ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952


Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 19 ISSUE 2
Written by Ion CERTAN, Simion CERTAN

The aim of the present study is to continue the investigation of the evolution of the number, professionalism and creativity of those employed in the national agriculture in order to elaborate some proposals regarding the efficient use of the human potential in the respective branch of the national economy. There was a constant decrease in the number of the population, both due to a decrease in the natural increase and an increase in the number of emigrants. At the same time, the proportion of the population in rural areas is increasing, which obviously needs to be secured by jobs. Even if the employment rate in agriculture has fallen from 42.8% in 1995 to 32.0% in 2015 or by 10.8 percentage points it remains clearly higher than the EU Member States and neighboring countries. The share of persons with higher education in agriculture fell from 11% in 2000 to 5% of all those with higher education in 2017 or 6 percentage points. In the agriculture of the Republic of Moldova dominate those with gymnasium studies, which are 36.5%. We consider it appropriate to develop and apply economic mechanisms that can contribute to the natural growth of the population, especially the rural ones. to halt or at least to temper the emigration of the citizens of our country, especially of the youth, by elaborating and implementing ways that would equalize the incomes of the rural population with that of our country, to make the training of those who will activate in the national agriculture more efficient.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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