Grivița and Slobozia, on the data regarding the rape cultivated area and production in the territory of the Ialomița County. The research was carried out in the Southern Romania, in the second favorability degree area for the rapeseed culture. With the help of the analyzed data, the variability in time and space of the rapeseed culture in relation with the climatic conditions has been highlighted.

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CONSTANTIN (OPREA) D.M., GRIGORE E., BOGAN E., ANTONESCU M.A. 2018, ASPECTS REGARDING REQUIREMENTS OF THE RAPESEED CULTURE TOWARDS THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. CASE STUDY: THE IALOMIȚA COUNTY, ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 131-134.

ASPECTS REGARDING THE LIVING STANDARD OF THE RURAL POPULATION IN THE SOUTH MUNTENIA REGION OF DEVELOPMENT, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Ionut Daniel PETRE

The study had the purpose to analyze the evolution of the rural population and its living standard in the South Muntenia region in the period 2007-2016. The data were collected from the National Institute of Statistics and the fixed basis index and comparison method were used to establish the evolution of the following indicators: rural population, rural population dealing with agriculture, human resource, civil occupied population, GDP and GDP/inhabitant, average monthly income and expense per household, and poverty rate. The results showed that rural population represents 58 % of the region population, and is in a continuous decline due to the low birth rate, high mortality rate and migration. Most of the people work in agriculture. The living standard is low as GDP/capita, average income and expense per household are much lower than the average in the country. In this context, the authorities both at the national and local level should establish a corresponding strategy for the sustainable development of the South Muntenia region for improving the living standard of the local population.

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PETRE I.D. 2018, ASPECTS REGARDING THE LIVING STANDARD OF THE RURAL POPULATION IN THE SOUTH MUNTENIA REGION OF DEVELOPMENT, ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 319-328.

ASPECTS REGARDING THE PHYTOSANITARY SITUATION OF AN UNTENDED APPLE ORCHARD

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Maria TĂNASE

Romania, an European country in which pomiculture is of a main significance, especially from an economic point of view, is well represented by a diversity of species, amongst which the apple (Malus domestica) plays a significant role when it comes to quality production and thus economic profit. This paper aims to look at the main harming agents of the apple at the Rusciori Farm, a plantation where the apple cannot turn its genetic production material to advantage, given the interference of multiple restrictive factors, especially vegetal and animal pests that cause significant damage, thus leading to a qualitative and quantitive decrease in production due to the deterioration of the commercial aspect of the fruit. The main pathogens for apples are those that produce mycoses; and amongst mycoses the most wide-spread ones are mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha Ell. and Ev. Salm), scab disease (Venturia inequalis Cooke Wint.), brown fruit rots (Monilinia fructigena Honey) and twig cankers (Nectria galligena Bres.); all of them causing significant damage under favorable environmental conditions. Although the orchard in the present study is in decline, not all trees show obvious aging signs, therefore a total land clearing does not come into question. This paper attempts to suggest efficient solutions for prelonging the age of those trees that still promise economic productivity.

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TĂNASE M. 2016, ASPECTS REGARDING THE PHYTOSANITARY SITUATION OF AN UNTENDED APPLE ORCHARD. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 369-374.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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