COMPARATIVE INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Cristina BURGHELEA, Carmen UZLĂU, Corina Maria ENE

As we all know, tourism means one of the most important socio-economic sectors of the world that is in a constantly expansion, which in the second half of the 20th century, recorded an average rate of 4-5% per year. This article aimed to highlight the existence of complexity of the tourism systems, thanks to which there are an infinite number of indicators that can quantify sustainable tourism development. According to the literature review there are quite many authors who have tried to develop such indicators and create some specific theories and methodologies of sustainable tourism. However, regardless the model or method applied the need for estimation and forecasting of tourism activity will remain an essential advantage in adopting strategic decisions in order to maintain the sustainable development of tourism.

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BURGHELEA C., UZLĂU C., ENE C.M. 2016, COMPARATIVE INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 77-80.

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS OF APPROACH IN THE SPANISH ACCOUNTING SYSTEM COMPARED WITH THE NATIONAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Paula-Angela VIDRAȘCU, Oana Camelia IACOB, Ana-Maria VOLINTIRU, Anca CRISTEA

In the new economy based on knowledge, harmonization of the related accounting intangible assets is far from being completed. Conducted research identifies a number of controversies related to the recognition of separate initial measurement, subsequent measurement, measurement, depreciation and amortization of these categories of assets, as well as the requirements and applicability of accounting standards specific intangibles studied and the financial reporting related. The practical activity reflects the fact that unlike tangible assets or financial, the undertaking may hold a full control of the intangible assets, and this is the reason for which the activity of management and reporting of them in the current systems of financial reporting is quite complex. Poor control of these assets generates side effects on the ability of the undertaking concerned to obtain the benefits of the investment.

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VIDRAȘCU P.A., IACOB O.C., VOLINTIRU A.M., CRISTEA A. 2016, COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INTANGIBLE ASSETS OF APPROACH IN THE SPANISH ACCOUNTING SYSTEM COMPARED WITH THE NATIONAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 385-391.

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE CHOICE OF BUILDING MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTING A HOUSE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Adelaida Cristina HONŢUŞ

For some, building one’s own home can be a unique opportunity in a lifetime. That is why the choice of project, materials and finishings is paramount. Any homeowner wants a comfortable house, which is durable, insulated, easy to maintain, and, why not, built with least costs, but using quality materials. Brick and Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) are the most common materials on the Romanian market when it comes to building a house. Although these two materials have been on the market for years, most manufacturers still use them because of the advantages presented in time by houses constructed out of them. Brick or AAC homes have a longer life compared to the ones erected with other construction materials and feature increased safety in terms of structural strength. Also, brick or AAC houses have the advantage of much better sound insulation than wood, for example. In our country there are sufficient resources for masonry, depending on the cost invested by the owner, at the same time displaying the characteristic properties that can provide the required safety of the building. Ceramic bricks and blocks produced here have diverse sizes and shapes, being able to meet the demands of any architect and customer

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Adelaida Cristina HONŢUŞ 2014, COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE CHOICE OF BUILDING MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTING A HOUSE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 117-126.

COMPETITIVENESS AND QUALITY OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS - KEY FACTORS FOR THE SUCCESS OF EXPORT PROMOTION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER

Article reflects the competitiveness and quality management from the perspective of enunciated historical and methodological approaches. They are listed by management functions and show interrelation between quality and profit, thus addressing the economic entity as the core of acting for promotion of exports. Also, we set the calculation of indicators of competitiveness of agri-food exports from the Republic of Moldova and establish the priorities and the necessary conclusions.

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Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER 2014, COMPETITIVENESS AND QUALITY OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTS - KEY FACTORS FOR THE SUCCESS OF EXPORT PROMOTION . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 147-154.

