ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952


Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 4
Written by Nataliia STOIKO, Olha STADNYTSKA

Degradation of arable lands makes ecological and social-economic threats for sustainable development of rural territories in Ukraine. The most spread kinds of degradation of arable lands are water and wind erosion of soils. To solve the problems of land and soil degradation, the national ecological policy expects reduction of the area of degraded arable lands by conservation and improvement of the directions of economic activity on rural area. The present research gives argumentation of such alternative directions of employment of degraded arable lands as growing of energy willow and hazelnut, sowing of perennial herbs for production of forage and honey. Evaluation of the projects efficiency is made according such criteria as net present value, profitability index and payback period. Calculations prove reasonability of investments into alternative employment of degraded arable lands. Ecological benefits of the projects implementation include anchoring of the soil top layer with root systems of plants on erosion-dangerous land parcels; enrichment of soil cover layer with nutrients under perennial herbs; raise of biological diversity of the territory. To improve the directions of economic activity on rural area it is recommended to introduce grant-project form of development of territorial communities.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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