ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952
 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper analyzed the status of Sorghum cultivated area, production and yield at the EU-28 level and in each producing country in the period 2008-2019, and then the forecast for these indicators was estimated for the horizon 2020-2024. Fixed index, trend line, descriptive statistics and regression modeling were used to process the data. The cultivated surface with sorghum in the EU reached 197 thousand ha in 2019, being almost double than on 2008. The cultivated area with Sorghum increased in all sorghum producing countries: France, Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Austria and Greece, except Spain and Slovakia were it remained constant. The largest cropped areas are in France, Italy and Romania, accounting for 76%. Sorghum output doubled its figure and in 2019 reached 1,019 thousand tons. About 91% of production being achieved by France (431), Italy (312), Hungary (117) and Romania (68). The EU yield was 5,179 kg/ha, but higher yields were recorded by Austria, Italy and France. In 2024, it is estimated that the EU will produce 1,045 thousand tons sorghum. Production will increase in Italy, Austria, Bulgaria, Romania and Greece, will decline in France and Hungary and will remain constant in Spain and Slovakia. The EU will continue to pay attention to this crop as a response to climate change. The main purposes of sorghum being animal feed, biomass for bio-fuels, raw material in food industry, component in crop rotation, maintenance of biodiversity and environment preservation.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Anatolii KUCHER

The aim of this paper is to justify the strategic priorities of financial provisions for sustainable soil management in agriculture of Ukraine. In conditions of limited financial resources, there is a need to identify the top priorities of sustainable soil management. The study found that the most important priority of financial support for sustainable soil management is to suspend the decrease of the content of humus and achieve its deficit-free balance (global priority – 0.556); the second position is occupied by the protection of soils from erosion (priority – 0.274); third place – enrichment of soils with nutrients substances (priority – 0.101); fourth place – amelioration of acid and solonets soils (priority – 0.069). In the context of identification of priorities of financial support for practical implementation of the proposed conception of sustainable soil management this paper also addresses the empirical expert evaluation of the relative importance (significance) of the principles of sustainable soil management, as well as the level of adherence (compliance) of these principles in agricultural enterprises of Ukraine. The obtained results demonstrate the state of compliance with the principles of sustainable soil management in agricultural enterprises, the availability of opportunities and reserves for improving the situation for their implementation, and as well due to which this should be carried out. Thus, 77.8 % of the principles were implemented at a low level, the rest (22.2 %) – at a very low level, so there are significant reserves to improve the situation.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Veronica PRISACARU, Tatiana SEVCIUC, Grigore BALTAG

The main purpose of this paper was to use the analysis of the animal husbandry sector of the Republic of Moldova as a tool for predicting skills to be improved in related professional education programs. In order to achieve the proposed goal, the general trends in the evolution of the sector in the Republic of Moldova were evaluated; these trends were compared to those of the European Union level. The general problems of the sector were identified and, on this basis, the skills to be improved were deduced within the professional education programs of agricultural profile. The research resulted in the recommendations to improve skills in related professional education programs so as to create prerequisites for a higher quality educational service and, respectively, to optimize the contribution of professional education in increasing the performance of the animal husbandry sector.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Andreea Lidia JURJESCU, Anca NAN, Teodor MATEOC, Cristina BACĂU, Nicoleta MATEOC –SÎRB

Romanian land resources are immense, but certain land-ownership laws have caused a fragmentation of agricultural areas. Romania suffers from fragmentation of agricultural properties. Compared to other Member States of the European Union, Romania has an average farm size similar to that of Malta or Cyprus, island countries with much less agricultural land than Romania. Almost 75% of farms in Romania have less than 20 ha, and the share of farms under 10 ha represents about 98% of the total number and 38% of the total agricultural area used. In this paper, the authors analyse the situation of cultivated areas and productions in the main crops in Romania under the current conditions. Romania is one of the European countries with the most favourable soil and climate conditions for agriculture. Romania’s natural conditions indicate that more than 60% of the total area of our country can be used for agriculture. The role of agriculture is an extremely important one for today’s society because it can provide the necessary production of food for the population, raw materials for different industries, as well as production for export. Agriculture is one of the sectors where the Member States of the European Union have agreed to share both public funding and responsibilities. Studies carried out for this paper show that Romania is one of the main agricultural producers at European level and that it ranks among the countries of the European Union in terms of the area under cultivation and production of the main agricultural crops. The authors of the paper conclude that Romania is also one of the top ten exporters of wheat and maize in the world. Analyses show that agriculture is one of the few branches of the economy that have ranked Romania in the European top of the first places in the production of cereals and oilseeds obtained each year.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Maroš VALACH

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is one of the most important policies of the European Union. It affects the economic performance of farms to a large extent. The objective of the paper was to analyse the relationship of subsidies and several economic indicators of Slovak farms. We have focused on the analysis of five economic indicators - total assets, revenues from the sale of own products and services, economic result, the number of employees and the volume of investments spent on the acquisition of tangible fixed assets. The Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to analyse the dependence between economic indicators and the amount of received subsidies. The results show that the level of all types of subsidies was in positive relation to the area of agricultural land and partly with a large majority of economic indicators expressed in absolute terms. When analysing intensity indicators, the situation was less clear.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Khairul Hisyam KAMARUDIN, Rustina UNTARI, Mohamad Fadhli RASHID

