ANALYSIS OF THE ROMANIAN RURAL AREA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Ada-Flavia CRISTINA, Camelia MĂNESCU, Alin Marcel POPESCU,Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB

Rural areas are an important component of the overall evolution of the Romanian economy. The main three resources that require the agricultural restructure and rural development in our country are: the utilized agricultural area (14.8 million of hectares), the rural population (which represents around 9.24 million people, which means 46% of the population) and rural area surface (which holds 87.1% of the country surface).Therefore, the paper represents a study on rural development given the existing resources and factors,which highlights the features and functions of the rural area, insisting on these elements. At the end of the paper,there were highlighted the strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities of the Romanian rural area, using the SWOT analysis method.

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Ada-Flavia CRISTINA, Camelia MĂNESCU, Alin Marcel POPESCU,Nicoleta MATEOC-SÎRB 2015, ANALYSIS OF THE ROMANIAN RURAL AREA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 39-42.

ANALYSIS OF THE SERVICES ROLE IN THE RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Remus STOIAN, Claudia ANGHEL

Services include a highly heterogeneous range of economic activities which are characterized by different manufacturing processes, different delivery modalities, service providers and consumers with different behaviors, various market structures. The main characteristic features of the service are: immateriality and intangibility; unable to be stored; simultaneity of production and consumption; inability to be sustainable; inseparability of the services provider and the person of the user; heterogeneity; lack of properties. The study of various classification systems is particularly interesting for understanding the nature and diversity for services, analysis of different systems applicable to services and their evolution over time, and the correlations between services and other economic activities they serve. The market has very different characteristics depending on the type of service, level of competition, and the state can intervene in the market for the normal conduct of market mechanisms. Regulation can take three forms: technical regulations, administrative and price controls. It was also treated the issue service in rural areas by providing classification and analysis in some ways.

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Remus STOIAN, Claudia ANGHEL 2014, ANALYSIS OF THE SERVICES ROLE IN THE RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF ROMANIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 285-292.

ANALYSIS OF TOURISM CIRCULATION IN A TOURIST ACCOMMODATION UNIT IN BUCHAREST MUNICIPALITY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Adelaida Cristina HONTUŞ, Cristiana TINDECHE

According to some appreciations regarding the formation of the image in tourism it can be concluded that a satisfied tourist, satisfied with the place where he spent his vacation, by transmitting the information, of his value, can influence another five potential tourists to spend in the future, the holiday at the place of stay, while a tourist dissatisfied with the quality of services, especially by the tourism staff, influences ten potential tourists. Tourism is an important component of a community planning and economic development strategy in an area. If an area or region has important natural attractions, historical or cultural vestiges, sports facilities, event organizing facilities, and other similar assets, the promotion and tourism development of an area or region may attract more visitors, potential tourists in that community who will spend time and spend money to take advantage of these benefits. Bucharest is the most important urban center of Romania (currently with a population six times the size of the second largest city in Iași), it is not only a place attracting tourists but also the starting point for many of the areas tourists in the country. The purpose of this paper was to carry out a study on the evolution of tourist traffic at the level of one of the hotels in Bucharest. Thus, following the takeover of the statistical data on the tourist traffic, from the National Institute of Statistics Bucharest, as well as from the hotel taken into study, there were calculated some of the most significant indicators and indices regarding the tourist demand and offer, which allowed to interpret the evolution of the tourist traffic to the accommodation unit

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HONTUŞ A.C., TINDECHE C. 2017, ANALYSIS OF TOURISM CIRCULATION IN A TOURIST ACCOMMODATION UNIT IN BUCHAREST MUNICIPALITY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 149-160.

