ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATIC PARAMETERS DURING THE VEGETATION PERIOD IN TERMS OF EFFICIENCY OF GROWING OF ENERGY PLANTS IN SLOVAKIA REGIONS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Marián KOTRLA, Martin PRČÍK

Reliable identification of realistic biomass at regional level is particularly important in creating a real energy strategy. It must stand for the region in particular in the long-term aspect of its sustainable development. The aim of the paper is to identify and quantify environmental impacts, especially microclimatic impacts, on the possibility of establishing and growing economically and energy-efficient plantations of fast-growing energy plants in Slovakia regions. The NUTS III methodology was used to locate the climatic conditions of the Slovakia regions. Climatic factors in Slovakia regions were expressed as average monthly air temperatures and average monthly precipitation for the vegetation period from April to October. The climatic parameters of the model plantation in the Nitra region were defined on the basis of measurements of the Physicus Meteostation, located in the field conditions of Kolíňany village. Regions in the southern and south-eastern regions of Slovakia (Bratislava, Trnava, Nitra, Košice) are the most climatic friendly for the growing Mustanthus and Populus. The Northern regions (Žilina and Prešov) are less suitable for climatic reasons - the shorter length of vegetation period required for the economically efficient production of above-ground biomass. In the Nitra region, productivity in real climatic conditions is 33.66 t.ha-1 (Miscanthus) and 135.14 t.ha-1 (Populus).

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KOTRLA M., PRČÍK M. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATIC PARAMETERS DURING THE VEGETATION PERIOD IN TERMS OF EFFICIENCY OF GROWING OF ENERGY PLANTS IN SLOVAKIA REGIONS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 203-210.

ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE USE INTENSITY OF IMPROVED SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Emeka Emmanuel OSUJI

The study evaluated the factors influencing the use intensity of improved soil management practices in Imo State, Nigeria. Data were obtained from 209 farmers with the aid of structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such as the mean, frequency and percentages. The findings revealed that age, education, farming experience, household size, occupation and farm size etc are important factors influencing the use intensity of improved agricultural practices in the area. These factors probably could either mar or enhance the use intensity of improved agricultural practices. The study revealed that extension contacts are very vital in exposing the farmers to new innovations and modern farming technologies which improves the farm productivity and income of the farmers. Therefore, there is the need for increased extension services and technological education of the rural farmers via both the government and private enterprises to enhance farmers’ perception and dispositions to socio-economic factors.

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OSUJI E.E. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE USE INTENSITY OF IMPROVED SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 305-310.

ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN POTENTIAL INCREASE BY STIMULATING THE DEGREE OF EMPLOYEES’ LABOUR SATISFACTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Olga SÂRBU, Cornel COȘER

This paper aims to evaluate the increase reserves of the human potential use efficiency by quantifying increase of employees job satisfaction. This study is based on the assumption that the performance achieved by the entity are directly related to labour satisfaction. In order to achieve this investigation it was carried out the questioning of employees, by comparing the data obtained during two years. Presentation of the causes leading to the decrease in work satisfaction of staff may be considered by the entity leadership for the efficient management of human potential and the improvement of its performance.

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SÂRBU O., COȘER C. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN POTENTIAL INCREASE BY STIMULATING THE DEGREE OF EMPLOYEES’ LABOUR SATISFACTION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 309-314.

ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Hemen Emmanuel JIJINGI, Paul Osu SIMEON, Ali Dauda SAMBO

This study assesses the mechanization challenges of peasant farmers in Gboko Local Government Area of Benue state in Nigeria. The peasant farmers produce over 90 % of Nigeria’s agricultural output and these peasant dwell in the rural areas wherein about 60 % of the population live. The vast majority of these farmers have serious challenges in accessing modern inputs and other productive resources, including education and they are unlikely to have access to assortment of fertilizers, hybrid seeds and irrigation. This study employed a multi stage sampling techniques to collect information on the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and available machinery. Analysis revealed that farmers in the study area were relatively low educated. Most of the farm sizes in the study area are in the range of 1-5 ha, most of the needed modern machinery were not available and many of the farm operations were carried out manually, that is, land clearing (70.56 %), tillage (91.77 %), planting (78.79 %), fertilizer application (84.85 %), weeding (65.80 %), and harvesting (80.52 %). This study also show that majority of respondents were smallholder farmers who were often too poor to employ the available machinery. Despite this ugly situation, over 75 % of the foods consumed in this country come from these peasant farmers in rural areas. The current world food situation, socio-economic and population displacement as result of internal and external conflict of all kinds, this situation of peasantry should not be allowed to continue if the population must be salvaged from hunger.

