CHALLENGES OF POPULATION DEVELOPMENT AND VALUE CHAINS IN ROMANIAN MOUNTAIN AREAS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Silviu BECIU, Stefan MANN, Georgiana Armenița ARGHIROIU

The paper aims to make an assessment related to the Romanian mountain areas, insisting on the aspects in connection with the population from the rural areas and the evolution of the value chains in these areas. The research method is rather empiric, based on the recent evolutions related with the population and the food chain supply from the mountain areas. Most of the data are provided by the recently established Romanian Agency for the Mountain Area and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development from Romania. The discussions are focused on how this mountain area evolved in the last years, in relation to the needs of its inhabitants. The paper is developing the idea of the mountain as a marketing argument. The results indicates that many aspects related with the mountain areas are not supported by the field studies and the researches in this field are a necessity.

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BECIU S., MANN S., ARGHIROIU G.A. 2018, CHALLENGES OF POPULATION DEVELOPMENT AND VALUE CHAINS IN ROMANIAN MOUNTAIN AREAS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 81-84.

CHANGES AND TRENDS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION IN LITHUANIA AFTER ACCESSION TO THE EU

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Vida DABKIENĖ

The aim of this paper is to disclose the main changes and trends of Lithuanian grain production. Using quantitative statistical methods, the paper proposes an economic analysis of grain production changes in the period 2004-2015. This analysis revealed that the importance of grain sector in terms of the share of gross agricultural output has increased in Lithuania. Over the analysed period the yielding capacity of grain and the area under crops went on increasing. These in turn lead to an increase of the usable production by 2.2 times, the beginning stocks by 54% and self-sufficiency level reached 318%. In 2015 just 31% of the usable production has been used for domestic needs, as compare to 2004, decreased by more than 50 percentage points. Over the period exports of grain increased significantly by 6.2 times. This confirmed the improved competitiveness of the grain sector. The Common Agricultural Policy direct payment scheme was favourable to grain farms, as the farm net income per family work unit gained by family farms specialist in cereals, oilseeds and protein crops was even by 2.0 times higher than the average in all farms. In order to ensure the income these farms need to use internal or/and external risk management measures.

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DABKIENĖ V. 2016, CHANGES AND TRENDS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION IN LITHUANIA AFTER ACCESSION TO THE EU. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 83-88.

CHANGES IN HIGHER EDUCATION AND THE VALUE OF EDUCATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF RURAL AREAS. THE CASE OF POLAND

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Krzysztof WASIELEWSKI

The aim of this article is to present the significance of higher education for changes in the Polish countryside. These transformation are - directly or indirectly - related to changes assigned to the value of education, as well as to structural changes in the entire system of higher education in Poland. Popularization and greater accessibility to higher education has undoubtedly affected rural youth and rural areas themselves to a high degree. The rural areas that until recently had been marginalised were given an opportunity to 'catch up' in terms of educational and civilization progress. It was all possible certainly not only due to institutional changes in education system but also as a result of changes in the mentality of rural inhabitants, opening to new cultural trends and values - and last but not least - substantial aid from the European Union targeted at rural areas. The countryside has undoubtedly used this opportunity

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Krzysztof WASIELEWSKI 2015, CHANGES IN HIGHER EDUCATION AND THE VALUE OF EDUCATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF RURAL AREAS. THE CASE OF POLAND. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-8004, 381-390.

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE WORKFORCE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Adina Magdalena IORGA

The article seeks to analyze the principal characteristics of the Romanian agriculture workforce by focusing on the dynamic and structure of rural environment agricultural labor between 2007 and 2013. We have analyzed the principal indicators of the labour market resources as provided by the statistical inquiry data, indicators such as: active population, the occupation rate within the work age appropriate population, unemployment rate and so on, all taking into account education levels, age, the span of the agricultural area available for use. The study on the evolution of worker categories involved in agricultural holding and the level of know-how in the subsequent management of the agricultural holding showcases the actual dimensions of the workforce resources in the field in rural areas, and furthermore, highlights the main problems within them.