ANALYSIS OF TOURISM OFFER AND DEMAND SYNERGY IN BUCHAREST-ILFOV, ROMANIA, IN THE PERIOD 2008-2015

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Agatha POPESCU

The paper aimed to analyze the synergy between the development of tourism offer and demand in the Bucharest-Ilfov area, Romania, based on the empirical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics for the period 2008-2015 and using modern methods such as: fixed index, correlation coefficient, regression function. The results emphasized a growth in the number of accommodation units for tourists, in close relationship with the development of inbound and domestic tourism. In 2015, the Bucharest-Ilfov area had 182 establishments for tourists' accommodation, and 21,600 places and recorded 1.85 million tourist arrivals of which 56.7 % foreigners, and 3 million overnight stays, of which 58 % belonging to the international tourists. While the Romanian tourists' overnight stays in tourist accommodation units increased by 24.75 %, the overnight stays belonging to the foreign tourist increased by 58 %. Hotels are the most preferred type of accommodation units both by foreigners and Romanians in this area. The number of accommodation units is strongly and positively influenced by tourists arrivals and overnight stays as proved by the correlation coefficients (rxy = 0.859 and, respectively, rxy = 0.930). This was also proved by the regression models between the number of accommodation units and tourist arrivals, Y = 27.42325X + 129.6964, and the number of accommodation units and overnight stays Y = 22.8486X + 113.537. The variation of the number of accommodation units is determined 93.08 % by the variation of overnight stays and 73.85 % by the variation in tourist arrivals. As a final conclusion, it was proved the synergy between the tourism offer and demand in the Bucharest-Ilfov area, an aspect which has to represent the fundamental of the development strategy of accommodation capacity in terms of establishments

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POPESCU A. 2017, ANALYSIS OF TOURISM OFFER AND DEMAND SYNERGY IN BUCHAREST-ILFOV, ROMANIA, IN THE PERIOD 2008-2015. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 255-266.

ANALYSIS OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN AGRIBUSINESS SECTOR IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Chidinma Rosemary OKEZIE, Anthony JOSHUA

This study carried out an assessment of women entrepreneurship development in agribusiness sector in Benue State, Nigeria. It specifically examined women’s attitude towards the sector; their level of participation and the impact of participation on agribusiness practices and productivity; socio-economic factors influencing their involvement and constraints faced in agribusiness entrepreneurship in the study area. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 120 respondents with a well-structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and probit regression model technique were used to analyze the data collected. The study showed that majority of the respondents expressed positive attitude towards agribusiness entrepreneurship. Also, the study showed low participation of respondents in agribusiness entrepreneurship programmes. However, the fewer participated respondents’ recorded high improvement in their agribusiness practices. Result of the probit regression analysis revealed that access to loan, government support, household size, level of income, attitude, E.D.Ps, age and constraints were either positively or negatively related to the level of women involvement in agribusiness entrepreneurship at different levels of significance. Women entrepreneurs in agribusiness should be encouraged to create their own jobs and become self-employed since the opportunities of getting employment in either government or in private organization is currently almost declining. Government should embark on realistic entrepreneurial support services in agribusiness sector to stimulate self-employment opportunities for women for their personal survival and national development.

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OKEZIE C.R., JOSHUA A. 2016, ANALYSIS OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN AGRIBUSINESS SECTOR IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 177-184.

ANALYSIS ON THE EVOLUTION OF SURFACES UNDER VINE IN ROMANIA (2003-2013)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Georgiana-Raluca LĂDARU, Silviu BECIU, Ionela Mițuko VLAD

The paper aimed to make an analysis on the evolution of the areas under vines in Romania for the period 2003-2013 related with the factors that contributed to this evolution. The research method is related with dynamic analyze of time data series, using absolute and relative indicators. The discussions are focused on evolution of total vineyards, underlining the evolution tendencies of grafted vines areas. In Romania, the areas decreased with 23,5 % during the period 2003-2013. The share of grafted vines in the total areas increased from 49,62 % in 2003 to 50,03 % in 2013, but in absolute term the areas with grafted vines decreased with 26.042 ha in the selected period.

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Georgiana-Raluca LĂDARU, Silviu BECIU, Ionela Mițuko VLAD 2014, ANALYSIS ON THE EVOLUTION OF SURFACES UNDER VINE IN ROMANIA (2003-2013). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 153-156.

ANALYSIS ON THE GRANTING OF DIRECT PAYMENTS IN ROMANIA AND BULGARIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU, Valentina Constanța TUDOR, Marius Mihai MICU, Ana Ruxandra MICU

Both Romania and Bulgaria, the 2014-2020 period is probably a defining period in the country's development, particularly agriculture, taking into account the Commission's intention to abandon the granting of payments in agriculture, after 2020. So, time is critical and highly sensitive, being the last chance to reduce major differences compared to other countries, them benefited from such support on a much higher period than countries new entrants disfavored them up to a large extent thereon. It also represents a tremendous help of direct payments to farmers, contributing to their living standards and continuing their activities in agriculture. This paper seeks to highlight the need for support in agriculture so that by processing the statistical data it can be concluded that in both countries, even after the passing of seven years, regarding the first programming period, the situations are not solved completely, so these measures should be further enforced to help farmers

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DUMITRU E.A., TUDOR V.C., MICU A.R., MICU M.M. 2017, ANALYSIS ON THE GRANTING OF DIRECT PAYMENTS IN ROMANIA AND BULGARIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 117-122.

