AN EXPLORATORY RESEARCH ON RURAL AREAS ACCORDING TO NUTS CLASSIFICATION, IN TWO NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES: ROMANIA AND BULGARIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Valentin-Cosmin SĂRĂCIN, Ilona-Elena-Cristina ȚÎRCĂ, Lucian CONSTANTIN

This exploratory research is based on statistical data about some indicators for the context of rural development, from different countries of EU, but also it is a comparative study of speciality literature regarding sustainable development and rural development, in two neighbouring countries: Bulgaria and Romania. The research is based on a methodology that involves the use of statistical data on leading indicators for the rural development context, from two neighbouring countries, Romania and Bulgaria. By analysing economic indicators we found that in some countries there are large discrepancies between urban zones and rural zones. This discrepancy between rural zones and urban zones is confirmed by environmental indicators, which still have positive influences on other fields, in which there was a positive evolution. Both Romania and Bulgaria, the two countries used in this study benefit from varied tourism resources, both natural and anthropogenic, insufficiently developed and exploited. Through these they can develop rural areas, opting for the development and support of rural tourism, the diversification of the rural population, in order to create new non-agricultural activities as a result of exploitation of the agricultural sector, with implications for increasing the number of jobs and increasing of the employment rate among the rural population.

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SĂRĂCIN V.C., ȚÎRCĂ I.E.C., CONSTANTIN L. 2017, AN EXPLORATORY RESEARCH ON RURAL AREAS ACCORDING TO NUTS CLASSIFICATION, IN TWO NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES: ROMANIA AND BULGARIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 301-308.

ANALYSIS OF ACCOMMODATION DEMAND/OFFER IN ROMANIA'S TOURISM

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Agatha POPESCU, Daniela PLESOIANU

The paper aimed to analyze the accommodation demand/offer in Romania's tourism using the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics for the period 2007-2015. In 2015, tourists' arrivals accounted for 9,9 million, of which 22.5 % foreigners' arrivals. The total arrivals increased by 42 % in the analyzed period having a good impact on tourist density which reached 500 arrivals per inhabitant and 32 arrivals per square km. In 2015, the number of overnight stays accounted for 23,519 thousands, of which 19 % belonged to the foreign tourists. The economic crisis had a bad impact on the number of arrivals, and overnight stays in the years 2009and 2010. Romania has 6.821 establishments units with accommodation facilities for tourists and 328,000 beds, meaning by 45 % and, respectively by 15 % more than in 2007. As a result, in 2015, the beds-days increased by 43 %, accounting for 81,872 thousand, and the tourism function of Romania reached 1,650 places (beds) per 1,000 inhabitants. Tourists' arrivals have a positive impact on overnight stays proved by the strong position correlation existing between these two indicators, r = 0.849, and by the determination coefficient, R² = 0.7215, which proved that 72.15 % of the variation in overnight stays is determined by the variation of the number of tourists' arrivals. The accommodation offer has been improved year by year to satisfy better tourists' demand, but the seasonality of arrivals has causes the low degree of occupancy. The business in tourism should be focused much more on a better promotion of Romania's tourism offer and on the assurance of a higher quality of services to face the strong competition among countries to attract more tourists.

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POPESCU A., PLESOIANU D. 2017, ANALYSIS OF ACCOMMODATION DEMAND/OFFER IN ROMANIA'S TOURISM. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 339-346.

ANALYSIS OF ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH POSITION OF EUROPEAN COUNTRIES BY ECONOMETRIC MODELING

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Cristina BURGHELEA, Nicolae MIHĂILESCU, Octavian Constantin BURGHELEA, Viorel Alexandru TURCU

The economic potential of a country is consistently a primary goal of existence and sustainable development. To achieve this major goal is necessary to undertake strict complex studies to formulate a correct diagnosis and real economic situation and the rationale, on this basis, decisions economic policy and legislative decisions aimed at both time horizons immediate and for longer periods of time. In this context the significance and importance of GDP per capita as synthetic macroeconomic indicator is developed a multifactorial econometric model that includes two exogenous variables, the employment rate over 55 and resource productivity.

