ECONOMIC GROWTH OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF MOLDOVA COMPARED TO CENTRAL AND EASTERN COUNTRIES OF EUROPE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Aliona SARGO

The main opportunities for the development of the national economy of the Republic of Moldova are closely related to the development of the agricultural sector. The agricultural sector remains a priority for Moldova because 30% out of the population are employed in this area, 75% of the country surface is agricultural land, and agriculture holds 13% of GDP. With these indicators, the agricultural sector can not be neglected. Undoubtedly our main effort should be directed towards the recovery of agriculture and increase the living standards of people from rural areas. It is necessary to review the huge opportunities for agricultural growth and rural areas by using both adequate investments and updating rural development strategies. Agriculture remains one of the most important sectors with huge possibilities and an unjustly neglected sectors.

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Aliona SARGO 2014, ECONOMIC GROWTH OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF MOLDOVA COMPARED TO CENTRAL AND EASTERN COUNTRIES OF EUROPE . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 305-310.

ECONOMIC TOURS IN ISRAEL

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Petrică ȘTEFAN, Alexandru FÎNTÎNERU

The purpose of this paper is the economic promotion of tourism circuit between Romania (Bucharest) and Israel (Tel Aviv and Jerusalem), unique and blessed area in the world because here was born the Lord Jesus Christ and also our religion: Christianity. It wants also presenting significant sights in Israel which, financially, would be visited at very competitive rates for Romanian tourists, making, in this way, important discounts.

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Petrică ȘTEFAN, Alexandru FÎNTÎNERU 2014, ECONOMIC TOURS IN ISRAEL. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 279-284.

ECONOMIC-FINANCIAL DIAGNOSIS BASED ON THE DATA PROVIDED IN THE BALANCE SHEET OF S.C. AUGER PETRUȘ S.R.L. IN THE INTERVAL 2009-2013

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Aurelia BĂLAN, Alina MĂRCUȚĂ, Ioana NICULAE, Elena SOARE

The analysis performed and presented in this paper is based on an agricultural business in the Călărași County, namely S.C. Auger Petrus S.R.L. The basic activity of the company is represented by cultivating cereals ecologically, on an area of 700 ha of wheat, maize, sunflower, peas, lucerne, etc. The analysed company expanded its ecologically cultivated area by purchasing new land, as well as by leasing new areas of land. Also, the company has its own silo made up of three units with a capacity of 3,000 metric tons each, a laboratory where to analyse the cereals on entering and leaving the silo, as well as good technical equipment, namely: tractors, combine harvesters, seeders, agricultural combiners, plows, trailers, irrigation pumping station. From the data processed and presented in the company’s financial balance, we noticed the evolution of the efficiency level correlated with strategies employed by the company.

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Aurelia BĂLAN, Alina MĂRCUȚĂ, Ioana NICULAE, Elena SOARE 2014, ECONOMIC-FINANCIAL DIAGNOSIS BASED ON THE DATA PROVIDED IN THE BALANCE SHEET OF S.C. AUGER PETRUȘ S.R.L. IN THE INTERVAL 2009-2013. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 19-24.

EFFECT OF AWARENESS OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS AMONG BUSH MEAT MARKETERS IN IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Sikiru Adekunle OLAYIWOLA, Ayobami Idris OLAKUNLE, Amurtiya MICHAEL

The study investigated the effect of level of awareness of Ebola virus disease on food security status among bush meat marketers in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to; describe the socio-economic characteristics of respondents, examine the extent to which the respondents are aware of Ebola virus disease prevalence, determine their food security status, identify the determinants of household food security of the respondents and lastly, the major constraints encountered by the respondents during Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in the study area. A multistage sampling technique was used to collect primary data from 100 bush meat marketers using structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result of the study revealed that 89.0% of the respondents were female and 76.0% were married. Majority (90%) were educated and their age fall between 41 and 60 years (51.0%). Majority (54.0%) of the respondents earned ₦20,001 and ₦40,000 per month before Ebola Virus Disease outbreak and 52.0% earned between ₦20,001 and ₦30,000 after Ebola Virus Disease outbreak per month. Similarly, ranking score showed that radio (53.0%), family and friends (21.0%), television (44.2%) were major sources of information to the respondents during the outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in the study area. majority (85.5%) of the respondents were aware of Ebola Virus Disease occurrence while only (14.5%) were not aware of Ebola Virus Disease. The mean per capita food expenditure per month was estimated to be ₦3,720.45 and the value was used to establish the food security line which shows that 52.3% of the households were food secure. The binary logit regression analysis showed that marital status, educational level and monthly income were positive and had a significant influence on food security status while age was significant but negatively influences the respondents’ food security status. Major constraints faced by the respondents include low income generation as a result of phobia for the virus, which hinders the respondents from meeting their social obligations as well as discrimination of the infected person.

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OLAYIWOLA S.A., OLAKUNLE A.I., MICHAEL A. 2016, EFFECT OF AWARENESS OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS AMONG BUSH MEAT MARKETERS IN IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 199-206.

