ISSN 2284-7995, ISSN Online 2285-3952

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Nnanna M. AGWU, Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH

The study analysed income inequalities and food security status o f farmers in South Eastern Nigeria, using Abia State. Specifically, the study accessed the income inequalities o f farmers; determine the food security status o f the farmers; estimate the factors that influence food security among the farmers in the study area. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in the selection o f location and 180 respondents usedfor the study. The study employed Ginicoefficient, food security index and multiple regressions in the analysis o f the data collected. Result shows that Gini coefficient value was 0.67, showing that there was high income inequality in the study area. Majority o f the respondents, constituting about 68.57 percent were food insecure in the study area. The regression results showed that age o f the household head, educational attainment o f the household head and monthly income o f the head were the major determinants o f food security status in the study area. The study recommends that government policies targeted at farmers should be strengthened, in order to bridge the gap in farmers ’ income. Government should also create opportunities for small scale businesses to flourish in ural areas. This will provide the people the much needed income, amongst other things.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE

This study on analysis of influence of financial social learning opportunities on loan repayment behavior of cooperator borrowers was carried out in Abia State, Nigeria. It was the objectives of the study to relate social learning financial opportunities in cooperative societies and member borrowers budgeting and timely repayment of loans; and determine demographic, social learning and financial factors that influenced loan repayment by cooperator borrowers. Two-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting first, two of the three agricultural zones; and second two registered farmers’ multi-purpose agricultural cooperative societies. This was followed by purposive selection from registers of the chosen cooperative societies sixty cooperators who currently were repaying loans borrowed. Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used in analyzing the gathered cross sectional data. Results suggest important relationships between financial social learning opportunities in cooperative societies and borrowers’ budgeting and timely loan repayment behaviours. Attendance to meetings, discussions with fellow cooperators and meaningful observation on financial behaviour of members of cooperative societies had significant positive influences on conduct and performance loan beneficiaries. The number of times beneficiaries attended meeting since after loan(s) were received; number of times they discussed loan matters with members before loan(s) were received; and number of times they discussed loan repayment strategies with other cooperators after loans were received had positive influences on loan repayment behaviour of cooperator borrowers. Cooperator(s) should participate in all union activities to truly belong and reap the benefits of being a member

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Beyza BAYRAKLI, Mevlüt GÜL

In this study, the existing marketing system of garlic, which is an important product in terms of Kastamonu, was analysed. The problems of the farmer, the intermediaries and the handler were examined. In this frame, the data were obtained from the garlic farmers, intermediaries (agent, traders) and handler by questionnaire. The most important marketing channel for farmers in the region were traders. The price of garlic was usually determined by traders. The activities/number of members of the garlic producer association established in 2010 were not at the desired level. After the garlic produced by the farmers in the research area was classified according to their size and quality, they were offered for sale. Farmers were firstly tried to sell 3rd class small size and 2nd class mediumsize garlic. First-grade garlic which can easily find buyers was kept in storage for more income. Problems in garlic farming; lack of technical knowledge of farmers, high garlic loss, the farmers tend to plant the Chinese garlic because of higher yield, lack of marketing opportunities, fluctuations in the price of garlic. With the development of storage facilities in the region, more income can be generated from the product. The development of organizational awareness at the level of producers in the region will increase the likelihood of the producer having a say in the market. Work should be done to protect the Taşköprü garlic. It is necessary to increase the awareness of this species, both within the country and abroad. Cooperative establishments for farmers to market in garlic will be a step towards ensuring price stability.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Tatiana IAŢIŞIN, Tatiana COLESNICOVA

In this paper are analyzed Moldova's obstacles on wine tourism development. The actuality of this research topic results from the limited financial resources for the development of this sector, especially in insufficient of actions for the tourism visibility inside and outside the country. The purpose of the paper consists in the analysis of wine tourism in Moldova and in identifying its main problems for the future of elaboration of proposals. In elaboration of this paper were used the following research methods: analysis, comparison, grouping, SWOT analysis. The following results are obtained: identification and analysis of wine tourism in Moldova and elaboration of proposals in order to avoid the risks and uncertainties for the development of wine tourism.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Faiz ur RAHIM, Muhammad Farooq HYDER

Sericulture, as a cottage industry, can play an important role in the well-being of deprived rural populations and eventually foster the growth of the economy. The Pakistan sericulture industry experienced abundant growth and progress during early decades of independence. Currently, however, this industry is almost defunct. Acknowledging the importance of the issue, this study explores past experience to formulate policy to stabilize the sericulture industry of Pakistan. This study is based on qualitative data. Primary data was collected from stakeholders involved in different activities of the sericulture industry. For better understanding of this sector, primary data was also supported by secondary data from relevant literature. Results of the study indicate that although the sericulture industry was historically profitable, which with the passage of time it has collapsed due to several reasons; it can be reinstated with more attention and commitment.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Abdu Karniliyus TASHIKALMA, Bose Catherin ALETOGBE, Amurtiya MICHAEL