Rural development in various countries in Asia has experienced tremendous change and transformation. Countries like Malaysia and Indonesia have experienced growing interest in utilising information and communication technologies (ICTs) for rural development. ICT and society could create a new pathway for the rural area and its society should progress in future. Evidently, technologies will continue to evolve and used to improve productivity. However, in the long run, this might jeopardise any effort for creating and sustaining employment/job and wealth creations for locals and for rural economic sectors. This is because current jobs including in rural small and medium enterprises (SMEs) could be replaced by technologies, hence might reduce industry dependency on local workforce. There are cases whereby the ICTs and other emerging technologies which have been introduced in rural areas, as shown in “creative kampung” communities, have not deter locals from being employed in rural economic sectors (and SMEs) instead sustaining jobs and improve SMEs operations and productivities. Creative kampung emphasises on sustaining economic activities based on human creativity and/or creative industry that cannot be replaced by machines or any other means of modern technologies. However, it is a norm for local entrepreneurs to incorporate some elements of technologies to improve productivity and quality of products and services, while maintaining the authenticity of their products. The paper presents some key findings based on comparative study of two creative kampungs in Sayong, Kuala Kangsar, Malaysia and Gemawang Village at Semarang District, Central Java Indonesia. It is expected that the findings might have values particularly in improving the understanding on the concept of creative kampung from different localities, internal and external key drivers for transformation of creative kampung and entrepreneurship development.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Dimo ATANASOV, Plamen ZOROVSKI, Rositsa BELUHOVA-UZUNOVA

The consumer awareness and interest in food quality is growing which leads to greater demand for organic products. Organic farming is helping to maintain biodiversity in the agro-ecosystems, as well as to preserve traditional species and varieties of crops and rare breeds of animals in certain regions or countries. The main objective of the paper is to observe the technical and economic efficiency of the three species of ancient wheat, grown under different technologies of organic fertilization and sowing rates. The study is conducted at the experimental centre for organic production at the Agricultural University – Plovdiv during the period 2014 – 2017. The analysis of results showed different levels of technical efficiency of the three wheat species, grown under different technologies of bio fertilizer treatment. On the other hand, the high prices of the approved fertilizers for organic production do not guarantee the economic efficiency of their application. In fact better economic results were observed without use of fertilizers. It was also concluded that higher sowing rates of the wheat species impacts positively on yields.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Adina- Nicoleta FLOREA, Nicoleta MATEOC –SÎRB

The aspects related to the productions obtained by the agricultural entities highlight significant quantitative discrepancies and need a more detailed analysis of the causes that led to this state of fact. Our research is based on information obtained from the field, by interviewing farmers and recording the information obtained in the background notes of this work. The results obtained have led to the shaping of conclusions that highlighted legal and administrative issues related to the conventions or other agreements-type of collaboration, by which the use of lands is transferred, creating over-productions or decreased productions and thus, an artificial economic situation and, most of the time, the impossibility of correct reporting to APIA (Agricultural Payments and Interventions Agency). The conclusion of the research work and the one also shared by the farmers is to grant the subsidy only to those that actually produce and work the land.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Daniela Nicoleta BĂDAN, Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU

One of the main concerns worldwide is the production of renewable energy based on agricultural waste, in most countries the agricultural sector is the basis of the national economy. The most important amount of biomass residues is generated by agricultural crops. The energy potential of biomass residues from agricultural crops depends to a large extent on the amount of resources available and their characteristics. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the energic and theoretical potential of biomass result. A mathematical calculation model for all indicators was defined in the paper. Maximum total amounts of biomass residues obtained from the studied crops are estimated at 9,985.18 kilotons, 11,105.04 kilotons, 2,542.03 kilotons and 1,564.56 kilotons. Due to the pedoclimatic conditions and the agricultural production, Romania has a high biomass potential, having a great diversity of types of crops that can be found in the field.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 3
Written by Dana Maria (OPREA) CONSTANTIN, Ion MARINICĂ, Nicoleta IONAC, Andreea Floriana MARINICĂ, Elena GRIGORE, Elena BOGAN, Florina TATU

The agro-climatic resources, especially the thermic and precipitation resources of a territory, are the main natural factor influencing the health status of the vegetation and the productivity of a crop. The main objective of this study is to analyze the thermic and precipitation resources of the agricultural year 2016-2017(01.09.2016-31.08.2017), for the South-West Oltenia Region, in relation to the value of the barley and the two-row barley crops. The analysis will be carried out using the climatological data from 15 meteorological stations belonging to the National Meteorological Administration and the production data from the National Statistics Institute. The methods used in the data analysis are logical, spatial and comparative analyzes, operations in GIS environment and climatic indices (spring arrival Index). The 2016-2017 agricultural year, from a thermic point of view, was a warm year, with an annual average of 10.3°C for the entire region. The spring 2017 was excessively early with the average spring arrival index of 464.4°C. In terms of precipitation, throughout the agricultural year 2016-2017, there were six months of excessively droughty. As a whole, the agricultural year was droughty in most of the region, with an average annual rainfall of 587.4 mm. On this climatic fund, in the study area, there was an average production per hectare, for barley and two-row barley crops of 4,438 kg/ha. The variability of the main thermic and water parameters, of each agricultural year, determines the fluctuation of the crops. The analysis of these resources represents the sine qua non conditions for an efficient agricultural management.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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