ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952


Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Maria TĂNASE

Romania, an European country in which pomiculture is of a main significance, especially from an economic point of view, is well represented by a diversity of species, amongst which the apple (Malus domestica) plays a significant role when it comes to quality production and thus economic profit. This paper aims to look at the main harming agents of the apple at the Rusciori Farm, a plantation where the apple cannot turn its genetic production material to advantage, given the interference of multiple restrictive factors, especially vegetal and animal pests that cause significant damage, thus leading to a qualitative and quantitive decrease in production due to the deterioration of the commercial aspect of the fruit. The main pathogens for apples are those that produce mycoses; and amongst mycoses the most wide-spread ones are mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha Ell. and Ev. Salm), scab disease (Venturia inequalis Cooke Wint.), brown fruit rots (Monilinia fructigena Honey) and twig cankers (Nectria galligena Bres.); all of them causing significant damage under favorable environmental conditions. Although the orchard in the present study is in decline, not all trees show obvious aging signs, therefore a total land clearing does not come into question. This paper attempts to suggest efficient solutions for prelonging the age of those trees that still promise economic productivity.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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