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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Tetiana O. SHMATKOVSKA, Mykola I. DZIAMULYCH, Valentyna M. YAKUBIV, Olha A. MYSHKO, Liudmyla V. STRYZHEUS, Roman D. YAKUBIV

The paper substantiates that because the soils ploughing level in Ukraine has not changed for a long time, soil depletion is growing every year. As a result of the formed culture tendencies which grow on such lands, every year will lose productivity, and consequently, the efficiency of managing the agricultural enterprises systematically decreases. Cartogram of Ukrainian regions grouping by the average annual rent for the agricultural land use is given. It was found that that in the current business environment in Ukraine, the amount of rent does not depend on the soil fertility level, because in most western, southern and south–eastern regions of Ukraine, where the most fertile soils are concentrated, the level of rent is relatively low. In addition, it should be noted that the agricultural land of public and private ownership renting cost differs significantly from each other, which we found by comparing the data of the relevant cartograms of Ukraine. We systematized the results of the impact factors assessing on the sale of gross output of agricultural enterprises of Ukraine in 2014 – 2018 by analysing the dynamics of the return rate on their fixed assets and the factors that influenced its formation. The results of the factor analysis will make it possible to identify the quantitative impact of factors on the efficiency of non-current assets of agricultural producers, the significant share of which is directly occupied by land resources. The work is systematized the results of assessing the impact of factors on the return on assets of agricultural producers of Ukraine for 2014 - 2018 by identifying the factors that influenced its formation by determining their quantitative impact through factor analysis methods, including the method of elimination. It is substantiated that having significant and quite high–quality reserves of fertile lands, Ukraine is 2–3 times less productive than developed countries, which is evidence of inefficient use of agricultural land by agricultural enterprises of Ukraine. In our opinion, the main task of the state to rationalize and establish the efficient use of land resources in the agricultural sector is to introduce a number of measures to ensure efficient land use.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Nataliia KHOMIUK, Olena BOCHKO, Nataliia PAVLIKHA, Anton DEMCHUK, Olena STASHCHUK, Tetiana SHMATKOVSKA, Nataliya NAUMENKO

The content of rural territories development as a socio-economic-ecological system has been determined. It has been also proved that the study of rural development is of crucial importance because of the necessity to solve some socio-economic problems such as preservation of local customs, historical and ethnic characteristics. We have identified the decentralization as one of the vital components of democratic reformation, contributing to the transparency of the authorities’ activity. The impact of decentralization processes on the indicators of sustainable rural development in Ukraine has been revealed. It manifests itself in the growth of employment and income of rural population, provision of medical and educational institutions, enhancements of road transport infrastructure, creation of conditions for business development and further diversification of economic activity in rural areas, environmental protection. The analysis of sustainable development of rural territories in the conditions of decentralization based on the application of the proposed methodology has been done. Integral indices of sustainable development of rural territories of Ukraine have been calculated using the determination of partial indices of social sphere development, economic and ecological situation. The results of modelling rural territories sustainable development in the context of decentralization can be used to make management decisions for the development and implementation of economic instruments with the aim of achieving such strategic prospects as reformation of local self-governments and territorial organization of central government in Ukraine. To analyze the impact of decentralization on achieving sustainable rural development prospects, the benefits and risks of this process have been identified.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Zorica SREDOJEVIĆ, Nataša KLJAJIĆ, Slavica ARSIĆ

The subject of research in this paper is the production of buckwheat on family farms in the Republic of Serbia. The main goal is to look at the situation, assess the economic effects of buckwheat cultivation, as well as the possibilities of improvement and greater representation of this production. Data were collected through a survey / interview with producers, from the websites of farms and institutions. Based on the buckwheat production technology, a calculation was made for one production cycle and important economic indicators were determined: production value, total costs, financial result, cost price, economy, and accumulation rate. These indicators are compared between conventional and organic production. The results show that buckwheat production is economically justified from the producer's point of view, but better effects are achieved by organic production.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Elena TIMOFTI, Veronica MOVILEANU, Aliona ȘARGO

In this paper, the authors revealed the concepts of development and economic growth, economic sustainability and quality of life. The authors determined and analyzed in dynamics the period 2010-2018, the trend of changing indicators, development and economic growth at the macroeconomic level such as: the value of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), GDP per capita, and the dynamics of the average monthly nominal salary of an employee per economy, disposable incomes per person, their structure and socio-economic indicators that characterize the quality level of the age of the population in the Republic of Moldova. Although there are modest increases in the number of nominated indicators, the authors consider that there are still a number of issues that need to be addressed, solved and complied with EU and other international standards. The research contains data that will surely be of interest to those concerned with the quality of life of the population. In essence, research in the field of quality of life aims at creating a complex image of quality of life, by analyzing different components of population’s life. The following research procedures and methods have been applied in the research process: observation method, comparison, graphical method, table method, chronological series method, etc.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU, Rozi Liliana BEREVOIANU, Adriana MUSCALU, Cătălina TUDORA

