ASPECTS REGARDING THE PHYTOSANITARY SITUATION OF AN UNTENDED APPLE ORCHARD

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Maria TĂNASE

Romania, an European country in which pomiculture is of a main significance, especially from an economic point of view, is well represented by a diversity of species, amongst which the apple (Malus domestica) plays a significant role when it comes to quality production and thus economic profit. This paper aims to look at the main harming agents of the apple at the Rusciori Farm, a plantation where the apple cannot turn its genetic production material to advantage, given the interference of multiple restrictive factors, especially vegetal and animal pests that cause significant damage, thus leading to a qualitative and quantitive decrease in production due to the deterioration of the commercial aspect of the fruit. The main pathogens for apples are those that produce mycoses; and amongst mycoses the most wide-spread ones are mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha Ell. and Ev. Salm), scab disease (Venturia inequalis Cooke Wint.), brown fruit rots (Monilinia fructigena Honey) and twig cankers (Nectria galligena Bres.); all of them causing significant damage under favorable environmental conditions. Although the orchard in the present study is in decline, not all trees show obvious aging signs, therefore a total land clearing does not come into question. This paper attempts to suggest efficient solutions for prelonging the age of those trees that still promise economic productivity.

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TĂNASE M. 2016, ASPECTS REGARDING THE PHYTOSANITARY SITUATION OF AN UNTENDED APPLE ORCHARD. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 369-374.

ASPECTS REGARDING WINE PRODUCTION AND WINE SECTOR COMPETITIVENESS IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Georgiana-Raluca LADARU, Silviu BECIU, Ionela Misuko VLAD, Maria-Cristina PADURE

The paper aimed to make some assumptions regarding wine sector competitiveness in Romania. Vineyards have an important share in Romanian agriculture, Romania being ranked on 11th position in the world and on 5th position in the European Union in terms of vineyards surface, while the wine industry is an important contributor to the GDP. The research method was based on analyze of wine sector evolution in the last years. The paper presents current global context of wine market at international level and focus on Romanian wine production sector and wine trade, seen in the light of competitiveness. The competitiveness of Romanian wine sector need to be related with measures that are able to increase the attractiveness of Romanian wines, both on domestic and external markets.

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Georgiana-Raluca LADARU, Silviu BECIU, Ionela Misuko VLAD, Maria-Cristina PADURE 2014, ASPECTS REGARDING WINE PRODUCTION AND WINE SECTOR COMPETITIVENESS IN ROMANIA . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 131-134.

ASSESSING ALLOCATIVE AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF FARM AT REGIONAL LEVEL

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Ioan STETCO

The present paper aims to assess the allocative and economic efficiency at Romanian regional agriculture level for a certain level of input prices, by Data Envelopment Analysis approach. We utilize in our research the following FADN data from 2007 and 2013: inputs – labor (AWU- annual working unit), land (UAA-utilized agricultural area) and capital (euro – average farm capital); outputs – total output (euro) and farm net income (euro); input prices (rent paid, wages paid and depreciation). The main results of our research revealed for 2007-2013 period an increase in economic efficiency, but also indicate the allocative inefficiency (inefficient mix of inputs) us major cause for not reaching optimum levels in 2013 despite the improvement in technical efficiency (an increase in farm volume activities).

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STETCO I. 2016, ASSESSING ALLOCATIVE AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF FARM AT REGIONAL LEVEL. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 351-354.

ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INTERNSHIP TRAININGS EXPOSURE TO STUDENTS AND THEIR JOB ASPIRATION IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by J. O. AYINDE, B. E. OLAREWAJU, O. T. ALAO

The study assessed agricultural internship trainings being exposed to students and their job aspiration after Universities education with the aim of identifying different trainings exposed to them. A Multistage sampling procedure was used to select two hundred (200) respondents from four (4) Federal Universities in South Western Nigeria. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse data collected. The result revealed that the mean age of the respondents was 24 ± 2.33 years, and majorities (72.5%) of the respondents’ parents were educated up to the tertiary institution. It was observed that the trainings exposed to the students differ across selected universities namely; Application of Computers to Agriculture, On-farm Demonstration, Teaching in Secondary School, Baking making, Tie and Dye, Horticulture crop production, Pasture production and Management technique. Furthermore, it was observed that respondents were exposed to the same trainings irrespective of their Departments except for Federal University of Technology because of the peculiarities of the Departments. Moreover, correlation analysis results revealed that there was no significant relationship between parents’ working years (r = 0.034; P≤ 0.05), age (r = -0.078; P≤ 0.05) and years of education(r = -0.045; P≤ 0.05) of respondents and their job aspiration. The study recommended among others that Universities offering agriculture as a course should compare their curriculum periodically and the needs of students should be considered when drafting internship plan for trainings in order to motivate to embrace agriculture as a profession thereby enhance food security in the country.

