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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Olha DOROSH, Iosyp DOROSH, Shamil IBATULLIN, Viacheslav FOMENKO, Andriy DOROSH

It is established that the monopolization of means of production, in particular agricultural in rural areas, is one of the reasons for the decrease in the population of these regions, and also leads to a decrease in local budget revenues. Accordingly, maintaining one's own infrastructure at the proper level becomes less and less realistic. It was found that most United Territorial Communities (UTC) budgets in Ukraine are subsidized and their average subsidy from the government is about 45%. We found that 13 land users cultivate 68.5% of the agricultural land of the Kolomatska UTC. The community needs to increase its own budget revenues by 6.3% annually in order to compensate 60% of subventions and subsidies during 5 years. It is established that one of the ways to achieve this goal is to change the form of organization of agricultural production in the community from cultivation by single land users of large tracts of land they lease to the formation of agricultural cooperatives by landowners to ensure rational use of local resources and income distribution. Agricultural cooperatives are institutions of collective action that contribute to the rationalization of the use of natural resources. It is estimated that such a transition will double the income of landowners, and local budget revenues will increase by about 25%.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Adefunke Fadilat Olawunmi AYINDE, Olaoluwa Ayodeji ADEBAYO, Mathias Ofonedu UMUNNA, Azeez Olalekan IBRAHIM

This study was carried out to examine the agricultural extension services and farm input supply linkage in Ogun State, Nigeria. Data was obtained from interviewing sixty farmers randomly in Ifo Local Government Area, Ogun State. All the extension agents for the two block offices in the locality were also interviewed to corroborate the data obtained from farmers. Socio-economic characteristics of the respondents were ascertained to have positive influence on agricultural production. Inputs were found out to be supplied mainly by Ogun State Agro-Services Corporation (OGASC) and Ogun State Agricultural Development Programme (OGADEP), but these inputs are not always available at the required time and quantity while the linkage between OGADEP and OGASC was confirmed to be inexistence i.e. OGASC being the commercial arm of OGADEP supplies inputs directly to farmers through the Farm Service Centres (FSCs) and Input Sales Centre at the OGADEP Headquarters. Through these Centres, the farm inputs get to the Block Offices via the Zonal Office, from where the farmers are expected to purchase them. On the other hand, OGADEP supplies information on input needs of farmers to OGASC which assists the latter in making inputs available at the right time and in the right quantity. In addition to this, OGADEP also supply information on input availability to the farmers through the Village Extension Agents (VEAs) who also take recommended practices to these farmers. However, apart from their above mentioned roles, the VEAs are also involved in actual purchase of inputs to the farmers. This deviation from the “professionalism” dictate of the Training and Visit System of Extension Services would have good influence in boosting agricultural production in the study area.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Julia DOITCHINOVA, Albena MITEVA

The paper studied the impact of agriculture on rural development. The emphasis is on the changes in the development of agriculture in the conditions of Bulgaria's membership in the EU and on their impacts on the economic, social and environmental indicators for the status and development of the rural areas. The object of analysis is the South Central Planning Region of Bulgaria (BG42) at the NUTS-2 level. This study employed mixed quantitative and qualitative research design. The quantitative part presupposes the presentation and analysis of statistics on agriculture and rural development at the level of planning region, district and rural area (municipality) in the period of EU membership (2007-2017). Qualitative methods include the use of the experts evaluation method and in-depth interviews with 25 specialists from the regional office “Agriculture” and the regional office of the National Agricultural Advisory System. The conclusions of the analysis reveal that the model of agriculture in the study area is close to the characteristics of the Southern model of agriculture in Europe. Evidence for the more favorable effects of the emerging model of agriculture on rural development compared to other regions in the country (especially the three northern ones) are the slower migration processes, lower unemployment rates in some municipalities and etc.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Roman STUPEN, Oksana CHERECHON, Oksana STUPEN, Olga SOLTYS