Medicinal plants have an important economic potential but which is not capitalized at fair value, so farmers choose certain crops that have reliable market. The paper analyzes from the point of view of economic efficiency, basil, thyme, lavender and hyssop crops. In this regard, the budget of revenues and expenditures for 2020 for these crops was estimated. For this study it was used the technical-economic analysis, determining the main economic indicators: value of production, total costs, variable costs, indirect costs, income, production cost, predictable domestic market price.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Alina CARADJA

The main objective of this article was to assess the quality of skills held by graduates of agricultural specialties in the Republic of Moldova in terms of contribution to the tasks of sustainable development of the rural environment. For this purpose, an empirical study was conduct on the contribution of managers and specialists in the agricultural field in order to solve the tasks of sustainable development of economic units in which they operate based on their own perception. Starting from this premise, an opinion poll was conduct on a total sample of 157 specialists, graduates of various vocational education programs with an agricultural profile of levels 4-7 ECTS. As result of the data processing, a number of problems were deduced regarding the transfer of the quality of the outputs of the vocational education system with an agricultural profile in the performance of the agricultural production sector and, implicitly, the sustainable development at enterprise level.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Berna TÜRKEKUL, Canan ABAY

Agriculture contributes to Turkish economic development by manufacturing essential agricultural products, utilizing a huge portion of the population, trading of agricultural products, making intermediate goods for the other sectors. However, poverty along with deepening gap between input and output prices caused by Turkish agricultural policies implemented in the recent years has pushed farmers to quit farming. As a matter of fact, in 2017 5.4 million worked in agricultural sector, which were 7.7 million people in 2000. Therefore, object of this study was to investigate the factors affecting farmers’ likelihood to quit agriculture. The data was collected by a questionnaire conducted in the selected districts of Izmir and totally 195 farmers are calculated as sample size. Logit regression model was used to determine the factors affecting quitting agriculture. The results show that agricultural subsidy, tenure, education and the size of the farm are the important factors for quitting decision. The question of who will make agricultural production in the future will be on the agenda as long as agriculture loses attractiveness for young people. The situation is no different in a country with a high young population country like Turkey. Hence, agriculture should be encouraged especially for young people with high education and entrepreneurship ability.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Kazeem Oriyomi ABOABA, Akeem Adesina AKAMO, Damilare Michael FADIJI, Tohib Oyeyode OBALOLA

This study assesses the linkages between income diversification and household food security status using United State Department of Agriculture (USDA) 18 items questionnaire core module. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select 240 households, data were collected with the use of structured questionnaire and analyzed with descriptive statistics, Rasch model, Simpson Diversification Index (SDI) and ordered logit regression model. The result of the information function revealed that the scale is adaptable for this study. The SDI revealed that the households averagely diversify their income source. The USDA food security results revealed that majority of the households were in very low food security category. The ordered logit regression revealed that age (p<0.05), marital status (p<0.05) and dependency ratio (p<0.05) had negative effects on household food security status while income diversification (p<0.05) and access to health facilities (p<0.1) had positive effects. It was thereby concluded that income diversification increases household food security status while increase in number of dependent individuals reduces it. This study thereby recommended that regional government at all levels should set up skill acquisition and empowerment programs that will enable household’s practices farming along with a wide range of income generating activities, this will go a long way in reducing number of dependent individuals and increasing households food security status.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Agnieszka BIERNAT-JARKA, Paulina TREBSKA

Recent studies on consumer behavior have shown that there is an increase in consumer interest in natural food from their own farm or plot. In practice, the share of households, where the concern for the health of family members and the state of the natural environment is increasing. Polish consumers, which use food self-supply, used to choose this form of satisfying their consumption needs for economic reasons in the past, and now they choose it for health or environmental reasons. Analysing the role of the consumer behaviour is decisive for the development of new consumption trends, to which food self-supply largely fits. A quantitative and qualitative study was conducted based on a questionnaire to determine the behaviour of Polish consumers related to food self-supply, which allowed to determine how many households consume products from their own production among the surveyed population and what factors determine the choice of this form of consumption. The level of food self-supply in the surveyed rural households was high, and their members also declared that they would continue to use this form of satisfying consumption needs in the future. They justified their choice by assuming care for their and their family’s health, traditions passed down from generation to generation, and financial considerations.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Gjore NAKOV, Zlatin ZLATEV, Nastia IVANOVA, Ivan DIMOV

A problem in food industry is the various types of waste that are produced during and after food preparation. In this article, mathematical studies have been implemented to obtain what amount of food waste is most appropriate for the enrichment of food and the production of new functional products. The subject of the study are cookies and the subject is the addition of Apple peel powder (APP). Physico-chemical, organoleptic characteristics and spectral indexes of biscuits were used as an input data. Vectors of the most informative features are selected, describing main indicators of the quality of cookies. Mathematical models have been developed to describe the relationship between the amount of APP and the weighting coefficients of the feature vectors. Using the partial least squares regression (PLS), principal component analysis (PCA), and factor analysis (FA) methods, it has been determined the optimum amount of APP for cookies preparation. The study found that using the Factor Analysis (FA) method performed better than using PCA and PLS. It has been found that the amount of apple residues in cookies is APP=23,6±1,3%, which can be considered as optimal. The proposed methods and tools have the potential to reduce food and waste losses. They are also one way to reduce production costs and improve food quality.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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