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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Mariana CARAMAN, Larisa CREMENEAC, Roman MOSCALIC

The paper presents the results of research on the impact of organic fertilizers, obtained from poultry manure with and without pro prebiotic PoultryStarRmeEU, on the microbiological and biochemical quality of soil and corn productivity. For this purpose, initially, an experiment was organized in the practical conditions of the individual poultry enterprise "GT Nicolaescu V." from village Fagureni, district Straseni, in which material for the study was used the probiotic PoultryStarRmeEU, and the object of research were broiler chickens ROSS 308. Subsequently, the manure obtained was subjected to traditional composting, and after 9 months, it was were injected into the soil. As a result of research, it was found that organic fertilizers have improved the microbiological and biochemical quality of the soil by increasing 10 times the amount of beneficial microorganisms, the content of organic matter - by 48.02% - 114.81% and humus - by 15.14% - 10.56%, thus stimulating the physiological development (height) of the plants by 7.69% - 10.53% and increasing the corn grain harvest by 5.98% and by 17.45% the amount of straw (organic matter) compared to the control group.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Dumitru TRACI

The paper studied the impact of the evolution of macroeconomic indicators on the sustainable development of enterprises from Republic of Moldova. The article discusses factors, conditions, indicators and features of the development process. At the same time, structural changes and features of socio-economic development at the level of macroeconomic indicators and sectors of the national economic system were analyzed and highlighted. The research in question has demonstrated the dependence of sustainable development on the evolution of macroeconomic indicators. The paper used a quantitative and qualitative analysis using the correlation coefficient to assess the impact on sustainable development of enterprises in the Republic of Moldova, and especially those in the Transnistrian region. The data on the evolution of macroeconomic indicators are from the database of the national statistical office of the Republic of Moldova and the Transnistrian region.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Iuliana ANTONIE

The melliferous potential consists in the capacity of a certain areal to provide food (nectar, pollen, manna) for the bee’s families to ob the beekeeping products. The knowledge of this resource is important in the beekeeping practice, being the success key to obtain a rich production of quality. The purpose of the study is the identification of the flora with a melliferous potential in Gura Râului countrysideSibiu county). To achieve the purpose, it was important to analyze the specialized literature, the direct field research, the examination,taking photos, collecting botanical material and its identification in the laboratory. The study is finalized by drawing up a list with 47species with a melliferous potential that belong to 22 botanical families.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Mirela CĂRĂTUȘ STANCIU

The paper presents the main features of agriculture and rural development in the Central Region. The Central Region consisting of 6 counties covers 14.3% of the country's territory. Mureș and Covasna counties have the largest share of rural space (over 87%). The agricultural area of the region (1,900.4 thousand ha) represents 13% of the existing area at national level. It has the following categories of use: arable 40%, pastures 34%, hayfields 25.3%, vineyards 0.5%, orchards 0.5%. In the Central Region there are approx. 394 thousand agricultural holdings. In 2018, the 56 thousand sheep farms in the region, owned 22.76% of the existing sheep farms nationwide. The 72 thousand cattle farms in the region owned 17.48% of the national cattle herd. Agriculture in the Central Region has an important and diversified natural potential. The share of the rural population in the region is 42.4%. The share of the population employed in agriculture and forestry in 2018 was 16.8% of the regional labor force. As at national level, the population employed in agriculture is aging and has a low level of education (96.4% of people in agriculture have only practical experience). Mureș County has the largest share in the value of regional agricultural production (24.2%). In 2019, four food products made in the Central Region out of the seven existing at national level were registered on the European quality schemes (PGI and PDO). The agri-food sector in the region is boosted by professional training courses for farmers, IT platforms that connect small farmers and buyers, the organization of fairs, exhibitions, culinary and agricultural festivals.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Kamen PETROV

This article is dedicated to the problems of rural areas in Bulgaria. The article focuses on municipalities that need to implement regional policies in rural areas. Reducing the rural population is a serious challenge to the potential of the rural labor force. Labor supply restrictions apply to municipalities with an unfavorable demographic structure and a growing population over working age. Social problems are related to the aging population and vulnerable social groups. In order to identify groups of problems close to other countries in Southeast Europe, we need to take a closer look at rural development in Bulgaria.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Teodora STOEVA, Violeta DIRIMANOVA

The impact of the institutional changes on the land relations in Bulgaria over the last 30 years is in response to the number of processes and changes that have taken place before and after the accession of the country to the European Union. The Ownership and Use of Agricultural Land Act, logically, has undergone the most changes (more than 70 changes by 2020). This dynamic of the Ownership and Use of Agricultural Land Act reveals the existence of real issues in the socio-economic system of agriculture and the need to solve them. The existence of favourable soil and climatic conditions, long-standing traditions, rich practical experience, availability and development of new technological solutions and market-oriented innovations, use of modern varieties with improved biological potential, as well as the changes in the Land Act, clarifying the use of agricultural land, outline the future trends for the development of vegetable production in Bulgaria related to the harmonization of the institutional framework in compliance with the requirements of the EU – regulatory framework, strategies and programmes related to land market regulation. The purpose of this article is to analyse the changes in the new Agricultural Land Act, by assessing their impact on the status and dynamic of the vegetable sector, which is one of the most vulnerable sectors in the agricultural industry, as well as the complex processes of fragmentation of agricultural land in Bulgaria. The methodical framework of the study provides a summary overview of the main changes in the new Agricultural Land Act, as well as the degree of fragmentation of the land, which has a direct connection to the position of both parties in negotiation.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Adewale Isaac OLUTUMISE

