THE EFFECT OF MICROCREDIT ON RURAL HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD: EVIDENCES FROM WOMEN MICRO ENTREPRENEURS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Clementina Oluwafunke AJAYI

Microcredit has been found to be an intervention to improve the livelihood of women micro entrepreneurs in developing countries. It is often used as an attractive strategy to enhance the livelihoods of women as it provides micro entrepreneurs with the avenue to generate more income. The study focused on the effect of micro credit on rural households’ livelihood: evidences from women micro entrepreneurs in Oyo State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was adopted and 180 beneficiaries of microcredit were used. The result of the study revealed that microcredit had a positive effect on household income and welfare which led to improvement in the standard of living and opportunity to save money. The women micro entrepreneurs were able to contribute significantly to their children’s education improve the quality of meals intake and employment and housing conditions of their households. The microcredit scheme also contributed to beneficiaries’ development, sustainability and local governance participation. Above all, the respondents felt empowered. It is therefore concluded that those concerned with availing funds in form of microcredit and microfinance in general should take into consideration the results of these indicator variables for better livelihood of rural households.

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AJAYI C.O. 2016, THE EFFECT OF MICROCREDIT ON RURAL HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD: EVIDENCES FROM WOMEN MICRO ENTREPRENEURS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 29-36.

THE EFFECTS OF SUBSIDIES ALLOCATION ON COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES FROM THE HORTICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Artur GOLBAN, Alexandru GORGOS

Subsidies allocation represents an important source of financing the agricultural enterprises, being analyzed by the scientists from all over the World. The subsidy policy of the Republic of Moldova is different from the subsidy policy of the European Union, being determined by the following factors: the lack of the consistency of the subsidies policies from the Republic of Moldova and the insufficiency of the necessary financial resources in order to apply the policies like in the European Union. Strategically, at the state level, it doesn’t exist a clear subsidy policy for a longer period of time, namely the subsidies measures are not very clear defined and are changing from year to year, which creates difficulties for agricultural producers to access subsidies. In this context this scientific research has the objective to analyze the subsidies effects on competitiveness of the agricultural enterprises, to analyze the subsidies allocated in Moldova compared to neighbor countries, to reveal the measures of subsidizing the agricultural enterprises and to find out if the enterprises can achieve higher competitiveness by subsidies allocation.

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GOLBAN A., GORGOS A. 2016, THE EFFECTS OF SUBSIDIES ALLOCATION ON COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES FROM THE HORTICULTURAL SECTOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 121-128.

THE EFFICIENCY FORECAST OF RURAL HUMAN RESOURCES USE BY THE DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS APPROACH

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Dorel MIHAI, Ion DONA

The structure of rural human resources (from agriculture, industry, constructions) represents the most important production factor in order to achieve economic growth (high GDP). In terms of efficiency, it is more important to assess the way in which the combination of human resources between these three branches contributes to GDP formation. To do this assessment for the period 2013-20120, we applied the nonparametric method of DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). This method enables ranking regions based on a series of inputs (rural population occupied in agriculture, industry and constructions) and outputs (rural gross domestic product). The data regarding the rural human resources are retrieved from the Amigo data base, the rural GDP Eurostat and the analysis was performed by MAXDATA 6.3 Beta program. The results revealed that, by 2020, if maintaining the 2006-2013 trends, the average technical efficiency will decrease by 5.4%, only the Central and the South-West regions will be performing well and the North-East and North-West regions will become more inefficient. Our results reveal that, in the majority of regions, there is a clear need to reduce the population from agriculture, to increase the population from industry and constructions, and to increase de productivity, to ensure real economic growth.

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Dorel MIHAI, Ion DONA 2014, THE EFFICIENCY FORECAST OF RURAL HUMAN RESOURCES USE BY THE DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS APPROACH. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 165-168.

