ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952
 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Mehmet Arif ŞAHİNLİ, Ahmet ÖZÇELİK

The main purpose of this paper is to ascertain changes in the performance of the Mohair (Ankara) goats farming system during the 2017-2018 production periods. In this study, we examined both production and technical efficiency of goat's farms in Ankara. The study adopted the stochastic frontier production function to estimate technical efficiency of the mohair goat establishments in the study area. The model utilized data from 45 Turkish mohair goat farmers. At the same time, technical inefficiency effect model also was calculated by the same method. The Cobb-Douglas production function was ascertained as a best fitted model. In addition, the technical inefficiency effects contained random element. The empirical results revealed statistically insignificant individual effects of some of the variables. However, all of the joint effects of these four explanatory variables on the levels of technical inefficiencies were statistically significant in the mohair goat farming system of Ankara in Turkey.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Luxita Georgiana STAIC, Marius VLADU

This article aims to analyze the evolution of the LEADER approach from the pilot project stage to the present. The article aims to the stages of the LEADER approach and their particularities from the timid beginnings of LEADER in Europe and emphasize the relevant aspects of this innovative approach: principles, eligible territory, added value. LEADER has emerged as a necessity of rural development policies regarding the objective of their interventions, interventions aimed at revitalizing rural areas and creating jobs. It follows the evolution of the relevant indicators of the LEADER approach in Europe and in Romania such: covered territorial area, allocated amounts. Also, some data are presented to highlight the LEADER financial allocation compared to the rest of the EAFRD budget allocated to that country. For the first stage LEADER the financial allocation was 442 million euros distributed to a number of 217 local action groups, the success of LEADER being proved over time by the increasing financial allocation, the covered area and the number of local action groups, respectively: 9,400 million euros and 2,784 LAGs in Europe in 2014 – 2020. In Romania, there are 239 LAGs that have financial allocation of 563.50 million euros and an eligible territory of 228,754 km2.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Daniel Valeriu ULIU, Liviu OLARU, Marius VLADU2

Through the National Rural Development Program (NRDP), applicants have the opportunity to create or develop a business, with public support of up to 100% of the project value, depending on the type of investment and beneficiary. The projects submitted online on the Agency for Financing Rural Investments (AFRI) website will be selected based on the “Regulation on the organization and functioning (ROF) of the process of selection and verification of appeals for projects related to the measures of the National Rural Development Program (NRDP) 2014–2020. The application for funding will be declared eligible without funding, ineligible or withdrawn by the beneficiary. The purpose of this study is to analyze the situation of submitted and unfunded projects through sub-measure 4.2 of NRDP 2014-2020, in the analysis period 2015-2019, in the field of meat processing. An analysis will be made from the point of view of the number of unfunded projects, their eligible value and their public value, and in order to have an overview, the connection between the consulting companies and the number of unfunded projects in this field will be obvious. In the period 2015-2019, 96 projects in the field of meat processing were submitted and unfunded, in which 73 were eligible without funding, 15 ineligible and 8 withdrawn projects, with a total eligible value of 76,060,938 euros (public value 40,558,548). From the correlations between the number of consulting firms and the number of unfunded projects, it results that the projects were submitted randomly, independently of the consulting firms from each county of the respective regions.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Mariana DUMITRU

In a modern agricultural farm, efficient management of power used in the farm is fully as important as efficient management of machinery. This paper studied the importance of using one or other type of fuels in the final result, which is the efficiency of the engine used by a tractor or other machinery used in the farm. The fuels considered are diesel oil, hydrogen, liquified petroleum gas, premium gasoline, propane, methanol and ethanol. The manager decision of using one or another fuel is based on each fuel energy value, combustion characteristics and economy. The farm manager also must consider the adjustments that must be made to tractor engine if using one or another fuel.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Liviu MARCUTA, Alina MARCUTA, Agatha POPESCU, Cristina TINDECHE, Valentina TUDOR, Dragos SMEDESCU

Today the world faces a lot of problems: an unstable economy that leads to joblessness, population growth, but also to a poor population in some areas of the world, environmental degradation, political instability, etc. All these problems could be alleviated in some countries, and they could be further alleviated through the income generated by tourism development. One form of tourism that does not necessarily require high investments is adventure tourism, which must be practiced responsibly precisely because it is close to nature and because we do not want to destroy this nature that is already in imbalance. This requires responsible behavior and government policies that ensure sustainable tourism. In this paper we intend to analyze the place that adventure tourism occupies among developed countries and developing countries starting from the existing data for the period 2010-2018. We will analyze how this ranking has changed over time, but also the ways in which Romania could develop adventure tourism. The working methodology involved the revision of the specialized literature on the definition of adventure tourism and the way of calculating the Adventure Tourism Development Index, the collection of data from various international databases, their processing, so that based on the analysis we could draw conclusions regarding the development stage of adventure tourism in Romania and its development prospects.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Valentina GAMAJUNOVA, Oksana ISKAKOVA, Volodymyr YANCHUK