ANALYSIS REGARDING THE DIRECT PAYMENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Eduard Alexandru DUMITRU, Valentina Constanța TUDOR, Ana Ruxandra MICU, Marius Mihai MICU

Direct payments to European farmers through the common agricultural policy are extremely important to them. The CAP has undergone countless changes over time and has been modified in the circumstances. Lately, the focus has been mainly on decoupled support, to the detriment of coupled support and rumours across the European Union as to whether it would be the last time they would assist by direct payments to farmers, fueling farmers' anxiety in especially those from countries have recently joined the European Union. Financing the agricultural sector is a necessity and a future, as the reduction of the CAP budget after 2020 is not a viable solution in this respect, which will lead to a decline in all aspects of the sector. The statistical processing of data provided by the European Commission demonstrates, among other things, the defamation of the most recent countries that have joined the European Union, such as Bulgaria or Romania, but especially Croatia.

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DUMITRU E.A., TUDOR V.C., MICU A.R., MICU M.M. 2017, ANALYSIS REGARDING THE DIRECT PAYMENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 113-116.

ANTHROPIC IMPACT STUDIES ON THE AGROCHEMICAL QUALITY CONDITION OF THE SOIL

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by Mariana BURCEA

The quality of the soil cover due to the use of various agricultural technologies is the subject of this study. The large number of agricultural technological works that are executed under the conventional technologies can reduce the natural soil fertility by modifying the soil agrochemical indicators. These negative phenomena have led to the emergence and development of the concept called "system of agricultural works for soil conservation" [8], according to which the system of works needs to maintain or improve the productive potential of the soil. The paper presents the results of the researches carried out in order to know the effect caused by the long application of the various soil cultivation systems, on the chernozem type of Baragan Plain, soil with very high fertility potential, where the humus content is on average 3.8%. Having as comparison base the classical soil cultivation technology performed by classic plowing (conventional soil tillage), at a depth of 22 cm, various variants with low soil works were taken into consideration, namely the replacement of classical works with disc or chisel works (conservative soil tillage).

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BURCEA M. 2018, ANTHROPIC IMPACT STUDIES ON THE AGROCHEMICAL QUALITY CONDITION OF THE SOIL. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 109-114.

APPLICATION OF THE FUNGIC FORMULATION ARTHROBOTRIS OLIGOSPORA AGAINST THE NEMATODE DITYLENCHUS DESTRUCTOR

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1
Written by György SZABÓ

In the year 2008 we started to use a microbiological product based on hyperparasite fungi, named Arthrobotris oligospora against nematodes, on several crops such as potatoes, carrots, parsley, knowing that this pests cause significant damages. We resorted to biological control, seeing as chemical control can be expensive. The purpose of the paper was the monitoring of and the decrease in the rate of the infestation caused by the nematode Ditylencus destructor from 43.2 % to 1.4%. Following application of the microbiological product in various quantities both in autumn and in spring, we reached an optimum dosage during the vegetative stage. The differentiated application of the microbiological product both in autumn, 1.5 kg and in spring, 1.5 kg led to the desired outcome. Based on the results obtained we concluded that in autumn, the product applied against nematodes has enough time to develop and infiltrate the soil to have the desired effect, i.e. capturing nematodes. This can actually be observed in the yield, when for a dose of 1.5 kg fungus / ha applied in the autumn, we obtain a healthy crop of 25.8 to/ha, and for 1.5 kg fungus /ha applied in the spring we obtain a healthy crop of 19.9 to/ ha. When using the fungus, the soil is not chemically loaded and it doesn’t present after-effects from other crops. The microbiological product based on A. oligospora has better results when the soil humidity reaches a saturation of 80%. On land with insufficient humidity, the results decline.

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SZABÓ G. 2018, APPLICATION OF THE FUNGIC FORMULATION ARTHROBOTRIS OLIGOSPORA AGAINST THE NEMATODE DITYLENCHUS DESTRUCTOR. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 1, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 489-492.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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