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IORGA A.M. 2017, CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE WORKFORCE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 183-186.

CIRCULAR ECONOMY IN ROMANIA: AN INDUSTRIAL SYNERGY IN THE AGRI-FOOD SECTOR

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Dumitru Florin FRONE, Simona FRONE

As a feature of the green economy, circular economy proposes the re-use of resources used in products whose shelf life has come to an end or which have lost their usefulness to construct new objects, the same quality or even better. The circular economy model may be the ideal solution for relaunching sustainably the European economy which has suffered in recent years (2008-2012). In the circular economy, the value of products, materials and resources is maintained in the economy for as long as possible and the generation of waste minimised. In this paper we shall stress on issues of eco-innovation promoting the circular economy in Romania. One of the most important concepts for the new paradigm of circular economy and resource efficiency improvements is the industrial symbiosis, implemented in eco-innovation parks (EInvP) developed to optimize economic and environmental efficiency of the involved companies and communities. In practice using industrial synergy as an approach to commercial operations – using, recovering and redirecting resources for reuse – means resources remain in productive use in the economy for longer. We analyse here a successful good practice of industrial synergy in the agri-food sector implemented within the ECOREG EInvP of Suceava County. The conclusions point to the important economic, social and environmental benefits to raise awareness for regional eco-innovation and circular economy prospects in Romania.

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FRONE D.F., FRONE S. 2017, CIRCULAR ECONOMY IN ROMANIA: AN INDUSTRIAL SYNERGY IN THE AGRI-FOOD SECTOR. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 103-110.

CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT AS A FACTOR IN IMPROVING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Liudmila TODOROVA

In today's world, the scenario of long-term economic development of any country presupposes the growth of its competitiveness in both traditional and new knowledge-intensive sectors, a breakthrough in improving the quality of human capital and labor productivity trends, the transformation of innovative factors into the main source of economic growth. Solving these problems requires creating a system of clear interaction between government, business, science and education through the use of effective tools of innovation development, among which an important role is played by the cluster approach. The relationship between the clustering process, strengthening of competitiveness and accelerate of innovation activity - a new economic phenomenon, which allows resisting the onslaught of global competition and properly meet the requirements of national and regional development. The cluster approach - this is a new management technology that allows to improve the competitiveness of a particular region or industry, and the state as a whole. And this approach has become a basic element of development strategies in most countries. The most important characteristic of the modern cluster is an innovative component, which determines its competitiveness. As a result, innovation clusters are beginning to prevail over the traditional industrial clusters.

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TODOROVA L. 2017, CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT AS A FACTOR IN IMPROVING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 375-380.

CLUSTERING: CREATING AND PROMOTING BUSSINESS SOCIAL NETWORK SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE IN THESSALONIKI

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Andreas PAPANDREOU

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the creation, promotion and sustainability of a socially supported agricultural network. The recording and the theoretical co-operative strategy that can be developed by actors in the region to achieve the maximum possible growth outcomes. The methodological approach followed is based on the research of scientific approaches and scientific bibliography and aims at the overall assessment of the usefulness of such a network. As a result of this research, it is considered that proper planning and optimal use of all the data held in their hands by all the stakeholders in the network is necessary so that we have sustainability of the agro - food sector of the city and why not of the country.

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PAPANDREOU A. 2017, CLUSTERING: CREATING AND PROMOTING BUSSINESS SOCIAL NETWORK SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE IN THESSALONIKI. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 277-282.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF SORGHUM AND BARLEY MADE IN THE LIGHT OF PRE-ACCESSION AND POST-ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Gabriela GIMBĂȘANU, Ruxandra Ana MICU, Ionuț Daniel PETRE