COMPETITIVENESS OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA THROUGH ITS EXPORT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER

Latest developments demonstrate that the constantly imposed barriers to Moldova’s agrifood export by the Russian Federation highlighted the most vulnerable points of the foreign economic activity, especially the relatively low share of exports of processed products, low diversification of the markets, the large number of traditional products in traditional markets. Refocusing on the European Union market has a slower pace than the loss of East markets and the prospect of alternative destinations (Middle East, for example) is very difficult. Based on price and nonprice competitiveness, the agri-food exports of the country are much less advanced than those of competitors, which further complicates the dynamics of foreign trade.

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Aurelia LITVIN, Cornel COSER 2015, COMPETITIVENESS OF AGRIFOOD PRODUCTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA THROUGH ITS EXPORT. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 139-144.

CONSCIENTIOUS MANAGEMENT OF SOIL HUMUS AND WATER: A MAJOR CONDITION FOR PURPOSEFUL MECHANISATION OF FIELD CROP HUSBANDRY IN TROPICAL RAIN FOREST OF NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Paul O. SIMEON, Hemen E. JIJINGI, Shianya A. NGABEA

Machinery and implements used in agricultural product/on work in media of lives - the soil, livestock and crops. Certain features of these media determine the possibility and extent of mechanization of works relating to them. In the tropical rain forest areas, mechanization remains the greatest obstacle to the expansion of production and therefore constitute great problem to food and primary raw materials supply. This paper highlights the problems, discusses the problems as well as the correlating factors and the possibilities of improving on the level of mechanization in view of the present technological and socio- economic development of the peoples of tropical rain forest areas of Nigeria. The work is an original scholarly research based on review of relevant publications and visit to several locations within the Tropical Rain forest belt. The results reveal inadequacies managerial skills and in appropriate deployment of technical staff as well as poor education as major factors for the insufficient understanding of the soil-machine-crop-climate relationship which is the bedrock for conscientious planning and execution of mechanization. The paper is aimed at drawing the attentions of the relevant authorities charged with ensuring adequate availability and supply of food and raw materials for the populace and the industries to the need to purposeful mechanization. The paper ends by making some practicable recommendations and warning of the dangers of not mechanizing farm production as well as the implications of failure of mechanized farm projects in the tropical rain forest zones.

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SIMEON P.O., JIJINGI H.E., NGABEA S.A. 2016, CONSCIENTIOUS MANAGEMENT OF SOIL HUMUS AND WATER: A MAJOR CONDITION FOR PURPOSEFUL MECHANISATION OF FIELD CROP HUSBANDRY IN TROPICAL RAIN FOREST OF NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 317-326.

CONSIDERATIONS ON BEEF PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND TRADE BALANCE IN ROMANIA (2007-2015)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper analyzed the dynamics of bovine meat live stock, production, live weight at slaughter, carcass weight, beef and veal consumption, beef supply, export and import and trade balance of Romania in the period 2007-2015 using the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics. The analysis led to important conclusions. Beef comes on the 3rd position after poultry meat an pork in Romania. Beef production declined and so that imports were needed to cover the gap between production and consumption. The decline of the bovine live stock is the main cause as farmers are facing with high farm inputs prices and receive a low farm gate price per kg live weight. In the structure of the slaughtered bovines cows represent over 50 %, fattened steers 25 % and other categories ( bulls, heifers, calves etc). The average live weight and quality at slaughter is lower compared to other EU countries. The slaughter rate is less than 50 %. Only 26 % of bovines are slaughtered in industrial specialized units, where the fattened steers of high quality and over 400-430 kg live weight per head are usually slaughtered. Beef consumption is low as pork and poultry meat are preferred by consumers and beef price is too high. Romania is a net exporter of bovine meat, but the highest share in the export structure belongs to bovine live weight (84.4%). In 2020, it is expected as bovine live weight at slaughter to reach 235 thousand tons for an annual growth of 7 thousand tons. To develop meat production it is needed to create farmers associations, to raise meat breeds and apply modern fattening technologies.

