ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Chioma Udo NWAOBIALA, Ikechukwu NDUKWE, Oji EKUMANKAMA

In Nigeria, low productivity of cocoa has been attributed to poor maintenance practices, planting low yielding varieties and incidence of pest and diseases. In order to address this, cocoa famers need appropriate training to increase productivity. This study therefore was undertaken to assess the training needs of cocoa farmers in Bende Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Purposive and multi-stage random sampling techniques were used to select 90 farmers from the cocoa producing communities in the Local Government Area. Data were collected with the aid of a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multiple regression analysis). The results indicate that 95.56% of cocoa farmers were males, with mean ages of 55.5 years, mean farm size 'of 8 hectares, mean annual farm income of N 1.3 M (10,000 USD), while 72.22% inherited their farm land and had extension contact once in a month (52.22%). The result showed that of the farmers’ sourced information on cocoa production from farm field school (96.67%) and research institutes (74.44%). The farmers assert that the needed training on Plantation establishment and control of black pod disease (x=2.9), control of swollen-shoot virus and mirad control (x=2.8), punning techniques, cocoa bean storage and processing (x=2.7). Other areas were on cocoa bean marketing (x=2.6), fertilizer application (x=2.5) and nursery establishment techniques (x=2.4).The multiple regression analysis showed that coefficients for land ownership, age, farming experience, farm income and extension contacts influenced training needs of the cocoa farmers in the study area. The study recommends review of Land Use Act of 1990, increased extension contact and training and re-training of farmers on pesticide and fungicide usage for boosting cocoa production in the study area.

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NWAOBIALA C.U., NDUKWE I., EKUMANKAMA O. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 239-246.

ASSESSMENT OF UTILISATION OF SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN OGUN STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Rukayat Abiodun ADEYEMO, Afolabi Mohammed OLADOJA, Michael FAMAKINWA, Dorcas Lola ALABI

The study assessed utilization of soil management practices among arable crop farmers in Ogun State. Specifically, it described the socio-economic characteristics of arable crop farmers; identified the soil management practices (SMPs) prevailing in the study area; determined the crop yield and respondents’ level of utilization and identified problems associated with their utilization. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 110 farmers from selected six functional fadama sites in Ogun State. Results showed that majority (92.7% and 79.1 %) of the respondents were male and married respectively with mean age of 37.5 years. Zero tillage, mulching, ridging and cover cropping were the major SMPs identified by the respondents. Among SPMs identified, mulching (mean = 2.76), ridging (mean = 2.41), fertilizer application (mean = 2.26), zero tillage (mean = 2.25) and cover cropping (mean 2.25) were the mainly utilized while majority (69.1%) utilised SMPs at moderate level. Further results showed that inadequate supply of fertilizer (mean = 1.78) and high cost labour (mean = 1.69) were identified as the major constraints to usage of the sustainable soil management practices. Age (r = 0.20); farming experience (r= 0.451) and crop yield (r = 0.223) had significantly relationship with the respondents’ utilisation of SMPs. The study concluded that the level of use of soil management practices had direct effect on yield of crops and sustainability of soil used in Ogun state, Nigeria.

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ADEYEMO R.A., OLADOJA A.M., FAMAKINWA M., ALABI D.L. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF UTILISATION OF SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN OGUN STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 37-46.

AUDIT ELECTRONIC (e-AUDIT) TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Titin RULIANA, Andi INDRAWATI, Silvia FEBRINA LUBIS

The main aspect to support the creation of good governance is audit (audit) conducted by parties who have independence and have professional competence to check. The implementation of computer-assisted audit has its own impact in the audit procedure because it changes the design of the information system and its internal control structure such as audit trail although it does not in any way alter the general audit concepts and objectives. Implementation of the e_audit system is taken because the Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia is aware that there is a large gap between the number of inspection entities, audit objects, and stakeholder expectations with resources owned by BPK RI. The development of e-Audit is believed to reduce the gap. The purpose of this study as follows: (1) To analyze the effectiveness of e_audit implementation of financial statements; (2) To analyze the efficiency of the implementation of e_audit to the financial statements in the use of inspection budget.

