ANALYSIS ON THE GRANTING OF DIRECT PAYMENTS IN ROMANIA AND BULGARIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU, Valentina Constanța TUDOR, Marius Mihai MICU, Ana Ruxandra MICU

Both Romania and Bulgaria, the 2014-2020 period is probably a defining period in the country's development, particularly agriculture, taking into account the Commission's intention to abandon the granting of payments in agriculture, after 2020. So, time is critical and highly sensitive, being the last chance to reduce major differences compared to other countries, them benefited from such support on a much higher period than countries new entrants disfavored them up to a large extent thereon. It also represents a tremendous help of direct payments to farmers, contributing to their living standards and continuing their activities in agriculture. This paper seeks to highlight the need for support in agriculture so that by processing the statistical data it can be concluded that in both countries, even after the passing of seven years, regarding the first programming period, the situations are not solved completely, so these measures should be further enforced to help farmers

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DUMITRU E.A., TUDOR V.C., MICU A.R., MICU M.M. 2017, ANALYSIS ON THE GRANTING OF DIRECT PAYMENTS IN ROMANIA AND BULGARIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 117-122.

ANALYSIS REGARDING THE DIRECT PAYMENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU, Valentina Constanța TUDOR, Ana Ruxandra MICU, Marius Mihai MICU

Direct payments to European farmers through the common agricultural policy are extremely important to them. The CAP has undergone countless changes over time and has been modified in the circumstances. Lately, the focus has been mainly on decoupled support, to the detriment of coupled support and rumours across the European Union as to whether it would be the last time they would assist by direct payments to farmers, fueling farmers' anxiety in especially those from countries have recently joined the European Union. Financing the agricultural sector is a necessity and a future, as the reduction of the CAP budget after 2020 is not a viable solution in this respect, which will lead to a decline in all aspects of the sector. The statistical processing of data provided by the European Commission demonstrates, among other things, the defamation of the most recent countries that have joined the European Union, such as Bulgaria or Romania, but especially Croatia.

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DUMITRU E.A., TUDOR V.C., MICU A.R., MICU M.M. 2017, ANALYSIS REGARDING THE DIRECT PAYMENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 113-116.

ANALYZING THE EFFECTIVE FACTORS IN REDUCING APPLE WASTES IN WEST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3
Written by Hazhar PANAH, Loghman RASHIDPOUR, Soleiman RASOULIAZAR

Apple crop is one of the most important products in exports and foreign currency arrival. In addition, this crop has very high value added inside the country in processing terms. Therefore, studying apple wastes and analyzing wastes reducing methods will have special importance. Therefore; the present research was conducted in descriptive-survey methodology to study the effective factors on lowering apple wastes in West Azarbaijan Province in Iran. The statistical population of the research included all apple growers in West Azarbaijan Province (N=35,000). The size of samples in the research has been assessed in Cochran formula (n=149). The samples were taken in classes and simple random type. The field information in the research was collected by questionnaires. The validity of questionnaire was confirmed by the supervisor and advisor professors and the relevant field experts. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by Cronbach Alfa coefficient (83%). The data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential methods (percent, mean, correlation coefficient and regression analysis) by using SPSS statistical software. Findings showed significant relations with one percent error level between reducing apple wastes and educational, technical, transportation, support-governmental, marketing and production factors variables. The results of regression analysis showed the sum of educational, technical, transportation, support-governmental, marketing and production factors variables constituted approximately 46 percent of the research dependent variable; that is, reducing apple wastes.

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PANAH H., RASHIDPOUR L., RASOULIAZAR S. 2018, ANALYZING THE EFFECTIVE FACTORS IN REDUCING APPLE WASTES IN WEST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 317-324.

ANTHROPIC IMPACT STUDIES ON THE AGROCHEMICAL QUALITY CONDITION OF THE SOIL

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Mariana BURCEA

The quality of the soil cover due to the use of various agricultural technologies is the subject of this study. The large number of agricultural technological works that are executed under the conventional technologies can reduce the natural soil fertility by modifying the soil agrochemical indicators. These negative phenomena have led to the emergence and development of the concept called "system of agricultural works for soil conservation" [8], according to which the system of works needs to maintain or improve the productive potential of the soil. The paper presents the results of the researches carried out in order to know the effect caused by the long application of the various soil cultivation systems, on the chernozem type of Baragan Plain, soil with very high fertility potential, where the humus content is on average 3.8%. Having as comparison base the classical soil cultivation technology performed by classic plowing (conventional soil tillage), at a depth of 22 cm, various variants with low soil works were taken into consideration, namely the replacement of classical works with disc or chisel works (conservative soil tillage).

