EVOLUTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE CONTEXT OF WORLD ECONOMY GLOBALIZATION (2004-2012)

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE, Radu Lucian PÂNZARU

This paper seeks to present the evolution of agricultural production worldwide in circumstances of globalization for international trade in the present stage of socio-economic development, which amplify the structural interdependence for economies of different regions. For this purpose it starts from presenting the evolution of total agricultural production, after which the situation shall be liable for vegetable production and livestock production sector. The phenomena are emphasized through fixed-base indices which highlights their evolution, operating with a dynamic range of five terms: the average 2004-2006 (for comparison, in 2010, 2011 and 2012 and average 2010- 2012.

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Dragoş Mihai MEDELETE, Radu Lucian PÂNZARU 2015, EVOLUTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE CONTEXT OF WORLD ECONOMY GLOBALIZATION (2004-2012). Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 171-178.

EXAMINATION OF INDIGENOUS STORAGE METHODS OF COWPEA (Vigna Unguiculata) IN MUBI SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Aliyu ABDULLAHI, Ibrahim S. USMAN, Abdulhameed A. GIREI, Gambo ISMAIL

The study examined the various indigenous cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata V. Walp) storage opportunities and their effectiveness in Mubi South Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Structured interview scheduled were used to obtain information from 70 respondents selected through simple random sampling techniques. Generated data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and (frequency and percentage), and inferential (Chi-square) statistics. The results revealed that (65.7%) of the respondents were males with (75.2%) below the age of 51 years. Married respondents accounted for (54.3%) while (64.3%) had one form of education or the other. Majority of the respondents representing (74.3%) were household heads. Eight indigenous storage methods were identified and the use of air tight container, neem leaves/ oil and finger pepper were found to be more effective. Chi-square test results revealed that, the coefficient for age, marital status, farming experience were significantly related to indigenous storage method of cowpea, age X2=0.780,P=0.377, marital status X2=1.739, P=0.628 and educational level X2=3.977, P=0.409 respectively. Inadequate storage facilities, capital intensive, time consuming, labor intensive and weather conditions were the major constraints faced by the respondents. It is recommended that stakeholders should encourage researches in the areas of promoting indigenous knowledge system, safety, their potentiality and sustainability so as to improve and promote their application since it is cheaper and accessible to the people.

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ABDULLAHI A., USMAN I.S., GIREI A.A., ISMAIL G. 2016, EXAMINATION OF INDIGENOUS STORAGE METHODS OF COWPEA (Vigna Unguiculata) IN MUBI SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 9-16.

EXCESS MOISTURE - A MAJOR REASON WHY PRODUCING LANDSLIPS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Adelaida Cristina HONTUŞ

The soil is a porous medium with variable physical time and space that determine certain features of the mass of water flow. Sometimes these features prevent the formulation of mathematical laws describing these processes, requiring approximations of the physical process. For this reason, the approach to water movement through saturated soil to drain requires simplification actual physical processes and how they can be expressed by means of contemporary knowledge. This paper refers to a study on the factors and measures to combat a natural hazard. Natural hazards are several ways, and occur in different circumstances, but this paper will present the production conditions of landslides and methods / measures to combat them. It is known that excess moisture is one of the triggers of landslides. Also, to halt and prevent these natural disasters, various measures are necessary. Besides the determinants of a landslide, the study presents some of the measures against landslides, focusing on the drainage method. Water flow through saturated soil for drainage is a case of plane- parallel motion of fluid particles moving in transverse planes against the perpendicular axis of drainage.

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HONTUŞ A.C. 2016, EXCESS MOISTURE - A MAJOR REASON WHY PRODUCING LANDSLIPS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 171-180.

FACTOR ANALYSIS OF LABOR PRODUCTIVITY IN AGRICULTURE IN TERMS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3
Written by Irina Elena PETRESCU

This paper represents an analysis of the level of labor productivity in agriculture for each development region of Romania. Labor productivity in agriculture was analyzed by two parameters, namely: the value of agricultural production and the number of employees in agriculture for the period 2011 – 2012. The level of labor productivity is influenced by the quality of biological and bio-capacity of plants and animals as well, as well as the equipment and quality of work performed. From the factorial analysis it can be noticed a decrease of labor productivity caused by a decrease in the value of agricultural production.

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Irina Elena PETRESCU 2014, FACTOR ANALYSIS OF LABOR PRODUCTIVITY IN AGRICULTURE IN TERMS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT . Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 247-252.