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RULIANA T., INDRAWATI A., FEBRINA LUBIS S. 2017, AUDIT ELECTRONIC (e-AUDIT) TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 363-368.

BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Hulya GUL, Fidan Merve KART, Mevlut GUL, Metin Göksel AKPINAR

The purpose of this study was to determine bakery products consumption, preference, purchasing behaviour and the factors affecting the consumer. The data for this study were obtained by the survey method with 288 households in Isparta. The purchase frequency of bread was determined that daily while for biscuit products it was 15 days and for pasta, wafers and cake was monthly. Consumers have stated that they prefer bakery products as a tasty and satisfying snack. Monthly consumption of biscuits, pasta, wafers and cakes was calculated as 433.44, 913.45, 110.33 and 144.47 grams per person, respectively. Bread consumption was calculated as 188.79 grams per day. Sweet biscuits were more preferred by consumers. It was detected that the price of bakery products is related to the income of households. As of the survey date, the average monthly income of the families was calculated as 3,061.89 TRL and average income per person was calculated as 779.10 TRL. Spending of bakery products for households was found to be 27.16 TRL. When the price of bakery products associated with income of households, these products were seen as reasonable and practical products. Although the education level of consumers varied, bakery products was preferred by every age group of consumer as a conventional taste whether it is a healthy food or not. The rate of consumers who found bakery products moderately safe was 58%. One of the most influencing factors on consumers to purchase bakery products was determined as healthy production conditions and all the shopping facilities of sellers.

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GUL H., KART F.M., GUL M., AKPINAR M.G. 2017, BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 137-146.

BEEKEEPING SUPPORT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Janusz MAJEWSKI

The analysis and support structure of the beekeeping sector in the European Union countries was analyzed. The level of support for this sector of agriculture in the years to come increased and in the years 2017-2019 is 72 million EUR per year. The amount of support beekeeping depends mainly on the number of hives. The average value of support for bee colony in most countries ranges from 4.35 to 4.63 EUR per year. The amount of support expressed as the equivalent of beekeeping honey indicating little relevance of this action, since the value of the support is equal to the EU average of 0.65 kg multiflorous honey, that varies from 0.3 to 1.33 kg

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MAJEWSKI J. 2017, BEEKEEPING SUPPORT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 193-198.

BENCHMARKING OF INVESTMENT AND THEIR RECOVERABILITY IN THE BERRIES SECTOR

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Andrei ZBANCĂ, Ghenadie NEGRITU, Dumitru STRATAN

Small agricultural producers of the Republic of Moldova focus on developing berries sector, which provides the greatest profits and, due to this fact, could become an important source of increasing income in the rural sector. The paper presents the results of economic calculations (performed by the authors) related to the amount of investments and terms of investment recovery (calculated per 1 hectare) for 15 berries crops, as well as to the economic results of the operational activity of growing these crops (sales incomes, sale costs, gross profit, economic profitability). The authors developed cost budgets and their components for each berries. The presented calculation data will enable farmers to select the correct berries based on the economic indicators and to deliberately investment the financial resources.

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ZBANCĂ A., NEGRITU G., STRATAN D. 2018, BENCHMARKING OF INVESTMENT AND THEIR RECOVERABILITY IN THE BERRIES SECTOR. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 529-536.

BENEFIT ASSESSMENT OF PASSIVE HOUSE IN BULGARIA IN SUSTAINABILITY CONTEXT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Yavor STOYANOV

Demand for cost-effective and environmental friendly building solutions as well as the continued implementation of eco-innovation in construction sector leads to an increase of research interest in passive house. The aim of the paper is to assess the benefits of passive house in Bulgaria which influence on environment, economy and society. On this basis are made general conclusions and recommendations related to benefits of passive house for achieving sustainable housing, their assessment for economy, society and environment and evaluation of factors for increasing the benefits of passive house.

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STOYANOV Y. 2018, BENEFIT ASSESSMENT OF PASSIVE HOUSE IN BULGARIA IN SUSTAINABILITY CONTEXT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 477-482.

BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS AND FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF SOME FLOUR COMPOSITES IN THE MANUFACTURING OF FUNCTIONAL FOOD PRODUCTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Debby Moody SUMANTI, Imas Siti SETIASIH, Roostita L.BALIA, Agung KARUNIAWAN, Hendronoto Arnoldus W. LENGKEY

Composite flour from banana corm, sweet potato, and black soybean has rich nutrition content and contains bioactive compounds, which potentially benefficial for human health if consumed in proper amount. It is important to know composite flour properties prior apply to food product. The objective of this research was to determine the bioactive compounds and functional properties of composite flour that can be applied for functional food products. The method used was an experimental method by descriptive analysis with two replications. Composite flour made by mixture of 55 part banana corm flour, 45 part of sweet potato flour and black soybean flour added as much 20 percent of the weight of banana corm and sweet potato flours. The result showed that the composite flour had bioactive compounds which contained 9.09 g/ 100g of total phenols, 1.62 g/ 100g of tannins, 171.35 mg/ 100g of isoflavones, and IC50 979.64 ppm of antioxidant activity (very weak). The amylograph characteristic pasting involves initial temperature of gelatinization 76.620C, 1304.5 cP of peak viscosity, 930.0 cP of hot pasta viscosity, 1267.5 cP of cold pasta viscosity, 374.5 cP of breakdown viscosity and 337.50 cP of setback viscosity. Therefore, the composite flour from banana corm, sweet potato, and black soybean has rich nutritions to be used as functional food.

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SUMANTI D.M., SETIASIH I.S., BALIA R.L., KARUNIAWAN A., LENGKEY H.A.W. 2017, BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS AND FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF SOME FLOUR COMPOSITES IN THE MANUFACTURING OF FUNCTIONAL FOOD PRODUCTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 411-418.

BOTTOM TRAWL SIZE SELECTIVITY METHODS IN THE TURKEY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Yaşar ÖZVAROL, Yıldız BOLAT

Trawling is an important fishing method used by the fishermen in the Turkey. Bottom trawling fisheries in this part of Mediterranean are essentially multispecies. Commercial fishing vessels use 44 mm diamond shaped mesh for trawl cod-end s in the Mediterranean Coast of Turkey. The trawl nets (cod-end) of the fishery retain a lot of juvenile individuals, which has negative effects on the population of fish species. Currently fishing boats use very low selectivity gears. Because of this reason, fishing ground is predominantly overfished. Although there are many selectivity studies carried out in the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, selectivity experiments results have not used into practice for management of fisheries yet.

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ÖZVAROL Y., BOLAT Y. 2017, BOTTOM TRAWL SIZE SELECTIVITY METHODS IN THE TURKEY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 259-262.

CASSAVA VALUE ADDITION: A CASE STUDY OF CASSAVA-BASED BREAD PRODUCERS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Similoluwa ADEWOLE, Adegboyega OMOWOLE

The main objective of this study was to carry out an economic analysis of bread production (using cassava flour) in Akure South Local Government, Ondo State, Nigeria. It ascertained the socio-economic characteristic of the bread producers, estimated costs, returns and profitability in the use of cassava flour for making bread in the study area. Primary data were collected with the aid of a well-structured questionnaire administered to fifty respondents. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis and multiple regression analysis. Result showed that production of bread were dominated by male with (73.5%) flour processors and (26.5%) of female processors. Analysis of costs and returns revealed that bread production is profitable in the study area (mean profit of N1,546,657 per month). The estimated functions were in terms of the statistical significance of multiple determinants (R2) 0.998 as indicated by F-value, the significance of the co-efficient of and the magnitude of standard errors. An increase in age will lead to a further increase in the revenue of the producers. The coefficient of educational level is negative and this implies that a decrease in the educational level leads to an increase in the revenue of producers. The coefficient of years of experience was positive and it connotes a corresponding increase in revenue as years of experience rises, the coefficient of purchasing cost was positive and this connotes that the revenue of the producers increased with an increase in purchasing cost as they tend to hike their prices.

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ADEWOLE S., OMOWOLE A. 2018, CASSAVA VALUE ADDITION: A CASE STUDY OF CASSAVA-BASED BREAD PRODUCERS IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 31-36.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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