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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Maria-Mihaela ANTOFIE

Home-gardens are at grounding the definition of the cultural rural universe all over the world and are paving for centuries our entire xistence as human civilizations. They are directly connecting people to nature and are securing our rapid access to genetic resources for ood and agriculture in a close connectivity to all them believes and achievements. The natural landscape was sculptured towards the human eeds and for centuries they represent the borders between human settlements and wild biodiversity. In Romania traditional home-gardens are ot recognized yet as heritage values of our ancestors even certain papers are describing home-gardens but they are not considering that raditional home-gardens can still be found or investigated. Sibiu county has unique villages with peculiar attributes related to the rganization pattern of households, the use of specific genetic resources into their home-gardens including landraces, the access of wild iodiversity for food as well as the connectivity maintenance with the main events of the Christian calendar. The scope of this paper is to cientifically ground a set of indicators to be discussed in order to define traditional home-gardens models for Sibiu county. Furthermore, hey may become important milestones for ensuring food security in the region also considering climate-change dramatic effects.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Robert-Anton V. ION, Dorina Nicoleta MOCUȚA

The economic reality of today shows us more and more that only by adopting and implementing innovative management methods and/or techniques is it possible to obtain an efficient and effective use of available resources, to avoid possible losses, to achieve results and, where appropriate, to demonstrate the usefulness of a public institution or the profitability of a private organization. In this context, but also based on that a significant benefit is considered to have the best possible results with limited resources, we aimed to focus on the economic events in the area of grants allocated to Romania through the European Structural and Investment Funds and to approach the chosen topic, understanding that, probably, the most important challenge for the next period will be for potential beneficiaries to identify and subsequently position themselves in an environment characterized by a balance between risk, cost and added value, which will certainly no longer be achievable without a clear determination of the main key risks they may face during the steps required to carry out an investment project, as well as the measures to mitigate any adverse effects resulting from the occurrence of the risks.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Doris Chidiebere ANOLIEFO, Chibuzor, N. NWACHUKWU, Nnanna, M. AGWU

The study investigated the determinants of capitalization among rice processing enterprise in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. It specifically analysed he level of capitalization in the rice processing enterprise and estimated the determinants of capitalization among the processors. Data were ollected using well-structured questionnaire, administered to one hundred and twenty respondents that constitute the sample size for the tudy. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics such as frequency concept and ordinary least square model. It was observed that that rocessors are medium-sized since none of them were able to invest more than ₦1,000,000. The double-log form was chosen as the lead equation. he F-ratio was statistically significant at 1% probability level indicating high goodness of fit of the regression line. The R2 of 0.788 hows that about 78.8% changes in the investment of the rice processors were accounted for by changes in the explanatory variables included in he model while the remaining 21.2% was accounted for by error. The result shows that age, education, experience and off-firm income were ositively related to the amount of capital invested by rice processors and negatively related to nature of ownership and capital input. The tudy therefore recommended that government and non-governmental organization should provide necessary incentives for rice processors such as oans and other credit facilities so as to improve the efficient and productivity of the processors.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Olaniran Anthony THOMPSON, Folusade Catherine AROWOSAFE

Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) is an agreement between a public organizations and Organized Private Sectors (OPS). Four ecotourism sites in Nigeria were used for this study. Stratified sample technique was used to select 368 respondents. Data collected were analyzed using 5-point Likert-type scale; the contingent valuation method was applied to find the tourists’ total willingness to pay the new gate fees and for other recreational facilities and services in the ecotourism sites resulting from the proposed PPPs management model. Maximum likelihood estimation of the Logit regression coefficient was applied to find the factors influencing the tourists’ willingness to pay. Results showed that respondents strongly disagreed with the present management system of the ecotourism sites with a mean score of 1.38. Result of the tourists’ willingness to pay increased considerably, ranging from 40.59% to 133.83% above the current prices. Result of the logit regression model revealed that bid amount, age2, and estimated annual income, among others, were the variables that influence the tourists’ willingness to pay. Anew sustainable and efficient PPPs management model was proposed for the ecotourism sites that can be adopted in Nigeria and Sub-Sahara Africa.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Violeta DIRIMANOVA, Teodora STOEVA

In recent years, organic production has been one of the sectors that has grown in terms of areas, animals and number of people involved in a control system, successfully applied in Bulgaria, even in times of crisis. The reasons why organic production develops favourably are diverse and are related to the recognized benefit for the development of rural regions and the environment, as well as to the need and preferences of consumers for healthy and quality foods and also to the excellent prerequisites for the development of organic production in Bulgaria and the support of organic producers under the Rural Development Programme. The aim of this article is to analyze the status and development of organic beekeeping in Bulgaria, as well as to highlight some issues faced by organic livestock sector, and thus to stimulate and encourage the development of the potential Bulgarian organic beekeeping. The research is based on official statistical data of Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry. Bulgaria is a traditional producer of different types of organically certified honey with excellent quality indicators and a large part of the production is exported to the world market. There is a need for research, analysis and evaluation of the status of ecological beekeeping in Bulgaria.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Rostyslav FEDIV, Iryna FEDIV