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Cristina BURGHELEA, Nicolae MIHĂILESCU, Octavian Constantin BURGHELEA, Viorel Alexandru TURCU 2015, ANALYSIS OF ANALYSIS OF SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH POSITION OF EUROPEAN COUNTRIES BY ECONOMETRIC MODELING. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 7-14.

ANALYSIS OF CLIMATE-RELATED RISK AND MAIZE PRODUCTION IN SOUTHWEST, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Lawrence Olusola OPARINDE, Emmanuel Chilekwu OKOGBUE

One of the consequences of climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa is that farmers would be more exposed to production risk. Therefore, it is imperative to analyse the climate-related risk and maize production in Southwest, Nigeria. Secondary data between 1981 and 2012 were collected on relevant variables and analysed using Growth Function, Co-integration Model (Autoregressive Distributed Lag Approach) and J-P Model. The results confirmed the presence of long-run equilibrium between maize production and temperature, rainfall and relative humidity. The Error Correction Model (ECM) value was -0.0238 for the enterprise. The results of the analysis on the climate-related risk indicated that temperature increased the production risk of maize farmers. It can be concluded that farmers face climate-related risk as temperature increased the production risk of maize farmers. Therefore, stakeholders should create more awareness on the need to always practice eco-friendly activities and put in place coping strategies against the menace of climate change.

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OPARINDE L.O., OKOGBUE E.C. 2018, ANALYSIS OF CLIMATE-RELATED RISK AND MAIZE PRODUCTION IN SOUTHWEST, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 287-298.

ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL INDICATORS IN SC FITOPLANTAGRO LLC (2013-2015)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Radu Lucian PÂNZARU

Company "Fito Agro Plant" was created in 2004 in order to serve farmers in the area of influence. Over time, the company opened three branches in Gorj (Targu Jiu) and Valcea (Mihăieşti and Ramnicu Valcea). The company's activity is quite complex, making the distribution of various types of inputs for agricultural production. In realization of the work and highlighting the financial results were used as tools to document comparison over time, and a number of specific indicators being operated at officiating (turnover, operating revenues, financial revenues, expenses operational, financial expenses, profit or loss, the rate of profit or loss, etc.).The specific activity conducted, it has expressed through favorable results for the years 2014 and 2015 (when achieved profit), but it also discusses situations and less convenient (2013 - losses of the unit).

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PÂNZARU R.L. 2016, ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL INDICATORS IN SC FITOPLANTAGRO LLC (2013-2015). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 237-244.

ANALYSIS OF INCOME INEQUALITIES AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Nnanna M. AGWU, Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH

The study analysed income inequalities and food security status o f farmers in South Eastern Nigeria, using Abia State. Specifically, the study accessed the income inequalities o f farmers; determine the food security status o f the farmers; estimate the factors that influence food security among the farmers in the study area. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in the selection o f location and 180 respondents usedfor the study. The study employed Ginicoefficient, food security index and multiple regressions in the analysis o f the data collected. Result shows that Gini coefficient value was 0.67, showing that there was high income inequality in the study area. Majority o f the respondents, constituting about 68.57 percent were food insecure in the study area. The regression results showed that age o f the household head, educational attainment o f the household head and monthly income o f the head were the major determinants o f food security status in the study area. The study recommends that government policies targeted at farmers should be strengthened, in order to bridge the gap in farmers ’ income. Government should also create opportunities for small scale businesses to flourish in ural areas. This will provide the people the much needed income, amongst other things.

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Nnanna M. AGWU, Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH 2014, ANALYSIS OF INCOME INEQUALITIES AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 7-14.

ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCE OF FINANCIAL SOCIAL LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES ON LOAN REPAYMENT BEHAVIOUR OF COOPERATOR BORROWERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE

This study on analysis of influence of financial social learning opportunities on loan repayment behavior of cooperator borrowers was carried out in Abia State, Nigeria. It was the objectives of the study to relate social learning financial opportunities in cooperative societies and member borrowers budgeting and timely repayment of loans; and determine demographic, social learning and financial factors that influenced loan repayment by cooperator borrowers. Two-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting first, two of the three agricultural zones; and second two registered farmers’ multi-purpose agricultural cooperative societies. This was followed by purposive selection from registers of the chosen cooperative societies sixty cooperators who currently were repaying loans borrowed. Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used in analyzing the gathered cross sectional data. Results suggest important relationships between financial social learning opportunities in cooperative societies and borrowers’ budgeting and timely loan repayment behaviours. Attendance to meetings, discussions with fellow cooperators and meaningful observation on financial behaviour of members of cooperative societies had significant positive influences on conduct and performance loan beneficiaries. The number of times beneficiaries attended meeting since after loan(s) were received; number of times they discussed loan matters with members before loan(s) were received; and number of times they discussed loan repayment strategies with other cooperators after loans were received had positive influences on loan repayment behaviour of cooperator borrowers. Cooperator(s) should participate in all union activities to truly belong and reap the benefits of being a member