THE ENERGY MINIMIZATION AND THE COST REQUIREMENTS FOR THE POTATO RESIDUES REPROCESSING

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Tarek FOUDA, F. A. AHMED, M. A. ALI

Field crop residues have become an urgent problem for the Egyptian farmer. Total cultivated area with this crop in Egypt, 189,000 hectare and the estimated quantity of haulm potatoes is about 1,575 Tg with an average of 8.3 Mg/hectare of haulm potato. Varied techniques were used for cutting waste of field crop, and the mechanical shredder residue for handling and use of these wastes were analyzed in order to reduce the size of the waste molecules to fit the various aspects of its uses. To optimize the operating parameters of the performance of farm residues it was used the cutting machine and it was established the minimum cost, power and energy requirements for produce animal feed raw materials from potato haulme. The performance of the machine units was measured under the following parameters four levels of drum speed of 25.13, 30.14, 35.17 and 40.19 m/s (1,000, 1,200, 1,400, and 1,600 rpm), three feed rates of 600, 800, 1000 kg/h, two number of knives on the cutting cylinder from (68 to 48). The performance of the cutting machine unite was taking into consideration machinery productivity, percentages of softness degree, cutting efficiency, fuel consumption, power, energy, and cost analysis. The optimum results and parameters for cutting machine untie when using drum speed 1,600 rpm, 1,000 kg /h feeding rates, and 68 number of knives.0.985 Mg/h productivity, 19,123 kW power, 19,414 kW.h/Mg energy, 6,046 l/h fuel consumption, 99 % cutting efficiency, 85% percentages of softness degree, and 9,850 l.E/h cost analysis.

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FOUDA T., AHMED F.A., ALI M.A. 2016, THE ENERGY MINIMIZATION AND THE COST REQUIREMENTS FOR THE POTATO RESIDUES REPROCESSING. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 123-128.

THE ESTIMATION OF TRENDS IN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Olga SÂRBU

For the advancement and prosperity of an economy a highly developed and innovated business environment is required. In this respect the State must issue some regulations in order to establish certain standards that would allow the opening of new opportunities for business environment, encouraging entrepreneurs. The current study highlights modern trends in business development of the Republic of Moldova and exposes some recommendations for its improvement. During the research there have been used traditional research methods of quantitative and qualitative analysis, comparative analysis and logic. Preference was given to monographic study method applying the elements of observation, selection, induction and deduction. The investigations allow us to conclude that the basic pillar for development and advancement of a State under different aspects is business environment. There are many problems and constraints that hinder business development in the Republic of Moldova, but in spite of them the positive dynamics is observed in this sector. In order to increase business efficiency there must be a joint collaboration between the government, the civil society and business owners.

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Olga SÂRBU 2015, THE ESTIMATION OF TRENDS IN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 287-296.

THE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY - AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Svetlana PETRASCU

The Foreign economic activity plays an important role in the economic development of each country. Organizing and carrying out foreign economic activity is an area of major importance in the creation of a new economic mechanism by which the country is classified is performed in the global economy. World experience confirms that many countries have achieved a significant increase of socio-economic development, because of their open “economy”, which involves relatively free movement of goods, capital, technology, labor and knowledge. Integration evolution contributes to the increase of the import-export potential of any country. Global competition and domestic market protection prevent, however, the expansion of export flows. Thus, the external links of a country are conditioned and regulated by the interaction of the factors listed above. This paper aims to present some considerations on foreign economic activity as an important factor in the sustainable development of the Republic of Moldova.

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Aurelia LITVIN, Svetlana PETRASCU 2014, THE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY - AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 155-162.

THE HIERARCHIZATION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSULTANCY CONCERNING THE MAIN TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES AT THE LEVEL OF THE AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATIONS IN OLT COUNTY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Emil Vergilius MARINESCU, Ștefan STĂNESCU, Dumitrel-Victor TIȚA

Although the information sources became more diverse, the agricultural consultancy activities remain an important resource for modern agriculture. This one has its role, within which the technological changes became so frequent. To these ones, the climatic changes are added, that assume a vast experience in the field of plant culture. The study aims to highlight the interest of agriculturists by the consultancy that has been offered to them, according to the activities they deploy: development of investment projects, plant protection, procurement of fertilizer, procurement of agriculture machineries, livestock, marketing of agricultural production, and association in various forms. For comparison, they were analyzed according to the farm size, to the geographical (mountain, plain, meadow) and administrative (village area) location. The study revealed the influence of the locality surface, which had a very significant power over the consultancy offered to the activities under analysis.

