RESEARCHES ON OILSEEDS MARKET IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Elena SOARE, Livia DAVID, Aurelia-Vasilica BĂLAN

This scientific paper presents the evolution of oilseeds market in Romania, during the period 2008-2013. In order to show as concise as possible the reality of the oilseeds sector, the research pictures, on the one hand, an evolution of oilseeds specific indicators and on the other hand, an evolution of external trade. Romania disposes of tradition and favourable pedo-climatic conditions for cultivating the oilseeds plants. This is demonstrated by the favourable results obtained in the last years, especially concerning the sunflower crop. In 2013, Romania registered a record for sunflower, occupying the first position in the European Union for cultivated area and production. A negative aspect is represented by the fact that our country has the best conditions in Europe for soybean crop, but it is still dependent on import. Romania imports a huge quantity of soybean oilcakes for animal feeding. Nowadays, Romania is an important actor in the sunflower world market, covering almost 19% of the global demand. In perspective, one could expect significant oilseeds productions with a positive influence on the agro-food trade balance in our country.

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Elena SOARE, Livia DAVID, Aurelia-Vasilica BĂLAN 2014, RESEARCHES ON OILSEEDS MARKET IN ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 265-272.

RESEARCHES ON QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS, ON DURATION OF STORAGE IN VARIOUS VARIETIES OF APPLES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Mariana BURCEA, Mihai GIDEA

The research was made in an organic farm, located on a preluvosol soil type with pedoclimatic conditions that support the apple plantations in this area. In this paper, the aim was to establish the capacity to store the fresh fruit quality and to highlight the diseases of the storehouse, of the varieties existing in the grown variety. Six varieties of homologated varieties of apple (Florina, Generos, Golden Delicious, Idared, Jonathan and Redix) were taken into consideration in order to establish the ability to store the apple quality in fresh state. It was found that the lowest total loss, with values below 10%, was registered at V3-Idared (7.45%). This variant presented both low weight losses and depreciation due to disease attack. The same variety also retained its initial firmness with an insignificant difference during storage. At the same time, it was noted that the highest content of initial juice extracted, belongs to V3-Idared and V4-Florina variants with more than 600 ml/kg.

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BURCEA M., GIDEA M. 2017, RESEARCHES ON QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS, ON DURATION OF STORAGE IN VARIOUS VARIETIES OF APPLES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 85-90.

RESEARCHES ON THE DIGESTERS AND REACTORS WHICH CAN BE USED IN A FARM SCALE BIOGAS PLANT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Mariana DUMITRU, Marius BIBU

In the general context of searching integrated system of renewable energy production, this paper present some researches on the reactors and the digesters, as a main part of a biogas plant at a farm scale. After we present the most used types of digesters, we also concentrated over the processes which take place into a digester, one of them being the removal of H2S from biogas (desulphurisation), which can be made by various methods, either biological or chemical, taking place inside or outside the digester. In the case of biological desulphurization outside the digester, we concentrate on the types of reactors which can be used in this case. Beside the well known types of reactors, we present the possibility of using an original self pressure membrane bioreactor. In this type of bioreactor, the metabolic activity of gas producing microorganisms, especially yeast, could obtain high pressure from gas produced in closed medium on the one hand, and separation of other products of metabolism through membrane on the other hand, using gas pressure as driving force. It is known that several strains of yeast resist on very high hydrostatic pressure heaving good activity. This fact give the possibility to use their energy for other purposes, such as producing mechanical work. Combination of both, gas pressure and alchool burning, increase the process efficiency.

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Mariana DUMITRU, Marius BIBU 2014, RESEARCHES ON THE DIGESTERS AND REACTORS WHICH CAN BE USED IN A FARM SCALE BIOGAS PLANT . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 63-68.

