ANALYSIS OF INCOME INEQUALITIES AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Nnanna M. AGWU, Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH

The study analysed income inequalities and food security status o f farmers in South Eastern Nigeria, using Abia State. Specifically, the study accessed the income inequalities o f farmers; determine the food security status o f the farmers; estimate the factors that influence food security among the farmers in the study area. Multi-stage sampling technique was adopted in the selection o f location and 180 respondents usedfor the study. The study employed Ginicoefficient, food security index and multiple regressions in the analysis o f the data collected. Result shows that Gini coefficient value was 0.67, showing that there was high income inequality in the study area. Majority o f the respondents, constituting about 68.57 percent were food insecure in the study area. The regression results showed that age o f the household head, educational attainment o f the household head and monthly income o f the head were the major determinants o f food security status in the study area. The study recommends that government policies targeted at farmers should be strengthened, in order to bridge the gap in farmers ’ income. Government should also create opportunities for small scale businesses to flourish in ural areas. This will provide the people the much needed income, amongst other things.

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Nnanna M. AGWU, Ogbonnaya Ukeh OTEH 2014, ANALYSIS OF INCOME INEQUALITIES AND FOOD SECURITY AMONG FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 7-14.

ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCE OF FINANCIAL SOCIAL LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES ON LOAN REPAYMENT BEHAVIOUR OF COOPERATOR BORROWERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE

This study on analysis of influence of financial social learning opportunities on loan repayment behavior of cooperator borrowers was carried out in Abia State, Nigeria. It was the objectives of the study to relate social learning financial opportunities in cooperative societies and member borrowers budgeting and timely repayment of loans; and determine demographic, social learning and financial factors that influenced loan repayment by cooperator borrowers. Two-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting first, two of the three agricultural zones; and second two registered farmers’ multi-purpose agricultural cooperative societies. This was followed by purposive selection from registers of the chosen cooperative societies sixty cooperators who currently were repaying loans borrowed. Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques were used in analyzing the gathered cross sectional data. Results suggest important relationships between financial social learning opportunities in cooperative societies and borrowers’ budgeting and timely loan repayment behaviours. Attendance to meetings, discussions with fellow cooperators and meaningful observation on financial behaviour of members of cooperative societies had significant positive influences on conduct and performance loan beneficiaries. The number of times beneficiaries attended meeting since after loan(s) were received; number of times they discussed loan matters with members before loan(s) were received; and number of times they discussed loan repayment strategies with other cooperators after loans were received had positive influences on loan repayment behaviour of cooperator borrowers. Cooperator(s) should participate in all union activities to truly belong and reap the benefits of being a member

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Christopher Ogbonna EMEROLE 2014, ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCE OF FINANCIAL SOCIAL LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES ON LOAN REPAYMENT BEHAVIOUR OF COOPERATOR BORROWERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 79-86.

ANALYSIS OF OBSTACLES ON WINE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Tatiana IAŢIŞIN, Tatiana COLESNICOVA

In this paper are analyzed Moldova's obstacles on wine tourism development. The actuality of this research topic results from the limited financial resources for the development of this sector, especially in insufficient of actions for the tourism visibility inside and outside the country. The purpose of the paper consists in the analysis of wine tourism in Moldova and in identifying its main problems for the future of elaboration of proposals. In elaboration of this paper were used the following research methods: analysis, comparison, grouping, SWOT analysis. The following results are obtained: identification and analysis of wine tourism in Moldova and elaboration of proposals in order to avoid the risks and uncertainties for the development of wine tourism.

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IAŢIŞIN T., COLESNICOVA T. 2017, ANALYSIS OF OBSTACLES ON WINE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 173-176.

ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN’S SERICULTURE INDUSTRY IN HISTORICAL PROSPECTIVE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Faiz ur RAHIM, Muhammad Farooq HYDER

Sericulture, as a cottage industry, can play an important role in the well-being of deprived rural populations and eventually foster the growth of the economy. The Pakistan sericulture industry experienced abundant growth and progress during early decades of independence. Currently, however, this industry is almost defunct. Acknowledging the importance of the issue, this study explores past experience to formulate policy to stabilize the sericulture industry of Pakistan. This study is based on qualitative data. Primary data was collected from stakeholders involved in different activities of the sericulture industry. For better understanding of this sector, primary data was also supported by secondary data from relevant literature. Results of the study indicate that although the sericulture industry was historically profitable, which with the passage of time it has collapsed due to several reasons; it can be reinstated with more attention and commitment.