Reducing poverty has remained foremost among Nigeria’s developmental challenges. This study analysed poverty level among some selected households in Girei Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to; describe the socio-economic characteristics of respondents, determine the pattern of income distribution among the respondents, determine the incidence, depth and severity of poverty among the respondents, and lastly, identify the respondents’ coping strategy to poverty in the study area. A multistage sampling technique was used to collect primary data from 80 household heads using structured questionnaire. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, the Foster, Greer, and Thorbecke (FGT) weighted poverty index, and Lorenz curve. The result revealed that majority of the respondents were male (90%), educated (70%), married (88.57%) and whose primary occupation is mostly farming (50%). Income distribution as shown by the Lorenz curve revealed that, 79% of the respondents cumulatively earn only 56% of the income, indicating an incidence of income inequality. Poverty incidence among the respondents is 60%, having a poverty gap of 27% and a poverty severity of 10%. In response to the challenge of poverty, majority of the respondents adopt agricultural intensification and livelihood diversification (especially in non-farm activities) as coping strategies. The study recommends timely and affordable provision of farm inputs, provision of social amenities and encouraging entrepreneurial skills through training in the area.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3
Written by Sylvanus Ibeabuchi OGBONNA, Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE

The study was to analyze Production and profitability of Chicken Egg farms in Abia State Nigeria . Primary data gathered with structured questionnaire from 120 chicken egg producing farms were analysed with descriptive and inferential techniques (frequency distribution Tables, mean, standard deviation, farm budget and Ordinary least square regression). In terms production characteristics, 51.7% of the farms had existed for at least 10 years, with 45.8% of them located in semi-urban areas, operating with staff strength of 1-5 persons with mean monthly pay of N10,000.00. The mean annual production estimates revealed that the farms incurred annual cost (variable and fixed) of N33,602,206.0 and earned mean annual net profit of N18,757,794.0. Profitability of chicken egg production was highly determined by location of the farm, level of education of the manager, use of paid labour, and interest paid on borrowed funds; but moderately influenced by age of the farm manager, total eggs produced, cost of feeds consumed by the birds, and production experience of the manager. We recommended strict enforcement of disbursement of low interest livestock loans, and setting up of chicken egg production clusters managed by educated and experienced managers by farmers and Abia State Government.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Aybike ERTÜRK, Mevlüt GÜL

In this study, the changes in world’s and Turkish chickpea market were discussed. The data used in this study were obtained from FAO (Food and Agricultural Organisation) and TÜİK (Turkish Statistical Service) for the 1980-2016 periods. According to the data collected, worlds production of chickpea has increased due to an expansion of sown area and yield have also experienced a massive increment of 1.90 times over the period. In the world, Turkey is ranked 5th out of the world’s total production of chickpea. Turkey is placed seventh and 52nd in sown area and yield in the world. The trade of chickpea has seen significant development in the world. Thus, over the above mentioned period, export of chickpea quantity increased by 6.88 times, value by 10.34 times. Over the period, the chickpea production of Turkey has increased due to the expansion of the planting area. The chickpea production is being carried out intensively in the following provinces of Turkey, Antalya, Uşak, Konya, Karaman, Mersin, Kırşehir, Kütahya, Yozgat, Ankara, and Isparta provinces are also well known in the production of the chickpea. Turkey’s production share and export have decreased. Recently, Turkey is not self-sufficient in the chickpea production. In this respect, especially the increased production of the chickpea sector, this is an essential point of policy regarding the development and improvements.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper aimed to analyze the trends in sheep and goat livestock, at national level and in the territory, animal density, milk and meat production, meat consumption, meat export, import and trade balance based on the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics and Eurostat Data base in the period 2007-2016. For 11,358 thousand sheep and goats in 2016, Romania comes on the 4th position in the EU after United Kingdom and Spain. Also, it is on the 5th position for sheep and goats density (85.5heads/100 ha) after Greece, United Kingdom, Spain and Netherlands. Sheep and goats are raised all over the country, but sheep are mainly grown in the Central area, NW, W, and SE, while goats are especially in SE, S West Oltenia, S Muntenia, and N E. In Romania the concentration of sheep and goats livestock in the territory is a moderate one, as confirmed by the Herfindhal-Hirschman and GiniStruck indices. In 2016, sheep and goat milk production accounted for 6,113 thousand hl in 2016, but only 6.95 % is collected by the industrial units, the remaining is destined to cover household needs. Sheep and goat meat production reached 182 thousand tonnes in 2015, reflecting a high growth rate (65 %) in the analyzed period. Sheep and goat meat is mainly produced in the SE, S Muntenia and W. Romania comes on the 10th position in the EU for sheep meat production after United Kingdom, Spain, France, Ireland, Greece, Italy, Germany, Netherlands, and Portugal. Romania is an net exporting country of sheep meat, as long as it has a surplus, and the domestic consumption is low. Romania has a high potential for producing more meat for the internal market and export. This requires the organization of sheep and goats raising associations specialized in young sheep males fattening, with a corresponding farm size to assure a high production and carcass quality. The national aids and coupled support help the breeders to develop meat and milk production in this sector.

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Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Sylvanus Ibeabuchi OGBONNA, Charles Kelechi OSONDU

This study analyzed supply structure and trends of formal funding of agriculture in Nigeria. Time series data, covering the period 1992 to 2012 collected from Statistical Bulletin of Central Bank of Nigeria was used in the analyses. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics and trend analysis. Issues addressed included formal credit supply structure and trends of supply of loans to agriculture in Nigeria. Results showed that structure of formal loan Supplies to agricultural production in Nigeria was one of dominance in number and values of guaranteed loans to individual farmers than to corporate farms. The trend in value of loans allocated to food crop within the period under review was increasing, consistent and positive. The trend in value of loans allocated to cash crops however fluctuated. More funds should be allocated to agriculture through the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme Funds by Central Bank of Nigeria to enable the scheme expand its services to other farm enterprises (such as apiculture, heliculture, grass cutter rearing and mixed farming) and increase volume of loans to medium and large scale farmers.

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© 2019 To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“.

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