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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Taiwo Kayode OJEDIRAN, Victor DUROJAIYE, Rasheed Gbolagade ADEOLA, Janet Temitope OJEDIRAN

A well-constructed questionnaire was used to obtain data from livestock farmers through an interview schedule (n = 220) in five local government areas in Ogbomoso, Southwest Nigeria. This study assesses the characteristics of the livestock farmers, type of livestock kept, type of feed used, energy feedstuffs used in feed compounding, quantity of feed used daily, level of awareness of cassava peel utilization as livestock feedstuff, factors affecting the utilization of the identified potential energy feedstuff and constraints to the use of cassava peel as livestock feedstuffs. The survey results revealed that the respondents were mostly part time livestock farmers, middle aged men with less than 10 years farming experience, who kept majorly poultry and pigs amongst other livestock such as goat, sheep and mini-livestock. Compounded rations were commonly used with maize as the main energy feedstuff and the quantity of feed used daily indicated that they were small-scale farmers. Majority of the respondents were aware of the potential use of cassava peel as livestock feedstuff but indicated that availability of maize and sorghum, nutrient quality and seasonality influenced their utilization while ease of use and cost were factors also considered in Ogbomoso south and Ogo Oluwa for the use of sorghum. Cost and quantity were not of serious concern for use of whole cassava in livestock feed but storability, availability and seasonality were the major factors affecting its use as energy feedstuff while nutrient quality and rate of spoilage were constraints for the use of cassava peel. It can therefore be recommended that agricultural extensionist should work together with livestock nutritionists and reorient the farmers with available research outputs that had addressed the constraints of cassava peel usage for it to compete with maize as an energy feedstuff.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Agatha POPESCU, Toma Adrian DINU, Elena STOIAN, Valentin SERBAN

The paper analyzed honey production concentration in Romania in the period 2009-2018 using the specific indicators: number of beekeepers, bee hives, honey production and yield per bee hive, and methods like: trend equation, Herfindhal-Hirschman concentration index (HHI), regression models, correlations and determination coefficients to examine the gains in comparison with the period 2007-2016. The results pointed out that both the number of bee colonies and honey production increased in a high measure, only honey yield remained stable (20 kg/year). In 2018, Romania came on important positions in the EU-28 top honey producing countries as follows: 2nd position for 1,689.5 thousand bee hives, 1st position for 30,000 tons honey production, 3rd position for 80 average number of bee hives per apiary, and 18th position for 20 kg honey yield per bee hive. In 2018, the distribution of the bee hives and honey production in the territory was: 18.5% South West Oltenia, 16.2% South East, 14.6% North West, 13.6% South Muntenia, 13.3 % North East, 12% Center, 10.6% West and 1.2% Bucharest-Ilfov. Compared to 2009, honey production increased in 2018 in almost all the micro-regions, except North East, where it remained stable. HHI indices had values below 0.15 reflecting a low concentration. Compared to the period 2007-2016, in the interval 2009-2018, the mean for the number of bee hives and honey production increased, the correlation and determination coefficients recorded higher values for the pair of indicators: honey production and the number of bee hives and for the honey production and yield, while for the average yield and the number of bee hives the values were smaller. Regression equations attested that honey production is about 50% determined by the number of bee hives and in smaller proportion by honey yield. Beekeeping has to continue to develop for assuring the pollination of the agricultural crops, the preservation of biodiversity and environment and for providing healthy products for consumers, jobs and incomes for the rural population. The EU and National Programmes for Apiculture will strengthen this sector keeping pace with the increased competitiveness on the EU honey market.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Zakaria MESKINI, Nadra RECHIDI-SIDHOUM, A. El-Amine DAHOU, Khalil BOUNAAMA, Abdelkader HOMRANI

The aim of this study was to show the characteristics and to carry out a typology to define the different types of dairy cattle breeding in the state of Relizane, through an analysis of multiple correspondences, followed by an ascending hierarchical classification. The study was carried out in 73 dairy farms with 2,454 cattle including 1,432 dairy cows. The results show that 16% of farmers have not owned agricultural land, and that the utilized agricultural area of the surveyed farms is small on average to 7.47 ha, with an average fodder agricultural area of 3.9 ha which influences negatively on the feed self-sufficiency of farms and plays a preponderant role in poor feed management. The use of corn silage is practiced on 18% of farms. Breeders have an average cattle herd of 33.6 heads, 58.3% of which is represented by dairy cows. The racial composition of the cows is dominated by the imported breeds mainly the Holstein and the Montbéliarde with 57% and 34% respectively. The average number of human work units is 2.21 HWU/farm and in 47% of the farms the staff is exclusively family. The typology revealed six types of farms; these farms are mainly differentiated by the full agricultural area, the utilized agricultural area, the Forage area, the irrigated agricultural area, and by the cattle and dairy cow’s population.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Adedayo O. AJAYI, Kolawole A. ADELOYE, Khadijat O. OLANREWAJU, Khadijat O. OLAYINKA