Increasing climate change as well as the evolution of agricultural prices have led to important changes in the structure of crops cultivated predominantly in Romanian farms. If in the past the Romanian agricultural producer does not have a great deal of openness to the new technologies, as well as to new crops like sorghum and rapeseed ten years ago, it is noticed that, with Romania joining the EU, 2007, things they changed. By increasingly contacting European farmers with a much better yield per hectare, but also opening up to new technologies and the attractive price of oil crops, Romanian farmers have begun to focus their attention on far more attractive crops than In terms of sales prices and the application of new technologies to help them achieve high output to cope with European competition. By interpreting the statistical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics and Eurostat, a comparative analysis of the import and export of sorghum and barley was carried out in the light of the pre-accession and post-accession EU production to observe whether these crops provide a high level of profitability and if it is justified to cultivate them on extended surfaces. Although there is still much to be done in this area, we see that investing in high performance technologies and equipment, in quality inputs and hybrids, is a way of generating production levels comparable to those recorded at European level.

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GIMBĂȘANU G., MICU R.A., PETRE I.D. 2017, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF SORGHUM AND BARLEY MADE IN THE LIGHT OF PRE-ACCESSION AND POST-ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 121-128.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LAND FRAGMENTATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FARM MANAGEMENT IN SOME EU COUNTRIES AND MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Elena TIMOFTI, Daniela POPA, Barbara KIELBASA

The paper presents selected problems of farm management in terms of fragmented agriculture. The problem of land fragmentation was exemplified by the three countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The main purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of selected indicators of agricultural production in the three selected countries. For the analysis, the data on the concentration indexes was selected: Lorenz concentration coefficient, the Gini index, and territorial concentration coefficient (Gini C and Stuck formula). In selected countries, there is a large number of small and very small farms. They represent the majority of farms managed by private owners. To a large extend, they are called semi-subsistence farms or social farms. Some of them provide a part of their products on the market. Small farms are the part of the so-called European Model of Agriculture – a model that consists of small family farms. It is difficult to indicate correct definition of „small farm”, as it may be defined differently depending on the region or country. In the EU, small farms occupy a dominant position, being a constant subject of debates and policy. The authors of the article stressed the need of strengthening of the small farms position, for example by enlarging their acreage or by initiating horizontal or vertical cooperation, however, shall not impair the role of small farms. They are important in biodiversity protection, preserving the rural landscape, as well as by cultivation local tradition, culture and heritage.

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Elena TIMOFTI, Daniela POPA, Barbara KIELBASA 2015, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LAND FRAGMENTATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FARM MANAGEMENT IN SOME EU COUNTRIES AND MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-8000, 345-356.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE QUALITY OF SEVERAL BREADS ASSORTMENTS AVAILABLE ON THE ROMANIAN MARKET AND ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES RELIABILITY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Radiana Maria TAMBA-BEREHOIU, Ciprian Nicolae POPA, Vasilica SIMION, Bogdan Ştefan NEDELCU

Our investigations have focused on the analysis of several bread assortments manufactured by the largest producer in Romania, in terms of key quality parameters. There were analyzed four breads assortments coming from a local producer, namely Vel Pitar, as follows: whole wheat bread (500g), white bread (300 g), intermediate bread (300 g) and dark bread (300 g). Of each assortment were taken 15 samples from different batches. For each sample were analyzed: Weight (W, g), Moisture (M, %), Acidity (A, grade), Porosity (P, %), Elasticity (E %), Water activity (aW), Length (cm), Width (cm), Height (cm). We have identified highly significant statistical differences between varieties of bread (Student test). We find that all the significant correlations formed have particularized bread assortments, because of the fact that the assortments of bread did not show significant correlations between the same quality parameters. It is highlighted in this way, the differences between recipes and technological process. To conclude, we can say that the whole wheat bread and dark bread are most alike, in terms of quality characteristics, given that both had an increased fiber content. It was also noted the similarities of quality parameters in white and intermediate bread. All observed differences, with varying degrees of significance, constituted peculiarities of bread assortments taken for analysis.

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TAMBA-BEREHOIU R.M., POPA C.N., SIMION V., NEDELCU B.S. 2016, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE QUALITY OF SEVERAL BREADS ASSORTMENTS AVAILABLE ON THE ROMANIAN MARKET AND ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES RELIABILITY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 361-368.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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