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JIJINGI H.E., SIMEON P.O., SAMBO A.D. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 191-198.

ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION INDICATORS AND RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Zainab Aina USMAN, Kehinde Oluseyi OLAGUNJU

Social cohesion (SC) is not much of a debatable topic in the developing countries, and like poverty is a multidimensional concept. Evidence from research shows fairly poor basis for testing the multidimensionality and measurement of SC in Nigeria. We test for the multidimensionality of social cohesion(SC) in rural areas using possible indicators that could contribute to the welfare of the rural populace. Data were drawn from the Nigeria General Household Survey 2012/2013 derived from the World Bank Living Standard Survey Measurement. Using exploratory factor analysis and Pearson correlation techniques to measure and test the multidimensionality of SC and its relation to rural welfare respectively, the results showed that about 46.5% and 36.6% have a perception that social trust and violence level is better in Nigeria, however only 36% have access to rural communal resource. Policy focus should be targeted towards development of the rural social sector by redefining funding, institutional structures and functions

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USMAN Z.A., OLAGUNJU K.U. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION INDICATORS AND RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 339-346.

ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Chioma Udo NWAOBIALA, Ikechukwu NDUKWE, Oji EKUMANKAMA

In Nigeria, low productivity of cocoa has been attributed to poor maintenance practices, planting low yielding varieties and incidence of pest and diseases. In order to address this, cocoa famers need appropriate training to increase productivity. This study therefore was undertaken to assess the training needs of cocoa farmers in Bende Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Purposive and multi-stage random sampling techniques were used to select 90 farmers from the cocoa producing communities in the Local Government Area. Data were collected with the aid of a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multiple regression analysis). The results indicate that 95.56% of cocoa farmers were males, with mean ages of 55.5 years, mean farm size 'of 8 hectares, mean annual farm income of N 1.3 M (10,000 USD), while 72.22% inherited their farm land and had extension contact once in a month (52.22%). The result showed that of the farmers’ sourced information on cocoa production from farm field school (96.67%) and research institutes (74.44%). The farmers assert that the needed training on Plantation establishment and control of black pod disease (x=2.9), control of swollen-shoot virus and mirad control (x=2.8), punning techniques, cocoa bean storage and processing (x=2.7). Other areas were on cocoa bean marketing (x=2.6), fertilizer application (x=2.5) and nursery establishment techniques (x=2.4).The multiple regression analysis showed that coefficients for land ownership, age, farming experience, farm income and extension contacts influenced training needs of the cocoa farmers in the study area. The study recommends review of Land Use Act of 1990, increased extension contact and training and re-training of farmers on pesticide and fungicide usage for boosting cocoa production in the study area.

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NWAOBIALA C.U., NDUKWE I., EKUMANKAMA O. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 239-246.

ASSESSMENT OF UTILISATION OF SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN OGUN STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Rukayat Abiodun ADEYEMO, Afolabi Mohammed OLADOJA, Michael FAMAKINWA, Dorcas Lola ALABI

