MODERNIZATION OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Alexandru STRATAN, Victor MOROZ, Eugenia LUCASENCO

This paper focuses on the links between agricultural modernization and sustainable development, looking in particular at the impact of the structural changes over the rural livelihoods. In order to achieve this, there were used the following research methods such as: analysis of the economic indicators, methods of comparative analysis, assessment of the public policies’ impact on the rural development. The agricultural sector in the Republic of Moldova is based on extensive farming and is insufficiently adapted to market economy conditions. There is a growing understanding in the country that the rural economy is not confined to the agricultural sector, but embraces the broad spectrum of needs of all rural people including living standards, economic activities and natural resources. The situation is associated with the major risks related to the structural changes that may affect the countryside and the economy as a whole such as: a) migration and uncontrolled urbanization, b) lack of professional qualifications and adaptability of the population in the rural areas, c) inadequate use of the natural resources. Rural economy, employment issues, natural resource management and also goals and circumstances of the agricultural production have changed considerably. At the same time, academia and civil society are aware that the new paradigm of modernization must begin both with the agricultural technologies and the people. Its novelty is that in the combination of financial, economic and technological policies for agriculture, new components to be introduced, like policies aimed at improving human capital in agriculture and environmental protection. The paper contains conclusions and proposals on modernization of agriculture and diversification of non farm activities in rural areas.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Stratan A., Moroz V., Lucasenco E. 2013, MODERNIZATION OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 405-410.

NEW APPROACHES TO THE MANAGEMENT OF TOURISM RESOURCES. CASE STUDY THE BUZAU COUNTY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Romeo Cătălin CREŢU

The paper aimed to present the new approaches to the management of tourism resources. Starting from theoretical and methodological approaches to date regarding the principles of substantiating the touristic zoning of the territory, it has been achieved the valuation of the touristic potential of the basic territorial and administrative divisions in Romania. For this purpose, the following analysis elements for defining the national territory have been established: the natural touristic potential, the cultural heritage, the general infrastructure, the specific touristic infrastructure, and the quality of the environment .Following discussions with specialists in touristic and related fields, as well as of reference to the specific legislation in force, the result was a model of categorizing the potential and infrastructure components. Starting from the component elements of touristic valences, for valuation and hierarchy purposes of the territorial and administrative divisions, we have chosen the method of the analysis families according to fundamental criteria and sub-criteria; the estimation levels have been attributed by using a moderation procedure of a 100 points total.\To demonstrate these theoretical aspects, we developed case study focused on Buzau County. As a conclusion, Buzau County is rich in tourism resources potential, but their management is not efficient.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Creţu R. C. 2013, NEW APPROACHES TO THE MANAGEMENT OF TOURISM RESOURCES. CASE STUDY THE BUZAU COUNTY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 95-100.

PERFORMANCE OF MAIZE CROP FOR SILAGE PRODUCTION USING THREE DIFFERENT IRRIGATION SYSTEMS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Harby MOSTAFA, Asaad DERBALA

In the humid and sub-humid areas, agricultural production is largely rain fed and this needs to be urgently supplemented by irrigation practice if the country is to meet its food demand. A two years study was carried out at the experimental site of the Institute of Agricultural Technology and Biosystems Engineering, Johan Heinrich von Thünen Institute (vTI), Braunschweig, Germany to compare performance of maize crop for silage production using three different irrigation systems; rain fed, drip and rain-gun sprinkler. Growth parameters such as plant height, stem diameter were measured. The total yields of silage were obtained for all treatments at the harvesting. The experimental results revealed that total yields obtained from different treatments were 25.76, 24.23 and 9.30 Mg.ha-1 using drip, rain-gun and rain fed irrigated maize, respectively. The results also showed that the water use efficiency reached 11.01 Mg.m-3 for drip irrigation, while it was 8.84 Mg.m-3 for rain-gun system. In conclusion, supplementary irrigation in critical period of maize growth is an effective way to increase yield in the sub-humid regions. Therefore, it is suggested that optimum production of maize could be achieved by rain fed supplementary irrigation.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Mostafa H., Derbala A. 2013, PERFORMANCE OF MAIZE CROP FOR SILAGE PRODUCTION USING THREE DIFFERENT IRRIGATION SYSTEMS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 261-268.

PROMOTING ACCESS TO WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Simona FRONE, Dumitru Florin FRONE

The human right of access to public water supply and sanitation (WSS) has been recently (2010) recognized and stated by the United Nations General Assembly. The human right to water and sanitation entitles everyone to water and sanitation services which are available, accessible, affordable, acceptable and seif. Therefore, in Romania, the challenge to reduce the urban/rural disparities in terms of ensuring people’s right of access to public WSS systems adds another reason for the need to develop the water infrastructure, besides that of compliance with the EU water Directives.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Frone S., Frone D. F. 2013, PROMOTING ACCESS TO WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 165-170.

QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF THE WORLD MARKET OF MEAT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Elena COFAS, Elena SOARE

This study presents the evolution of global market of meat in 2007-2011 and has been possible because the authors used an important set of indicators, namely: livestock, achieved production, imports, exports, trade balance, price etc. The data used in this work was provided by the following institutions accredited for collecting and processing statistical data: National Institute of Statistics, EUROSTAT, FAOSTAT, FAPRI and USDA. The analysis global market of meat is primarily a quantitative analysis. In the period which is analysed, the demand, the production, the imports, the exports and the prices have evolved differently, especially meat categories, so all these indicators have influenced global market of meat. In mainly, the meat consumption is influenced by the pattern of food consumption and price level. In the future, expect a increase prices, which is based on increasing production costs. Therefore, first it is necessary to adopt measures to support the farmers.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Cofas E., Soare E. 2013, QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF THE WORLD MARKET OF MEAT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 71-74.

