ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952


Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper aimed to analyze the concentration degree of apple production in Romania based on the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics for the period 2007-2016, and Herfindhal-Hirschman (HHI) and Gini-Struck ( GS) indices. The surface of apple tree orchards was 57.5 thousand ha in 2014, by 6.2 % less than in 2007, and in 2016, the number of apple trees accounted for 24.7 million, representing 79 % of the number if trees existing in the first year of the analysis. Also, the apple production declined by 1.8 % from 475.4 thousand tons in 2007 to 467.3 thousand tons in 2016. The only positive aspect is that apple yield increased by 20 % from 7.75 tons/ha in 2007 to 9.3 tones/ha in 2016. The HHI ranged between 0.1926 in 2007 and 0.1910 in 2015 and the GSI varied between 0.2779 in 2007 and 0.2747 in 2016, reflecting a moderate concentration degree of apple production in Romania, meaning that between the eight micro-regions of development there are a few differences of performance. Despite that Romania comes on the 3rd position regarding the apple orchards surface, it is placed on the 8th position among the most important apple producers in the EU. In order to increase apple production and yield, it is needed as the Romanian apple producers to create new intensive plantations based on investments in modern technologies and technical endowment which assure the economic efficiency in apple tree growing.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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