ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Hemen Emmanuel JIJINGI, Paul Osu SIMEON, Ali Dauda SAMBO

This study assesses the mechanization challenges of peasant farmers in Gboko Local Government Area of Benue state in Nigeria. The peasant farmers produce over 90 % of Nigeria’s agricultural output and these peasant dwell in the rural areas wherein about 60 % of the population live. The vast majority of these farmers have serious challenges in accessing modern inputs and other productive resources, including education and they are unlikely to have access to assortment of fertilizers, hybrid seeds and irrigation. This study employed a multi stage sampling techniques to collect information on the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and available machinery. Analysis revealed that farmers in the study area were relatively low educated. Most of the farm sizes in the study area are in the range of 1-5 ha, most of the needed modern machinery were not available and many of the farm operations were carried out manually, that is, land clearing (70.56 %), tillage (91.77 %), planting (78.79 %), fertilizer application (84.85 %), weeding (65.80 %), and harvesting (80.52 %). This study also show that majority of respondents were smallholder farmers who were often too poor to employ the available machinery. Despite this ugly situation, over 75 % of the foods consumed in this country come from these peasant farmers in rural areas. The current world food situation, socio-economic and population displacement as result of internal and external conflict of all kinds, this situation of peasantry should not be allowed to continue if the population must be salvaged from hunger.

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JIJINGI H.E., SIMEON P.O., SAMBO A.D. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF MECHANIZATION CHALLENGES OF PEASANT FARMERS IN GBOKO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BENUE STATE OF NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 191-198.

ASSESSMENT OF PECTINMETHYLESTERASE ACTIVITIES (PME) IN THE JUICE OF TROPICAL FRUITS PURCHASED FROM THE ROMANIAN MARKET

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3
Written by Vasilica SIMION, Ciprian Nicolae POPA, Radiana-Maria TAMBA-BEREHOIU, Rodica CULEA

The purpose of this paper was to evaluate comparatively pectinmethylesterase activities (PME) from the juice of some tropical fruits purchased from the Romanian market. In this respect, a series of parameters, such as: pH, protein content (with Folin-Ciocalteu reagent) and pectinmethylesterase activities (PME) by the titrimetric method, were analyzed from the juice of kiwi, mango, avocado and persimmon fruits. From each type of fruit, three samples were analyzed. The results were statistically evaluated. Descriptive statistical parameters revealed very large variability of PME activity in persimmon juice (CV%=50). The t test highlighted that: pH values differed very significantly between fruits juices, protein content was significantly higher in kiwi juice (0.779 mg%) and persimmon (0.485 mg%), compared to other juices (t varied between 14.246*** - 179.365***; p<0.001). Mango and avocado juices had lower and similar protein content (0.317 mg% and 0.324 mg%, t=0.281 ns). The PME activity (ɳEqv carboxyl/gs) had the following values: 29.993 in kiwi, 16.660 in mango, 56.660 in avocado and 106.650 in persimmon juice. The variance analysis (ANOVA) of the PME activity revealed, with a probability of error less than 5%, that there were real differences between at least two of the fruit juices. The post hoc Tukey HSD test revealed that PME activity in persimmon juice was significantly higher than the PME activity in kiwi and mango juices (p=0.035, respectively p=0.015). It can be said that the mango and kiwi fruits, analyzed in our experiment, seemed to be in a more advanced ripening phase, compared to avocado and persimmon fruits.

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SIMION V., POPA C.N., TAMBA-BEREHOIU R.M., CULEA R. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF PECTINMETHYLESTERASE ACTIVITIES (PME) IN THE JUICE OF TROPICAL FRUITS PURCHASED FROM THE ROMANIAN MARKET. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 407-412.

ASSESSMENT OF RURAL YOUTH ADOPTION OF CASSAVA PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3
Written by Julius Olatunde AYINDE, Samuel Oluwaseun OLATUNJI, Abiodun Oladayo AJALA

This study assessed rural youth’s adoption of cassava production technologies in Southwestern, Nigeria and determined the extent of usage of the technologies among them. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select 135 respondents. A well structured interview schedule was used to elicit information from the respondents. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that the average age of rural youths that were engaging in cassava production in the study area was 29 ± 2.6 years with average farm size of 2.5 ± 0.3 hectares. Also, household size (r = 0.249; P ≤ 0.01) and extent of usage of the technologies (r = 0.363, p ≤ 0.01) shows significant relationship with level of adoption of the technologies at 0.01 while age (r = 0.097; P ≤ 0.05) and years of former education (r = 0.181; P ≤ 0.05) were significant at 0.05. It was concluded that the extent of usage of the technologies in the communities affect the rate of adoption positively and this might enhance the positive perception of youths on cassava production thereby ensure food security in the study area.

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AYINDE J.O., OLATUNJI S.O., AJALA A.O. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF RURAL YOUTH ADOPTION OF CASSAVA PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 21-26.

ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION INDICATORS AND RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Zainab Aina USMAN, Kehinde Oluseyi OLAGUNJU

Social cohesion (SC) is not much of a debatable topic in the developing countries, and like poverty is a multidimensional concept. Evidence from research shows fairly poor basis for testing the multidimensionality and measurement of SC in Nigeria. We test for the multidimensionality of social cohesion(SC) in rural areas using possible indicators that could contribute to the welfare of the rural populace. Data were drawn from the Nigeria General Household Survey 2012/2013 derived from the World Bank Living Standard Survey Measurement. Using exploratory factor analysis and Pearson correlation techniques to measure and test the multidimensionality of SC and its relation to rural welfare respectively, the results showed that about 46.5% and 36.6% have a perception that social trust and violence level is better in Nigeria, however only 36% have access to rural communal resource. Policy focus should be targeted towards development of the rural social sector by redefining funding, institutional structures and functions

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USMAN Z.A., OLAGUNJU K.U. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL COHESION INDICATORS AND RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 339-346.

ASSESSMENT OF SOIL PROPERTIES AS AFFECTED BY FOUR LAND USE TYPES IN EGBEADA, SOUTH - EAST NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3
Written by Donald Nweze OSUJIEKE, Juliet Nnenna IGBOJIONU, Pedro Ezemon IMADOJEMU, Jude Nnanyere IROHA

The study was conducted to ascertain the influence of four land use types [plantain plantation (PP), cassava farm (CF), whistling pine forest (WPF) and fallow land (FL)] on soil properties of Egbeada in South-east, Nigeria. Stratified sampling technique was used in the collection of soil samples from the land-uses. Composite samples were collected from each land-use for routine and selected special laboratory analyses. Data generated were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance. Sand particles had a mean of 85.20 %, 85.80 %, 83.60 % and 78.80 % for soils under PP, CF, WPF, and FL, respectively. The pH(H2O) had mean of 6.35, 6.42, 5.36 and 5.81 soils under PP, CF, WPF, and FL while organic matter had mean of 2.94 % for PP and FL, 1.47 % for CF and 2.79 % for WPF. However, available Zn of the studied soils had mean of 8.7 mg kg-1, 6.8 mg kg-1, 5.3 mg kg-1 and 4.9 mg kg-1 in decreasing order of fallow land > whistling pine forest > plantain plantation > cassava farm, respectively. The organic matter under soils of cassava farm differed significantly (P = 0.05) with that of plantain plantation, whistling pine forest, and fallow land. The available Zn and Cu differed non-significantly among soils of the various land-uses. However, the result obtained from the study indicated that the different land-uses have affected the soils at a various rate.

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OSUJIEKE D.N., IGBOJIONU J.N., IMADOJEMU P.E., IROHA J.N. 2018, ASSESSMENT OF SOIL PROPERTIES AS AFFECTED BY FOUR LAND USE TYPES IN EGBEADA, SOUTH - EAST NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 18 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 309-316.

ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Chioma Udo NWAOBIALA, Ikechukwu NDUKWE, Oji EKUMANKAMA

In Nigeria, low productivity of cocoa has been attributed to poor maintenance practices, planting low yielding varieties and incidence of pest and diseases. In order to address this, cocoa famers need appropriate training to increase productivity. This study therefore was undertaken to assess the training needs of cocoa farmers in Bende Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. Purposive and multi-stage random sampling techniques were used to select 90 farmers from the cocoa producing communities in the Local Government Area. Data were collected with the aid of a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multiple regression analysis). The results indicate that 95.56% of cocoa farmers were males, with mean ages of 55.5 years, mean farm size 'of 8 hectares, mean annual farm income of N 1.3 M (10,000 USD), while 72.22% inherited their farm land and had extension contact once in a month (52.22%). The result showed that of the farmers’ sourced information on cocoa production from farm field school (96.67%) and research institutes (74.44%). The farmers assert that the needed training on Plantation establishment and control of black pod disease (x=2.9), control of swollen-shoot virus and mirad control (x=2.8), punning techniques, cocoa bean storage and processing (x=2.7). Other areas were on cocoa bean marketing (x=2.6), fertilizer application (x=2.5) and nursery establishment techniques (x=2.4).The multiple regression analysis showed that coefficients for land ownership, age, farming experience, farm income and extension contacts influenced training needs of the cocoa farmers in the study area. The study recommends review of Land Use Act of 1990, increased extension contact and training and re-training of farmers on pesticide and fungicide usage for boosting cocoa production in the study area.

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NWAOBIALA C.U., NDUKWE I., EKUMANKAMA O. 2016, ASSESSMENT OF TRAINING NEEDS OF COCOA FARMERS IN BENDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, SOUTH EAST NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 239-246.