The paper studied the methodical foundations of the organization of dynamic crop rotations in economic formations with narrow specialization of production in the article. Taking into account the suitability of agricultural production groups of soils for growing crops, one has developed agro-climatic substantiation of their location on the studied land plots of LLC “LUHY-2”, located in the Forest-Steppe zone. It was proposed to develop and implement in the production of crop rotation for rapeseed cultivation on the territory of the studied farm to increase the gross yielding capacity. There were presented schemes of soil-protective crop rotations for different ecological and technological groups of lands of the Forest-Steppe zone, where the object of research is located, taking into account the suitability of land for growing crops, soil and climatic conditions and production specialization on the example of model economy.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Bababunmi Alaba AJAYI, Abiodun Oladayo AJALA, Abiodun Rukayat ADEYEMO

This study was conducted to assess traditional incubation and hatching methods of indigenous poultry eggs, and the level of knowledge of poultry farmers in Kwara State of Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 80 household poultry keepers who were interviewed using structured questionnaires for data collection. Four Local Government Areas (LGAs) were randomly selected while a non-probability snow-ball technique was used to select five households who are known for rearing indigenous chickens. The results showed the mean age of poultry keepers in the study area was 51±8 and the mean flock size in the study was 21±5.chickens About 11.2% of the respondents keep poultry as a source of income and 7.5 % raise chickens solely for consumption while 87.5% keep chickens for both consumption and income purposes. 71.2% of respondents keep chicken eggs for incubation and hatching for replacement purposes. The mean income from sales of poultry products was 2,800±149 NGN (US$7.7). The result further showed that 52.8% of the farmers had a low level of knowledge while 32.4% had a moderate level of knowledge and only 14.8% of them had a high level of knowledge about the process of traditional incubation and hatching methods. The ordered logistic regression model results showed that, age 0.128 (p=0.00611), annual income 0.000212 (p=0.0193) and years of formal education 0.5318 (p=0.0121) influenced the likelihood of higher level of knowledge about the processes of incubation and hatching of eggs of indigenous chicken of the respondents. Predator, inadequate funds, and theft are the major constraints faced by the poultry keepers in the study area. There is a need for more empirical studies by animal breeders and extension service providers to give proper orientation to the poultry keepers on the process of incubation and hatching of eggs for rapid multiplication of indigenous poultry birds to improve food and nutritional security for a sustainable development.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Adekunle Isaac ADETULA, Taiwo Timothy AMOS, Lawrence Olusola OPARINDE

This study examined the impact of improved cassava varieties’ cultivation and downside risk exposure among farmers in Ondo State, Nigeria. The multistage sampling procedure was employed to select 154 respondents for the study. The analytical tools employed are descriptive statistics and Endogenous Switching Regression (ESR) model. The empirical findings revealed that the respondents who were adopters and non-adopters were in their active ages, married, with some level of formal education and mainly male. The results of the Endogenous Switching Regression model revealed that years of formal education, extension agent visit, the quantity of herbicide used, quantity of hired labour, the quantity of fertilizer used and awareness of the importance of improved cassava varieties were positive and significant in determining the adoption of improved cassava varieties. Adoption of improved cassava varieties reduced the downside risk exposure (probability of crop failure) among farmers. Adoption of improved cassava varieties can reduce the downside risk exposure (likelihood of crop failure) among farmers. Therefore, the study recommended that extension agents should be supported by both government and non-governmental organizations to visit the farmers regularly and orientate them about inputs combination that can therefore, increase the farm output and reduce the probability of crop failure.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Cristina STERIE

The Romanian village is facing demographic problems, an ageing population, low birth rates, and a lack of jobs that contribute to the depopulation of villages. The main purpose of the paper is the identification of socioeconomic problems, taking as a study the research of the commune of Tetoiu in Vâlcea County. The work is based on official data provided by the town hall of Tetoiu, as well as data provided by the National Statistical Institute, on the basis of which the following statistical indicators were calculated: standard deviation, coefficient of variation, and growth rate. The lack of qualified teachers and interest in education is a major problem in the rural environment, contributing to migration to other countries in order to secure a secure source of income and a decent living. Lack of information on access to European funds leads to a reduction in agricultural activities and a shift towards the urban environment. All these problems form a crisis of the Romanian village and lead to the fall of the villages.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Blessing Ogheneyoma EMEDE, Oluwatosin Oluwasegun FASINA