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MARINESCU E.V., STĂNESCU S., TIȚA D.V. 2016, THE HIERARCHIZATION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSULTANCY CONCERNING THE MAIN TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES AT THE LEVEL OF THE AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATIONS IN OLT COUNTY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 213-222.

THE HUMAN RESOURCES IN THE TOURISM OF THE BISTRITANASAUD COUNTY, ROMÂNIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Ovidiu Toma ALBU, Manea DRĂGHICI

The study aimed to analyze the employment evolution in tourism sector of Bistrita-Nasaud County during 2011 – 2015 both in terms of quantity and quality. Therefore, the following indicators were taken into consideration and analized: civilian occupied population in the county economy by gender, average number of employees, number of employees by gender and activities, nominal average income gross, share rate of occupied population in tourism industry. The results showed that in the analyzed period, 2011 – 2015, the employment in tourism industry recorded an ascendant trend, which can be considered a sign of activity growth in this sector. Also, the salary earnings in this sector of activity increased during period 2011 – 2015.

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ALBU O.T., DRĂGHICI M. 2016, THE HUMAN RESOURCES IN THE TOURISM OF THE BISTRITANASAUD COUNTY, ROMÂNIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 19-22.

THE IMPACT OF FERTILIZATION AND FOLIAR STIMULATION PRODUCTS BOTH ON INCREASING THE RESISTANCE TO MAJOR PHYTOPATHOGENS ATTACKS, AND ON INCREASING THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF WINE GRAPES HARVEST

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Cristina BUNESCU

The paper aimed to demonstrate the impact of fertilization and foliar stimulation products both on increasing the resistance to major phytopathogens attacks, and on increasing the quantity and quality of wine grapes harvest. Applying the foliar fertilizer products Plonvit Kali (c1), Tytanit (c2) and Optysil (c3) to vines, for a period of three years (2011/2013), in phenophases of intensive growth of shoots and grapes at approved dosages, simultaneously with pesticide treatment, not only a reduction of pathogenic fungi attack was obtained, but also and an increase of harvest without diminishing the quality of the grapes.

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Cristina BUNESCU 2014, THE IMPACT OF FERTILIZATION AND FOLIAR STIMULATION PRODUCTS BOTH ON INCREASING THE RESISTANCE TO MAJOR PHYTOPATHOGENS ATTACKS, AND ON INCREASING THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF WINE GRAPES HARVEST. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 35-38.

THE IMPACT OF THE EUROPEAN FUNDS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RURAL AREA. CASE STUDY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Andrei Radu IOVA, Daniela CREȚU

The paper presents a study of accessing the European funds by the companies in the private sector, aiming to the impact of their implementation on their own economic activity and on the studied locality. The content of this study was elaborated starting from and considering exclusively the information provided on the basis of a questionnaire which included 12 questions, on a sample formed of 18 private beneficiaries of the SAPARD funds and/or EARDF. The research objectives were: to identify the main sources of information on the European funds; the main sources of co-financing of the private beneficiaries; the appreciation by the beneficiaries of the manner of submitting projects and identifying the satisfaction degree regarding their mechanism of implementation; analyzing the impact that these projects had on the direct and indirect beneficiaries. The impact of using grants on the labor market is particularly favorable. This is demonstrated by the results of the survey: more than half (53.6%) of those questioned said that following the investment, more than 3 jobs were created.

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IOVA A.R., CREȚU D. 2017, THE IMPACT OF THE EUROPEAN FUNDS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RURAL AREA. CASE STUDY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 187-192.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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