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RAHIM F., HYDER M.F. 2017, ANALYSIS OF PAKISTAN’S SERICULTURE INDUSTRY IN HISTORICAL PROSPECTIVE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 347-356.

ANALYSIS OF POVERTY LEVEL AMONG SOME SELECTED HOUSEHOLDS IN GIREI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Abdu Karniliyus TASHIKALMA, Bose Catherin ALETOGBE, Amurtiya MICHAEL

Reducing poverty has remained foremost among Nigeria’s developmental challenges. This study analysed poverty level among some selected households in Girei Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to; describe the socio-economic characteristics of respondents, determine the pattern of income distribution among the respondents, determine the incidence, depth and severity of poverty among the respondents, and lastly, identify the respondents’ coping strategy to poverty in the study area. A multistage sampling technique was used to collect primary data from 80 household heads using structured questionnaire. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, the Foster, Greer, and Thorbecke (FGT) weighted poverty index, and Lorenz curve. The result revealed that majority of the respondents were male (90%), educated (70%), married (88.57%) and whose primary occupation is mostly farming (50%). Income distribution as shown by the Lorenz curve revealed that, 79% of the respondents cumulatively earn only 56% of the income, indicating an incidence of income inequality. Poverty incidence among the respondents is 60%, having a poverty gap of 27% and a poverty severity of 10%. In response to the challenge of poverty, majority of the respondents adopt agricultural intensification and livelihood diversification (especially in non-farm activities) as coping strategies. The study recommends timely and affordable provision of farm inputs, provision of social amenities and encouraging entrepreneurial skills through training in the area.

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TASHIKALMA A.K., ALETOGBE B.C., MICHAEL A. 2016, ANALYSIS OF POVERTY LEVEL AMONG SOME SELECTED HOUSEHOLDS IN GIREI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 345-352.

ANALYSIS OF SHEEP AND GOATS LIVESTOCK AND MILK AND MEAT PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA, 2007-2016

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper aimed to analyze the trends in sheep and goat livestock, at national level and in the territory, animal density, milk and meat production, meat consumption, meat export, import and trade balance based on the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics and Eurostat Data base in the period 2007-2016. For 11,358 thousand sheep and goats in 2016, Romania comes on the 4th position in the EU after United Kingdom and Spain. Also, it is on the 5th position for sheep and goats density (85.5heads/100 ha) after Greece, United Kingdom, Spain and Netherlands. Sheep and goats are raised all over the country, but sheep are mainly grown in the Central area, NW, W, and SE, while goats are especially in SE, S West Oltenia, S Muntenia, and N E. In Romania the concentration of sheep and goats livestock in the territory is a moderate one, as confirmed by the Herfindhal-Hirschman and GiniStruck indices. In 2016, sheep and goat milk production accounted for 6,113 thousand hl in 2016, but only 6.95 % is collected by the industrial units, the remaining is destined to cover household needs. Sheep and goat meat production reached 182 thousand tonnes in 2015, reflecting a high growth rate (65 %) in the analyzed period. Sheep and goat meat is mainly produced in the SE, S Muntenia and W. Romania comes on the 10th position in the EU for sheep meat production after United Kingdom, Spain, France, Ireland, Greece, Italy, Germany, Netherlands, and Portugal. Romania is an net exporting country of sheep meat, as long as it has a surplus, and the domestic consumption is low. Romania has a high potential for producing more meat for the internal market and export. This requires the organization of sheep and goats raising associations specialized in young sheep males fattening, with a corresponding farm size to assure a high production and carcass quality. The national aids and coupled support help the breeders to develop meat and milk production in this sector.

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POPESCU A. 2017, ANALYSIS OF SHEEP AND GOATS LIVESTOCK AND MILK AND MEAT PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA, 2007-2016. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 267-280.

