ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Hemen Emmanuel JIJINGI, Paul Osu SIMEON, Ali Dauda SAMBO

This study assesses the mechanization challenges of peasant farmers in Gboko Local Government Area of Benue state in Nigeria. The peasant farmers produce over 90 % of Nigeria’s agricultural output and these peasant dwell in the rural areas wherein about 60 % of the population live. The vast majority of these farmers have serious challenges in accessing modern inputs and other productive resources, including education and they are unlikely to have access to assortment of fertilizers, hybrid seeds and irrigation. This study employed a multi stage sampling techniques to collect information on the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and available machinery. Analysis revealed that farmers in the study area were relatively low educated. Most of the farm sizes in the study area are in the range of 1-5 ha, most of the needed modern machinery were not available and many of the farm operations were carried out manually, that is, land clearing (70.56 %), tillage (91.77 %), planting (78.79 %), fertilizer application (84.85 %), weeding (65.80 %), and harvesting (80.52 %). This study also show that majority of respondents were smallholder farmers who were often too poor to employ the available machinery. Despite this ugly situation, over 75 % of the foods consumed in this country come from these peasant farmers in rural areas. The current world food situation, socio-economic and population displacement as result of internal and external conflict of all kinds, this situation of peasantry should not be allowed to continue if the population must be salvaged from hunger.

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JIJINGI H.E., SIMEON P.O., SAMBO A.D. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 191-198.

ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Chioma Udo NWAOBIALA, Ikechukwu NDUKWE, Oji EKUMANKAMA

In Nigeria, low productivity of cocoa has been attributed to poor maintenance practices, planting low yielding varieties and incidence of pest and diseases. In order to address this, cocoa famers need appropriate training to increase productivity. This study therefore was undertaken to assess the training needs of cocoa farmers in Bende Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Purposive and multi-stage random sampling techniques were used to select 90 farmers from the cocoa producing communities in the Local Government Area. Data were collected with the aid of a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multiple regression analysis). The results indicate that 95.56% of cocoa farmers were males, with mean ages of 55.5 years, mean farm size 'of 8 hectares, mean annual farm income of N 1.3 M (10,000 USD), while 72.22% inherited their farm land and had extension contact once in a month (52.22%). The result showed that of the farmers’ sourced information on cocoa production from farm field school (96.67%) and research institutes (74.44%). The farmers assert that the needed training on Plantation establishment and control of black pod disease (x=2.9), control of swollen-shoot virus and mirad control (x=2.8), punning techniques, cocoa bean storage and processing (x=2.7). Other areas were on cocoa bean marketing (x=2.6), fertilizer application (x=2.5) and nursery establishment techniques (x=2.4).The multiple regression analysis showed that coefficients for land ownership, age, farming experience, farm income and extension contacts influenced training needs of the cocoa farmers in the study area. The study recommends review of Land Use Act of 1990, increased extension contact and training and re-training of farmers on pesticide and fungicide usage for boosting cocoa production in the study area.

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NWAOBIALA C.U., NDUKWE I., EKUMANKAMA O. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 239-246.

BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Hulya GUL, Fidan Merve KART, Mevlut GUL, Metin Göksel AKPINAR

The purpose of this study was to determine bakery products consumption, preference, purchasing behaviour and the factors affecting the consumer. The data for this study were obtained by the survey method with 288 households in Isparta. The purchase frequency of bread was determined that daily while for biscuit products it was 15 days and for pasta, wafers and cake was monthly. Consumers have stated that they prefer bakery products as a tasty and satisfying snack. Monthly consumption of biscuits, pasta, wafers and cakes was calculated as 433.44, 913.45, 110.33 and 144.47 grams per person, respectively. Bread consumption was calculated as 188.79 grams per day. Sweet biscuits were more preferred by consumers. It was detected that the price of bakery products is related to the income of households. As of the survey date, the average monthly income of the families was calculated as 3,061.89 TRL and average income per person was calculated as 779.10 TRL. Spending of bakery products for households was found to be 27.16 TRL. When the price of bakery products associated with income of households, these products were seen as reasonable and practical products. Although the education level of consumers varied, bakery products was preferred by every age group of consumer as a conventional taste whether it is a healthy food or not. The rate of consumers who found bakery products moderately safe was 58%. One of the most influencing factors on consumers to purchase bakery products was determined as healthy production conditions and all the shopping facilities of sellers.