The study assessed utilization of soil management practices among arable crop farmers in Ogun State. Specifically, it described the socio-economic characteristics of arable crop farmers; identified the soil management practices (SMPs) prevailing in the study area; determined the crop yield and respondents’ level of utilization and identified problems associated with their utilization. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 110 farmers from selected six functional fadama sites in Ogun State. Results showed that majority (92.7% and 79.1 %) of the respondents were male and married respectively with mean age of 37.5 years. Zero tillage, mulching, ridging and cover cropping were the major SMPs identified by the respondents. Among SPMs identified, mulching (mean = 2.76), ridging (mean = 2.41), fertilizer application (mean = 2.26), zero tillage (mean = 2.25) and cover cropping (mean 2.25) were the mainly utilized while majority (69.1%) utilised SMPs at moderate level. Further results showed that inadequate supply of fertilizer (mean = 1.78) and high cost labour (mean = 1.69) were identified as the major constraints to usage of the sustainable soil management practices. Age (r = 0.20); farming experience (r= 0.451) and crop yield (r = 0.223) had significantly relationship with the respondents’ utilisation of SMPs. The study concluded that the level of use of soil management practices had direct effect on yield of crops and sustainability of soil used in Ogun state, Nigeria.

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ADEYEMO R.A., OLADOJA A.M., FAMAKINWA M., ALABI D.L. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF UTILISATION OF SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN OGUN STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 37-46.

AUDIT ELECTRONIC (e-AUDIT) TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Titin RULIANA, Andi INDRAWATI, Silvia FEBRINA LUBIS

The main aspect to support the creation of good governance is audit (audit) conducted by parties who have independence and have professional competence to check. The implementation of computer-assisted audit has its own impact in the audit procedure because it changes the design of the information system and its internal control structure such as audit trail although it does not in any way alter the general audit concepts and objectives. Implementation of the e_audit system is taken because the Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia is aware that there is a large gap between the number of inspection entities, audit objects, and stakeholder expectations with resources owned by BPK RI. The development of e-Audit is believed to reduce the gap. The purpose of this study as follows: (1) To analyze the effectiveness of e_audit implementation of financial statements; (2) To analyze the efficiency of the implementation of e_audit to the financial statements in the use of inspection budget.

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RULIANA T., INDRAWATI A., FEBRINA LUBIS S. 2017, AUDIT ELECTRONIC (e-AUDIT) TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 363-368.

BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Hulya GUL, Fidan Merve KART, Mevlut GUL, Metin Göksel AKPINAR

The purpose of this study was to determine bakery products consumption, preference, purchasing behaviour and the factors affecting the consumer. The data for this study were obtained by the survey method with 288 households in Isparta. The purchase frequency of bread was determined that daily while for biscuit products it was 15 days and for pasta, wafers and cake was monthly. Consumers have stated that they prefer bakery products as a tasty and satisfying snack. Monthly consumption of biscuits, pasta, wafers and cakes was calculated as 433.44, 913.45, 110.33 and 144.47 grams per person, respectively. Bread consumption was calculated as 188.79 grams per day. Sweet biscuits were more preferred by consumers. It was detected that the price of bakery products is related to the income of households. As of the survey date, the average monthly income of the families was calculated as 3,061.89 TRL and average income per person was calculated as 779.10 TRL. Spending of bakery products for households was found to be 27.16 TRL. When the price of bakery products associated with income of households, these products were seen as reasonable and practical products. Although the education level of consumers varied, bakery products was preferred by every age group of consumer as a conventional taste whether it is a healthy food or not. The rate of consumers who found bakery products moderately safe was 58%. One of the most influencing factors on consumers to purchase bakery products was determined as healthy production conditions and all the shopping facilities of sellers.

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GUL H., KART F.M., GUL M., AKPINAR M.G. 2017, BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 137-146.

BEEKEEPING SUPPORT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Janusz MAJEWSKI

The analysis and support structure of the beekeeping sector in the European Union countries was analyzed. The level of support for this sector of agriculture in the years to come increased and in the years 2017-2019 is 72 million EUR per year. The amount of support beekeeping depends mainly on the number of hives. The average value of support for bee colony in most countries ranges from 4.35 to 4.63 EUR per year. The amount of support expressed as the equivalent of beekeeping honey indicating little relevance of this action, since the value of the support is equal to the EU average of 0.65 kg multiflorous honey, that varies from 0.3 to 1.33 kg

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MAJEWSKI J. 2017, BEEKEEPING SUPPORT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 193-198.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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