ASSESSING ALLOCATIVE AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF FARM AT REGIONAL LEVEL

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Ioan STETCO

The present paper aims to assess the allocative and economic efficiency at Romanian regional agriculture level for a certain level of input prices, by Data Envelopment Analysis approach. We utilize in our research the following FADN data from 2007 and 2013: inputs – labor (AWU- annual working unit), land (UAA-utilized agricultural area) and capital (euro – average farm capital); outputs – total output (euro) and farm net income (euro); input prices (rent paid, wages paid and depreciation). The main results of our research revealed for 2007-2013 period an increase in economic efficiency, but also indicate the allocative inefficiency (inefficient mix of inputs) us major cause for not reaching optimum levels in 2013 despite the improvement in technical efficiency (an increase in farm volume activities).

[Read full article] [Citation]

STETCO I. 2016, ASSESSING ALLOCATIVE AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF FARM AT REGIONAL LEVEL. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 351-354.

ASSESSING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELECTED CLIMATE VARIABLES, HUMAN DISEASES AND CROP PRODUCTION USING ARDL APPROACH – THE EXAMPLE OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Adewale Isaac OLUTUMISE, Emmanuel Chilekwu OKOGBUE, Akinyemi Gabriel OMONIJO

This study was designed to investigate the relationship between crop production and selected climatic variables and human diseases in Ondo State, Nigeria. Time series data spanning 32 years (1982 to 2013) were used for this study. The analytical tools employed for this study were descriptive statistics and auto-regressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. The results confirmed the presence of long run equilibrium between crop production and temperature, rainfall, incidence of malaria and incidence of pneumonia. The results of long run estimates showed that rainfall and pneumonia coefficients were significant but negatively affected crop production in the long run, while all the variable except temperature were also significant but negatively affected crop production in the short run. The error correction model (ECM) value of -0.142 which was significant at 5% level showed that about 14% of disequilibria from the previous year’s shock converge to the long run equilibrium in the current year. Therefore, disease prevention and environmental sanitation under the framework of the primary health care programme that can reduce human exposure to climate–related health risks should be strengthened by the government.

[Read full article] [Citation]

OLUTUMISE A.I., OKOGBUE E.C., OMONIJO A.G. 2017, ASSESSING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELECTED CLIMATE VARIABLES, HUMAN DISEASES AND CROP PRODUCTION USING ARDL APPROACH – THE EXAMPLE OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 253-264.

ASSESSING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF FARMS IN LITHUANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Ingrida LUKOŠIUTĖ

The aim of this paper is to present the competitiveness of the Lithuanian farms. To determine the farm competitiveness level it was used the competitiveness index. The paper proposes an economic analysis of farms and their competitiveness according to their size in the period 2011-2015. The measurement was made at the farm level and the data of Lithuanian Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) was employed. This analysis revealed that Lithuanian farms in the group of 20-<30 ha and farms in the group of 40 ha and larger in 2011-2015, except some years, demonstrated the competitiveness. But it was indicated the lack of development abilities of farms’ up to 20 ha and 30–<40 ha over all the analysed period.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Ingrida LUKOŠIUTĖ 2017, ASSESSING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF FARMS IN LITHUANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 205-208.

ASSESSING THE DETERMINANTS OF THE PUSH AND PULL FACTORS INFLUENCING PARTICIPATION IN FISH FARMING IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Solomon Adedapo ADESOJI, Francis Oke ADERETI, Aminat Olajumoke OGUNDEJI

The study determined and assessed the push and pull factors influencing participation of people in fish farming enterprise with a view to reducing fishpond abandonment in the State. Multistage and proportionate sampling procedure was employed to select 240 fish farmers from the three agricultural zones of the State. Data were collected with validated and structured interview schedule. The data were described with percentage, mean and standard deviation while inferences were drawn with factor and regression analyses. Results showed the mean age of the farmers to be 48± 9 years. Majority were married with household size of 6±3 people. The farmers had good formal education. Out of the nine factors isolated to influence participation in fish farming, only three were identified to pull people into the enterprise while six pushed people away. It was then concluded that if the scenario should continue, the future of fish farming is bleak in the country and the cost of fish importation would continue to be on the high side.