FACTORS AFFECTING CASSAVA FARMERS’ DEMAND AND PARTICIPATION IN CREDIT MARKET: STUDY OF BENDE LOCAL GOVERNNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Chidinma Rosemary OKEZIE, Chibuchi Freevine KWEKOWE

The study was conducted to ascertain the factors affecting participation of cassava farmers in credit market (study of Bende local government area) Abia State. The broad objective was to determine factors that affect cassava farmer’s participation in credit market. The data were collected from cassava farmers of the sampled area through a well-structured questionnaire.. In this study, the Multinomial logit model was used to determine the factors that affect cassava farmer’s participation in credit market, be it formal, informal, or both institutions. Socio-economic and enterprise characteristics such as sex, age, household size, training and cooperative membership were found to be significant factors that affect farmers demand and participation in credit market (i.e informal, formal and both informal and formal sources in the study area). Farmers should be encouraged to participate in both credit markets via easy access to credits from formal and informal lenders which will significantly improve productivity and welfare of cassava farmers.

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OKEZIE C.R., KWEKOWE C.F. 2016, FACTORS AFFECTING CASSAVA FARMERS’ DEMAND AND PARTICIPATION IN CREDIT MARKET: STUDY OF BENDE LOCAL GOVERNNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 185-190.

FACTORS INITIATING IMPLEMENTATION OF INNOVATION AND BARRIERS IN THEIR IMPLEMENTATION ON THE EXAMPLE OF ENTERPRISES IN PODKARPACKIE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Stanisław ZAJĄC, Dorota JANAS

The aim of the study was to assess innovation in enterprises in the province of Podkarpackie. The scope of work included in particular the determination of the factors initiating the process of implementing innovations and to present barriers perceived by their implementation. Innovation plays an important role in business management. It determines not only the pace, direction of development, competitiveness but also the forms and international structure of the business cooperation. The study shows that improving service quality, cost reduction and innovation have the greatest impact on improving the competitive position. The biggest impact on the introduction of innovation have customer requirements, the need to achieve a competitive advantage, ahead of competitors' actions (being a leader). The biggest barrier to the implementation of innovation is too long time to implement innovation and excessive bureaucracy associated with fundraising.

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ZAJĄC S., JANAS D. 2016, FACTORS INITIATING IMPLEMENTATION OF INNOVATION AND BARRIERS IN THEIR IMPLEMENTATION ON THE EXAMPLE OF ENTERPRISES IN PODKARPACKIE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 377-382.

FARM AGRO-ENVIRONMENTAL DIAGNOSIS, A NECESSITY?

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4
Written by Camelia TOMA

Global warming currently implies two major problems for mankind: the need for a drastic diminution of greenhouse gas emissions on one hand, and the need to adapt to the climate change effects on the other hand. The CRESC Strategy emphasized the agricultural sector contribution to the greenhouse gas production by more than 15% of total greenhouse gases produced in our country, although in the last 25 years the greenhouse gases were down by half. In order to measure the impact of farming activities upon the environment, as well as the effects that the climate changes have upon agriculture and the sustainable development of the European rural area, sets of agroenvironmental indicators were established; these indicators were tested in Romania’s case as well, with regard to the relevance for policy assessment, the response capacity, analytical base, data accessibility and measurability, interpretation facility and cost effectiveness. Following these studies, the conclusion was that only part of these indicators can be calculated, the remaining indicators being estimated by mathematic modelling, due to the great diversity of physical-geographic conditions and agricultural systems, which depend on a wide range of specific local characteristics. In the last 20 years countries like France, for instance, designed methods to measure the agroenvironmental indicators at farm level. Farmers’ awareness and involvement is essential in the environment protection activity and the contribution that this activity can bring in the fight against climate change. The purpose of the paper is to test the DIALECT method on the Romanian farms, by a double approach, i.e. global and thematic, by the environmental components. The diagnosis has the capacity to measure the environment "value added", expressed by a better nitrogen and manure management, the way in which the conversion to organic farming takes place, which is the effect of the change in crop rotation, the way in which certain operations better optimize the use of own natural resources (soil, weather, biodiversity, etc.) and put a limit to the pressure on resources (water, energy, etc.), while other operations have a negative impact upon the local ecosystems.

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Camelia TOMA 2015, FARM AGRO-ENVIRONMENTAL DIAGNOSIS, A NECESSITY?. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 15 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-8003, 371-380.

