ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952
 

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Borislav ATANASOV

Traditionally, foodstuffs are included in the consumer basket of households. Statistics for recent years reveals an upward trend in the marketof fast-moving consumer goods in Bulgaria. The growth in the number of retail outlets and in the number of fast-moving consumer goods in articular poses challenges to retail chains. The entry of foreign chains for consumer goods on the Bulgarian market as well as the variety oftheir product and brand supply result in intensified competition between them. The desire for increased market share is a prerequisite to roviding higher value to end consumers through the elements of a commercial product which ensure competitive advantages. In order to stablish the key (motivational) factors in the purchase process related to foodstuffs, a questionnaire was developed and a quantitative urvey was conducted based on the method of the structured personal interview. The survey also shows the frequency of purchasing various roups of foodstuffs, the degree of purchase planning, the impact of reference groups on the purchasing process through one-dimensional requency distributions.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Eghosa Osas UWAGBOE, Anthony Eghe AGBONGIARHUOYI

Efforts to mitigate the effect of pest had been through the use of chemicals, which often leave residues in cocoa beans. The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in collaboration with Sustainable Tree Crop Programme (STCP) promoted Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Nigeria. There is dearth of information on the challenges confronting cocoa farmers to use IPM hence a need for investigation. The study utilised a three-stage sampling procedure to select respondents from Cross River state. Trained farmers (10%) were selected using a systematic random sampling to obtain a total sample of 271. Field data were collected with Interview schedule on socio-economic, enterprise characteristics, and challenges faced by respondents in IPM adoption. Analysis was done with descriptive and inferential statistics. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used to test hypothesis. The male respondents were 83.4% while the female were 16.6%. Very few (2.6%) of the respondents produced more than 4,000 kg of cocoa beans per annum. Age of farm with a weighed score of 244.5 was rated as the highest severe factor affecting IPM adoption. Negative relationship exists between challenges and adoption behaviour which was significant (r=-0.236, p=0.000). Challenges had high effect on adoption of IPM by cocoa farmers and yield was low. There is need for farm rehabilitation due to old age to boost yield and sustain cocoa production in the study area.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Omowunmi Veronica AYODELE, Oluwatosin Olusegun FASINA, Oluwatoyin Faramade OSUNDAHUNSI

The adoption of agricultural technologies is a vital strategy in addressing food security and improving households’ nutrition. This study xamined the determinants of adoption of biofortified cassava among farmers in South West Nigeria using a binary logistic regression model.Primary data through administration of structured interview were obtained from 396 respondents which were selected using a multistage samplng technique. Descriptive analysis of the socio-economic characteristics analysis showed the mean of 46.9 years, 1.8ha, 20.0 years and 238,693.18 for age, farm size, years of experience and income of the respondents respectively. Most (68.9%) of the respondents were males,77.0% were primarily farmers, 90.2% were literate, 87.1% were married, 86.1% had group membership while 89.4% had access to extension ervices. There were low levels of awareness of the benefits of biofortified cassava and cosmopliteness of the respondents. The Binary ogistic regression model result revealed that adoption of biofortified cassava was influenced by increase in awareness, perception, incomefrom cassava, marital status and a decrease in age. It is therefore recommended that increase in awareness, income, and positive perceptionand younger farmers should be targeted when channeling a course for adoption of a new technology.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Marioara RUSU, Violeta FLORIAN, Elisabeta ROȘU

In Romania, the used agricultural area is operated by approximately 3.4 million farmers whose main feature is the fact that they have the lowest level of professional training among all European Union countries. Many of these farmers lack basic skills that are considered essential for a modern agricultural economy. The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the current conditions and the main trends in the field of adult education in the agricultural sector and to identify its strengths and weaknesses. The analysis is centered to the current European context of lifelong learning and includes: statistical benchmarks, legal and institutional framework, adult training programs, funding sources and education and training providers. The working methodology targeted three stages: identification of documentary sources and collection of data and materials for analysis; statistical processing and analysis of data and information; information synthesis. The main conclusions of this study show that Romania has a well-established legal and institutional framework for adult learning with a diverse range of funding sources for the vocational training courses. In agriculture, the main vocational training providers are the county agricultural directorates/public advisory and extension service, private firms, agricultural faculties and non-governmental organizations. However the assessment of adult vocational training quality is facing the lack of a regulatory and implementation framework has led to the discrediting, to a large extent, of this type of training.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Mykola DZIAMULYCH, Valentyna YAKUBIV, Iryna SHUBALA1, Dmytro FILIUK, Liudmyla KOROBCHUK

An evaluation of the rural labour market development in terms of districts of Volyn region of Ukraine was conducted, identified and characterized trends in the rural population employment through the State Employment Service of Ukraine, the rural population unemployment scale in the study region of Ukraine and identify key areas for optimizing the labour market. forces taking into account the revealed tendencies. In order to highlight the local rural labour markets features and further development of individualized recommendations, the detailed assessment of them in terms of districts of Volyn region of Ukraine, in particular, based on the results of the registered rural labour market study developed a map to visualize the relevant regional groups. It is established that family-labour farms, functioning in the form of peasant farms, in the current economic situation provide the necessary conditions for the institutional foundation's formation for private management in rural areas of Ukraine. The necessity of forming preconditions for strengthening the effectiveness of employment policy in rural areas of Ukraine is substantiated. The article outlines proposals for improving and optimizing the functioning of the rural labour market. Based on the results of research and trends in the work, the need to develop measures to intensify the activities of advisory services and specialized staffing agencies to take into account the specifics of the rural labour market rationalization and the peculiarities of rural employment in the economic realities of Ukraine.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Irina-Adriana CHIURCIU, Elena SOARE, Dana Maria (Oprea) CONSTANTIN, Elena GRIGORE, Elena BOGAN