The study assessed the pattern of communication applicable for information sharing in community development associations (CDAs). Specifically, the study identified the development projects undertaken, determined the level of use of communication channels within and between CDAs and the sequence of information flow within the CDAs. A total of 120 CDA members chosen from the 6 most prominent CDAs in Ilero. These were interviewed with the aid of well-structured interview schedule for data collection. Data analysis was conducted with the use of frequency counts, percentages, mean and standard deviation as well as Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis for hypothesis test. Results revealed that the CDAs had completed infrastructural projects like water bore-hole, interpersonal communication channels were noted as the main media through which information were relayed among CDA members. Also, the sequence of information transmission was found to involve group executives as foremost followed by committees and then general members with proceeds of the general/open discussions to be transmitted to the patrons and advisers. The size of CDA (r=0.375), number of active committees (r=0.33) and average number of people per committee (r=0.391) were indicated to be significantly related to the use of communication channels at 0.01 level of confidence. Therefore, it concluded that the level of use of the communication channels is influenced by the composition and functioning of CDAs.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Damilare FADIJI, Luke OKOJIE, Dare AKERELE, Jefferson OKOJIE

Occupational risk is a major factor reducing productivity of farm workers as it impairs their physical capacity and increase their vulnerability to ill health, diseases and injuries. Agrochemical exposure risk has been attributed to work demand and unhealthy work environment that these workers are subjected to which they are often not compensated. Consequently, this study estimated the compensating wages of life quality for agrochemical exposure risks of cocoa farm workers in Idanre Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used to select 180 cocoa farm workers while data on factors affecting agrochemical exposure risks. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and linear hedonic regression. Linear hedonic regression revealed that temperature (β = 5.02), health index (β = 9.65) and participating in agrochemical spraying (β = 44.71) had positive and significant (p<0.05) influence on compensating wages while smoking (β = -41.77) and use of personal protective gadgets during spraying (β = -31.67) had negative and significant (p<0.05) influence. Cocoa farm workers received ₦75.00k per day as the compensation for incurring occupational risks. The study concluded that appropriate use of personal protective equipment minimizes agrochemical exposure risks. It was therefore recommended that educational programs that will enhance farmer’s knowledge, skills and attitude to adopt safety measures in pesticide usage should be adequately planned.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Kumala DEKSISA, Mulubrihan BAYISSA

The study was conducted to identify factors affecting household saving behavior of rural households in the district of Ambo district. Data for the study was collected from 370 households from two Kebeles. Both primary and secondary sources were used for this study and multi-stage sampling technique was used to contact with the study units (households). To attain the objectives of the study the researcher used both descriptive and econometric analysis. With descriptive analysis percentages, figures, graphs, charts and tables were used to present determinants of private saving. The results ultimately reveals that the Sex of the head of the household, Family size, land size, Access to credit and annual income are significantly influencing the saving behavior in the entire study area. Based on these findings, we recommend that government policy intervention should focus on increasing the availability and accessibility of financial institutions, awareness creation and education on the importance saving and saving modalities, planning and expenditure controlling habit, socio-cultural saving barriers, increasing interest rate, and inflation and unemployment combating strategies to augment saving capacity, investment and then economic growth.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Oksana H. AGRES, Oksana B. SADURA, Tetiana O. SHMATKOVSKA, Sergii V. ZELENKO

