ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION INDICATORS AND RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Zainab Aina USMAN, Kehinde Oluseyi OLAGUNJU

Social cohesion (SC) is not much of a debatable topic in the developing countries, and like poverty is a multidimensional concept. Evidence from research shows fairly poor basis for testing the multidimensionality and measurement of SC in Nigeria. We test for the multidimensionality of social cohesion(SC) in rural areas using possible indicators that could contribute to the welfare of the rural populace. Data were drawn from the Nigeria General Household Survey 2012/2013 derived from the World Bank Living Standard Survey Measurement. Using exploratory factor analysis and Pearson correlation techniques to measure and test the multidimensionality of SC and its relation to rural welfare respectively, the results showed that about 46.5% and 36.6% have a perception that social trust and violence level is better in Nigeria, however only 36% have access to rural communal resource. Policy focus should be targeted towards development of the rural social sector by redefining funding, institutional structures and functions

[Read full article] [Citation]

USMAN Z.A., OLAGUNJU K.U. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION INDICATORS AND RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 339-346.

ASSESSMENT OF SOIL PROPERTIES AS AFFECTED BY FOUR LAND USE TYPES IN EGBEADA, SOUTH - EAST NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3
Written by Donald Nweze OSUJIEKE, Juliet Nnenna IGBOJIONU, Pedro Ezemon IMADOJEMU, Jude Nnanyere IROHA

The study was conducted to ascertain the influence of four land use types [plantain plantation (PP), cassava farm (CF), whistling pine forest (WPF) and fallow land (FL)] on soil properties of Egbeada in South-east, Nigeria. Stratified sampling technique was used in the collection of soil samples from the land-uses. Composite samples were collected from each land-use for routine and selected special laboratory analyses. Data generated were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance. Sand particles had a mean of 85.20 %, 85.80 %, 83.60 % and 78.80 % for soils under PP, CF, WPF, and FL, respectively. The pH(H2O) had mean of 6.35, 6.42, 5.36 and 5.81 soils under PP, CF, WPF, and FL while organic matter had mean of 2.94 % for PP and FL, 1.47 % for CF and 2.79 % for WPF. However, available Zn of the studied soils had mean of 8.7 mg kg-1, 6.8 mg kg-1, 5.3 mg kg-1 and 4.9 mg kg-1 in decreasing order of fallow land > whistling pine forest > plantain plantation > cassava farm, respectively. The organic matter under soils of cassava farm differed significantly (P = 0.05) with that of plantain plantation, whistling pine forest, and fallow land. The available Zn and Cu differed non-significantly among soils of the various land-uses. However, the result obtained from the study indicated that the different land-uses have affected the soils at a various rate.

[Read full article] [Citation]

OSUJIEKE D.N., IGBOJIONU J.N., IMADOJEMU P.E., IROHA J.N. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF SOIL PROPERTIES AS AFFECTED BY FOUR LAND USE TYPES IN EGBEADA, SOUTH - EAST NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 309-316.

ASSESSMENT OF THE ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL LAND USE IN THE TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE OF REGION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 4
Written by Halyna DUDYCH, Lesia DUDYCH

The article is devoted improves method of the assessment of the ecological sustainability of agricultural land use in the territorial structure of region. Approbation of this method was carried out on the example of the districts of the Lviv region, located in the western part of Ukraine. The analysis of ecological parameters and modern structure of lands of the territory of Lviv region is presented. Based on the analysis of the coefficients of ecological sustainability of agricultural land use, three groups of districts have been identified, depending on the level of this indicator: stable, average sustainability, low sustainability. Using correlation-regression analysis, we established the relationship between ecological parameters of the organization of the territory and humus content, as well as the normative-monetary valuation of land, using the example of Lviv region districts. The proposed method for assessing the ecological sustainability use can be an integral part of the ecological passport of the territory, which makes it possible to consider the environmental factors that have resulted in the result of the assessment in combination and interdependence. The application of the proposed methodology makes it possible to choose the best variant of the organization of land use in agrosphere, which will increase the efficiency of production, as well as optimization of natural ecosystems.

[Read full article] [Citation]

DUDYCH H., DUDYCH L. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF THE ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL LAND USE IN THE TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE OF REGION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 87-92.

ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Chioma Udo NWAOBIALA, Ikechukwu NDUKWE, Oji EKUMANKAMA

In Nigeria, low productivity of cocoa has been attributed to poor maintenance practices, planting low yielding varieties and incidence of pest and diseases. In order to address this, cocoa famers need appropriate training to increase productivity. This study therefore was undertaken to assess the training needs of cocoa farmers in Bende Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Purposive and multi-stage random sampling techniques were used to select 90 farmers from the cocoa producing communities in the Local Government Area. Data were collected with the aid of a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multiple regression analysis). The results indicate that 95.56% of cocoa farmers were males, with mean ages of 55.5 years, mean farm size 'of 8 hectares, mean annual farm income of N 1.3 M (10,000 USD), while 72.22% inherited their farm land and had extension contact once in a month (52.22%). The result showed that of the farmers’ sourced information on cocoa production from farm field school (96.67%) and research institutes (74.44%). The farmers assert that the needed training on Plantation establishment and control of black pod disease (x=2.9), control of swollen-shoot virus and mirad control (x=2.8), punning techniques, cocoa bean storage and processing (x=2.7). Other areas were on cocoa bean marketing (x=2.6), fertilizer application (x=2.5) and nursery establishment techniques (x=2.4).The multiple regression analysis showed that coefficients for land ownership, age, farming experience, farm income and extension contacts influenced training needs of the cocoa farmers in the study area. The study recommends review of Land Use Act of 1990, increased extension contact and training and re-training of farmers on pesticide and fungicide usage for boosting cocoa production in the study area.

[Read full article] [Citation]

NWAOBIALA C.U., NDUKWE I., EKUMANKAMA O. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 239-246.

ASSESSMENT OF UTILISATION OF SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN OGUN STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Rukayat Abiodun ADEYEMO, Afolabi Mohammed OLADOJA, Michael FAMAKINWA, Dorcas Lola ALABI

The study assessed utilization of soil management practices among arable crop farmers in Ogun State. Specifically, it described the socio-economic characteristics of arable crop farmers; identified the soil management practices (SMPs) prevailing in the study area; determined the crop yield and respondents’ level of utilization and identified problems associated with their utilization. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 110 farmers from selected six functional fadama sites in Ogun State. Results showed that majority (92.7% and 79.1 %) of the respondents were male and married respectively with mean age of 37.5 years. Zero tillage, mulching, ridging and cover cropping were the major SMPs identified by the respondents. Among SPMs identified, mulching (mean = 2.76), ridging (mean = 2.41), fertilizer application (mean = 2.26), zero tillage (mean = 2.25) and cover cropping (mean 2.25) were the mainly utilized while majority (69.1%) utilised SMPs at moderate level. Further results showed that inadequate supply of fertilizer (mean = 1.78) and high cost labour (mean = 1.69) were identified as the major constraints to usage of the sustainable soil management practices. Age (r = 0.20); farming experience (r= 0.451) and crop yield (r = 0.223) had significantly relationship with the respondents’ utilisation of SMPs. The study concluded that the level of use of soil management practices had direct effect on yield of crops and sustainability of soil used in Ogun state, Nigeria.

[Read full article] [Citation]

ADEYEMO R.A., OLADOJA A.M., FAMAKINWA M., ALABI D.L. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF UTILISATION OF SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN OGUN STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 37-46.

AUDIT ELECTRONIC (e-AUDIT) TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Titin RULIANA, Andi INDRAWATI, Silvia FEBRINA LUBIS

The main aspect to support the creation of good governance is audit (audit) conducted by parties who have independence and have professional competence to check. The implementation of computer-assisted audit has its own impact in the audit procedure because it changes the design of the information system and its internal control structure such as audit trail although it does not in any way alter the general audit concepts and objectives. Implementation of the e_audit system is taken because the Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia is aware that there is a large gap between the number of inspection entities, audit objects, and stakeholder expectations with resources owned by BPK RI. The development of e-Audit is believed to reduce the gap. The purpose of this study as follows: (1) To analyze the effectiveness of e_audit implementation of financial statements; (2) To analyze the efficiency of the implementation of e_audit to the financial statements in the use of inspection budget.

