Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 1
Written by Camelia MĂNESCU, Teodor MATEOC, Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB
Within this paper, the authors have analyzed the current state of agriculture development in our country with reference to the following aspects: land Fund, the typology of agricultural holdings, size and dimension of agricultural holdings, agricultural production, agricultural labor force, as well as the degree of equipment with agricultural machines and devices. After the year 1990, the Romanian agriculture has undergone profound changes in the structure of land ownership, large agricultural units disappeared as their communist organization way and therefore new types of holdings appeared: family households, family associations, agricultural societies. Following the conducted analysis, the authors underline the existence of a very large number of small farms in parallel with very large farms, which reveals structural imbalance affecting agriculture in our country and its competitiveness. From the performed analysis within this paper, there can be concluded that in Romania there are three types of agriculture: a subsistence type agriculture - characterized by agricultural holdings to 10 hectares, representing a share of 97.7% of total holdings and occupy 38.7% of UAA; a middle type agriculture - defined by agricultural holdings of 10 to 100 hectares, representing a share of 1.9% of total holdings and occupy 12.4% of UAA; an agro-industrial type agriculture - agricultural holdings of over 100 hectares, representing a share of 0.4% of total number of holdings and occupy 48.9% of UAA.