EFFECT OF COMMERCIALIZATION ON PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY AMONG CASSAVA PRODUCING HOUSEHOLDS IN IKWUANO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH, Ifeanyi N. NWACHUKWU

The study analysed income inequalities and food security status o f farmers in South Eastern Nigeria, using Abia State. Specifically, the study accessed the income inequalities o f farmers; determine the food security status o f the farmers; estimate the factors that influence food security among the farmers in the study area. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in the selection o f location and 180 respondents usedfor the study. The study employed Ginicoefficient, food security index and multiple regressions in the analysis o f the data collected. Result shows that Gini coefficient value was 0.67, showing that there was high income inequality in the study area. Majority o f the respondents, constituting about 68.57 percent were food insecure in the study area. The regression results showed that age o f the household head, educational attainment o f the household head and monthly income o f the head were the major determinants o f food security status in the study area. The study recommends that government policies targeted at farmers should be strengthened, in order to bridge the gap in farmers ’ income. Government should also create opportunities for small scale businesses to flourish in ural areas. This will provide the people the much needed income, amongst other things. The study investigated factors affecting commercialization o f cassava producing household in Ikwuano Local Government Area, Abia State, Nigeria. It specifically examined the socio-economic characteristics o f cassava household; determine commercialization index and analyzed factors that influence commercialization among cassava producing households. The study employed purposive sampling technique in the selection o f 120 respondents from one local government area (LGA) based on characteristics o f interest, nearness and other related features. The selection was done from 6 communities at the rate o f 20 respondents per community. Analytically, descriptive statistics, household commercialization index (HCI), and multiple regression analysis were used. The results showed that the mean age o f the cassava producing household was about 40 years with a mean farming experience o f 14 years. They are mostly married with an average o f 5 persons per households. The result further revealed that only a few households (less than 2%) have very high commercialization orientation, which exposes the level o f farming in the area. With respect to determinants o f factors that influence commercialization, value o f output, farm size, sex, nearness to market, membership o f cooperative and farming experience were significant and found to exhibit varying degree. The study therefore recommends that supportpolicies that sustain and improve the productivity among farming household especially land tenure policy issues, greater incentives policies for farmers in the rural areas; linkages between farm households and the markets; increase access and exchange o f information on markets.

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Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH, Ifeanyi N. NWACHUKWU 2014, EFFECT OF COMMERCIALIZATION ON PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY AMONG CASSAVA PRODUCING HOUSEHOLDS IN IKWUANO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 213-220.

EFFECT OF CONSOLIDATION POLICY IN NIGERIAN BANKING INSTITUTIONS ON AGRIBUSINESS SECTOR PERFORMANCE (1995-2014)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Chinonso Henry ENE, Joseph ONWUMERE

The broad objective of this study was to analyze the effects of consolidation policy in Nigerian banking institutions on agribusiness sector performance. The specific policies of interest were merger and acquisition policy. The study covered 1995-2014 periods. Secondary data from CBN annual reports and statement of accounts, CBN bulletin and National Bureau of Statistics were used for the study. The data were analyzed by the use of regression models. Findings revealed that merger and acquisition consolidation policy in the Nigerian banking institutions, value of banks loan to agribusinesses, lagged value of national savings, population, rainfall and government capital investment to agribusiness sector significantly influenced agribusiness output in Nigeria within the study period. Merger and acquisition consolidation policy in the Nigerian banking institutions, external reserve, capital formation and agricultural export significantly influenced government credit allocation to agribusinesses in Nigeria within the study period. Merger and acquisition consolidation policy in the Nigerian banking institutions, exchange rate, rate of domestic utilization capacity for agribusiness commodities and population significantly influenced agribusiness export growth in Nigeria within the study period. The study concluded that merger and acquisition consolidation policy in the Nigerian banking institutions influenced the agribusiness sector performance as it leads to increase in both agribusiness output and government credit allocation to agribusinesses in Nigeria but did not lead to increase in agribusiness export growth. The study recommended that consolidation policy of the Nigerian banking institutions which led to increase in credit allocation to agribusinesses in Nigeria as well as improved agribusiness output must be sustained by the Central Bank of Nigeria and even made better in such manners that agribusiness output will grow and allow the country to make huge foreign income from agribusiness export especially now that the revenue from oil is on the decrease in the country.

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ENE C.H., ONWUMERE J. 2016, EFFECT OF CONSOLIDATION POLICY IN NIGERIAN BANKING INSTITUTIONS ON AGRIBUSINESS SECTOR PERFORMANCE (1995-2014). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 113-122.

EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS ACQUISITION ON THE WELFARE OF AGRIBUSINESS HOUSEHOLDS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Promise Chidi ARIWODOR, Nnanna Mba AGWU

This study was undertaken to estimate the determinants of entrepreneurial skills acquisition among agribusiness households in the study area and determine the relationship between their skills and their household welfare. A multi stage sampling technique was employed in the selection of 80 households from 5 local government areas out of the 17 local government areas of the state. Primary source of data was obtained from using a set of questionnaire were administered on the respondents to obtain the needed data for the analysis with multiple regression and simple correlation. The results showed that sex, marital status, expenditure of the respondents had positive and significant effect on their entrepreneurial skills, while the respondents’ age, access to credit and experience though had significant effects possessed negative signs on their entrepreneurial skills. The result also revealed that there was a positive relationship between entrepreneurial skills and entrepreneurs’ welfare. It was therefore recommended that, Effective and adequate entrepreneurship policies that will help to equip agribusiness entrepreneurs with entrepreneurial skills should be put in place. Secondly, youths should be encouraged to acquire at least one skill or another as this will a go a long way in curbing the menace of unemployment which has risen so high in Nigeria. Thirdly, programmes on agribusiness should be developed while addressing factors that hinder its growth and development as a way of actualizing the current change agenda and economic diversification of the present federal government of Nigeria.

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ARIWODOR P.C., AGWU N.M. 2016, EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS ACQUISITION ON THE WELFARE OF AGRIBUSINESS HOUSEHOLDS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 53-60.

EFFECT OF NUTRITION ON CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ORANGE FRUITS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Tarek FOUDA, Shimaa SALAH

The aim of this study was to determine the chemical characterization of orange fruits using applications of nutrition minerals and growth substance during at private farm in wadi el-netron , ELbehari governorate, Egypt during in December2011. The results showed during maturity time increasing the total soluble solid (TSS), pH, percentage of liquid, (TSS/acidity)and carotenoids while chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and acidity were decreased.With one application of nutrition minerals and with growth substance were the lowest value of chlorophyll, a (chl,a) and chlorophyll, b (chl,b) as follow 0.42 and 0.45 (mg/100g) while with control management were the highest value to total soluble solid (Tss) and carotenoids (car.) as follow 10.07(Brix,%) and 15.77 (mg/100g). The pattern of changes was clearly observed from the absorption spectra of the green and orange When orange is fully ripe, chlorophyll would be greatly reduced or may disappear completely and carotenoids becomes the dominant pigment in the fruit surface.

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Tarek FOUDA, Shimaa SALAH 2014, EFFECT OF NUTRITION ON CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ORANGE FRUITS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 87-92.

EFFECT OF QUALITY CONTROL (QC) MEASURES ON THE INCOME OF CASSAVA FLOUR BASED ENTERPRISES IN ABIA STATE NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Chigozirim Ndubuisi ONWUSIRIBE, Chinedu Daniel NWOGU

This study evaluated the level of progress in QC adoption of cassava flour based enterprises in Abia State. A random sampling technique was employed in the selection of 90 enterprises from the study area. Descriptive statistics and inferential (probit and Z-test) were used in analyzing the data collected through well structured questionnaires. About 82% of the cassava flour based enterprise’ users adopted quality control measures in the manufacture of their products while 16% did not. The use of photographic aids, use of standard descriptions, system quality assurance and good manufacturing practices constituted 11%, 45%, 22% and 22% respectively of the quality control measures adopted by the enterprises. Level of education, qualified personnel and profit positively influenced the choice of quality control adoption at 1%, 10% and 5% significant levels respectively while cost of operation and government policies negatively influenced the choice of quality control adoption at 1% significant levels respectively. Result of the Z-test analysis reveals that there is a distinct difference between the mean incomes of cassava flour based enterprises who adopted quality control measures and those who did not. This study recommended that the Quality control regulatory bodies should be empowered to enforce the adoption of these measures among relevant enterprises; Government should support the growth of these enterprises by the supply of important machineries and equipment at subsidized rates; A synergy among firms on improving their level of QC utilization is recommended.

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Chigozirim Ndubuisi ONWUSIRIBE, Chinedu Daniel NWOGU 2015, EFFECT OF QUALITY CONTROL (QC) MEASURES ON THE INCOME OF CASSAVA FLOUR BASED ENTERPRISES IN ABIA STATE NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 199-204.

EFFECT OF REFLECTOR APPLICATION ON PV PANEL PERFORMANCE UNDER EGYPTIAN CONDITIONS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Mamdouh Abbas HELMY, E. M. KHALIFA, A. M. OKSHA, A. W. ELHADDAD

The proposed approach in the present study is to employ a mirror augmented PV solar panel to track the sun and reflect rays on to the PV panel. Its performance was compared with same PV module without reflector under the same environmental conditions. The mirror augmented solar PV panel tracked sun from East to West along the daytime in Winter 2011 with tilt angle0.523 rad (30 deg) for panel and 0.122 rad (7deg) for mirror which are estimated by experiment. The average energy output values of 1.11 and 0.95 kWh/day were recorded for panel with and without mirror, respectively. The average daily .panel values of 12.6 and 11.02 % were recorded for panel with and without mirror, respectively. The increase percentages in the output of panel and discharge differs with the solar radiation along daytime. The application of mirror is an efficient and an effective way to enhance the performance of solar photovoltaic pumping system with the same panel area.

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Mamdouh Abbas HELMY, E. M. KHALIFA, A. M. OKSHA, A. W. ELHADDAD 2014, EFFECT OF REFLECTOR APPLICATION ON PV PANEL PERFORMANCE UNDER EGYPTIAN CONDITIONS . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 103-106.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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