This paper analyzed the evolution of the cereal sector in the North-East Region of Romania, in the period 2015-2019. In order to carry out a more realistic study, a series of quantitative indicators specific to the cereal sector were analyzed. Also, the factors that directly influenced the results obtained in this sector were highlighted. In the North-East Region, the corn crop is on the first place in the ranking of cereal crops. This culture also holds a significant place at the macro-regional level. In 2019, in the North-East Region, 464,008 ha were cultivated with corn out of a total of 966,729 ha, cultivated in Macroregion Two, which represents 48%. A significant role in the economy of the cereal sector in the North-East region is played by the wheat culture. In this region, in 2019, 25.78% of the areas related to this cereal crop registered at the level of the Macroregion Two were cultivated. The largest productions were made at the corn crop. The productions made for this crop in 2019 were differentiated at the level of the counties in this region. The increase of the productivity of all medium and long-term cereal crops will be possible if farmers adopt an agriculture, in which new technologies will occupy a central place. The data used in the paper were collected from the National Institute of Statistics.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Anna Alexandrovna LEKSINA, Ivan Sergeevich NOVIKOV, Elena Alexandrovna ALESHINA

Organic agriculture, based on natural production technologies, has a great potential for the reversion of mankind to a healthy diet and living in harmony with nature by improving the state of the ecosystem. The share of organic products in the food market of the developed countries is already quite sizable; in the top countries various institutional systems of the industry have been introduced and improved. Russian agribusiness is lagging behind in these issues but the situation should be significantly changed by the adopted law and the state standard regulating the requirements for the organic sector. Our work is an application of applying a two-sided quantitative-and-qualitative approach to the survey of existing markets from the standpoint of extant results and dynamics, on the one hand, and their organizational-and-economic structure, on the other hand. The presented conclusions are confirmed by systematized absolute and relative indicators of the number of market entities, areas of land certified for organic production, retail sales in domestic markets and consumption of organic products per capita. The qualitative characteristic of organic production systems is reflected in the description of the national characteristics of regulatory and control and supervisory support, research support, state regulation of production and turnover, and ways of doing the business under study. Our research is addressed to the world business community operating in the organic food market and industry research institutions.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Filiz BASAGAOGLU

In this study, there are many influential indicators on the milk producer price which are 4 separate functions: milk production, maize price, clover prices and straw price. This study explores the application of the VAR analysis approach to time series data of producer milk prices covering the period from January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2019. The data were taken from the database of the Turkish Statistical Institute. One-way causality relation at 5% level of significance towards milk producer price denoted clover price were detected. In this case, it is possible to say that there is a link between milk producer price and clover price. VAR analysis results show milk production, maize price, clover price and straw price effects on milk producer price.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Chibuzor NWACHUKWU, Doris ANOLIEFO, Chigozie ONWUSIRIBE, Chibuzo OKPOKIRI

Women play a crucial role in the Nigerian Agricultural sector ranging from production to processing and marketing. About 80% of small scale cassava clusters in the western part of Nigeria are owned and operated by women. The study sought to analyse the restrictions and factors that contribute to the participation of rural women in cassava processing in Isiukwuato area of Abia State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was employed in the selection of eighty (80) respondents from whom data were elicited. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and the probit regression model. The result showed that the respondents were young ( 44.19), with majority married (78.75%), had a mean household size of ( 5.16) persons, attained various levels of education but were small scale farmers with a mean farm size of (1.98) hectares. The probit regression estimate showed that the coefficients of age, education level, farm income, cooperative membership, household size and extension contact influenced the participation of the respondents in cassava processing at varied levels of significance. The model posted a pseudo R2 of (0.6303). Like every other business, the respondents faced restrictions like poor storage facilities, low quality of cassava roots, discolouration and uncontrolled fermentation, inadequate supply of cassava roots all year round among others. Based on the findings, the study suggested the introduction of contract farming in the area, which will ensure a reliable supply of cassava roots for large scale processing and incorporating gender perspective into all agricultural interventions by the government to ensure equal impact.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Mariana GRODEA

Coupled support is one of the main payment schemes from the “optional direct payments” category, introduced in the EU in the year 2015, funded by the Common Agricultural Policy from the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF). At EU-28 level, in 2019, 73.2% of the total coupled support budget was directed to the livestock sector, out of which 12.6% to the sheep and goat farming sector. In the same year, the sheep and goat sector from Romania benefited from 64.3 million euros, as against 50.2 million euros in the year 2018, i.e. 37.1% of total livestock sector. The results obtained following this regional analysis reveal that the impact of this payment scheme implementation has positively impacted the development of the sector, both in terms of meat production, slaughtering in specialised units and livestock herds.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Page 1 of 7

The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.

© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

Powered by INTELIDEV