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POPESCU A. 2016, CONSIDERATIONS ON BEEF PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND TRADE BALANCE IN ROMANIA (2007-2015). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 267-278.

CONSIDERATIONS ON THE TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURISM RECEIPTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

main countries of tourist interest. In the period 1980-2012, the tourism income increased 10.14 times. In 2012, it accounted for USD Billion 1,075, to which Europe contributed by 42.58 %, Asia and the Pacific by 30.13 % and the Americas by 19.77 %. The USA, Spain, France, China, Macau, Italy, Germany, United Kingdom, Hong Kong and Australia are the top 10 countries according to the receipts, earning USD Billion 508.8, which represented 47.55 % of the world tourism income in 2012. The European countries with the highest contribution to tourism revenue are: Spain 12.21 %, France 11.72 %, Italy 8.99 %, Germany 8.32 %, United Kingdom 7.94 %, Turkey 5.60 %, Austria 4.12 %, Switzerland 3.62 %, Sweden 3.36 % and The Netherlands 3.03 %. Their contribution to Europe tourism receipts was 68.97 % in 2012. As a conclusion, international tourism is a very dynamic field of activity with a high contribution to the development of the world economy.

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Agatha POPESCU 2014, CONSIDERATIONS ON THE TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURISM RECEIPTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 201-210.

CONSIDERATIONS ON THE TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURIST FLOWS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper purpose was the purpose to analyze the flow of international tourists in the period 1980-2012 uisng the empirical data provided by UNWTO. In 2012, tourist arrivals reached 1,035 and in 2030 it is expected to exceed 1,800 million. The market share of main geographical regions in 2012 was the following one: Europe 51.61 %, Asia and the Pacific 22.57 %, the Americas 15.75 %, Africa 5.06 % and the Middle East 5.01 %. The top 10 countries receiving tourists and their market share at world level was the following one: France 8.21 %, the USA 6.63 %, China 5.71 %, Spain 5.71 %, Italy 4.59 %, Turkey 3.53 %, Germany 3 %, United Kingdom 2.90 %, Russia 2.54 %, Malayezia 2.47 %. All these 10 countries were visited by 457.9 million tourists in 2012, representing 45.75 % of the world tourist arrivals. Europe is the main source of international tourists, supplying over 50 % of the world tourists, followed by Asia and the Pacific with 23 %, the Americas with 17 %, the Middle East with 3 % and Africa with 3 %. Europe generates the most important tourism flows

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Agatha POPESCU 2014, CONSIDERATIONS ON THE TRENDS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURIST FLOWS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 179-192.

CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE CRITERIA OF EFFICIENCY FOR THE CLASSIFICATION OF DAIRY FARMS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Agatha POPESCU, Reta CONDEI

The paper aimed to present several criteria for dairy farms classification using a sample of 8 dairy farms from the Southern Romania whose data were collected for the year 2013. The most important indicator characterizing farm efficiency and size is milk yield because it is has a direct impact on gross margin or profit. Milk production cost should be also taken into account, as it is has a negative impact on the financial results. The application of the point method placed twofarms on the top position: F5 and F3, each one getting 45 points for the criteria taken into account. However, the farm F5 came on the 1st position for milk yield, marketed milk yield, gross product from milk, total gross product per cow and year and gross margin/cow/year and on the 7th position for variable costs, while the farms F3 came on the 3rd position for milk yield and variable cost, on the 2nd position for gross product from milk, total gross product per cow and year, and standard gross margin, and on the 1st position for heifer cost and own mechanical works as well. As a conclusion, dairy farmers should keep under control all the production cost items looking for measures to reduce costs as much as they can without affecting yield performance. Under an increased competition, farmers should pay attention to all the factors stimulating the growth of milk yield, as the higher milk production, the higher financial results.

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Agatha POPESCU, Reta CONDEI 2014, CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE CRITERIA OF EFFICIENCY FOR THE CLASSIFICATION OF DAIRY FARMS . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 253-262.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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