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GUL H., KART F.M., GUL M., AKPINAR M.G. 2017, BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 137-146.

BOTTOM TRAWL SIZE SELECTIVITY METHODS IN THE TURKEY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Yaşar ÖZVAROL, Yıldız BOLAT

Trawling is an important fishing method used by the fishermen in the Turkey. Bottom trawling fisheries in this part of Mediterranean are essentially multispecies. Commercial fishing vessels use 44 mm diamond shaped mesh for trawl cod-end s in the Mediterranean Coast of Turkey. The trawl nets (cod-end) of the fishery retain a lot of juvenile individuals, which has negative effects on the population of fish species. Currently fishing boats use very low selectivity gears. Because of this reason, fishing ground is predominantly overfished. Although there are many selectivity studies carried out in the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, selectivity experiments results have not used into practice for management of fisheries yet.

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ÖZVAROL Y., BOLAT Y. 2017, BOTTOM TRAWL SIZE SELECTIVITY METHODS IN THE TURKEY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 259-262.

CHANGES AND TRENDS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION IN LITHUANIA AFTER ACCESSION TO THE EU

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Vida DABKIENĖ

The aim of this paper is to disclose the main changes and trends of Lithuanian grain production. Using quantitative statistical methods, the paper proposes an economic analysis of grain production changes in the period 2004-2015. This analysis revealed that the importance of grain sector in terms of the share of gross agricultural output has increased in Lithuania. Over the analysed period the yielding capacity of grain and the area under crops went on increasing. These in turn lead to an increase of the usable production by 2.2 times, the beginning stocks by 54% and self-sufficiency level reached 318%. In 2015 just 31% of the usable production has been used for domestic needs, as compare to 2004, decreased by more than 50 percentage points. Over the period exports of grain increased significantly by 6.2 times. This confirmed the improved competitiveness of the grain sector. The Common Agricultural Policy direct payment scheme was favourable to grain farms, as the farm net income per family work unit gained by family farms specialist in cereals, oilseeds and protein crops was even by 2.0 times higher than the average in all farms. In order to ensure the income these farms need to use internal or/and external risk management measures.

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DABKIENĖ V. 2016, CHANGES AND TRENDS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION IN LITHUANIA AFTER ACCESSION TO THE EU. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 83-88.

CHANGES IN HIGHER EDUCATION AND THE VALUE OF EDUCATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF RURAL AREAS. THE CASE OF POLAND

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Krzysztof WASIELEWSKI

The aim of this article is to present the significance of higher education for changes in the Polish countryside. These transformation are - directly or indirectly - related to changes assigned to the value of education, as well as to structural changes in the entire system of higher education in Poland. Popularization and greater accessibility to higher education has undoubtedly affected rural youth and rural areas themselves to a high degree. The rural areas that until recently had been marginalised were given an opportunity to 'catch up' in terms of educational and civilization progress. It was all possible certainly not only due to institutional changes in education system but also as a result of changes in the mentality of rural inhabitants, opening to new cultural trends and values - and last but not least - substantial aid from the European Union targeted at rural areas. The countryside has undoubtedly used this opportunity

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Krzysztof WASIELEWSKI 2015, CHANGES IN HIGHER EDUCATION AND THE VALUE OF EDUCATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF RURAL AREAS. THE CASE OF POLAND. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-8004, 381-390.

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE WORKFORCE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Adina Magdalena IORGA

The article seeks to analyze the principal characteristics of the Romanian agriculture workforce by focusing on the dynamic and structure of rural environment agricultural labor between 2007 and 2013. We have analyzed the principal indicators of the labour market resources as provided by the statistical inquiry data, indicators such as: active population, the occupation rate within the work age appropriate population, unemployment rate and so on, all taking into account education levels, age, the span of the agricultural area available for use. The study on the evolution of worker categories involved in agricultural holding and the level of know-how in the subsequent management of the agricultural holding showcases the actual dimensions of the workforce resources in the field in rural areas, and furthermore, highlights the main problems within them.