[Read full article] [Citation]

RULIANA T., INDRAWATI A., FEBRINA LUBIS S. 2017, AUDIT ELECTRONIC (e-AUDIT) TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 363-368.

BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Hulya GUL, Fidan Merve KART, Mevlut GUL, Metin Göksel AKPINAR

The purpose of this study was to determine bakery products consumption, preference, purchasing behaviour and the factors affecting the consumer. The data for this study were obtained by the survey method with 288 households in Isparta. The purchase frequency of bread was determined that daily while for biscuit products it was 15 days and for pasta, wafers and cake was monthly. Consumers have stated that they prefer bakery products as a tasty and satisfying snack. Monthly consumption of biscuits, pasta, wafers and cakes was calculated as 433.44, 913.45, 110.33 and 144.47 grams per person, respectively. Bread consumption was calculated as 188.79 grams per day. Sweet biscuits were more preferred by consumers. It was detected that the price of bakery products is related to the income of households. As of the survey date, the average monthly income of the families was calculated as 3,061.89 TRL and average income per person was calculated as 779.10 TRL. Spending of bakery products for households was found to be 27.16 TRL. When the price of bakery products associated with income of households, these products were seen as reasonable and practical products. Although the education level of consumers varied, bakery products was preferred by every age group of consumer as a conventional taste whether it is a healthy food or not. The rate of consumers who found bakery products moderately safe was 58%. One of the most influencing factors on consumers to purchase bakery products was determined as healthy production conditions and all the shopping facilities of sellers.

[Read full article] [Citation]

GUL H., KART F.M., GUL M., AKPINAR M.G. 2017, BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 137-146.

BEEKEEPING SUPPORT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Janusz MAJEWSKI

The analysis and support structure of the beekeeping sector in the European Union countries was analyzed. The level of support for this sector of agriculture in the years to come increased and in the years 2017-2019 is 72 million EUR per year. The amount of support beekeeping depends mainly on the number of hives. The average value of support for bee colony in most countries ranges from 4.35 to 4.63 EUR per year. The amount of support expressed as the equivalent of beekeeping honey indicating little relevance of this action, since the value of the support is equal to the EU average of 0.65 kg multiflorous honey, that varies from 0.3 to 1.33 kg

[Read full article] [Citation]

MAJEWSKI J. 2017, BEEKEEPING SUPPORT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 193-198.

BENCHMARKING OF INVESTMENT AND THEIR RECOVERABILITY IN THE BERRIES SECTOR

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Andrei ZBANCĂ, Ghenadie NEGRITU, Dumitru STRATAN

Small agricultural producers of the Republic of Moldova focus on developing berries sector, which provides the greatest profits and, due to this fact, could become an important source of increasing income in the rural sector. The paper presents the results of economic calculations (performed by the authors) related to the amount of investments and terms of investment recovery (calculated per 1 hectare) for 15 berries crops, as well as to the economic results of the operational activity of growing these crops (sales incomes, sale costs, gross profit, economic profitability). The authors developed cost budgets and their components for each berries. The presented calculation data will enable farmers to select the correct berries based on the economic indicators and to deliberately investment the financial resources.

[Read full article] [Citation]

ZBANCĂ A., NEGRITU G., STRATAN D. 2018, BENCHMARKING OF INVESTMENT AND THEIR RECOVERABILITY IN THE BERRIES SECTOR. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 529-536.

BENEFIT ASSESSMENT OF PASSIVE HOUSE IN BULGARIA IN SUSTAINABILITY CONTEXT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Yavor STOYANOV

Demand for cost-effective and environmental friendly building solutions as well as the continued implementation of eco-innovation in construction sector leads to an increase of research interest in passive house. The aim of the paper is to assess the benefits of passive house in Bulgaria which influence on environment, economy and society. On this basis are made general conclusions and recommendations related to benefits of passive house for achieving sustainable housing, their assessment for economy, society and environment and evaluation of factors for increasing the benefits of passive house.

[Read full article] [Citation]

STOYANOV Y. 2018, BENEFIT ASSESSMENT OF PASSIVE HOUSE IN BULGARIA IN SUSTAINABILITY CONTEXT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 477-482.


The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.
Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
Powered by INTEL TECH DEVELOPMENT.