RESEARCHES ON THE INFLUENCE OF SOIL AND CLIMATE CONDITIONS IN THE ROMANIAN PLAIN AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHAINS ON THE CAPACITY TO MAINTAIN THE APPLES QUALITY-CASE STUDY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Nicoleta OLTENACU, Andrei Radu IOVA, Elena LASCAR

The success of fruit storage in storehouses is conditioned and depends largely on the environment factors, on applied technology and storage conditions. The better the optimal factors are known on which the growth and formation of the fruit depends, when and how to manipulate and transport the fruit, the more secure the premise for the success for the good preservation of fruit is. It is absolutely necessary to know the main factors that must be taken into account in order to bring into storehouse only fruit corresponding to this purpose. The experiments were organized in comparative variants in the case of apples based on 6 homologated varieties of apple (Florina, Generos, Golden Delicious, Idared, Jonathan and Redix) present in the current assortment in Moara Domneasca farm and in Romania. After 120 days of storage, determinations were made concerning: evolution of the soluble dry matter content; evolution of some components; organoleptic appraisal (appearance, firmness, taste). The results showed that, after storage, the dry matter content, the titratable acidity, the total sugar content and the vitamin C content recorded an increased or decreased evolution depending on variety, compared to the initial content.

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OLTENACU N., IOVA A.R., LASCAR E. 2017, RESEARCHES ON THE INFLUENCE OF SOIL AND CLIMATE CONDITIONS IN THE ROMANIAN PLAIN AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHAINS ON THE CAPACITY TO MAINTAIN THE APPLES QUALITY-CASE STUDY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 231-236.

RESEARCHES ON THE MYRMECOFILE SPECIES OF LYCAENIDA FAMILY COLLECTED FROM GRASSLANDS AROUND SIBIEL, SIBIU

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Cristina STANCĂ-MOISE

This study refers to Lycaenidae family, owned mirmecofile species. The pupose of the paper was to characterize the habitat feeding preferences of this butterfly species, especially for mirmecofile species. Butterflies respond rapidly to environmental changes and are important indicators of the health of biodievrsity and the wider environment. A study of the diurnal Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) populations was based on foirld survey method and completed in the meadows cut for hay around the village of Sibiel, located 22 km from Sibiu, central Romania. This study has generated an important new baseline on the status of butterflies in the region, specifying which are the mirmecofile species. Of the 59 species of Macrolepidopters collected in 2015, there were identified 7 myrmecofile species belonging to the Lycaenidae Family as follows: Satyrium spini spini, Satyrium acaciae acacia, Plebeius argus argus, Plebeius argyrognomon argyrognomon, Aricia agestis agestis, Polyommatus icarus icarus, and Polyommatus daphnis daphnis.

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STANCĂ-MOISE C. 2017, RESEARCHES ON THE MYRMECOFILE SPECIES OF LYCAENIDA FAMILY COLLECTED FROM GRASSLANDS AROUND SIBIEL, SIBIU. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 385-390.

REVEALED COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE OF MOLDOVA’S LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Anatolie IGNAT, Alexandru STRATAN, Eugenia LUCASENCO

The paper aimed to present the analysis of the Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) of Moldova’s livestock products. The research was carried out based on the statistical data provided by the National Bureau of Statistics, as well as data collected from the WITS database. The outcomes of the analysis of trade value, RCA, and CAGR of the Moldova’s livestock exports at 2-digit and 4-digit levels of HS comparing to the world and EU-27 have been presented in the paper. As a conclusion, export of most livestock products is not stable from year to year. Often disruptions in exports supplies are caused by multiple factors such as weather conditions, more competitive regional imports, import bans imposed by partner countries, etc.

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IGNAT A., STRATAN A., LUCASENCO E. 2017, REVEALED COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE OF MOLDOVA’S LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 177-182.

RISK ASSESSMENT IN PROJECT PLANNING USING FMEA AND CRITICAL PATH METHOD

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Sandra Milena CHOLES ARVILLA

This paper is based upon the research undertaken for the development of the doctoral thesis “Management of software projects based on object-oriented technology”. The study examines the existing risk management practices commonly used for classic software development. The goal is to integrate the elements of the traditional risk management methodologies to create a new agile risk management methodology. The thesis focuses on techniques that can be easily implemented in extreme programming (XP) and SCRUM. This study is motivated by the following research questions: What are the elements of existing quality assurance tools that could meet the principles of agile development? And is it possible to use risk estimation for improving quality in agile projects? The thesis presents a synthesis of the most common risk management techniques, as well as an introduction to agile methods XP and SCRUM. The proposal integrates the concepts of Failure Mode and Effect Analysis into the iterative life cycle of an agile software project. The thesis presents a metamodel which integrates the concepts of agile development methodologies: SCRUM and XP with the FMEA concepts for risk quantification. The model was partly implemented into a real development project. Partial results show the improvement in early identification of failures and allowed to reconsider the Sprint plan.