ANALYSIS OF SUPPLY STRUCTURE AND TRENDS OF FORMAL FUNDING OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA (1992-2012)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Sylvanus Ibeabuchi OGBONNA, Charles Kelechi OSONDU

This study analyzed supply structure and trends of formal funding of agriculture in Nigeria. Time series data, covering the period 1992 to 2012 collected from Statistical Bulletin of Central Bank of Nigeria was used in the analyses. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics and trend analysis. Issues addressed included formal credit supply structure and trends of supply of loans to agriculture in Nigeria. Results showed that structure of formal loan Supplies to agricultural production in Nigeria was one of dominance in number and values of guaranteed loans to individual farmers than to corporate farms. The trend in value of loans allocated to food crop within the period under review was increasing, consistent and positive. The trend in value of loans allocated to cash crops however fluctuated. More funds should be allocated to agriculture through the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme Funds by Central Bank of Nigeria to enable the scheme expand its services to other farm enterprises (such as apiculture, heliculture, grass cutter rearing and mixed farming) and increase volume of loans to medium and large scale farmers.

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OGBONNA S.I., OSONDU C.K. 2018, ANALYSIS OF SUPPLY STRUCTURE AND TRENDS OF FORMAL FUNDING OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA (1992-2012). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 277-286.

ANALYSIS OF THE BARRIERS LEADING TO FAILURE OF LAND CONSOLIDATION OF THE FIELDS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Loghman RASHIDPOUR, Solieman RASOULI AZAR

The biggest problem in transition from traditional agriculture to modern and up-to-date agriculture is the lack of land consolidation of the fields. The present study aimed to analyze the barriers to effective land consolidation of fields in the city of Urmia. This study is a descriptive survey research. It is practical and data was gathered by field study. Data was gathered by a questionnaire which its content validity was approved by supervisors and consultants and its reliability was approved with Cronbach's alpha with the value of 0.837. The statistical population was all the landowner farmers of Dehestans (A type of administrative divisions of Iran. It's above the village and under the Bakhsh) of Urmia, Iran, of which 330 were randomly selected with Morgan’s Table and cluster sampling. The Pearson correlation coefficient results showed that there is a 1 % statistical significance between the variables of economic barriers, social barriers, political and governmental barriers, domestic and natural barriers, and field structure and failures in land consolidation and multiple regression analysis indicated that the economic, social, political, governmental, domestic, and natural barriers and field structure have a %69 effect on failures in land consolidation. Significant positive effect of different barriers on land consolidation is as follows: Economic barriers, 47.4 %; social barriers, 23.2 %; political and governmental barriers, 21.1 %; domestic barriers, 10.5 %; and natural barriers and land structure 9.5 %.

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RASHIDPOUR L., RASOULI AZAR S. 2016, ANALYSIS OF THE BARRIERS LEADING TO FAILURE OF LAND CONSOLIDATION OF THE FIELDS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 285-292.

ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF THE ECONOMIC CRISIS CONCERNING THE PENSIONS FROM THE DANUBE DELTA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Romeo Cătălin CREŢU, RalucaFlorentina CREŢU, Petrică ŞTEFAN

Globally, the impact of the economic crisis on tourism was very high. In our country too, many units of accommodation and catering were closed. Gradually, things have returned to normal. In this paper we analysed in terms of economic and financial point of view a representative guesthouse from the Danube Delta to see the actual situation of tourism in the area. The main purpose was to see if the pensions of Delta managed to overcome the economic crisis both at national and global level.

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CREŢU R.C., CREŢU R.F., ŞTEFAN P. 2017, ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF THE ECONOMIC CRISIS CONCERNING THE PENSIONS FROM THE DANUBE DELTA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 67-74.

ANALYSIS OF THE EXTENSION OF A BUSINESS IN THE FIELD OF PUBLIC FOOD

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Daniela SIMTION

Assessing the performance and financial position of a company calculated on the basis of the information provided by the companies in the financial statements reveals a certain trend of the company. The defining objective of financial management is to increase the firm's market value. The decisive factor that contributes to the increase of the value of the company are the investments. Investments give the company’s identity. Thus, the first and decisive step towards increasing the market value of the firm is to make good investment decisions. This paper focuses on analysing and evaluating the expansion project of AMIOGO restaurant. Indicator values: Net current value, Internal Return Rate or Investment Recovery Duration indicate the viability and attractiveness of the proposed project. At the same time the possibility that the analyzed company can develop is highlighted or not: at what terms, during what time period, in what value limits, with what risks.

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SIMTION D. 2018, ANALYSIS OF THE EXTENSION OF A BUSINESS IN THE FIELD OF PUBLIC FOOD. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 449-454.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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