ASSESSMENT OF UTILISATION OF SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN OGUN STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Rukayat Abiodun ADEYEMO, Afolabi Mohammed OLADOJA, Michael FAMAKINWA, Dorcas Lola ALABI

The study assessed utilization of soil management practices among arable crop farmers in Ogun State. Specifically, it described the socio-economic characteristics of arable crop farmers; identified the soil management practices (SMPs) prevailing in the study area; determined the crop yield and respondents’ level of utilization and identified problems associated with their utilization. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 110 farmers from selected six functional fadama sites in Ogun State. Results showed that majority (92.7% and 79.1 %) of the respondents were male and married respectively with mean age of 37.5 years. Zero tillage, mulching, ridging and cover cropping were the major SMPs identified by the respondents. Among SPMs identified, mulching (mean = 2.76), ridging (mean = 2.41), fertilizer application (mean = 2.26), zero tillage (mean = 2.25) and cover cropping (mean 2.25) were the mainly utilized while majority (69.1%) utilised SMPs at moderate level. Further results showed that inadequate supply of fertilizer (mean = 1.78) and high cost labour (mean = 1.69) were identified as the major constraints to usage of the sustainable soil management practices. Age (r = 0.20); farming experience (r= 0.451) and crop yield (r = 0.223) had significantly relationship with the respondents’ utilisation of SMPs. The study concluded that the level of use of soil management practices had direct effect on yield of crops and sustainability of soil used in Ogun state, Nigeria.

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ADEYEMO R.A., OLADOJA A.M., FAMAKINWA M., ALABI D.L. 2017, ASSESSMENT OF UTILISATION OF SOIL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN OGUN STATE: IMPLICATION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 37-46.

AUDIT ELECTRONIC (e-AUDIT) TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3
Written by Titin RULIANA, Andi INDRAWATI, Silvia FEBRINA LUBIS

The main aspect to support the creation of good governance is audit (audit) conducted by parties who have independence and have professional competence to check. The implementation of computer-assisted audit has its own impact in the audit procedure because it changes the design of the information system and its internal control structure such as audit trail although it does not in any way alter the general audit concepts and objectives. Implementation of the e_audit system is taken because the Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia is aware that there is a large gap between the number of inspection entities, audit objects, and stakeholder expectations with resources owned by BPK RI. The development of e-Audit is believed to reduce the gap. The purpose of this study as follows: (1) To analyze the effectiveness of e_audit implementation of financial statements; (2) To analyze the efficiency of the implementation of e_audit to the financial statements in the use of inspection budget.

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RULIANA T., INDRAWATI A., FEBRINA LUBIS S. 2017, AUDIT ELECTRONIC (e-AUDIT) TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 363-368.

BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2
Written by Hulya GUL, Fidan Merve KART, Mevlut GUL, Metin Göksel AKPINAR

The purpose of this study was to determine bakery products consumption, preference, purchasing behaviour and the factors affecting the consumer. The data for this study were obtained by the survey method with 288 households in Isparta. The purchase frequency of bread was determined that daily while for biscuit products it was 15 days and for pasta, wafers and cake was monthly. Consumers have stated that they prefer bakery products as a tasty and satisfying snack. Monthly consumption of biscuits, pasta, wafers and cakes was calculated as 433.44, 913.45, 110.33 and 144.47 grams per person, respectively. Bread consumption was calculated as 188.79 grams per day. Sweet biscuits were more preferred by consumers. It was detected that the price of bakery products is related to the income of households. As of the survey date, the average monthly income of the families was calculated as 3,061.89 TRL and average income per person was calculated as 779.10 TRL. Spending of bakery products for households was found to be 27.16 TRL. When the price of bakery products associated with income of households, these products were seen as reasonable and practical products. Although the education level of consumers varied, bakery products was preferred by every age group of consumer as a conventional taste whether it is a healthy food or not. The rate of consumers who found bakery products moderately safe was 58%. One of the most influencing factors on consumers to purchase bakery products was determined as healthy production conditions and all the shopping facilities of sellers.

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GUL H., KART F.M., GUL M., AKPINAR M.G. 2017, BAKERY PRODUCTS CONSUMPTION AND CONSUMERS’ AWARENESS IN URBAN AREAS OF ISPARTA CITY, TURKEY. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 2, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 137-146.

BEEKEEPING SUPPORT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4
Written by Janusz MAJEWSKI

The analysis and support structure of the beekeeping sector in the European Union countries was analyzed. The level of support for this sector of agriculture in the years to come increased and in the years 2017-2019 is 72 million EUR per year. The amount of support beekeeping depends mainly on the number of hives. The average value of support for bee colony in most countries ranges from 4.35 to 4.63 EUR per year. The amount of support expressed as the equivalent of beekeeping honey indicating little relevance of this action, since the value of the support is equal to the EU average of 0.65 kg multiflorous honey, that varies from 0.3 to 1.33 kg

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MAJEWSKI J. 2017, BEEKEEPING SUPPORT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 17 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 193-198.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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