FARMERS PERCEPTION ON ORGANIC MANURE USAGE AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3
Written by Ibrahim Shehu USMAN, Aliyu ABDULLAHI, Abubakar Isa QASIMU, Tijjani ADAMU

The study analysed the perception of organic manure use among arable crops farmers in Jalingo Local Government Area Taraba State, Nigeria. Structured questionnaires were used to collect primary data from 114 respondents who were proportionately and randomly selected. The data were analyzed using descriptive and logit regression model. The results reveal that 86% of the respondents were males, 67.6% were between the ages of 32-50 years, 74.6% were married, 72.8% have house hold size of between 1-10 persons, 88.7% had one form of education or the other, 57%, had 1-5 hectares of land, 51.8% have 1-10 years of farming experience and 52.6% have access to extension service. The findings also revealed that 92% of the arable crops farmers used organic manure. It also revealed that arable crop farmers in the study area have diverse perceptions on organic manure usage. Logit regression results revealed that farming experience, level of education, farm size, extension contacts and distance of farm from home contributed significantly to the use of organic manure in the study area. The findings also shows that odour, encouragement of high growth of weeds by the organic manure, preparation of the compost manure were the very serious constraints to the use of organic manure. Application of organic manure, transportation to farm, accessibility and availability of the organic manure are the serious constraint to the use of organic manure by the respondents. The study concluded that majority of the farmers in the study area were male, youth, married and educated. They are small holder farmers with ample farming experience. They have favourable perception toward the use of organic manure. The more the farmers increase their farm size, the more the tendency of using organic manure. So also, high level of education of farmers and extension contacts tends to influence their organic manure usage. The study recommended that Government should support farmers and introduce policies that will enable the farmers to own and cultivate large scale farms. Extension agents should intensify effort on educating the arable crops farmers on organic manure utilization.

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USMAN I.S., ABDULLAHI A., QASIMU A.I., ADAMU T. 2016, FARMERS PERCEPTION ON ORGANIC MANURE USAGE AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 353-360.

FERTILIZERS CONSUMPTION ON LITHUANIAN FAMILY FARMS

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4
Written by Vida DABKIENĖ

The paper aimed to evaluate the differences of fertilizers consumption and land productivity across family farm types and farm size classes in Lithuania. Lithuanian FADN data from 2014 were obtained for the analysis. The research draws on a sample of 616 family farms. The analyses are carried out for specialist cereals, oilseeds and protein crops farm type (TF 15), general field cropping farm type (TF 16), horticulture farm type (TF 23) and various permanent crops combined farm type (TF 38). Results are presented in weighted averages by using weighting factors to achieve estimation for the total Lithuanian family farms. An overview of fertilizers consumption in Europe countries is presented. The results revealed that in 2010 fertilizers consumption averaged 90 kg/ha UAA in Europe, the highest level was recorded in Netherlands (more than 140 kg/ha UAA) and Romania reported the lowest level of fertilizers consumed, at just above 30 kg/ha UAA. In Lithuanian family farms the consumption of fertilizers averaged 169.9 kg/ha UAA across considered farm types and ranged from 20.2 kg/ha UAA on permanent crop farms to 195.4 kg/ha UAA on conventional field cropping farms in 2014. Nitrogen-based fertilizers accounted for 52% of the fertilizers consumed and 88.2 kg/ha UAA indicated large consumption level. Therefore, developing a suitable nutrient management system that optimize crop yields while minimizing nutrient losses is still needed as efficient fertilizers consumption management should ensure both enhanced and sustainable agricultural production and safeguard the environment.

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DABKIENĖ V. 2016, FERTILIZERS CONSUMPTION ON LITHUANIAN FAMILY FARMS. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 16 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 77-82.

FISH PRODUCTION WORLDWIDE

Published in Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4
Written by Georgiana Melania COSTAICHE, Ioana NICULAE

Fishing is one of the oldest occupations, which over the years has gone through several stages. In the economic terms the increase in intensive industrial system of the fish is advantageous because the specific energy consumption is low, given that they not need to maintain body temperature at high temperatures. Having regard to demographic trends in continue increasing, and the tendency of decrease fisheries leads to increased the production of aquaculture fish by order to ensure enough quantity and quality. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the evolution of fish production worldwide and in particular to show the evolution of production of fish from fisheries and aquaculture. To highlight the evolution global fish production given two ways to get fish respectively from aquaculture and fisheries, that have used data from FAOSTAT for 2007-2012. Also we can see that approximately 90% of the fish production is fished in the sea and only 10% in the territorial waters. The fish production in Africa had an ascending trend in the period under review. Analyzing fish production the share of total world continents is noted that Asia has a share of 68% in 2007 and increase to 73% in 2012.

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Georgiana Melania COSTAICHE, Ioana NICULAE 2014, FISH PRODUCTION WORLDWIDE. Scientific Papers. Series "Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and rural development", Vol. 14 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2284-7995, 61-64.


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Copyright 2012. To be cited: Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development“
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