One of the current challenges facing Nigeria is food insecurity. At the moment, Nigeria occupies 96th position in the Global Food Security Index Ranking (GFSIR). One striking feature of Nigerian agriculture is unpopularity of GMCs in the fight against food insecurity. However, scientists’ knowledge of these GMCs is unknown in Nigeria, thus, making it difficult to ascertain farmers’ readiness to adopt. This study therefore ascertained Agricultural Scientists’ knowledge level in GMCs with a view to ascertaining their capability in disseminating GMCs to farmers in order to alleviate food insecurity challenge in Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 240 Scientists from Universities, Research institutions and Extension Experts from ADP/Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources across the 6 geo-political zones in Nigeria with the use of structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed with use of F-test and described with frequency and percentage and Equal Interval Approach. It was observed that 59.2% of the Scientists had high knowledge of GMCs. However, there was a significant difference in the scientists’ knowledge of GMCs across agricultural zones with the F-value of 15.2; p≤ 0.05. Further results of Duncan Range test revealed that North central zone (Mean = 154) zone had the highest knowledge compared to other zones. The high knowledge of GMCs recorded among scientists therefore, becomes an entry point in using GMCs to fight food insecurity challenge in Nigeria. Thus, farmer’s readiness to adopt GMCs and cultural practices associated with their cultivation are highly depended on advice and recommendations from the Agricultural scientists in Nigeria.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Janet T. OJEDIRAN, Rasheed G. ADEOLA, Kehinde Y. OGUNLEYE, Saheed B. RAHMAN

Growth Enhancement Support Scheme (GESS) is a farm input subsidy programme introduced by the Nigerian government to assist farmers, and an assessment becomes imperative for effective and proper implementation. This study, therefore, examined farmers’ levels of participation and attitude towards GESS. Multistage sampling procedure was used to draw 260 registered farmers as respondents. Data were collected with the aid of a structured interview schedule. The data were subjected to descriptive statistics and Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to test the relationship between the respondents’ participation and their attitude towards GESS. Farmers’ mean age was 44 years and are mostly male with a mean household size of 5 people. Majority of the farmers enjoyed the provision of advisory services through the agro-input dealers, distribution of seeds and fertilizers. Significant relationships exist between age, household size, years spent in formal school and farmers’ level of participation in GESS. Over half of the farmers had a moderate level of participation and favourable attitude towards GESS. The government should continue the programme and address the shortcomings such as distance to redemption centres and late delivery of inputs to increase the level of participation by farmers.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Oksana APOSTOLYUK, Tetiana SHMATKOVSKA, Inna CHYKALO1, Andrew HUSAK

The article evaluates the dynamics of the main indicators of economic activity of the rural population of Volyn region, formed and highlighted trends in their development in the region and compared with neighboring regions within the Polissya economic zone of Ukraine. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the intensive reduction of employment of the rural population in traditional sectors of economic activity, which leads to an increase, on the one hand, rural unemployment, and on the other – to an increase in employment in personal peasant farms. The study substantiated that employment in the personal economy turned out to be more profitable for the rural population – the income per unit of labour there is now about twice as high with twice as low labour productivity. The explanation for this is the shadow nature of production in peasant farms and the imbalance of the economic mechanism in enterprises. It is substantiated that, taking into account the number of employed persons who produced products for personal consumption in private farms, programs inefficient use not only of their labour resources, but also reduces the average industry efficiency of labour resources of the agricultural sector as a whole. Among other features of the rural labour market of Volyn region, which limits its development, we can point to the non-compact distribution of the rural population in the territory. Peculiarities of the settlement network in Volyn region are that the dominant segment of rural employment is agricultural enterprises. It was found that in the current conditions it is advisable to develop and implement a set of measures to improve demographic processes, optimize employment and improve the living standards of the rural population, which requires effective cooperation between government and research institutions, relevant authorities and interested private entities. It is proved that in the rapidly changing conditions of modern times the optimization of territorial mobility of the working population between types of employment, areas of employment, insufficient and surplus areas, adaptation of statistical information base to the specifics of rural employment to rationalize economic activity and prevent negative phenomena continue to be extremely important and acute issues in Ukraine.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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