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Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE 2014, ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCE OF FINANCIAL SOCIAL LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES ON LOAN REPAYMENT BEHAVIOUR OF COOPERATOR BORROWERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 79-86.

ANALYSIS OF MARKETING STRUCTURE AND PROBLEMS IN GARLIC PRODUCTION: THE CASE OF KASTAMONU PROVINCE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2
Written by Beyza BAYRAKLI, Mevlüt GÜL

In this study, the existing marketing system of garlic, which is an important product in terms of Kastamonu, was analysed. The problems of the farmer, the intermediaries and the handler were examined. In this frame, the data were obtained from the garlic farmers, intermediaries (agent, traders) and handler by questionnaire. The most important marketing channel for farmers in the region were traders. The price of garlic was usually determined by traders. The activities/number of members of the garlic producer association established in 2010 were not at the desired level. After the garlic produced by the farmers in the research area was classified according to their size and quality, they were offered for sale. Farmers were firstly tried to sell 3rd class small size and 2nd class mediumsize garlic. First-grade garlic which can easily find buyers was kept in storage for more income. Problems in garlic farming; lack of technical knowledge of farmers, high garlic loss, the farmers tend to plant the Chinese garlic because of higher yield, lack of marketing opportunities, fluctuations in the price of garlic. With the development of storage facilities in the region, more income can be generated from the product. The development of organizational awareness at the level of producers in the region will increase the likelihood of the producer having a say in the market. Work should be done to protect the Taşköprü garlic. It is necessary to increase the awareness of this species, both within the country and abroad. Cooperative establishments for farmers to market in garlic will be a step towards ensuring price stability.

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BAYRAKLI B., GÜL M. 2018, ANALYSIS OF MARKETING STRUCTURE AND PROBLEMS IN GARLIC PRODUCTION: THE CASE OF KASTAMONU PROVINCE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 21-28.

ANALYSIS OF OBSTACLES ON WINE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Tatiana IAŢIŞIN, Tatiana COLESNICOVA

In this paper are analyzed Moldova's obstacles on wine tourism development. The actuality of this research topic results from the limited financial resources for the development of this sector, especially in insufficient of actions for the tourism visibility inside and outside the country. The purpose of the paper consists in the analysis of wine tourism in Moldova and in identifying its main problems for the future of elaboration of proposals. In elaboration of this paper were used the following research methods: analysis, comparison, grouping, SWOT analysis. The following results are obtained: identification and analysis of wine tourism in Moldova and elaboration of proposals in order to avoid the risks and uncertainties for the development of wine tourism.

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IAŢIŞIN T., COLESNICOVA T. 2017, ANALYSIS OF OBSTACLES ON WINE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 173-176.

ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN’S SERICULTURE INDUSTRY IN HISTORICAL PROSPECTIVE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Faiz ur RAHIM, Muhammad Farooq HYDER

Sericulture, as a cottage industry, can play an important role in the well-being of deprived rural populations and eventually foster the growth of the economy. The Pakistan sericulture industry experienced abundant growth and progress during early decades of independence. Currently, however, this industry is almost defunct. Acknowledging the importance of the issue, this study explores past experience to formulate policy to stabilize the sericulture industry of Pakistan. This study is based on qualitative data. Primary data was collected from stakeholders involved in different activities of the sericulture industry. For better understanding of this sector, primary data was also supported by secondary data from relevant literature. Results of the study indicate that although the sericulture industry was historically profitable, which with the passage of time it has collapsed due to several reasons; it can be reinstated with more attention and commitment.

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RAHIM F., HYDER M.F. 2017, ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN’S SERICULTURE INDUSTRY IN HISTORICAL PROSPECTIVE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 347-356.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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