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Sandra Milena CHOLES ARVILLA 2014, RISK ASSESSMENT IN PROJECT PLANNING USING FMEA AND CRITICAL PATH METHOD . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 39-46.

RISK SOURCES AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES AMONG CASSAVA FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Chijioke Nwaneri NDEM, Charles Kelechi OSONDU

This study identified sources of risk and risk management strategies among cassava farmers in Abia State, Nigeria. A total of 518 cassava farmers were randomly selected from four local government areas and data were collected using structured interview schedule. Descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages and frequency were used to present data. Likert attitudinal scale was used to evaluate the risk attitude of cassava farmers. Results showed that the mean age and household size of the farmers was 48 years and 7 persons respectively, with 59.9% of the farmers being females. Main sources of risk in cassava production as identified by the cassava farmers were erratic rainfall (77.2%), inadequate credit facilities (70.3%), low price of output (69.1%), cassava pest and disease (59.1%), high cost of inputs (57.5%) and inadequate market for produce (51.7%). The Likert attitudinal scale showed that 69.5% of the farmers were risk averse. Some risk reducing strategies were not employed by the farmers, reason being that they are either not available or difficult to implement. The most popular risk reducing strategy used was enterprise diversification (100.0%).The study recommended that cassava farmers with support from government and private sector should develop comprehensive risk management strategies with maximum benefit when used in combination, also agricultural policy makers should make policies that will encourage cassava farmers to use formal insurance, cooperative marketing and forward contracting more as a means of reducing social and market risks.

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NDEM C.N., OSONDU C.K. 2018, RISK SOURCES AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES AMONG CASSAVA FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 267-276.

RISKS, VULNERABILITY AND DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN FARMERS’ PARTICIPATION IN SELF-HELP-GROUP (SHG)-LED MICROFINANCING IN ISUIKWUATO, ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE, Charles Kelechi OSONDU, Chidozie Onyedikachi ANYIRO

This study on risks, vulnerability and determinants of women farmers’ participation in Self-Help-Group led micro financing was carried out in Isuikwuato local Government Area (LGA) of Abia State in Nigeria. Two-stage random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were adopted in selecting communities and respondents. Socio- economic and some farm operation variables were analyzed descriptively and others regressed on discrete decision of women participating or not participating in Self-Help- group (SHG) financing. Fire outbreak, ill health, theft, soil erosion and attack of farm products by pests and diseases were perceived (in this descending order) as risks/natural disasters confronting the farmers. Previously owed debts, Ease of membership to groups, Age of the woman, Household size, and use of cultural/formal insurance over perceived risks were factors that influenced participation of women farmers in self-help-group micro financing. To ease the burden of inaccessibility to formal farm credit among women farmers, we recommended that relatively younger women should be encouraged to join older women in such mutual self-help groups to reap benefits accruable from the groups especially being able to manage their farms and households with less stress.

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Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE, Charles Kelechi OSONDU, Chidozie Onyedikachi ANYIRO 2014, RISKS, VULNERABILITY AND DETERMINANTS OF WOMEN FARMERS’ PARTICIPATION IN SELF-HELP-GROUP (SHG)-LED MICROFINANCING IN ISUIKWUATO, ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 75-82.

ROLE OF FINANCIAL SUBSIDIES ALLOCATED BY THE CAP TOWARDS SLOVENIAN FARMERS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Nicola GALLUZZO

Financial subsidies allocated by the European Union (EU) throughout the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have had a positive effect on the rural development in particular in less favoured rural areas. The Farm Accountancy Data Network is an useful tool in order to estimate the impact of payments allocated by the CAP on the farm net income in a sample of European farms. Before of European Union enlargement in 2004 Slovenian farmers have benefited of specific initiatives aimed at implementing the productive agrarian fabric. Findings have pointed out as financial subsidies allocated towards stayed behind rural areas have been indirectly correlated to the dependent variable farm net income, even if the usable agricultural surface is one of the most important variable acting predominately towards the level of farmer’s income and economic efficiency.

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GALLUZZO N. 2016, ROLE OF FINANCIAL SUBSIDIES ALLOCATED BY THE CAP TOWARDS SLOVENIAN FARMERS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 129-134.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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