It is noted that leasing is a special form of reproduction of fixed assets, which is a kind of entrepreneurial activity. This is one of the most attractive and promising forms of investment that can significantly revive the process of updating the material and technical base of agricultural producers and the entry of the Ukrainian economy into the structure of the world market. The basis of the lease is long-term lease of the property, namely its transfer for temporary use on terms of payment, urgency or redemption. It is proved that in recent years, there has been an increase in the financial leasing market in Ukraine. The decisive contribution to the positive trend is made by companies, members of the professional association of lessors, because today they show the highest dynamics of development. It is proved that leasing is characterized by certain advantages over bank lending, namely: the possibility of quick acquisition of the property and the beginning of its operation without significant one-time investments; release of considerable funds for the solution of priority tasks; after the expiration of the contract there is an opportunity to purchase the property for the residual book value or contract price or to continue leasing for a new term. In our article it is substantiated that the number of leasing operations in Ukraine remains several times lower than the similar indicators of the western countries. For more active development of the leasing services market and, as a result, successful leasing development in Ukraine, it is advisable to carry out a set of measures proposed in the presented study, the main of which, in our opinion, is the support of agricultural producers by the state, which should be based on the development of a better budgetary allocation mechanism. subject to the adoption by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of bills initiated by the Association of Lessors of Ukraine, which will help to increase the demand of agricultural commodities Aviation producers to leasing companies, filling the market of agro-leasing services with private capital, and thus improving the investment environment in the agricultural sector.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Tatiana P. MAKSIMOVA, Tatiana G. BONDARENKO, Olga A. ZHDANOVA, Gharib Hovhannes HARUTYUNYAN

The relevance of the work is stipulated by the need to study alternative financing instruments for the Russian agroindustrial complex whose products ensure the satisfaction of primary needs and national food security. The research aimed to study the potential of agricultural credit consumer cooperatives in the Russian economy as an institution of alternative financing and the sustainability of small business in agriculture. The authors of this article relied on a system-integrated approach, including statistical and comparative analysis, as well as case method and analogy method for identifying the determinants of the development of agricultural credit cooperation. The authors have revealed that the deterrent nature of the development of agricultural credit consumer cooperatives is determined by two groups of factors: exogenous (macroeconomic financial instability, lack of necessary institutional conditions, excessive requirements from the Bank of Russia) and endogenous (level of confidence of agricultural producers, lack of financial and digital literacy in rural areas). Agricultural credit cooperation can have real potential as an alternative source of financing in the field of small and medium-sized businesses in the agro-industrial complex with the support of this institution from the state and a high level of trust at the microlevel of rural territories.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Parluhutan SIAHAAN, Max TULUNG, Jantje PELEALU, Christina SALAKI

Research on the diversity and abundance of entomopathogenic fungi and their hosts in rice plantations in Bolaang Mongondow Regency was an attempt to find potential local biological control agents. Integrated pest management as often employed in agricultural pest control, may be a way to address these issues. The purpose of this study was to determine the diversity and abundance of entomopathogenic fungi and their hosts, to find pest insect species that attack rice plants, and to look for potential host species and entomopathogenic fungi in Bolaang Mongondow. The results showed that entomopathogenic fungi that have been identified through the research are Beauveria bassiana, Hirsutela sp., and Metarhizium anisopliae. Hosts that have been found due to fungal entomopathogenic infections are Nilaparvata lugens, Scotinophara coarctata, Leptocorisa oratorius, and Paraeucosmetus pallicornis. The highest diversity index in Bolaang Mongondow was found in Nilaparvata lugens (1.07) and for entomopathogenic fungi was found in Beauveria bassiana (1.34). The highest abundance index levels in Bolaang Mongondow were found in the same host and fungi.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Mykhailo STUPEN, Nazar STUPEN, Zoriana RYZHOK, Oksana STUPEN

One has proposed to determine the ecological and economic efficiency of the process of land resources reproduction, depending on the yielding capacity of cereals and legumes on the humus stock in soils and the cost of their cultivation due to the use of index method and rating. One has calculated the project indicators of yielding capacity, production costs and minimum profit at 25 % for growing cereals and legumes for the administrative districts of Lviv region based on the range of changes in actual fertility due to humus stock, taking into account the qualitative characteristics. Considering the calculations, we have established that the highest yielding capacity of cereals and legumes at the level of 1.205 will be concentrated in Sokal district of Lviv region, which depends on humus content in soil at the level of 1.159 and the level of socially necessary costs of 1.038. The corresponding project values of the gross production of grain and leguminous crops growing for the researched administrative area are 408.71 million UAH concerning production costs of 286.73 million UAH, which provides a profit of 122 million UAH at 42.5 % of profitability, taking into account the predicted yielding capacity at the level of 45.3 c/ha.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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