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BURCEA M. 2018, ANTHROPIC IMPACT STUDIES ON THE AGROCHEMICAL QUALITY CONDITION OF THE SOIL. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 109-114.

APPLICATION OF THE FUNGIC FORMULATION ARTHROBOTRIS OLIGOSPORA AGAINST THE NEMATODE DITYLENCHUS DESTRUCTOR

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by György SZABÓ

In the year 2008 we started to use a microbiological product based on hyperparasite fungi, named Arthrobotris oligospora against nematodes, on several crops such as potatoes, carrots, parsley, knowing that this pests cause significant damages. We resorted to biological control, seeing as chemical control can be expensive. The purpose of the paper was the monitoring of and the decrease in the rate of the infestation caused by the nematode Ditylencus destructor from 43.2 % to 1.4%. Following application of the microbiological product in various quantities both in autumn and in spring, we reached an optimum dosage during the vegetative stage. The differentiated application of the microbiological product both in autumn, 1.5 kg and in spring, 1.5 kg led to the desired outcome. Based on the results obtained we concluded that in autumn, the product applied against nematodes has enough time to develop and infiltrate the soil to have the desired effect, i.e. capturing nematodes. This can actually be observed in the yield, when for a dose of 1.5 kg fungus / ha applied in the autumn, we obtain a healthy crop of 25.8 to/ha, and for 1.5 kg fungus /ha applied in the spring we obtain a healthy crop of 19.9 to/ ha. When using the fungus, the soil is not chemically loaded and it doesn’t present after-effects from other crops. The microbiological product based on A. oligospora has better results when the soil humidity reaches a saturation of 80%. On land with insufficient humidity, the results decline.

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SZABÓ G. 2018, APPLICATION OF THE FUNGIC FORMULATION ARTHROBOTRIS OLIGOSPORA AGAINST THE NEMATODE DITYLENCHUS DESTRUCTOR. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 489-492.

ARNICA MONTANA L. AS A MEDICINAL CROP SPECIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Camelia SAVA SAND

The increased demands on the market for pharmaceutical plants from the wild put a high pressure for their future conservation and therefore they need protection. Thus, species such as Arnica montana L well known for their medicinal effects in a range of human diseases became for long time a target for being collected from the wild. Still, since 1977 the species is declared as nature monument and later on it is protected under the current legislative framework for nature protection. However the transfer of the plant into the crop filed my further support the access to this genetic resource without any harm on the wild species. The scope of this article is to analyse if Arnica montana may change the profile of volatile oil if it is transferred from the wild into the crop field. Based on morphometry and biochemical analysis it can be considered that arnica may become a medicinal crop plant as no changes in their volatile oil composition was observed.

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Camelia SAVA SAND 2015, ARNICA MONTANA L. AS A MEDICINAL CROP SPECIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 303-308.

ASPECTS AND TRENDS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ROMANIA'S EGG MARKET

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The purpose of the paper was to analyze the main aspects and trends in the EU an Romania's egg market based on the Eurostat and National Institute of Statistics data. The dynamics of laying hens, egg production, consumption, price and trade have been the main indicators analyzed in this study pointing out the problems in the Romanian egg market and the differences compared to the EU market mainly regarding egg price. The EU egg market is facing with a relatively stable egg production, 90 % intra-EU export, 20 % extra-EU imports, a slight decline of the egg price, but large variations from a country to another. The egg sector is subsidized in almost all the EU countries, except Romania. This helps the breeders from the subsidized countries to have a smaller production cost and a high economic efficiency selling at a higher price. The EU egg trade balance is a positive one, the EU being one of the most important egg producer and exporter in the world. In Romania, the laying hen number and egg production declined because of high price for farm inputs, the movement from the cage system to the barn and free range systems. to reduce production cost. Egg price has increased, but it is not at the average EU level, being influenced by seasonality of production and offer/demand ratio. Egg price declines in the warm season when production is higher, and increases in the fall-winter season when production is lower but the demand is higher. The inflow of imports determine Romanian producers to reduce the selling price. Romania's egg trade balance is still a positive one, but the imports have an increasing trend. This situation imposes a new strategy at the EU level to assure a loyal competition among all the producers, and to export more eggs to the extra-EU countries and assure a better consumer protection. In Romania, the Government must allot subsidies to support the egg sector, and the breeders must pay attention to egg quality, production cost and intensify export.