The goal of the research is to substantiate scientific and institutional fundamentals of sustainable land management as an instrument to improve economic efficiency of agricultural land use. The research methodology is presented as a model of the system of measures, which should be performed while adapting to the sustainable development of agricultural land management being the instrument to improve ecological and economic efficiency of land resources use. The research progress included implementation of several stages: 1) analysis of the goals of sustainable development, adapted for Ukraine for the period of 2015-2030; 2) determination of the specificity of use of the region’s land and resource potential; 3) assessment of the impact of agro-technical and natural-climatic factors on the value of yield by the dispersion analysis method;4) modeling of the current and expected levels of yield of grain and soil-exhausting crops in conditions of the studied territory. To supply automation of the dispersion analysis calculations, the researchers used the computer program “Regre”. The described methodology was tested on the territory of Mykolaiv region. The research defined the impact of agro-technical and natural-climatic factors on the value of yield capacity of the main agricultural crops of the region and their distinction by applying the dispersion analysis method. The research results are used to make forecasts of the level of yield of grain crops and sunflower in the future (2025). The increased yields of the main crops will provide the possibility to reduce the area of agricultural plowing, as well as expand the area of lands used for nature protection. The economic balance for the security of sustainable land management of the examined region needs crucial improvements. First, it concerns revival of land-owners’ careful attitude to land. Therefore, labour and financial efforts should be focused on active application of the tools of the mechanism of land resources reproduction.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Sigit Muryanto SUDARMO, Hendronoto Arnoldus Walewangko LENGKEY

Curd is one of the dairy products into a product out using a coagulant, the curd is one source of calcium. The type of coagulant is one important factor in making the curd. This study aims to determine the level of calcium and the organoleptic properties of the curd with variations in the type coagulant treatment. This study uses Completely Randomized Design (CRD) factorial pattern 2 x 3. The first factor is of the type of coagulant calcium carbonate (CaCl2) – P1 and vinegar (CH3COOH) – P2, and the second factor is three levels concentration : K1 = 0.2 M, K2 = 0.3 M , K3 = 0.4 M, so the following treatment combination are P1K1 = 0.2 M CaCl2, P1K2 = 0.3 M CaCl2, P1K3 = 0.4 M CaCl2, P2K1 = 0.2 M CH3COOH, P2K2 = 0.3 M CH3COOH, and P2K3 = 0.4 M CH3

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Andora Evelina SIMINA

The present work includes some aspects related to the evolution of tourism in Alba County in the period 2015-2018. In order to underline as good as posible a number of aspects specific to tourism in this county, several indicators were analyzed, such as: structures of tourist reception with functions of tourist accommodation; the capacity of a tourist accommodation according to types of tourist reception structures; tourist arrivals in tourist reception structures; overnight stays in tourist reception structures; the net use index of accommodation places. In the future, if investments are made, on the one hand in the infrastructure, and on the other hand in the modernization of accommodation capacities, Alba County can become a pole with a high degree of tourist attractiveness for both Romanian and foreign citizens. The statistical data used in the paper were taken from the National Institute of Statistics and were interpreted, thus highlighting the true state of tourism in Alba County.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Cornelia ALBOIU

The paper presents the impact of the coupled support on vegetables cultivated in green houses and plastic tunnels in Romania. In this study, a etailed analysis is carried out on the coupled support received by farmers for vegetables grown in greenhouses and plastic tunnels in the eriod 2015-2018. The main indicators used refer to the evolution of cultivated areas, both in field and in greenhouses and plastic tunnels, he evolution of productions and yields, and trade balance. The paper also presents an analysis of the evolution of the number of farmers who eceived coupled support, of the areas entitled to payment and of the coupled support calculated per hectare in territorial profile. The nalysis is based on data provided by the Agency for Payments and Intervention in Agriculture and the National Institute of Statistics. The esults reveal a low impact of the coupled support on the main analyzed indicators, as well as the lack of consistency in the support provided n the investigated period.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Saeid HAJIHASSANIASL

The agricultural sector, especially in developing countries, is defined as one of the most important sectors in terms of wealth and market creation, foreign exchange return and economic growth, In this study, technical efficiency and technology gap ratios in the agricultural sectors of developing countries are discussed in four different income groups for 2017 in order to see the effect of country income on sector performance. In the study, input-oriented model is estimated with the assumption of variable return to scale using data envelopment analysis (DEA) with one output and three input variables. According to the results, while the production gap was 4% in high-income countries, this gap was 86.1% in low-income countries, and therefore, it was revealed that the per capita income of countries affected the technological gap ratios and technology that they use in the agricultural sector.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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