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AYINDE J.O., OLAREWAJU B.E., ALAO O.T. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INTERNSHIP TRAININGS EXPOSURE TO STUDENTS AND THEIR JOB ASPIRATION IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 61-66.

ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Hemen Emmanuel JIJINGI, Paul Osu SIMEON, Ali Dauda SAMBO

This study assesses the mechanization challenges of peasant farmers in Gboko Local Government Area of Benue state in Nigeria. The peasant farmers produce over 90 % of Nigeria’s agricultural output and these peasant dwell in the rural areas wherein about 60 % of the population live. The vast majority of these farmers have serious challenges in accessing modern inputs and other productive resources, including education and they are unlikely to have access to assortment of fertilizers, hybrid seeds and irrigation. This study employed a multi stage sampling techniques to collect information on the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and available machinery. Analysis revealed that farmers in the study area were relatively low educated. Most of the farm sizes in the study area are in the range of 1-5 ha, most of the needed modern machinery were not available and many of the farm operations were carried out manually, that is, land clearing (70.56 %), tillage (91.77 %), planting (78.79 %), fertilizer application (84.85 %), weeding (65.80 %), and harvesting (80.52 %). This study also show that majority of respondents were smallholder farmers who were often too poor to employ the available machinery. Despite this ugly situation, over 75 % of the foods consumed in this country come from these peasant farmers in rural areas. The current world food situation, socio-economic and population displacement as result of internal and external conflict of all kinds, this situation of peasantry should not be allowed to continue if the population must be salvaged from hunger.

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JIJINGI H.E., SIMEON P.O., SAMBO A.D. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 191-198.

ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Chioma Udo NWAOBIALA, Ikechukwu NDUKWE, Oji EKUMANKAMA

In Nigeria, low productivity of cocoa has been attributed to poor maintenance practices, planting low yielding varieties and incidence of pest and diseases. In order to address this, cocoa famers need appropriate training to increase productivity. This study therefore was undertaken to assess the training needs of cocoa farmers in Bende Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Purposive and multi-stage random sampling techniques were used to select 90 farmers from the cocoa producing communities in the Local Government Area. Data were collected with the aid of a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multiple regression analysis). The results indicate that 95.56% of cocoa farmers were males, with mean ages of 55.5 years, mean farm size 'of 8 hectares, mean annual farm income of N 1.3 M (10,000 USD), while 72.22% inherited their farm land and had extension contact once in a month (52.22%). The result showed that of the farmers’ sourced information on cocoa production from farm field school (96.67%) and research institutes (74.44%). The farmers assert that the needed training on Plantation establishment and control of black pod disease (x=2.9), control of swollen-shoot virus and mirad control (x=2.8), punning techniques, cocoa bean storage and processing (x=2.7). Other areas were on cocoa bean marketing (x=2.6), fertilizer application (x=2.5) and nursery establishment techniques (x=2.4).The multiple regression analysis showed that coefficients for land ownership, age, farming experience, farm income and extension contacts influenced training needs of the cocoa farmers in the study area. The study recommends review of Land Use Act of 1990, increased extension contact and training and re-training of farmers on pesticide and fungicide usage for boosting cocoa production in the study area.

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NWAOBIALA C.U., NDUKWE I., EKUMANKAMA O. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 239-246.

CHANGES AND TRENDS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION IN LITHUANIA AFTER ACCESSION TO THE EU

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Vida DABKIENĖ

The aim of this paper is to disclose the main changes and trends of Lithuanian grain production. Using quantitative statistical methods, the paper proposes an economic analysis of grain production changes in the period 2004-2015. This analysis revealed that the importance of grain sector in terms of the share of gross agricultural output has increased in Lithuania. Over the analysed period the yielding capacity of grain and the area under crops went on increasing. These in turn lead to an increase of the usable production by 2.2 times, the beginning stocks by 54% and self-sufficiency level reached 318%. In 2015 just 31% of the usable production has been used for domestic needs, as compare to 2004, decreased by more than 50 percentage points. Over the period exports of grain increased significantly by 6.2 times. This confirmed the improved competitiveness of the grain sector. The Common Agricultural Policy direct payment scheme was favourable to grain farms, as the farm net income per family work unit gained by family farms specialist in cereals, oilseeds and protein crops was even by 2.0 times higher than the average in all farms. In order to ensure the income these farms need to use internal or/and external risk management measures.