RENEWABLE ENERGY BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Diana GROSU

The paper aims to present the evolution of renewable energy in the entire world, including Moldova and Romania as states that tend to reach their micro- and macro-economic objectives. One of the most important goal remains the development of renewable energy from agricultural waste and so the energy coming from natural sources such as solar, wind or water without air pollution. As a conclusion, the solution to obtain this renewable energy is to attract financial resources from EU or USA investors.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Grosu D. 2013, RENEWABLE ENERGY BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 181-184.

RESEARCH REGARDING THE CULTIVATION OF BENINCASA HISPIDA IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Carina DOBRE

Benincasa hispida (winter melon, wax gourd or ash gourd) is a common vegetable widely grown in East and South Asia, with a very large fruit which by maturity loses its hairs and develops a waxy coating. The fruit is used in traditional medicine due to its proprieties: anti-inflammatory, demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative and tonic, etc. The present paper presents the results of a field research regarding the cultivation of this plant in the pedoclimatic conditions of Romania. The research was carried out in an ecological experimental field from south of Romania (in the period May-October 2012) and is very important for the introduction to culture of this plant in our country. The results obtained and presented in this paper reveal the degree of adaptation to climate and soil and the physicochemical proprieties. Due to our results we consider that B. hispida is a plant that can be grown in our country with good technological and economical performances.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Dobre C. 2013, RESEARCH REGARDING THE CULTIVATION OF BENINCASA HISPIDA IN ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 119-122.

RURAL AREA – AN UNTAPPED OPPORTUNITY FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT?

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Alexandru Costin CÎRSTEA, Ramona DOBRE

Romanian rural area faces a violent lack of entrepreneurship initiatives, which can generate negative economic and social phenomena, with medium and long-term effects, such as: the decreased living standards of people in rural areas, the migration of young people from rural areas, which generates psychosocial problems among children who have to stay with their grandparents, the sharp decrease of interest for agriculture and, thus, the decrease of GDP ratio from agricultural activities, the lack of education among rural people etc. Under these circumstances, the paper tries, through documentation, analysis and processing statistical data, to quantify the development level of entrepreneurship in rural areas in Romania, compared with developed EU countries (such as: Germany, Great Britain, France etc.), in order to reveal the gaps in this sector. To increase the relevance of the analysis, the paper also analyzes the possible causes that can stimulate or repress the expression of entrepreneurship and its implementation in Romanian and European rural areas, such as: different levels of fiscal pressure, the existence, effectiveness and efficiency of programs implementation for stimulating and supporting entrepreneurship in general and in rural areas, in particular, the different business culture etc. These results generated from the research will finally create a set of premises for adopting international best practices and develop pragmatic solutions and programs to increase entrepreneurship, which can leads to new business initiatives in the Romanian rural area. In conclusion, for a quality of life growth and a decrease of negative social and economic phenomena with medium and long-term impact, it is necessary an increase of the living standards, done by increasing the opportunities for entrepreneurship in agriculture and rural areas. Specifically, there are needed investments in the development of human resources in rural areas and in supporting its entrepreneurial efforts and activities in order to generate profitable activities that can ensure motivating financial and social rewards for medium and long terms.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Cîrstea A. C., Dobre R. 2013, RURAL AREA – AN UNTAPPED OPPORTUNITY FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT?. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 57-64.

RURAL TOURISM IN ROMANIA - A MARKETING PERSPECTIVE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Petrică ŞTEFAN,Cristian CUTAŞ, Dragoş SMEDESCU

The development of national tourist brand is one of the priorities of the Ministry of Regional Development and Tourism. The project on branding Romania is EU-funded, within the Regional Operational Program (ROP) 2007-2013. Out of the different evaluation point of views - qualitative research in source markets and domestic market, project's team opinions, branding project research on the attractiveness / competitiveness, 6 tourism key product of Romanian tourism have been identified, one of them beeing Countryside &Rural Tourism. The paper aimed to present an analysis of the Countryside and rural tourism from a marketing perspective bearing in mind that, in order to reach the target set by the Romanian National Tourism Development Masterplan 2007-2026, of increasing the number of visitors at 9,7 milion in 2016, a marketing plan will be implemented. The average yearly growth of the arrivals number for the countryside and rural sector for 2011-2015 will be 25%.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Ştefan P., Cutaş C., Smedescu D. 2013, RURAL TOURISM IN ROMANIA - A MARKETING PERSPECTIVE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 397-404.

SOME ENVIRONMENTEAL FACTORS AFFECTING BROILER HOUSING IN WINTER SEASON

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2
Written by Tarek FOUDA, Assad DERBALA, Mohamed GHONAME

The main objective of this study was to study some environmental factors affecting broiler housing in winter season. The results showed that, temperature fluctuations between house ceiling and floor ranged between 0.4 to 5.93 ºC during the first two days of age. The average house temperature reduced gradually from 29.7 to 21.3 ºC. The indoor relative humidity ranged between 43.6 to 74.3 %. Specific heating power, specific fuel consumption and heating energy requirements ranged between 3850.2 W/ºC , 0.34 kg /h. ºC and 308.9 kJ/h. kg at the first week of age to 6213.4 W/ºC , 0.36 kg /h. ºC and 19.3 kJ/h. kg at the end of the life respectively.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Fouda T., Derbala A., Ghoname M. 2013, SOME ENVIRONMENTEAL FACTORS AFFECTING BROILER HOUSING IN WINTER SEASON. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 13 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 147-152.


The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.
Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
Powered by INTEL TECH DEVELOPMENT.