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IORGA A.M. 2017, CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE WORKFORCE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 183-186.

CIRCULAR ECONOMY IN ROMANIA: AN INDUSTRIAL SYNERGY IN THE AGRI-FOOD SECTOR

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Dumitru Florin FRONE, Simona FRONE

As a feature of the green economy, circular economy proposes the re-use of resources used in products whose shelf life has come to an end or which have lost their usefulness to construct new objects, the same quality or even better. The circular economy model may be the ideal solution for relaunching sustainably the European economy which has suffered in recent years (2008-2012). In the circular economy, the value of products, materials and resources is maintained in the economy for as long as possible and the generation of waste minimised. In this paper we shall stress on issues of eco-innovation promoting the circular economy in Romania. One of the most important concepts for the new paradigm of circular economy and resource efficiency improvements is the industrial symbiosis, implemented in eco-innovation parks (EInvP) developed to optimize economic and environmental efficiency of the involved companies and communities. In practice using industrial synergy as an approach to commercial operations – using, recovering and redirecting resources for reuse – means resources remain in productive use in the economy for longer. We analyse here a successful good practice of industrial synergy in the agri-food sector implemented within the ECOREG EInvP of Suceava County. The conclusions point to the important economic, social and environmental benefits to raise awareness for regional eco-innovation and circular economy prospects in Romania.

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FRONE D.F., FRONE S. 2017, CIRCULAR ECONOMY IN ROMANIA: AN INDUSTRIAL SYNERGY IN THE AGRI-FOOD SECTOR. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 103-110.

CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT AS A FACTOR IN IMPROVING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Liudmila TODOROVA

In today's world, the scenario of long-term economic development of any country presupposes the growth of its competitiveness in both traditional and new knowledge-intensive sectors, a breakthrough in improving the quality of human capital and labor productivity trends, the transformation of innovative factors into the main source of economic growth. Solving these problems requires creating a system of clear interaction between government, business, science and education through the use of effective tools of innovation development, among which an important role is played by the cluster approach. The relationship between the clustering process, strengthening of competitiveness and accelerate of innovation activity - a new economic phenomenon, which allows resisting the onslaught of global competition and properly meet the requirements of national and regional development. The cluster approach - this is a new management technology that allows to improve the competitiveness of a particular region or industry, and the state as a whole. And this approach has become a basic element of development strategies in most countries. The most important characteristic of the modern cluster is an innovative component, which determines its competitiveness. As a result, innovation clusters are beginning to prevail over the traditional industrial clusters.

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TODOROVA L. 2017, CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT AS A FACTOR IN IMPROVING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 375-380.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF SORGHUM AND BARLEY MADE IN THE LIGHT OF PRE-ACCESSION AND POST-ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Gabriela GIMBĂȘANU, Ruxandra Ana MICU, Ionuț Daniel PETRE

Increasing climate change as well as the evolution of agricultural prices have led to important changes in the structure of crops cultivated predominantly in Romanian farms. If in the past the Romanian agricultural producer does not have a great deal of openness to the new technologies, as well as to new crops like sorghum and rapeseed ten years ago, it is noticed that, with Romania joining the EU, 2007, things they changed. By increasingly contacting European farmers with a much better yield per hectare, but also opening up to new technologies and the attractive price of oil crops, Romanian farmers have begun to focus their attention on far more attractive crops than In terms of sales prices and the application of new technologies to help them achieve high output to cope with European competition. By interpreting the statistical data provided by the National Institute of Statistics and Eurostat, a comparative analysis of the import and export of sorghum and barley was carried out in the light of the pre-accession and post-accession EU production to observe whether these crops provide a high level of profitability and if it is justified to cultivate them on extended surfaces. Although there is still much to be done in this area, we see that investing in high performance technologies and equipment, in quality inputs and hybrids, is a way of generating production levels comparable to those recorded at European level.

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GIMBĂȘANU G., MICU R.A., PETRE I.D. 2017, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IMPORT AND EXPORT OF SORGHUM AND BARLEY MADE IN THE LIGHT OF PRE-ACCESSION AND POST-ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 121-128.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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