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DABKIENĖ V. 2016, CHANGES AND TRENDS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION IN LITHUANIA AFTER ACCESSION TO THE EU. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 83-88.

CHANGES IN HIGHER EDUCATION AND THE VALUE OF EDUCATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF RURAL AREAS. THE CASE OF POLAND

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Krzysztof WASIELEWSKI

The aim of this article is to present the significance of higher education for changes in the Polish countryside. These transformation are - directly or indirectly - related to changes assigned to the value of education, as well as to structural changes in the entire system of higher education in Poland. Popularization and greater accessibility to higher education has undoubtedly affected rural youth and rural areas themselves to a high degree. The rural areas that until recently had been marginalised were given an opportunity to 'catch up' in terms of educational and civilization progress. It was all possible certainly not only due to institutional changes in education system but also as a result of changes in the mentality of rural inhabitants, opening to new cultural trends and values - and last but not least - substantial aid from the European Union targeted at rural areas. The countryside has undoubtedly used this opportunity

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Krzysztof WASIELEWSKI 2015, CHANGES IN HIGHER EDUCATION AND THE VALUE OF EDUCATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF RURAL AREAS. THE CASE OF POLAND. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-8004, 381-390.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LAND FRAGMENTATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FARM MANAGEMENT IN SOME EU COUNTRIES AND MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Elena TIMOFTI, Daniela POPA, Barbara KIELBASA

The paper presents selected problems of farm management in terms of fragmented agriculture. The problem of land fragmentation was exemplified by the three countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The main purpose of the study was to compare the effectiveness of selected indicators of agricultural production in the three selected countries. For the analysis, the data on the concentration indexes was selected: Lorenz concentration coefficient, the Gini index, and territorial concentration coefficient (Gini C and Stuck formula). In selected countries, there is a large number of small and very small farms. They represent the majority of farms managed by private owners. To a large extend, they are called semi-subsistence farms or social farms. Some of them provide a part of their products on the market. Small farms are the part of the so-called European Model of Agriculture – a model that consists of small family farms. It is difficult to indicate correct definition of „small farm”, as it may be defined differently depending on the region or country. In the EU, small farms occupy a dominant position, being a constant subject of debates and policy. The authors of the article stressed the need of strengthening of the small farms position, for example by enlarging their acreage or by initiating horizontal or vertical cooperation, however, shall not impair the role of small farms. They are important in biodiversity protection, preserving the rural landscape, as well as by cultivation local tradition, culture and heritage.

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Elena TIMOFTI, Daniela POPA, Barbara KIELBASA 2015, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LAND FRAGMENTATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FARM MANAGEMENT IN SOME EU COUNTRIES AND MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-8000, 345-356.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE QUALITY OF SEVERAL BREADS ASSORTMENTS AVAILABLE ON THE ROMANIAN MARKET AND ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES RELIABILITY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Radiana Maria TAMBA-BEREHOIU, Ciprian Nicolae POPA, Vasilica SIMION, Bogdan Ştefan NEDELCU

Our investigations have focused on the analysis of several bread assortments manufactured by the largest producer in Romania, in terms of key quality parameters. There were analyzed four breads assortments coming from a local producer, namely Vel Pitar, as follows: whole wheat bread (500g), white bread (300 g), intermediate bread (300 g) and dark bread (300 g). Of each assortment were taken 15 samples from different batches. For each sample were analyzed: Weight (W, g), Moisture (M, %), Acidity (A, grade), Porosity (P, %), Elasticity (E %), Water activity (aW), Length (cm), Width (cm), Height (cm). We have identified highly significant statistical differences between varieties of bread (Student test). We find that all the significant correlations formed have particularized bread assortments, because of the fact that the assortments of bread did not show significant correlations between the same quality parameters. It is highlighted in this way, the differences between recipes and technological process. To conclude, we can say that the whole wheat bread and dark bread are most alike, in terms of quality characteristics, given that both had an increased fiber content. It was also noted the similarities of quality parameters in white and intermediate bread. All observed differences, with varying degrees of significance, constituted peculiarities of bread assortments taken for analysis.

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TAMBA-BEREHOIU R.M., POPA C.N., SIMION V., NEDELCU B.S. 2016, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE QUALITY OF SEVERAL BREADS ASSORTMENTS AVAILABLE ON THE ROMANIAN MARKET AND ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES RELIABILITY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 361-368.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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