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POPESCU A. 2018, ASPECTS AND TRENDS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ROMANIA'S EGG MARKET. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 357-370.

ASPECTS IN THE TRADE OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Ion CERTAN, Simion CERTAN

Wishing to achieve economic integration in the European Union's internal market in 2013, the Republic of Moldova authorities signed and launched the Association Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States. This objective is explicitly stated in the "g" paragraph of Article 1, paragraph 2, which aims to "create favourable conditions for improving economic and trade relations, the ultimate goal of which is the gradual integration of the Republic of Moldova into the EU internal market ... including through the establishment of a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade areas ... in accordance with the rights and obligations arising from the WTO Membership of the Parties and the transparent application of these rights and obligations ... ". Of course, the export of agri-food products from the Republic of Moldova to the markets of the 28-member states of the European Union differs. Undoubtedly, this situation encouraged us to initiate this modest study on the impact of Moldovan partners on foreign trade in agri-food products, hoping to suggest some proposals for selecting those that would contribute to increasing efficiency and improving the competitiveness of the agricultural sector in the national economy.

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CERTAN I., CERTAN S. 2018, ASPECTS IN THE TRADE OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 85-92.

ASPECTS OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN BRAȘOV COUNTY WITH A SPECIAL LOOK AT THE PERIOD 2015-2016

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Daniela-Mirela PLEȘOIANU, Cristiana SANDU, Agatha POPESCU

As a branch of touris, cultural tourism has seen a tremendous development and diversification, both at European and international level, as a result of political and economic opening in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe on the one hand and, on the other, due to the competition between the countries with old traditions in this form of tourism. The purpose of the paper was to point out that cultural tourism remains one of the most important forms of tourism practiced in Brasov city and county, which contributes both to the economic development of the area and to a better knowledge of the Romanian values in general both within the country and at international level. The data were provided by Brașov County Council, the Brașov County Development Strategy 2007 - 2013, and National Institute of Statistics, Brașov branch. They were processed and converted into tables, graphs and then interpreted and analyzed. Of the total tourist accommodation units in operation, the hotels occupied 42.7%, agrotourism pensions 20.9%, tourist pensions 18.1%, tourist villas 5.9%, tourist cottages 4.0%, hostels 4%, motels 2.5%, campings 1.4%, and other types of reception structures 1.1%. As a result of 771 tourist activities, it is noticed that the number of tourists arrived in September 2016 was 108,308 persons, of which 83,299 Romanian tourists (76.9%), and 25,009 nonresident tourists (23.1%). In January-September 827,574 tourists (82.4% Romanians and 17.6% foreigners) recorded a 10.3% increase compared to January-September 2015. Regarding the origin of the tourists, the most numerous are from Germany, 1,006, registered in March 2016, followed by Spain, with 816 and Israel, 793. The least numerous come from Russia, arriving especially during the winter holidays.

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PLEȘOIANU D.M., SANDU C., POPESCU A. 2017, ASPECTS OF CULTURAL TOURISM IN BRAȘOV COUNTY WITH A SPECIAL LOOK AT THE PERIOD 2015-2016. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 287-294.

ASPECTS OF GENDER EQUALITY IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Adina Magdalena IORGA

The article aims to highlight the discrepancies in the education, employment and income of men and women in Romania during the period between 2008-2016. We analyzed the main indicators of gender equality provided by statistical surveys such as schooling levels, employment rates of the working age population, unemployment rate, wage income by gender, age, residence. The study of the evolution of these indicators showcases the accentuation of structural differences that maintain and perpetuate gender inequality.

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IORGA A.M. 2018, ASPECTS OF GENDER EQUALITY IN ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 259-264.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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