In the article are researched the main trends of forming and realization of the agrarian enterprises’ export potential. There is conducted an analysis of interdependance between the separate factors (in particular, investments into the agrarian sector) and the quantitative indicators of the export potential development. There are proposed the ways of the agrarian enterprises’ export potential realization within the context of the eurointegrational processes, which harbour contemporary specificities of the agrarian enterprises development, tendencies of the agrarian enterprises’ foreign economic activity and the analysis of the possible opportunities and main threats for Ukrainian enterprises when carrying out the export activity. There is produced a typical algorithm of the certification undergoing devoted to the agricultural commodities export in accordance to the European requirements under the GlobalGAP standards, that will facilitate the growth in production of the agricultural products, specially for the sale onto the European markets.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Anton TRETIAK, Nataliia TRETIAK, Yurii SKLIAR, Yuliia LOBUNKO, Andrii MELNICHUK

The study proposes an approach to environmental and economic assessment of land use efficiency in the context of environmental safety. The authors believe that the sites with high environmental risk have a direct impact on the development of rural areas, the economy of natural, including land resources and the environment. The significance of the study is that it shows that ensuring the ecological balance of life in the process of organizing land use directly depends on taking into account and preventing dangerous situations from objects with high, medium and low levels of threats (level of increasing the maximum allowable concentration of air emissions, water pollution facilities with agricultural nitrates, industry, defense facilities, etc.). The analysis shows that the ecological balance depends on the structure of land use and the functional use of land. In particular, the authors noted that the greater the share of subtypes of urban land use that has a negative impact on the environment, the higher the degree of danger to human life. Therefore, threats to the ecological instability of land use and, consequently, to the environmental safety of the population within rural areas, where land plots with dangerous objects are located, has to be considered and assessed.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Jamiu Ayomide HUSSAYN, Dominic Midawa GULAK, Kazeem Oriyomi ABOABA, Oluwadayo Olusola KESHINRO

Transforming the subsistence-oriented cassava production system into a market-oriented production system as a way of increasing the smallholder farmers' income, reducing poverty and thus increasing their welfare has been a policy focus in Nigeria. The study examined the effects of agricultural commercialization on poverty status of smallholder cassava farming households. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select 189 households; data were collected with the use of a well-structured questionnaire and analysed with the use of household commercialization index, FGT index, ordered probit model and logistic regression model. The result of household commercialization index revealed that larger proportion of the farmers commercialize at a high level. Level of education, farming experience, farm income, quantity of cassava produced and extension visits influenced commercialization. The results further showed that 37.28% of smallholder cassava farming household were poor. Sex, level of education, farming experience, quantity of cassava produced, farm income, level of commercialization and extension visit significantly influenced poverty status. The study concludes that most cassava farmers have a high level of commercialization which has a positive influence on the farmers’ welfare. The study recommends farmers’ education, effective policy intervention and programmes on commercialization and access to credit to improve farmers welfare.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Hunor VASS, Teodor MATEOC, Tabita ADAMOV, Dora ORBOI, Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB

The preliminary determination of the article is to investigate the effects of pollution and climate change. In this regard, the authors want to highlight that this real and critical issue must take seriously because each of us contributes to pollution and climate change, which is very real, and which will be aggravated by not taking action. Global warming currently involves two major problems for humanity: on the one hand, the need to dramatically diminish greenhouse gas emissions to stabilize the concentration of these gases in the atmosphere to prevent anthropogenic influence on the climate system and enable ecosystems, contrastingly the need to accommodate to the consequence of climate change, given that these effects are already visible and inevitable due to the activity of the climate system, regardless of the outcome of emission reduction actions. The main problem with pollution is air quality, which has fallen considerably, especially in urban areas. The" World Health Organization" approximates, more than seven million people die each year from air pollution. The authors also conducted a case study on the local effects of climate change - Timișoara and its peri-urban area. Therefore, we concluded that if Timișoara is successful in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, this will create a test market for Romania's ecological technologies and help the environmental industries to locate in Timișoara.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Obunwa Rosemary EZE, Hemen Emmanuel JIJINGI, Kodak Udemgba EMERSON, Ijasini John TEKWA

Information about effects of agricultural land uses on soil properties is essential for sustainable utilization of soil resources and conservation of the ecosystem. This study was carried out to assess the impact of agricultural land use types on selected quality indicators of some soils of Amalla in Nsukka, South-East Nigeria. A total of 15 composite soil samples were collected each from cassava farm, maize farm and oil-palm plantation farm at 0-15 cm soil depths in 5 different study locations. Three farms practicing each of the land use type at each location were taken as replicates. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) was done following the generalized linear model of Statistix 9.1 laid in a Completely Randomized Block Design. The results shows that the mean values of sand, silt and clay contents ranged from 74.60−80.80%, 11.00−14.00% and 7.39−11.40% in the farm locations, respectively. The mean soil bulk density ranged from 1.18−2.05 g/cm3 and was significantly (P<0.05) different among the land use types, except at Ibagwa farm. The sand and silt contents of the soils did not differ significantly (P<0.05) among the land use types in most of the study locations. The clay content differed significantly across all land use types in all the sampled locations, and was significantly higher under the oil palm compared to both cassava and maize farming systems. The significantly (P<0.05) higher soil organic carbon (OC) content was found under the oil palm land use, while the lowest organic carbon of 0.34% was found in the cassava farm locations. Soil organic matter (OM) was significantly (p ≤ 0.05) higher in the oil palm (2.1% – 2.9%) and lowest under the cassava farm (0.59%−1.3%). Generally, the OC content (0.34%−1.34%) recorded under the various land use types was well below the bench mark for most crop requirements, and soil's structural stability might fail. The soils are thus, predisposed to greater risk of low fertility and water erosion. More detailed studies on environmental and economic aspects of these land uses are strongly recommended.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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