The study assessed the nexus between the transportation system and output market participation among yam producers in Southwest region of Nigeria. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select 180 respondents for the study. Multinomial logit (MNL), Market Participation Index (MPI) and Double-hurdle Regression model were employed for the analysis of data. The MPI result showed that about 87% of the respondents participated in yam market in the area. The most commonly subscribed modes of transportation were pick-up van (55%), motor cycle (26%) and head porterage (7%). The results of the MNL showed that farming experience, extension services, distance, household size and market participation were the factors influencing the preference for the mode of transportation used by the farmers. Again, the results from the double-hurdle regression identified membership of cooperative society, farming experience, access to market information and mode of transportation as the factors that determine the decision to participate and the rate of participating in yam market. Therefore, the study concludes that there is a synergy between transportation system and output market participation which has significant impact on the production and availability of food (yam) in the market.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Liviu MARCUTA, Agatha POPESCU, Letitia PURDOIU, Serban PURDOIU, Marilena STOIAN, Alina MARCUTA

The food industry today faces many challenges as a result of changes in legislation in this area, due to the use of distribution chains that are increasingly complex or the emergence of no ice ingredients tend to replace traditional products. The success of a food company depends on its ability to provide its customers with safe, quality products that meet their expectations, but also respecting specific legislation. In addition to their role in human nutrition due to their nutritional value and the need to cover energy needs, food must also contribute to ensuring psychosensory satisfaction as a result of consumption, in close connection with the structure of the product, its chemical composition and its properties. The way in which the food products satisfy from the sensory point of view the exigencies of the consumers, represents an important condition in the realization of some salable products and therefore, the producers in the food industry must pay due attention to these aspects. This can be achieved through sensory analysis which is also a component of the concept of quality, being a method of examining food using the basic senses: sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch. Through this paper we aimed to analyze consumers' perception of the quality of bakery products using subjective methods, ie assessment methods for consumers and not specialists, namely: the hedonic test and the Likert scale, which were applied to a semi-trained panel of 45 tasters, represented by the students of the Faculty of Management and Rural Development. Based on the study, conclusions were formulated regarding the way in which consumers appreciated the quality of bakery products, resulting in the fact that they orient their purchase of bakery products according to taste and appearance.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU, Toma Adrian DINU, Elena STOIAN, Valentin SERBAN

The research was focused on yields dynamics of the main agricultural crops: wheat, maize, barley, oats, sunflower and rape recorded in Romania and especially in Dobrogea region in =order to identify in what measure they were affected by climate change, mainly by drought in two decades: 2000-2009 and 2010-2019. For this purpose, there were calculated the negative deviations of yield in each year from the average of each decade, and also the differences between the average decade yield in Dobrogea region and at the country level. The results proved substantial negative deviations for almost all the crops compared to the decade averages, and a smaller production performance in Dobrogea region versus yield level in Romania. All these differences were caused by the change in climate factors: the increased air temperature, low of lack of precipitations, low or lack of water resource into the soil, which characterize the severe and strong droughts with which Romania, and mainly Dobrogea region were facing during the last 20 years. In order to reduce the economic, social and environmental impact of droughts, the authorities have to develop sustainable strategies in order to support agriculture with irrigation systems and other measures of protection (financial aid to cover losses, tax exemption, extending the terms of repayment of the debts etc), and farmers have to continue their efforts for adapting the technologies cultivating high production potential varieties and hybrids resistant to drought, diseases and pests, choosing the right moment and depth for sowing, fertilization level and plant protection. Only in this way, farmers could obtain a production performance able to cover costs and assure profitableness of their business.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 20 ISSUE 4
Written by Adem AKSOY, Haluk Çağlar KAYMAK, Ümit AVCIOĞLU

Turkey is one of the most important walnut producers in the world. Turkey is 4th in the world’s walnut production in 2018. In this study, urkey and the Balkan countries' which have a significant share in the world production of walnut, production, foreign trade, and ompetitiveness have been studied. The data set for the years 2005-2018 was used in the research. The data of this study was provided from nternational Trade Centre (ITC) database. Revealed Comparative Advantage Index (RCA) and Trade Balance Index (TBI) indices were used in this tudy. Although the walnut production of Turkey was more than the total production of Balkan countries, it was determined that Turkey has not oreign trade competitive advantage. It shows that the most competitive country is Moldavia according to the RCA and TBI scores. These indings demonstrated that Turkey is importer country in with walnut trade. In a conclusion, it can be clearly said that Balkan countries xcept for Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, and Romania are net importers of shelled walnuts in foreign trade.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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