[Read full article] [Citation]

ADESOJI S.A., ADERETI F.O., OGUNDEJI A.O. 2017, ASSESSING THE DETERMINANTS OF THE PUSH AND PULL FACTORS INFLUENCING PARTICIPATION IN FISH FARMING IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 17-24.

ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INTERNSHIP TRAININGS EXPOSURE TO STUDENTS AND THEIR JOB ASPIRATION IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by J. O. AYINDE, B. E. OLAREWAJU, O. T. ALAO

The study assessed agricultural internship trainings being exposed to students and their job aspiration after Universities education with the aim of identifying different trainings exposed to them. A Multistage sampling procedure was used to select two hundred (200) respondents from four (4) Federal Universities in South Western Nigeria. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse data collected. The result revealed that the mean age of the respondents was 24 ± 2.33 years, and majorities (72.5%) of the respondents’ parents were educated up to the tertiary institution. It was observed that the trainings exposed to the students differ across selected universities namely; Application of Computers to Agriculture, On-farm Demonstration, Teaching in Secondary School, Baking making, Tie and Dye, Horticulture crop production, Pasture production and Management technique. Furthermore, it was observed that respondents were exposed to the same trainings irrespective of their Departments except for Federal University of Technology because of the peculiarities of the Departments. Moreover, correlation analysis results revealed that there was no significant relationship between parents’ working years (r = 0.034; P≤ 0.05), age (r = -0.078; P≤ 0.05) and years of education(r = -0.045; P≤ 0.05) of respondents and their job aspiration. The study recommended among others that Universities offering agriculture as a course should compare their curriculum periodically and the needs of students should be considered when drafting internship plan for trainings in order to motivate to embrace agriculture as a profession thereby enhance food security in the country.

[Read full article] [Citation]

AYINDE J.O., OLAREWAJU B.E., ALAO O.T. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INTERNSHIP TRAININGS EXPOSURE TO STUDENTS AND THEIR JOB ASPIRATION IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 61-66.

ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATIC PARAMETERS DURING THE VEGETATION PERIOD IN TERMS OF EFFICIENCY OF GROWING OF ENERGY PLANTS IN SLOVAKIA REGIONS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Marián KOTRLA, Martin PRČÍK

Reliable identification of realistic biomass at regional level is particularly important in creating a real energy strategy. It must stand for the region in particular in the long-term aspect of its sustainable development. The aim of the paper is to identify and quantify environmental impacts, especially microclimatic impacts, on the possibility of establishing and growing economically and energy-efficient plantations of fast-growing energy plants in Slovakia regions. The NUTS III methodology was used to locate the climatic conditions of the Slovakia regions. Climatic factors in Slovakia regions were expressed as average monthly air temperatures and average monthly precipitation for the vegetation period from April to October. The climatic parameters of the model plantation in the Nitra region were defined on the basis of measurements of the Physicus Meteostation, located in the field conditions of Kolíňany village. Regions in the southern and south-eastern regions of Slovakia (Bratislava, Trnava, Nitra, Košice) are the most climatic friendly for the growing Mustanthus and Populus. The Northern regions (Žilina and Prešov) are less suitable for climatic reasons - the shorter length of vegetation period required for the economically efficient production of above-ground biomass. In the Nitra region, productivity in real climatic conditions is 33.66 t.ha-1 (Miscanthus) and 135.14 t.ha-1 (Populus).

[Read full article] [Citation]

KOTRLA M., PRČÍK M. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATIC PARAMETERS DURING THE VEGETATION PERIOD IN TERMS OF EFFICIENCY OF GROWING OF ENERGY PLANTS IN SLOVAKIA REGIONS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 203-210.

ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE USE INTENSITY OF IMPROVED SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Emeka Emmanuel OSUJI

The study evaluated the factors influencing the use intensity of improved soil management practices in Imo State, Nigeria. Data were obtained from 209 farmers with the aid of structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such as the mean, frequency and percentages. The findings revealed that age, education, farming experience, household size, occupation and farm size etc are important factors influencing the use intensity of improved agricultural practices in the area. These factors probably could either mar or enhance the use intensity of improved agricultural practices. The study revealed that extension contacts are very vital in exposing the farmers to new innovations and modern farming technologies which improves the farm productivity and income of the farmers. Therefore, there is the need for increased extension services and technological education of the rural farmers via both the government and private enterprises to enhance farmers’ perception and dispositions to socio-economic factors.

[Read full article] [Citation]

OSUJI E.E. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE USE INTENSITY OF IMPROVED SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 305-310.

ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN POTENTIAL INCREASE BY STIMULATING THE DEGREE OF EMPLOYEES’ LABOUR SATISFACTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Olga SÂRBU, Cornel COȘER

This paper aims to evaluate the increase reserves of the human potential use efficiency by quantifying increase of employees job satisfaction. This study is based on the assumption that the performance achieved by the entity are directly related to labour satisfaction. In order to achieve this investigation it was carried out the questioning of employees, by comparing the data obtained during two years. Presentation of the causes leading to the decrease in work satisfaction of staff may be considered by the entity leadership for the efficient management of human potential and the improvement of its performance.

[Read full article] [Citation]

SÂRBU O., COȘER C. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN POTENTIAL INCREASE BY STIMULATING THE DEGREE OF EMPLOYEES’ LABOUR SATISFACTION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 309-314.

ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Hemen Emmanuel JIJINGI, Paul Osu SIMEON, Ali Dauda SAMBO

This study assesses the mechanization challenges of peasant farmers in Gboko Local Government Area of Benue state in Nigeria. The peasant farmers produce over 90 % of Nigeria’s agricultural output and these peasant dwell in the rural areas wherein about 60 % of the population live. The vast majority of these farmers have serious challenges in accessing modern inputs and other productive resources, including education and they are unlikely to have access to assortment of fertilizers, hybrid seeds and irrigation. This study employed a multi stage sampling techniques to collect information on the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and available machinery. Analysis revealed that farmers in the study area were relatively low educated. Most of the farm sizes in the study area are in the range of 1-5 ha, most of the needed modern machinery were not available and many of the farm operations were carried out manually, that is, land clearing (70.56 %), tillage (91.77 %), planting (78.79 %), fertilizer application (84.85 %), weeding (65.80 %), and harvesting (80.52 %). This study also show that majority of respondents were smallholder farmers who were often too poor to employ the available machinery. Despite this ugly situation, over 75 % of the foods consumed in this country come from these peasant farmers in rural areas. The current world food situation, socio-economic and population displacement as result of internal and external conflict of all kinds, this situation of peasantry should not be allowed to continue if the population must be salvaged from hunger.

[Read full article] [Citation]

JIJINGI H.E., SIMEON P.O., SAMBO A.D. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 191-198.

ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION INDICATORS AND RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Zainab Aina USMAN, Kehinde Oluseyi OLAGUNJU

Social cohesion (SC) is not much of a debatable topic in the developing countries, and like poverty is a multidimensional concept. Evidence from research shows fairly poor basis for testing the multidimensionality and measurement of SC in Nigeria. We test for the multidimensionality of social cohesion(SC) in rural areas using possible indicators that could contribute to the welfare of the rural populace. Data were drawn from the Nigeria General Household Survey 2012/2013 derived from the World Bank Living Standard Survey Measurement. Using exploratory factor analysis and Pearson correlation techniques to measure and test the multidimensionality of SC and its relation to rural welfare respectively, the results showed that about 46.5% and 36.6% have a perception that social trust and violence level is better in Nigeria, however only 36% have access to rural communal resource. Policy focus should be targeted towards development of the rural social sector by redefining funding, institutional structures and functions

[Read full article] [Citation]

USMAN Z.A., OLAGUNJU K.U. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION INDICATORS AND RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 339-346.


The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.
Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
Powered by INTEL TECH DEVELOPMENT.